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New Model Could Help Scientists Design Materials for Artificial Photosynthesis

January 18, 2017

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How Photosynthetic Pigments Harvest Light

Researchers from MIT have developed a new model that could help scientists design materials for artificial photosynthesis. Plants and other photosynthetic organisms use a wide variety of pigments to absorb different wavelengths of light. MIT researchers have now developed a theoretical model to predict the spectrum of light absorbed by aggregates of these pigments, based […]

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MIT Engineers Create Synthetic Cells to Isolate Genetic Circuits

November 17, 2016

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Engineers Create Synthetic Cells to Isolate Genetic Circuits

Engineers from MIT have developed a way to isolate genetic circuits within individual synthetic “cells,” preventing the circuits from disrupting each other. Synthetic biology allows scientists to design genetic circuits that can be placed in cells, giving them new functions such as producing drugs or other useful molecules. However, as these circuits become more complex, […]

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New Catalyst Promotes Carbon Dioxide Conversion into Fuels

November 15, 2016

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Turning Greenhouse Gas Into Gasoline

Scientists at MIT have developed a new catalyst material that provides design principles for producing fuels from carbon dioxide emissions. The findings suggest a route toward using the world’s existing infrastructure for fuel storage and distribution, without adding net greenhouse emissions to the atmosphere. The new catalyst takes the process only through its first stage […]

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Researchers Develop a New Approach Against Pathogens

November 8, 2016

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Researchers Develop a New Approach Against Salmonella and Other Pathogens

A newly developed immunization strategy may someday offer an alternative to antibiotics against microbes that invade the gastrointestinal tract. Researchers from MIT and the University of California at Irvine have developed a new strategy to immunize against microbes that invade the gastrointestinal tract, including Salmonella, which causes more foodborne illness in the United States than […]

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UCLA Researchers Reveal New Insights About Properties of Matter at the Nanoscale

September 22, 2016

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Chemists Report New Insights About Properties of Matter at the Nanoscale

Scientists from UCLA reveal that a fluid that behaves similarly to water in our day-to-day lives becomes as heavy as honey when trapped in a nanocage of a porous solid, offering new insights into how matter behaves in the nanoscale world. “We are learning more and more about the properties of matter at the nanoscale […]

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New Nanoparticle Catalysts Improve Reactivity with Much Less Platinum

May 23, 2016

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MIT Develops New Nanoparticle Catalysts

Using an atomically-thin coating of noble metal over a tiny particle made of a much more abundant and inexpensive material, MIT engineers have developed new nanoparticle catalysts that could reduce need for precious metals. Materials that speed up a chemical reaction without getting consumed in the process, known as catalysts, lie at the heart of […]

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MIT Chemists Create New Adaptable Metallic-Cage Gels

November 19, 2015

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MIT Chemists Create a New Type of Gel

By combining the flexibility of polymer gels with the rigid structure provided by metal-based clusters, chemists from MIT have created a new material that could be well-suited for a range of possible functions, including drug release, gas storage, or water filtration. These new gels, known as polyMOCs, are a hybrid of two materials called metallogels […]

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Organic Photovoltaic Material Offers Great Promise for Solar Energy

October 2, 2015

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Modeling Electron Excitation in Organic Photovoltaic Materials

Scientists at MIT believe modeling electron excitation in organic photovoltaic material could change the future of solar energy. The semi-conducting plastic is lightweight, flexible, relatively inexpensive, and easy to make. The problem is that, unlike inorganic photovoltaic material, it is not very efficient or stable. But work by Adam Willard, an assistant professor in the […]

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Scientists Reveal Chemical Code for Nitrogen Fixation

September 24, 2015

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Scientists Explain Nitrogen Fixation

A team of scientists from Yale University reveal part of the chemical code that allows nature to transform nitrogen from the air into usable nitrogen compounds. The process is called nitrogen fixation, and it occurs in microorganisms on the roots of plants. This is how nature makes its own fertilizers to feed plants, which feed […]

