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New Study Shows Suppressing a Protein Reduces Cancer Spread in Mice

December 23, 2014

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New Study Shows Suppressing a Protein Reduces Cancer Spread

A newly published study from Brown University shows that blocking a specific protein called “chitinase 3-like-1” appears to be a key in reducing the spread of melanoma or breast cancer in mice. Providence, Rhode Island (Brown University) — Scientists have found that decreasing the levels of or blocking a specific protein commonly found in humans […]

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Yale Study Shows HIV Protease Inhibitors Also Offer Protection Against Malaria

December 19, 2014

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AIDS Drug Offers Protection Against Malaria

New research from Yale University shows that the use of protease inhibitor-based antiretroviral therapy for HIV is an effective measure for reducing malaria in HIV-infected children in most regions of sub-Saharan Africa. Children with HIV/AIDS in Africa are at a higher-than-average risk for another deadly disease: malaria. But a team of Yale School of Public […]

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Study Shows Hypertension Medication May Help Smokers Quit

December 17, 2014

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Hypertension Medication May Help Smokers Quit

A newly published study from Yale University reveals that a hypertension medication that targets stress may help smokers quit. Smokers trying to quit often light up a cigarette to deal with stress. Now an interdisciplinary team of Yale researchers has shown that guanfacine, a medication approved for treating hypertension that reduces stress and enhances cognition, […]

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Yale Study Shows Ebola Virus Spreads in Social Clusters

December 16, 2014

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Researchers Reveal Ebola Virus Spreads in Social Clusters

Using both genomic and epidemiological data from the current outbreak in Sierra Leone, researchers from Yale University discovered that the Ebola virus spreads in social clusters – a finding that has ramifications for case reporting and the public health. Prior studies of Ebola transmission were based on models that assumed the spread of infection occurred […]

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Common Household Chemicals Linked to Lower IQ Scores in Children

December 15, 2014

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Common Household Chemicals Associated with Substantial Drop in Child IQ

A newly published study from Columbia University’s Mailman School of Public Health reveals that exposure common household chemicals during pregnancy is linked to a drop in children’s IQ score. Children exposed during pregnancy to elevated levels of two common chemicals found in the home—di-n-butyl phthalate (DnBP) and di-isobutyl phthalate (DiBP)—had an IQ score, on average, […]

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New Drug Combination Delays Breast Cancer Progression

December 10, 2014

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New Drug Combination Delays Cancer Progression

Research presented at the 2014 San Antonio Breast Cancer Symposium reveals that a new drug combination for advanced breast cancer delays disease progression. A new combination of cancer drugs delayed disease progression for patients with hormone-receptor-positive metastatic breast cancer, according to a multi-center phase II trial. The findings of the randomized study (S6-03) were presented […]

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Injectable, Spontaneously Assembling Vaccines Could Fight Cancer

December 9, 2014

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New Injectable 3D Vaccines Could Fight Cancer

A newly published study from the Wyss Institute and Harvard’s School of Engineering and Applied Sciences shows that programmable biomaterials can be delivered using needle injection to induce an immune response to fight cancer and infectious diseases. Cambridge, Massachusetts — One of the reasons cancer is so deadly is that it can evade attack from […]

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Researchers Uncover an Easily Detectable Precancerous State in Blood

December 4, 2014

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Researchers Uncovered a Detectable Precancerous State in Blood

Two newly published studies detail the discovery of a precancerous state found in blood, paving the way for research that focuses on detection and prevention of blood cancers. Researchers from the Broad Institute of MIT and Harvard, Harvard Medical School, the Harvard Stem Cell Institute (HSCI), and Harvard-affiliated hospitals have uncovered an easily detectable, “premalignant” […]

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Greater Adherence to the Mediterranean Diet Has Impact on Aging

December 4, 2014

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Mediterranean Diet has Impact on Aging

New research from Brigham and Women’s Hospital is the first study to link women, Mediterranean diet, and biomarkers of aging, revealing that greater adherence to the Mediterranean diet correlated with longer telomeres. The Mediterranean diet consistently has been linked with an array of health benefits, including decreased risk of chronic disease and cancer. Until now, […]

