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Engineers Design Programmable RNA Vaccines That Protext Against Ebola and H1N1 Influenza

July 5, 2016

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MIT Engineers Design Programmable RNA Vaccines

A newly published study details how engineers developed programmable RNA vaccines that work against Ebola, H1N1 influenza, and a common parasites in mice. MIT engineers have developed a new type of easily customizable vaccine that can be manufactured in one week, allowing it to be rapidly deployed in response to disease outbreaks. So far, they […]

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Yale Study Reveals How a Cancer Gene Promotes Tumor Growth

June 27, 2016

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How a Cancer Gene Promotes Tumor Growth

A new discovery by Yale researchers may help lead to individualized treatments for lung cancer and other types of cancer. A Yale-led study describes how a known cancer gene, EGFR, silences genes that typically suppress tumors. The finding, published in Cell Reports, may lead to the development of more effective, individualized treatment for patients with […]

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How Altered Gut Microbes Cause Obesity

June 13, 2016

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New Research Reveals How Altered Gut Microbes Cause Obesity

New research from Yale University details how altered gut microbiota causes obesity. Obesity is linked to changes in our gut microbes — the trillions of tiny organisms that inhabit our intestines. But the mechanism has not been clear. In a new study published in Nature, a Yale-led team of researchers has identified how an altered […]

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Yale Study Shows Surprising Link Between Constipation and Herpes Infection

June 9, 2016

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Surprising Link Between Constipation and Herpes Infection

New research from Yale University shows a surprising link between constipation and herpes infection. The new research, published June 8 in Cell Host & Microbe, advances the science on herpes, and could help patients with chronic gastrointestinal diseases with no clear cause. Individuals with herpes have reported seemingly unrelated symptoms such as constipation and urinary […]

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New Combination Therapy Cures Tick-Borne Illness in Mice

June 6, 2016

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New Therapy Cures Tick-Borne Illness in Mice

Yale researchers have developed a new therapy that cures the emerging infectious disease, babesiosis, which is transmitted by the same ticks that transmit the agents of Lyme disease. This “radical” therapy not only clears the infection but also prevents the recurrence that often occurs with existing treatments. The study was published online June 6 in […]

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Study Shows MRI Detects Early Signs of Schizophrenia

June 3, 2016

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MRI Detects Early Signs of Schizophrenia

A new study from Yale University shows that an MRI can detect early signs of schizophrenia in a rodent model. Patients with schizophrenia often exhibit early signs of behavioral abnormalities. However, changes in the brain underlying these behavioral signs have not been identified. Applying magnetic resonance scanning techniques that are used in humans, Yale researchers […]

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Yale Researchers Reveal How Antibodies Access Neurons to Fight Infection

May 23, 2016

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Yale Researchers Show How Antibodies Access Neurons to Fight Infection

New research from Yale University reveals how antibodies enter the nervous system to control viral infections. The findings may have implications for the prevention and treatment of a range of conditions, including herpes and Guillain-Barre syndrome, which has been linked to the Zika virus. Many viruses — such as West Nile, Zika, and the herpes […]

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New Evidence That Diet and Gut Microbes Can Influence Brain Inflammation

May 16, 2016

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Researchers Find Evidence That Diet and Gut Microbes Can Influence Brain Inflammation

A newly discovered link between deficits in gut flora and brain inflammation may lead researchers to learn more about its impact on multiple sclerosis. A team of investigators at Harvard-affiliated Brigham and Women’s Hospital (BWH) has found evidence that suggests that bacteria living in the gut may remotely influence the activity of cells in the […]

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Yale Researchers Identify a Genetic Mutation Linked to Acne

May 5, 2016

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Yale Study Zeroes in on Mutation Linked to Zits

New research from Yale University has identified a genetic mutation responsible for the defects that give rise to mild and severe acne, possibly revealing new targets for acne treatment. In the study, the Yale-led team took blood and tissue samples from three individuals with a rare form of acne known as nevus comedonicus. By sequencing […]

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New Study Shows Fructose Alters Brain Genes, Which Can Lead to Disease

