March 14, 2014

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Naturally Occurring Molecule Enhances Defense Mechanisms Against Neurodegenerative Diseases

Scientists have discovered that a substance called N-acetylglucosamine has the ability to enhance defense mechanisms against neurodegenerative diseases, clear toxic protein aggregates and extend life span. Scientists at the Max Planck Institute for Biology of Aging in Cologne have found that a naturally occurring molecule has the ability to enhance defense mechanisms against neurodegenerative diseases. […]

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March 14, 2014

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Scientists Simulate the Extreme Conditions of the Fluid Reservoirs in the Crust of Europa

Researchers have developed an experiment to help explain and recreate the extreme conditions of the fluid reservoirs in the crust of Europa. Water, salts and gases dissolved in the huge ocean that scientists believe could exist below Europa´s icy crust can rise to the surface generating the enigmatic geological formations associated to red-tinged materials that […]

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March 14, 2014

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Researchers Model the Workings of an X-ray Binary Star

Using ten years’ worth of optical, infrared and X-ray data on LMC X-3, astronomers developed a model that can successfully explain the workings of an X-ray binary star. The bright X-ray source known as LMC X-3 resides in the Large Magellanic Cloud, the dwarf galaxy that is the Milky Way’s nearest neighbor. Two decades ago […]

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March 14, 2014

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Researchers Discover an Efficient Way of Slowing the Rotation of Molecular Ions

An international team of researchers has discovered an efficient and versatile way of slowing the rotation of molecular ions, opening up new possibilities for laboratory-based astrochemistry. Chemical reactions taking place in outer space can now be more easily studied on Earth. An international team of researchers from the University of Aarhus in Denmark and the […]

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March 13, 2014

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Astronomers View Dense Disk and Bright Funnel at the Center of the Circinus Galaxy

An international team of astronomers has viewed a dense disk and a bright funnel at the center of the Circinus galaxy. A research team led by Konrad Tristram from the Max Planck Institute for Radio Astronomy in Bonn, Germany, obtained the most detailed view so far of the warm dust in the environment of a […]

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March 13, 2014

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Hubble Views Asteroid P/2013 R3 Mysteriously Disintegrating

Hubble views the disintegration of asteroid P/2013 R3, providing detailed observations that pinpoint the process responsible. The NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope has photographed the never-before-seen break-up of an asteroid, which has fragmented into as many as ten smaller pieces. Although fragile comet nuclei have been seen to fall apart as they approach the Sun, nothing […]

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March 13, 2014

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Habitable Zones Near Red Dwarf Stars Smaller than Previously Thought

A newly published study reveals that habitable zones near red dwarf stars may be smaller than previously thought. The researchers believe that the exoplanets orbiting the red dwarfs may be mostly covered by icy crusts, save for somewhat lobster-shaped oceans on their day sides. Alien planets circling the most common stars in the universe may […]

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March 13, 2014

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New Study Shows that IRX3 Is Likely the “Fat Gene”

A new study shows that the IRX3 gene controls body mass and regulates body composition, and appears to be the functional obesity gene. Mutations within the gene FTO have been implicated as the strongest genetic determinant of obesity risk in humans, but the mechanism behind this link remained unknown. Now, an international team of scientists […]

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March 12, 2014

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Third Law of Thermodynamics Restored in Thin Films of Spin Ice

A newly published study reveals that the Third Law of Thermodynamics can be restored in thin films of the magnetic material spin ice. Thin films of spin ice have been shown to demonstrate surprising properties which could help in the development of applications of magnetricity, the magnetic equivalent of electricity. Published today in Nature Communications, […]

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March 12, 2014

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New Study Maps Out Bright Galaxies within 35-Million Light Years of the Earth

A newly published study maps out bright galaxies within 35-million light years of the Earth, providing an expanded view of what lies beyond Earth’s doorstep. We live in a galaxy known as the Milky Way – a vast conglomeration of 300 billion stars, planets whizzing around them, and clouds of gas and dust floating in […]

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March 12, 2014

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Galaxy X-Rays Could Emanate from Dark Matter Particles

Two new studies report that x-rays emanating from the hearts of nearby galaxies and galaxy clusters could be signs of particles of dark matter decaying in space. X-rays of a specific wavelength emanating from the hearts of nearby galaxies and galaxy clusters could be signs of particles of dark matter decaying in space, two independent […]

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March 12, 2014

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VLT Discovers Largest Yellow Hypergiant Star to Date

ESO’s Very Large Telescope has discovered one of the ten largest stars found to date, a yellow hypergiant star that is more than 1,300 times the diameter of our Sun. ESO’s Very Large Telescope Interferometer has revealed the largest yellow star — and one of the ten largest stars found so far. This hypergiant has […]

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