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Yale Study Links Depression During Pregnancy to Risky Postpartum Sexual Behavior

August 21, 2015

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Study Links Depression During Pregnancy to Risky Postpartum Sexual Behavior

New research from Yale reveals that among young, urban women of color, depressive symptoms can start during pregnancy and can be a precursor to risky sexual behavior after a baby is born. The researchers, led by Shayna Cunningham, Ph.D., research scientist in Chronic Disease Epidemiology, did a randomized controlled trial of 1,233 females between the […]

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International Research Collaboration Reveals Mutations in DCHS1 Cause Mitral Valve Prolapse

August 19, 2015

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Researchers Reveal Gene for Mitral Valve Prolapse

Researchers reveal that mutations of the DCHS1 gene cause a common form of mitral valve prolapse. An international research collaboration led by Harvard Medical School investigators at Massachusetts General Hospital has identified the first gene whose mutations cause the common form of mitral valve prolapse, a heart valve disorder that affects almost 2.5 percent of […]

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Unexpected Discovery Offers Insight into Mechanisms of Asthma, Other Diseases

August 17, 2015

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New Research Offers Insight into Mechanisms of Asthma and Other Diseases

A new study from the Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health reveals an unexpected discovery – In people with asthma, the cells that line the airways in the lungs are unusually shaped and “scramble around like there’s a fire drill going on.” The findings could also have important ramifications for research in other areas, […]

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Researchers Reveal How Chronic Inflammation Can Lead to Cancer

August 11, 2015

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Researchers Discover How the Immune System Can Create Cancerous DNA Mutations

New research from MIT reveals how the immune system can create cancerous DNA mutations when fighting off infection. Chronic inflammation caused by disease or exposure to dangerous chemicals has long been linked to cancer, but exactly how this process takes place has remained unclear. Now, a precise mechanism by which chronic inflammation can lead to […]

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Take Time to Protect Your Kids’ Skin Now, It Could Prevent Cancer Later

July 31, 2015

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Protecting Kids’ Skin Now Can Prevent Cancer Later

Dermatologists stress that protecting your children from the sun now can help prevent cancer later. More parents appear to be vigilant about protecting their children from the sun’s harmful rays—at least at Yale Dermatology-Middlebury where Brittany Craiglow, M.D. practices. Many parents tell Dr. Craiglow they’ve started applying sunscreen so early in their children’s lives that […]

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Gene Therapy Gives Ovarian Cancer Patients Hope

July 28, 2015

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Gene Therapy Improves Survival Rates in Patients with Ovarian Cancer

A team of researchers from Harvard and Mass General Hospital has found a gene therapy that delivers a protein which suppresses the development of female reproductive organs, possibly improving the survival of patients with ovarian cancer that has recurred after chemotherapy. A gene therapy that delivers a protein that suppresses the development of female reproductive […]

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Pharmaceutical Firms “Underinvest” in Long-Term Cancer Research

July 28, 2015

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Do Firms Underinvest in Long-Term Cancer Research

A newly published study from MIT and the University of Chicago reveals that pharmaceutical firms “underinvest” in long-term research to develop new cancer-fighting drugs due to the greater time and cost required to conduct such research. Specifically, drugs to treat late-stage cancers are less costly to develop than drugs for earlier-stage cancers, partly because the […]

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Yale Scientists Reveal ‘Major Player’ in Skin Cancer Genes

July 27, 2015

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NF1 Identified as Major Player in Skin Caner Genes

Researchers from Yale University have confirmed that a gene known as NF1 is a “major player” in the development of skin cancer. A multidisciplinary team at Yale, led by Yale Cancer Center members, has defined a subgroup of genetic mutations that are present in a significant number of melanoma skin cancer cases. Their findings shed […]

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Harvard Reveals Quality and Quantity of Key Crops is Changing

July 23, 2015

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Study Shows Quality and Quantity of Crops is Changing

Two new studies from Harvard University reveal how changing environmental conditions around the globe could negatively impact the health of millions of people by altering the quantity and quality of key crops. Two newly published studies from the Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health reveal Changing environmental conditions around the globe caused by human […]