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Scientists Discover Structural Change in Manganese Steel

September 15, 2015

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Researchers Discover Structural Change in Manganese Steel

Scientists at the Max Planck Institute reveal that the crystal structure of metals can change at linear defects, which should affect the properties of the materials. Steel has already been around for roughly 3000 years and in several thousand variations today – yet it is always good for a surprise. Scientists at the Max-Planck-Institute für […]

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UJI Patents New Graphene-Based Catalysts

August 26, 2015

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New Graphene-Based Catalysts

By combining graphene and organometallic compounds, researchers have developed graphene-based materials that can catalyze reactions for the conversion and storage of energy. Researchers at the Universitat Jaume I have developed materials based on graphene that can catalyze reactions for the conversion and storage of energy. The technology patented by the UJI combines graphene and organometallic […]

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Scientists Observed Conventional Superconductivity at Minus 70 Degrees Celsius

August 18, 2015

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Hydrogen Sulfide Becomes Superconductive at Minus 70 Degree Celsius

New research from the Max Planck Institute and the Johannes Gutenberg University reveals that hydrogen sulfide loses its electrical resistance under high pressure at minus 70 degrees Celsius. Up until now, no material has been able to conduct current with no resistance at such high temperatures: Researchers at the Max Planck Institute for Chemistry in […]

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Graphene Helps Turn Engine Heat Into Electricity to Boost Gas Mileage

July 22, 2015

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Turning Engine Heat Into Electricity to Boost Gas Mileage

Using strontium titanium dioxide and graphene, scientists have developed of a material that can convert engine heat into electrical energy to reduce the need for fuels. It could also have applications in aerospace, manufacturing and other sectors. In 2012, the Obama administration announced fuel-efficiency standards that would require U.S. vehicles to average 54.5 miles per […]

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Scientists Discover a New Source of Greenhouse Gases

July 15, 2015

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Researchers Discover a New Source of Greenhouse Gases

Researchers from the Max Planck Institute for Chemistry reveal that lichens, mosses and cyanobacteria produce large amounts of nitrous oxide. Inconspicuous creatures surprise with a property that is important for our climate: Lichens, mosses and cyanobacteria release large quantities of the greenhouse gas nitrous oxide (N2O), also known as laughing gas, and low quantities of […]

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Yale Study Reveals Why BRCA Gene Resists Cancer Treatment

July 3, 2015

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New Discovery Reveals Why BRCA Gene Resists Cancer Treatment

A newly published study from Yale University reveals how biochemists might be able to decrease drug resistance to existing therapies that target ovarian and breast cancer. Yale University researchers have discovered why a key molecular assistant is crucial to the function of the BRCA2 gene, which in some mutant forms can lead to ovarian and […]

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MIT Chemists Develop a Quantum-Dot Spectrometer

July 1, 2015

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MIT Chemists Design a Quantum-Dot Spectrometer

Researchers from MIT have designed a quantum-dot spectrometer that is small enough to function within a smartphone, enabling portable light analysis. Instruments that measure the properties of light, known as spectrometers, are widely used in physical, chemical, and biological research. These devices are usually too large to be portable, but MIT scientists have now shown […]

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Breakthrough Technique Accurately Detects the ‘Handedness’ of Molecules

June 24, 2015

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Breakthrough Technique Accurately Detects the Handedness of Molecules

A new technique that can determine whether a molecule is present in a left- or right-handed form may have a multitude of practical applications, potentially leading to new and improved drugs, diagnosis methods, and pesticides. Scientists have demonstrated for the first time the ability to rapidly, reliably and simultaneously identify the ‘handedness’ of different molecules […]

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New Chemical Catalysts Are Less Expensive and More Sustainable

May 18, 2015

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New Chemical Catalysts

Researchers from Yale University have developed a new family of chemical catalysts that are expected to lower the cost and boost the sustainability of the production of chemical compounds used by a number of industries. The new catalysts are based on palladium, a rare and expensive metal. Palladium catalysts are used to form an array […]

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