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Brain Representations of Social Thoughts Accurately Predict Autism Diagnosis

December 3, 2014

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New Findings Identify Altered Thought-Markers of Autism

Researchers from Carnegie Mellon University have developed brain-reading techniques that use neural representations of social thoughts to predict autism diagnoses with 97 percent accuracy, establishing the first biologically based diagnostic tool that measures a person’s thoughts to detect the disorder that affects many children and adults worldwide. Pittsburgh — Psychiatric disorders, including autism, are characterized […]

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Proper Copper Levels Essential to Spontaneous Neural Activity

December 2, 2014

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Proper Copper Levels Essential to Spontaneous Neural Activity

A new study from the Berkeley Lab reveals that proper copper levels are essential to the health of a brain at rest and suggests that mismanagement of copper in the brain linked to Alzheimer’s and other neurological disorders can also contribute to misregulation of signaling in cell−to-cell communications. In recent years it has been established […]

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New Study Shows Brain stimulation Counteracts Dangerous Side Effect of Seizures

December 2, 2014

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Brain Stimulation Can Restore Consciousness after a Seizure

In a newly published study, neurologists from Yale University have reawakened rats after seizures by stimulating parts of the brain involved in conscious awareness. The research may lead to treatments for individuals with epilepsy. Loss of consciousness is a common and dangerous side effect of epileptic seizures. A study published this week in the journal […]

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Study Shows Low level Drinking Not Associated with Higher Risk of Poor Birth Outcomes

November 24, 2014

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Low Level Drinking Not Associated with Higher Risk of Birth Defects

Newly published research shows that low to moderate alcohol consumption during pregnancy is not associated with an increased risk of specific birth outcomes and measures of fetal growth. Heavy alcohol consumption during pregnancy has long been linked to a range of developmental problems and birth defects including fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS), low birth weight, and […]

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Research Shows There is a Medical Benefit to Reducing D2B Time

November 20, 2014

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Doctors Reduce Time it Takes to Treat Emergency Heart Patients

Newly published research reveals that doctors and emergency medical personnel have reduced the amount of time it takes to treat emergency heart patients, and shows that advances in quality of care in terms of timely treatment is very importantly linked with survival after heart attacks. The retrospective study, published online in the journal Lancet, solves […]

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Yale Researchers Develop Method to Attack Cancer at Its Source

November 18, 2014

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Yale Develops Method to Attack Cancer at Its Genetic Source

A team of researchers at Yale University has developed a therapeutic molecule that both targets the acidic microenvironments of tumors and penetrates cells to deliver a therapeutic cargo. MicroRNAs may be tiny — as few as 20 genetic letters, compared to 3 billion in the DNA of a human — but they play a major […]

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American Obesity Costs the Nation Billions in Lost Productivity

November 14, 2014

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Obesity Costs the USA Billions in Lost Productivity

A new study from Yale University provides state-level estimates of obesity-attributable costs of absenteeism among working adults in the United States, finding that the total national loss in productivity because of obesity-related absenteeism is roughly $8.65 billion per year. Obesity is associated with significant increases in absenteeism among American workers and costs the nation over […]

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New Gene-Editing Technique Could Prove to be an Effective Technique for Blocking HIV

November 11, 2014

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Researchers Genetically Edit Human Blood Stem Cells

Using CRISPR Cas technology, researchers genetically ‘edit’ human blood stem cells to create what could prove to be an effective technique for blocking HIV. Harvard Stem Cell Institute (HSCI) researchers at Massachusetts General (MGH) and Boston Children’s hospitals (BCH) for the first time have used a relatively new gene-editing technique to create what could prove […]

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Muscle Mass and Chronic Kidney Disease

November 10, 2014

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Muscle Mass is Not an Accurate a Predictor of Chronic Kidney Disease

A newly published study from Yale University reveals that muscle mass is not as accurate a predictor of chronic kidney disease outcomes as previously thought. In a study published online by the Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology, researchers looked at data from 3,604 patients with chronic kidney disease. They checked for an […]

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