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Stress Slows Women’s Recovery from Acute Myocardial Infarction

February 17, 2015

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Stress Linked to Worse Recovery in Women after Heart Attack

A new study from Yale University shows that stress plays a role in the sex-based differences in recovery after acute myocardial infarction. Young and middle-aged women experience more stress than their male counterparts, which could contribute to worse recovery from acute myocardial infarction (AMI), according to new findings by Yale School of Medicine researchers and […]

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Yale Study Reveals Anti-Inflammatory Mechanism of Dieting and Fasting

February 17, 2015

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Researchers Reveal Anti-Inflammatory Mechanism of Dieting and Fasting

New research from Yale University shows that a compound produced by the body when dieting or fasting can block a part of the immune system involved in several inflammatory disorders such as type 2 diabetes, atherosclerosis, and Alzheimer’s disease. In their study, published in the February 16 online issue of Nature Medicine, the researchers described […]

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Engineered Insulin Stays in Bloodstream, Offers Better Diabetes Control

February 10, 2015

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Engineered Insulin Offers Better Diabetes Control

Engineers from MIT have developed insulin that can circulate in the bloodstream for hours, responding rapidly to changes in blood-sugar levels. For patients with diabetes, insulin is critical to maintaining good health and normal blood-sugar levels. However, it’s not an ideal solution because it can be difficult for patients to determine exactly how much insulin […]

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Energy Drinks Significantly Increase Hyperactivity and Inattention in Children

February 9, 2015

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Study Shows Energy Drinks Significantly Increase Hyperactivity in Schoolchildren

New research from Yale University shows that middle-school children who consume heavily sweetened energy drinks are 66% more likely to be at risk for hyperactivity and inattention symptoms. The finding has implications for school success and lends support to existing recommendations to limit the amount of sweetened beverages schoolchildren drink. The authors also recommend that […]

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Ultrasound Can Detect Cancers Missed by Mammography

February 9, 2015

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Untapped Potential for Supplementing Mammography

New research shows that a supplementary screening with ultrasound can detect cancers missed by mammography, and reveals that women with dense breast tissue can benefit from this extra screening. The purpose of screening examinations for breast cancer is to detect tumors before they cause symptoms such as a lump, swelling or redness. Discovering tumors in […]

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Scientists Identify Link between Inflammation and Type 2 Diabetes

February 6, 2015

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Researchers Identify Link between Inflammation and Type 2 Diabetes

A newly published study led by Yale University reveals the molecular mechanism by which insulin normally inhibits production of glucose by the liver and why this process stops working in patients with type 2 diabetes, leading to hyperglycemia. The findings are published February 5 in the journal Cell. “In the study, we set out to […]

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12-Year Study Shows Strenuous Joggers as Likely to Die as Sedentary Non-Joggers

February 5, 2015

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Light Jogging May Be Most Optimal for Longevity

A newly published study suggests that too much strenuous jogging may be harmful, revealing that over the 12-year study strenuous joggers were as likely to die as sedentary non-joggers, while light joggers had the lowest rates of death. Washington – Jogging may be best in small quantities according to a study published in the Journal […]

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Nutritional Supplements Help Ease Clinical Depression

February 4, 2015

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Nutritional Supplements Ease Clinical Depression

A new review of the literature evaluated the findings of nearly 200 published papers that studied the effectiveness of five nutritional supplements on depression, revealing that nutritional supplements appear to ease clinical depression. People suffering from clinical depression appear to be helped by regularly taking nutritional supplements such as vitamin B. A new review of […]

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Study Shows Vitamin D Protects Against Colorectal Cancer

January 28, 2015

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Vitamin D Protects Against Colorectal Cancer

A newly published study from the Dana-Farber Cancer Institute reveals that vitamin D can protect some people with colorectal cancer by perking up the immune system’s vigilance against tumor cells. The research, published by the journal Gut, represents the first time that a link between vitamin D and the immune response to cancer has been […]

