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The Unintended Consequences of Geoengineering a Cooler Atmosphere

September 9, 2015

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Stimulating Ocean Phytoplankton Growth to Reduce Global Warming

In a newly published study, scientists from MIT reveal unintended consequences of an idea to stimulate ocean phytoplankton growth in order to geoengineer a cooler atmosphere. Like the leaves of New England maples, phytoplankton, the microalgae at the base of most oceanic food webs, photosynthesize when exposed to sunlight. In the process, they absorb carbon […]

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The Stonehenge Hidden Landscapes Project Reveals a Major New Prehistoric Stone Monument

September 8, 2015

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Stonehenge Hidden Landscapes Project Reveals Traces of Standing Stones Beneath Durrington Walls

The Stonehenge Hidden Landscapes Project has discovered the remains of a major new prehistoric stone monument less than 3 kilometers from Stonehenge. Durrington Walls is one of the largest known henge monuments measuring 500m in diameter and thought to have been built around 4,500 years ago. Measuring more than 1.5 kilometers in circumference, it is […]

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Turtles Share a Recent Common Ancestor with Birds and Crocodiles

September 3, 2015

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New Research Shows Turtles Share a Recent Common Ancestor with Birds and Crocodiles

New fossil evidence reveals that turtles share a recent common ancestor with birds and crocodiles. There’s a twist in the turtle timeline. Thanks to new fossil evidence, paleontologists are able to prove that turtles share a recent common ancestor with birds and crocodiles. The discovery may settle a longstanding argument among scientists about the origins […]

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Metal Substrates Shape Two-Dimensional Boron Monolayers

September 2, 2015

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Theorists Show Flat Boron Form Would Depend on Metal Substrates

New calculations from theoretical physicists at Rice University show it may be possible to guide the formation of 2-D boron by tailoring boron-metal interactions. Rice University scientists have theoretically determined that the properties of atom-thick sheets of boron depend on where those atoms land. Calculation of the atom-by-atom energies involved in creating a sheet of […]

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Researchers Continue Biological Research at International Space Station

September 1, 2015

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NASA Plans to Grow Food on Spacecrafts and on Other Planets

NASA researchers are using the International Space Station to examine biological systems in space and are searching for the best methods for keeping astronauts healthy during spaceflight. Flutter, slither, swim or crawl your way over to this month’s International Space Station look at biological research. We’ll be highlighting the study of life and the technology […]

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How Rain Droplets Attract Aerosols Out of the Atmosphere

August 28, 2015

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New Study Helps Explain How Rain Droplets Clean the Atmosphere

Atmospheric chemists from MIT test how effective rain is at cleaning the atmosphere, revealing the most accurate values of coagulation to date. As a raindrop falls through the atmosphere, it can attract tens to hundreds of tiny aerosol particles to its surface before hitting the ground. The process by which droplets and aerosols attract is […]

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Ten Facts About Supernovae

August 26, 2015

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Many of the Elements We’re Made of Come from Supernovae

Here are ten facts about supernovae that you may have not known. Somewhere in the cosmos, a star is reaching the end of its life. Maybe it’s a massive star, collapsing under its own gravity. Or maybe it’s a dense cinder of a star, greedily stealing matter from a companion star until it can’t handle […]

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Berkeley Lab Uses Solar Energy and Renewable Hydrogen to Produce Methane

August 26, 2015

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Researchers Use Solar Energy and Renewable Hydrogen to Produce Methane

A team of scientists has developed a hybrid artificial photosynthesis system that produces renewable molecular hydrogen and uses it to synthesize carbon dioxide into methane. A team of researchers at the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)’s Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) developing a bioinorganic hybrid approach to artificial photosynthesis have achieved another milestone. Having […]

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Yale Engineers Believe Cornstarch Could Lead To Better Protective Gear

August 24, 2015

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Cornstarch Could Lead To Better Protective Gear

New research from the Yale School of Engineering & Applied Science is examining how cornstarch could lead to better protective gear for police, military and athletes. A quick scan of Eric Brown’s laboratory finds all the requisite high-tech equipment and equation-filled whiteboards. More incongruous are the many containers of Argo cornstarch – the same kind […]

