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Genetically Reducing AMPK Activity May Prevent Hereditary Hearing Loss

November 9, 2015

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New Genetic Modification May Prevent Hearing Loss

New research from Yale University reveals that genetically reducing AMPK activity delays hereditary hearing loss in mice. Hereditary hearing loss can worsen over time and lead to premature deafness. In a new study, a Yale-led research team successfully applied genetic modification to delay inherited hearing loss in mice. Led by professor of pathology and genetics […]

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New Chemical Compound Could Clear Up Cataracts

November 6, 2015

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New Chemical Eye Drops Could Clear Up Cataracts

A team of scientists has identified a chemical that could potentially be used in eye drops to reverse cataracts. Identified as a “priority eye disease” by the World Health Organization, cataracts — caused when the lenses of the eyes lose their transparency — affect more than 20 million people worldwide. Although cataracts can be successfully […]

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GRACE Satellites Provide New Way to Track Ocean Currents from Space

November 3, 2015

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A New Way to Track Ocean Currents from Space

Scientists have developed a new way to use satellite measurements to track changes in Atlantic Ocean currents. The finding opens a path to better monitoring and understanding of how ocean circulation is changing and what the changes may mean for future climate. In the Atlantic, currents at the ocean surface, such as the Gulf Stream, […]

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Researchers Use a Small Electric Charge to Control the Bubbles of Boiling Water

October 28, 2015

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Researchers Control the Bubbles of Boiling Water

For the first time, scientists from MIT have found a way to control the boiling process. The system could improve the efficiency of electric power generation and other processes. Boiling water, with its commotion of bubbles that rise from a surface as water comes to a boil, is central to most electric power plants, heating […]

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New Graphene Based Catalyst Shows Promise for Clean, Inexpensive Hydrogen Production

October 21, 2015

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New Catalyst Holds Promise for Clean, Inexpensive Hydrogen Production

New research from Rice University reveals that graphene doped with nitrogen and augmented with cobalt atoms has proven to be an effective, durable catalyst for the production of hydrogen from water. The Rice lab of chemist James Tour and colleagues at the Chinese Academy of Sciences, the University of Texas at San Antonio and the […]

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Refueling at the Moon May Be the Best Option for a Piloted Mission to Mars

October 15, 2015

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Refueling at the Moon is the Best Option for Successful Mission to Mars

New research from MIT shows that stopping at the moon may be the best option for a piloted mission to Mars, revealing that fueling up on the moon could streamline cargo by 68 percent. Launching humans to Mars may not require a full tank of gas: A new MIT study suggests that a Martian mission […]

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Is There a Guide to Long Life? Scientists Examine Life Expectancy Disparities between Population Groups

October 11, 2015

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Is There a Guide to Long Life?

Researchers from the Max Planck Institute examine why life expectancy disparities between population groups have been increasing and see if there is a guide to a long life. At age 40, Finns, Swedes, and Norwegians have reached the approximate mid-point of life. It is well known that, on average, whether an individual has more or […]

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New Fabrication Method Improves Efficiency of Perovskite Solar Cells

October 5, 2015

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Researchers Improve Efficiency of Perovskite Solar Cells

Scientists from Brown University and the National Renewable Energy Laboratory have developed a method for making perovskite cells larger while maintaining efficiency. Using a newly developed fabrication method, a research team has attained better than a 15-percent energy conversion efficiency from perovskite solar cells larger than one square centimeter area. The researchers, from Brown University […]

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Organic Semiconductor Breakthrough Could Literally Reshape Solar Cells

October 3, 2015

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New Breakthrough Could Reshape Solar Cells and Electronic Devices

A team of materials scientists have discovered a way to make organic semiconductors more powerful and more efficient, growing organic semiconductor crystals vertically for first time. Our smartphones, tablets, computers and biosensors all have improved because of the rapidly increasing efficiency of semiconductors. Since the turn of the 21st century, organic, or carbon-based, semiconductors have […]

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NASA to Provide a Live Feed of Supermoon Eclipse

September 23, 2015

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NASA to Provide Live Feed of Sunday’s Supermoon Eclipse