April 25, 2016

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New Research Shows Fructose Alters Brain Genes, Can Lead to Disease

A new study by researchers at UCLA reveals that genes in the brain can be damaged by fructose, leading to diseases like diabetes, cardiovascular disease, Alzheimer’s disease and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. A range of diseases — from diabetes to cardiovascular disease, and from Alzheimer’s disease to attention deficit hyperactivity disorder — are linked to […]

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Harvard Research Shows For Life Expectancy, Money Matters

April 14, 2016

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Study Shows Money Matters For Life Expectancy

New research from Harvard University shows that being poor in the United States is hazardous to your health, revealing that the average life expectancy of the lowest-income classes in America is now equal to that in Sudan or Pakistan. A Harvard analysis of 1.4 billion Internal Revenue Service records on income and life expectancy that […]

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Yale Researchers Show Parents Underestimate Their Children’s Weight

March 24, 2016

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Yale Study Shows Parents Underestimate Their Children's Weight

A new study form Yale University details how some parents underestimate their children’s weight, a misperception with important implications for clinical prevention and treatment of childhood obesity. Janet A. Lydecker, PhD, postdoctoral associate in psychiatry, and Carlos M. Grilo, PhD, professor of psychiatry and of psychology, and director of the Yale Program for Obesity Weight […]

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Yale Study Finds Racial Differences in Smoking Patterns

March 15, 2016

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Study Finds Differences in Smoking Habits between African Americans and Whites

A newly published study from Yale University reveals that differences in smoking habits between African Americans and whites may lead to a disparity in screening for lung cancer. The paper was published online March 15 in Nicotine & Tobacco Research. Cigarette smoking, the leading cause of preventable death in the United States, has been widely […]

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Yale Study Shows Key Protein In Pancreatic Cancer Growth May Also Be Its Undoing

March 14, 2016

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A New Target for Attacking Pancreatic Cancer

In a newly published study, Yale scientists reveal that the overexpression of a protein called renalase in pancreatic cancer plays a critical role in spurring the cancer’s growth while also providing a possible new target for attacking the tumors it helps develop. Pancreatic cancer is one of the deadliest cancers, causing about 40,000 deaths annually […]

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Scientists Reveal Amino Acids Supply Most Building Blocks for Tumor Cells

March 8, 2016

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Amino Acids Supply Most Building Blocks for Tumor Cells

New research shows that amino acids, not glucose, account for the majority of cell mass in proliferating mammalian cells. Cancer cells are notorious for their ability to divide uncontrollably and generate hordes of new tumor cells. Most of the fuel consumed by these rapidly proliferating cells is glucose, a type of sugar. Scientists had believed […]

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MIT Research Shows How Diet Influences Colon Cancer

March 2, 2016

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MIT Study Shows How Diet Influences Colon Cancer

New research from MIT reveals ties high-fat diet to changes in intestinal stem cells, helping to explain an increased cancer risk. Over the past decade, studies have found that obesity and eating a high-fat, high-calorie diet are significant risk factors for many types of cancer. Now, a new study from MIT reveals how a high-fat […]

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New Yale Study Pinpoints Key Protein in Severe Vascular Disease

February 9, 2016

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Key Protein in Severe Vascular Disease Revealed

New research from Yale University investigates factors that squeeze, or narrow, the aorta in a common vascular disease, revealing a target for potential new treatments. Individuals who suffer from supravalvular aortic stenosis, a condition characterized by narrowing of the aorta, have only one copy instead of the usual two copies of the gene encoding elastin. […]

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New Study Shows Even Moderate Alcohol Consumption Can Harm People with HIV

February 2, 2016

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New Study Shows Moderate Alcohol Consumption Can Harm People with HIV

A newly published study from Yale University shows that moderate alcohol consumption is more harmful to people with HIV than uninfected individuals, raising the risk of both mortality and other negative health effects. The Yale study is the first to demonstrate the increased harm among patients who have suppressed HIV with modern antiretroviral treatment (ART). […]

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