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Physicists Work on New Approach to Detect Dark Matter

August 23, 2015

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New Approach for Detecting Dark Matter

Physicists are working on a new theory to detect dark matter. They believe that dark matter particles annihilate into “dark radiation” when they collide and that they should be able to detect the signals from this radiation. The majority of the mass in the Universe remains unknown. Despite knowing very little about this dark matter, […]

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Yale Scientists Shed Light on the Warburg Effect

August 18, 2015

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Yale Researchers Shed Light on the Warburg Effect

A newly published study details how two Yale scientists used magnetic resonance measurements to answer the puzzle of the “Warburg Effect.” Given plenty of glucose and oxygen, yeast and cancer cells do not burn it all to produce energy but convert much of it to the byproducts ethanol and lactate, respectively. In the 1920s Nobel […]

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Researchers Reveal Why Black Phosphorus May Surpass Graphene

August 15, 2015

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Phosphorene – The natural successor to Graphene?

In a newly published study, researchers from the Pohang University of Science and Technology detail how they were able to turn black phosphorus into a superior conductor that can be mass produced for electronic and optoelectronics devices. The research team operating out of Pohang University of Science and Technology (POSTECH), affiliated with the Institute for […]

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New Analysis Provides More Accurate Estimates of Sources of Mercury Emissions

August 12, 2015

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Asia Produces Twice as Much Mercury Emissions as Previously Thought

A new analysis from MIT provides more accurate estimates of sources of mercury emissions from around the world, revealing that Asia produces twice as much mercury emissions as previously thought. Once mercury is emitted into the atmosphere from the smokestacks of power plants, the pollutant has a complicated trajectory; even after it settles onto land […]

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Researchers Identify a Potential Marker for Schizophrenia

August 12, 2015

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New Study Shows Brain Abnormalities Are Present Even Before Onset of Schizophrenia

New research from Yale University reveals that even before the onset of schizophrenia, irregularities in key brain areas are already present in individuals at higher risk of developing psychosis. The findings identify a potential marker for the debilitating disease that afflicts 1% of the world’s population and suggest at least a partial explanation for why […]

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New Research: Abrupt Climate Warming Killed Mammoths

August 7, 2015

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Study Shows Mammoths Killed by Abrupt Climate Change

A newly published study from the University of Adelaide and the University of New South Wales reveals that abrupt climate change caused massive changes to the environment that set extinction events in motion. New research has revealed abrupt warming, that closely resembles the rapid man-made warming occurring today, has repeatedly played a key role in […]

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Scientists Reveal New Insights into the Coupling between Wetting and Catalytic Activity

August 6, 2015

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Reactivity of Perovskites with Water: Role of Hydroxylation in Wetting and Implications for Oxygen Electrocatalysis

In a newly published study, researchers reveal new insights into the coupling between wetting and catalytic activity and suggest that catalyst hydrophobicity should be considered in aqueous oxygen electrocatalysis. Two key physical phenomena take place at the surfaces of materials: catalysis and wetting. A catalyst enhances the rate of chemical reactions; wetting refers to how […]

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XMM-Newton Views Born-Again Planetary Nebula Abell 78

August 6, 2015

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Image of Born-Again Planetary Nebula Abell 78

This newly released image from the XMM-Newton satellite shows Abell 78 – the second born-again planetary nebula discovered. Beneath the vivid hues of this eye-shaped cloud, named Abell 78, a tale of stellar life and death is unfolding. At the center of the nebula, a dying star – not unlike our Sun – which shed […]

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Scientists Discover Four-Legged Snake Fossil

August 2, 2015

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Four-Legged Snake Fossil Discovered

Researchers from the University of Portsmouth have discovered a fossil of a snake that had four legs, helping to reveal how snakes made the transition from lizards to serpents. It is the first known fossil of a four-legged snake, and the team – led by Dr Dave Martill from the University of Portsmouth – say […]

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