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Yale Researchers Successfully Treat Eczema with Rheumatoid Arthritis Drug

July 20, 2015

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Yale Researchers Successfully Treat Eczema with Arthritis Drug

A team of scientists at Yale University used a rheumatoid arthritis drug to successfully treated patients with moderate to severe eczema. The same rheumatoid arthritis drug (tofacitinib citrate) has recently shown to reverse two other disfiguring skin conditions, vitiligo and alopecia areata. The research findings are published early online in the Journal of the American […]

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Diabetes Medication Could Be Used to Reduce Tumor Growth

July 14, 2015

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Diabetes Medicine Could Reduce Tumor Growth

Researchers from UCLA have identified a new mechanism that delivers glucose to cancer cells, providing evidence that drugs used to treat diabetes could be used to reduce tumor growth in pancreatic and prostate cancers. Cancer cells require high amounts of the sugar glucose to survive and grow, and long-standing research has established passive glucose transporters, […]

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Pulsed Electrical Discharge Producing Nitric Oxide, Can Save Young Lives

July 8, 2015

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New Invention Can Save Young Lives

Researchers from Harvard Medical School and Massachusetts General Hospital have developed a new device that produces nitric oxide from an electric spark, making treatment affordable and easy for those with persistent pulmonary hypertension. Under certain conditions, this device could replace the current technology that is both costly and cumbersome. Treatment with inhaled nitric oxide (NO) […]

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Researchers One Step Closer to Developing Better Vaccines

July 7, 2015

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Researchers Reveal a New Role for T Cells

Scientists from Yale University have uncovered a new role for regulatory T cells, moving them one step closer to developing vaccines that could be more protective against some of the most intractable viral infections, including HIV and flu. For the study, published in Nature Immunology, researchers Brian Laidlaw, Dr. Joseph Craft, and Dr. Susan M. […]

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New Research Shows Nitrous Oxide Changes Brainwaves

July 6, 2015

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Researchers Reveal Brainwave Changes in Patients Receiving Nitrous Oxide

New research from MIT details brainwave changes in patients receiving nitrous oxide, revealing that EEG recordings show large-amplitude slow-delta waves after the administration of nitrous oxide at anesthetic doses. Nitrous oxide, commonly known as “laughing gas,” has been used in anesthesiology practice since the 1800s, but the way it works to create altered states is […]

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A Link between Citrus Consumption and Malignant Melanoma?

July 2, 2015

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Citrus Consumption Increases the Risk of Cutaneous Malignant Melanoma

A new study from Brown University reveals that white people who consumed a lot of grapefruits or orange juice had a small but significantly higher 25-year risk of malignant melanoma. Providence, Rhode Island (Brown University) — Physicians have known for a while that compounds called psoralens make skin more sensitive to light exposure. Psoralens are […]

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New Test Diagnoses Ebola in Minutes

July 2, 2015

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A New Test Diagnose Ebola in Minutes

Harvard Medical School researchers and their partners have shown that a new test can accurately diagnose the Ebola virus disease within minutes at the point of care, providing clinicians with on-the-spot information for treating patients and containing outbreaks. Researchers from Harvard Medical School (HMS), Partners In Health, and Boston Children’s Hospital have shown that a […]

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Protein NELL-1 Stimulates Significant Bone Growth

July 1, 2015

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Study Reveals Bone-Building Protein’s Impact on Bone Stem Cells

In a newly published study, scientists from UCLA reveal that the protein NELL-1 stimulates significant bone formation through the regenerative ability of stem cells. These preclinical results could one day have an impact on the development of a treatment for osteoporosis, which affects more than 200 million people worldwide, as well as potentially help those […]

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Lysosomes May Contribute to Alzheimer’s Disease

June 30, 2015

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Lysosomes May Contribute to Alzheimer's

New research from Yale University shows lysosomes, the “garbage disposal” systems of cells, can fail and perhaps contribute to Alzheimer’s disease. Lysosomes, the “garbage disposal” systems of cells, are found in great abundance near the amyloid plaques in the brain that are a hallmark of Alzheimer’s disease. Scientists have long assumed that their presence was […]

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