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A Link between Inflammation and Cancer

January 20, 2015

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Study Details a Link Between Inflammation and Cancer

New research from MIT reveals a link between inflammation and cancer, showing that the timing of inflammation determines whether potentially cancerous mutations may arise. A new study from MIT reveals one reason why people who suffer from chronic inflammatory diseases such as colitis have a higher risk of mutations that cause cancer. The researchers also […]

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Yale Study Links Increased Impulsivity and Hostility with Recreational Marijuana Use

January 16, 2015

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Study Links Increased Impulsivity and Hostility With Recreational Marijuana Use

A newly published study from Yale University found that recreational marijuana use was associated with increased impulsivity and greater hostile perceptions and behaviors. While the negative effects of chronic marijuana use are being documented in a growing body of research, it has been unclear whether recreational use of the substance produces problematic effects in everyday […]

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Potential Over-Treatment of Diabetes in Older Adults

January 14, 2015

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Study Shows Risk of Over Treatment in Older Diabetes Patients

New research from the Yale School of Medicine shows that aggressively controlling blood sugar with insulin and sulfonylurea drugs in older patients with multiple medical conditions could lead to over-treatment and hypoglycemia (low blood sugar). Published in the January 12 issue of JAMA Internal Medicine, the study found that many older diabetes patients received aggressive […]

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Researchers May Have Pinpointed a Strategy for Eliminating Latent HIV

January 8, 2015

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Study Shows Broad Immune Response May be Needed to Destroy Latent HIV

A newly published study shows promise as the future direction for the development of a therapeutic vaccine to clear HIV. A major barrier to finding a cure for HIV/AIDS is the presence of latent HIV in the cells of chronically infected individuals. But a team of Yale and Johns Hopkins researchers may have pinpointed a […]

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Study Reveals Weight Training Targets Age-Related Abdominal Fat

January 5, 2015

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Study Shows Weight Training Targets Belly Fat

New research from the Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health shows that weight training helps target age-related abdominal fat in men. Healthy men who did 20 minutes of daily weight training had less increase in age-related abdominal fat than men who spent the same amount of time doing aerobic activities, according to a new […]

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New Research Reveals Risk Factors Linking Low Birthweight to Diabetes

January 5, 2015

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Study Reveals Risk Factors Linking Low Birthweight to Diabetes

New research from Brown University confirms that low birthweight predicts an increased risk of type 2 diabetes in adulthood and reports which intermediating biomarkers appear to be the best predictors. Providence, Rhode Island (Brown University) — Studies consistently show that people born weighing 6 pounds or less face an increased risk for type 2 diabetes […]

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MIT Scientists Use Optogenetics to Trigger REM Sleep

December 30, 2014

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Researchers Use Optogenetics to Tigger REM Sleep

By using optogenetics to trigger REM sleep in mice, a team of researchers from MIT has moved a step closer to being able to produce natural sleep patterns. In a paper published today in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, researchers describe how they were able to trigger a period of rapid eye […]

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Yale Study Shows Metformin May be Safe for Patients with Kidney Disease

December 29, 2014

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Diabetes Drug May be Safe for Patients with Kidney Disease

A newly published study from Yale University reveals that metformin (the most popular treatment for type 2 diabetes) may be safer for patients with mild to moderate kidney disease than guidelines suggest. The new study is published by Yale investigators in the Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA). For 20 years, metformin has been […]

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Study Reveals High-Fat Diet Harms Stem Cells in Developing Fetus

December 24, 2014

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Study Shows High-Fat Diet Harms Stem Cells in Developing Fetus

A newly published study shows that a diet high in fat during pregnancy harms stem cells in the developing fetus. Physician-scientists at OHSU Doernbecher Children’s Hospital reveal a high-fat diet and obesity during pregnancy compromise the blood-forming, or hematopoietic, stem cell system in the fetal liver responsible for creating and sustaining lifelong blood and immune […]

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