Remember to take a look at this weekend’s supermoon eclipse; if you don’t you will have to wait until 2033 for the next one. NASA will provide a live stream broadcast just in case the weather in your area isn’t cooperating. For the first time in more than 30 years, you can witness a supermoon […]

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Scientists Discover the Remains of Cold Weather Dinosaurs

September 22, 2015

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Researchers Discover Fossils from Dinosaurs That Lived in Cold Weather

Scientists from Florida State University and the University of Alaska Fairbanks have uncovered a new species of duck-billed dinosaur, a 30-footlong herbivore that endured months of winter darkness and probably experienced snow. The skeletal remains of the dinosaurs were found in a remote part of Alaska. These dinosaurs were the northernmost dinosaurs known to have […]

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Scientists Develop an Ultrathin Invisibility Cloak

September 18, 2015

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Scientists Devise an Ultrathin Invisibility Cloak for Visible Light

A team of scientists have invented an ultra-thin invisibility cloak that can conform to the shape of an object and conceal it from detection with visible light. Invisibility cloaks are a staple of science fiction and fantasy, from Star Trek to Harry Potter, but don’t exist in real life, or do they? Scientists at the […]

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NASA Releases New Pluto Images Taken by the New Horizons Spacecraft

September 18, 2015

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New Pluto Panorama Leaves Astronomers Stunned

The latest images from NASA’s New Horizons Spacecraft show breathtaking views of Pluto’s majestic icy mountains, streams of frozen nitrogen and haunting low-lying hazes, and a strangely familiar arctic look. This new view of Pluto’s crescent — taken by New Horizons’ wide-angle Ralph/Multispectral Visual Imaging Camera (MVIC) on July 14 and downlinked to Earth on […]

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Pre-Reptile Bunostegos Akokanensisear – Earliest Known Creature to Walk Upright on All Fours

September 17, 2015

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260 Million Year Old Pre-Reptile May Be Earliest Known to Walk Upright on All Fours

According to a new study from Brown University, the pre-reptile Bunostegos akokanensis the oldest known creature to have walked upright on all fours, roaming the ancient supercontinent of Pangea about 260-million years ago. A newly published analysis of the bones of Bunostegos akokanensis, a 260-million-year-old pre-reptile, finds that it likely stood upright on all fours […]

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Siberian Traps Likely Triggered Mass Extinction

September 16, 2015

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Study Shows Massive Eruptions Likely Triggered Mass Extinction

A new study from MIT reveals that the Siberian Traps erupted at the right time, and for the right duration, to have been a likely trigger for the end-Permian extinction. Around 252 million years ago, life on Earth collapsed in spectacular and unprecedented fashion, as more than 96 percent of marine species and 70 percent […]

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Pillared Graphene Structures Gain Strength, Toughness and Ductility

September 15, 2015

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Pillared Graphene Structures Gain Strength and Toughness

In a newly published study, scientists from Rice University reveal that putting nanotube pillars between sheets of graphene could create hybrid structures with a unique balance of strength, toughness and ductility throughout all three dimensions. Carbon nanomaterials are common now as flat sheets, nanotubes and spheres, and they’re being eyed for use as building blocks […]

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New Porous Hydrogel Could Improve the Success of Stem Cell Tissue Regeneration

September 15, 2015

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A New Porous Hydrogel Could Boost the Success of Stem-Cell Tissue Regeneration

Using a new porous hydrogel, scientists have experimentally improved bone repair by boosting the survival rate of transplanted stem cells and influencing their cell differentiation. Possible stem cell therapies often are limited by low survival of transplanted stem cells and the lack of precise control over their differentiation into the cell types needed to repair […]

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Scientists Discover A New Species of Hominin

September 12, 2015

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Scientists Identify a New Ancient Ancestor of Humans

An international team of scientists has discovered a new species of a new species of hominin in South Africa that may have existed alongside modern humans. This small creature with a tiny brain opens the door to a new way of thinking about our ancient ancestors. The discovery of 15 individuals, consisting of 1,550 bones, […]

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