April 10, 2015

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Biologists Identify Vulnerability in Brain Cancer Cells

Biologists Identify Brain Tumor Weakness

Researchers from MIT and the Whitehead Institute have discovered a vulnerability of brain cancer cells that could offer a new target for treatment of glioblastoma. The study, led by researchers from the Whitehead Institute and MIT’s Koch Institute for Integrative Cancer Research, found that a subset of glioblastoma tumor cells is dependent on a particular […]

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April 10, 2015

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A New Birth Story for Gigantic Marine Lizards That Once Roamed the Oceans

A New Birth Story for a Gigantic Marine Lizard That Once Roamed the Oceans

Paleontologists now believe that mosasaurs gave birth to their young in the open ocean, not on or near shore. They weren’t in the delivery room, but researchers at Yale University and the University of Toronto have discovered a new birth story for a gigantic marine lizard that once roamed the oceans. Thanks to recently identified […]

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April 10, 2015

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Unusual Isotopic Abundances Discovered in Nova Vul 1670

Eruptive Star Nova Vul 1670

A newly published study reveals that Nova Vul 1670 is not only rich in molecular species, its gas has dramatically unusual isotopic abundances (that is, the atoms present, carbon, oxygen and nitrogen in particular, have extra neutrons in their nuclei). Astronomers have known for decades that the merger of two normal stars is a frequent […]

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April 10, 2015

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Astronomers Discover Complex Organic Molecules in Infant Star System

Complex Cyanides Reveal Composition of a Protoplanetary Disk

Astronomers from the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics have detected the presence of complex organic molecules in a protoplanetary disk surrounding a young star, indicating that the conditions that spawned our Earth and Sun are not unique in the universe. This discovery, made with the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA), reveals that the protoplanetary disk surrounding […]

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April 9, 2015

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Isotopic Evidence Confirms Interconnected Past of the Earth and Moon

A Crucial Difference in the Fingerprints of Earth and the Moon

A newly published study brings scientists one step closer to understanding the close familial relationship between Earth and the moon. College Park, Maryland – Scientists at the University of Maryland are the first to confirm the accepted model of the moon’s formation using the “fingerprints” of the moon and Earth. The results suggest that the […]

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April 9, 2015

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First Data from Ultra-Cold Neutrino Experiment

Ultra-cold Neutrino Experiment Successful

Physicists have announced the first scientific results from the Cryogenic Underground Observatory for Rare Events experiment, which is designed to confirm the existence of the Majorana neutrino. Today an international team of nuclear physicists announced the first scientific results from the Cryogenic Underground Observatory for Rare Events (CUORE) experiment. CUORE, located at the INFN Gran […]

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April 9, 2015

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NASA Study Shows ICMEs Can Have Profound Effects On Unprotected Planets

Solar Eruptions Can Have Profound Effects On Unprotected Planets

Using data from Venus Express, researchers show how the impact of a slow Interplanetary Coronal Mass Ejection (ICME) can have profound effects on planets without protective magnetospheres. While no one yet knows what’s needed to build a habitable planet, it’s clear that the interplay between the sun and Earth is crucial for making our planet […]

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April 9, 2015

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NASA’s MAVEN Spacecraft Completes 1,000th Orbit around Mars

MAVEN Completes 1,000th Orbit around Mars

NASA’s Mars Atmosphere and Volatile EvolutioN (MAVEN) spacecraft completed 1,000 orbits around the Red Planet on April 6, four-and-a-half months into its one-year primary mission. MAVEN is in its science mapping orbit and has been taking data since the start of its primary mission on Nov. 16, 2014. The furthest point in the spacecraft’s elliptical […]

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April 9, 2015

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New Research Helps Reveal the Evolution of Milky Way-Like Galaxies

Evolution of M* Galaxy Progenitors

New research provides the most complete picture yet of how galaxies like the Milky Way grew over the past 10 billion years into today’s majestic spiral galaxies. In one of the most comprehensive multi-observatory galaxy surveys yet, astronomers find that galaxies like our Milky Way underwent a stellar “baby boom,” churning out stars at a […]

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April 8, 2015

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BLAST Delivers Large Particles Into Cells at High Speed

New Device Delivers Nanoparticles at the Rate of 100,000 Cells Per Minute

A newly developed device can deliver nanoparticles, enzymes, antibodies, bacteria and other “large-sized” cargo into mammalian cells at speeds up to 100,000 cells per minute. A new device developed by UCLA engineers and doctors eventually help scientists study the development of disease, enable them to capture improved images of the inside of cells and lead […]

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April 8, 2015

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Satellite Observations Reveal Glaciers of Frozen Water on Mars

Mars Has Glacier Belts Consisting of Frozen Water

Using satellite data, scientists at the Niels Bohr Institute have observed the shape of glaciers just below the surface of Mars. New studies have now calculated the size of the glaciers and thus the amount of water in the glaciers. It is the equivalent of all of Mars being covered by more than one meter […]

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April 8, 2015

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MIT Engineers Develop New Magnetic-Field Detector That is 1,000 Times More Efficient

New Magnetic-Field Detector is 1,000 Times More Efficient

Engineers at MIT have developed a new, ultrasensitive magnetic-field detector that is 1,000 times more energy-efficient than its predecessors. The detectors could lead to better sensors for medical imaging and contraband detection. Magnetic-field detectors, or magnetometers, are already used for all those applications. But existing technologies have drawbacks: Some rely on gas-filled chambers; others work […]

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April 8, 2015

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Biologists Map the Habits of Cancer Cells

Scientists Map the Habits of Cancer Cells

Yale University researchers are mapping the habits of cancer cells, determining which cues cause cancer cells to disperse and metastasize, how these cues are combined with other cues directing the invasion, and which cues hold sway when there are conflicting orders. Using advanced technology and an approach that merges engineering and medicine, a Yale University-led […]

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April 8, 2015

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Astronomers Detail Seasonal, Year-Long Cycles Seen on the Sun

Astronomers View Seasonal Cycles Seen on the Sun

New research examines what creates the magnetic bands on the Sun and how they influence solar cycles, revealing that the changes in the magnetic field in the bands gives rise to a 330-day activity cycle on the sun that is observable but has often been downplayed and overlooked when trying to seek the cause of […]

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April 8, 2015

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NASA Missions are Finding Water in Surprising Places

NASA is Finding Water in Surprising Places

As NASA scientists explore our solar system and search for new worlds, they are finding water in surprising places. Water is but one piece of our search for habitable planets and life beyond Earth, yet it links many seemingly unrelated worlds in surprising ways. “NASA science activities have provided a wave of amazing findings related […]

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April 6, 2015

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Suzaku X-ray Satellite Reveals Pre-Explosion Mass of a White Dwarf Star

Astronomers Reveal Pre-Explosion Mass of a White Dwarf Star

A newly published study reveals that supernova remnant 3C 397 is the remains a single white dwarf that accumulated matter from a normal companion star. The white dwarf exploded as its mass neared 1.4 solar masses. Using archival data from the Japan-led Suzaku X-ray satellite, astronomers have determined the pre-explosion mass of a white dwarf […]

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April 6, 2015

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Hubble Image of the Week: The Crammed Center of Messier 22

New Hubble Image of Globular Cluster Messier 22

This newly released Hubble image shows the center of the globular cluster Messier 22, also known as M22. Globular clusters are spherical collections of densely packed stars, relics of the early years of the Universe, with ages of typically 12 to 13 billion years. This is very old considering that the Universe is only 13.8 […]

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