June 10, 2016

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New Horizons Spacecraft Views Jagged Shores of Pluto’s Highlands

New Image of the Jagged Shores of Pluto’s Highlands

NASA’s New Horizons spacecraft zooms in Pluto’s great ice plains and Krun Macula. This enhanced color view from NASA’s New Horizons spacecraft shows the southeastern portion of Pluto’s great ice plains, where at lower right the plains border rugged, dark highlands informally named Krun Macula. (Krun is the lord of the underworld in the Mandaean […]

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June 9, 2016

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Yale Study Shows Surprising Link Between Constipation and Herpes Infection

Surprising Link Between Constipation and Herpes Infection

New research from Yale University shows a surprising link between constipation and herpes infection. The new research, published June 8 in Cell Host & Microbe, advances the science on herpes, and could help patients with chronic gastrointestinal diseases with no clear cause. Individuals with herpes have reported seemingly unrelated symptoms such as constipation and urinary […]

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June 8, 2016

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Astronomers Observe Supermassive Black Hole Feeding on Cold Gas

MIT Astronomers Observe Supermassive Black Hole Feeding on Cold Gas

A newly published study details the first direct evidence to support the hypothesis that black holes feed on clouds of cold gas. At the center of a galaxy cluster, 1 billion light years from Earth, a voracious, supermassive black hole is preparing for a chilly feast. For the first time, astronomers have detected billowy clouds […]

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June 8, 2016

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Researchers Identify the Molecular Pathways Involved in the Aging of Human Eggs

Yale Researchers Identify the Molecular Pathways Involved in the Aging of Human Eggs

Researchers from the Yale School of Medicine have identified the molecular pathways involved in the aging of human eggs; which could eventually lead to treatments to correct age-related damage and improve fertility in women age 40 and older. Published in the June 6 issue of the journal Molecular Human Reproduction, the study examined the sharp […]

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June 8, 2016

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New Reseach Shows Cloudy Days on Hot Jupiters May Hide Atmospheric Water

New Study Shows Cloudy Days on Exoplanets May Hide Atmospheric Water

New research suggests that as much as half of the water in the atmospheres of exoplanets may be blocked by clouds or hazes. Water is a hot topic in the study of exoplanets, including “hot Jupiters,” whose masses are similar to that of Jupiter, but which are much closer to their parent star than Jupiter […]

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June 7, 2016

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Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter Reveals Frosted Dunes on Mars

New Image Shows Frosted Dunes on Mars

NASA’s Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter captured this image of sand dunes on Mars. Sand dunes cover much of this terrain, which has large boulders lying on flat areas between the dunes. It is late winter in the southern hemisphere of Mars, and these dunes are just getting enough sunlight to start defrosting their seasonal cover of […]

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June 7, 2016

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CEMP Stars Could Host Carbon Planets

First Life Might Have Been Born on Carbon Planets

A newly published study from the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics suggests that planet formation in the early universe might have created carbon planets consisting of graphite, carbides, and diamond. Our Earth consists of silicate rocks and an iron core with a thin veneer of water and life. But the first potentially habitable worlds to form […]

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June 6, 2016

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New Combination Therapy Cures Tick-Borne Illness in Mice

New Therapy Cures Tick-Borne Illness in Mice

Yale researchers have developed a new therapy that cures the emerging infectious disease, babesiosis, which is transmitted by the same ticks that transmit the agents of Lyme disease. This “radical” therapy not only clears the infection but also prevents the recurrence that often occurs with existing treatments. The study was published online June 6 in […]

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June 6, 2016

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New Cassini Image of Titan above Saturn’s Rings

New Cassini Image

NASA reveals another image of Titan and Saturn. Distant Titan, its northern hemisphere drenched in the sunlight of late spring, hangs above Saturn’s rings. What might at first glance look like a gap between the rings and the planet is actually Saturn’s shadow. During most of Saturn’s long year, the projection of the planet’s shadow […]

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June 6, 2016

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Hubble Image of the Week – Dwarf Galaxy UGC 4879

Hubble Views Dwarf Galaxy UGC 4879

This newly released Hubble image shows dwarf galaxy UGC 4879, which is located about 4 million light years away. The drizzle of stars scattered across this image forms a galaxy known as UGC 4879. UGC 4879 is an irregular dwarf galaxy — as the name suggests, galaxies of this type are a little smaller and […]

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June 3, 2016

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Study Shows MRI Detects Early Signs of Schizophrenia

MRI Detects Early Signs of Schizophrenia

A new study from Yale University shows that an MRI can detect early signs of schizophrenia in a rodent model. Patients with schizophrenia often exhibit early signs of behavioral abnormalities. However, changes in the brain underlying these behavioral signs have not been identified. Applying magnetic resonance scanning techniques that are used in humans, Yale researchers […]

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June 3, 2016

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The Canarias Einstein Ring – A Newly Discovered Einstein Ring

Astronomers Discover a New Einstein Ring

A newly published study details the discovery of a new Einstein Ring, a rare image of a distant galaxy lensed by gravity. In his seminal general theory of relativity published a century ago, Albert Einstein predicted that gravity would distort the fabric of spacetime, and that light would follow curved paths as a result. Astronomers […]

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June 2, 2016

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Bones and Shells May Lead to a New Formula for Concrete

MIT Engineers Search for a New Formula for Concrete

Engineers from MIT are seeking to redesign concrete by using bones and shells as blueprints for a stronger, more durable concrete. In a paper published online in the journal Construction and Building Materials, the team contrasts cement paste — concrete’s binding ingredient — with the structure and properties of natural materials such as bones, shells, […]

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June 2, 2016

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New Horizons Reveals Secrets from Pluto’s ‘Twilight Zone’

New Horizons Spacecraft Reveals Secrets of Pluto’s Twilight Zone

New images from the New Horizons Spacecraft reveal the complex atmospheric haze layers of Pluto. NASA’s New Horizons spacecraft took this stunning image of Pluto only a few minutes after closest approach on July 14, 2015. The image was obtained at a high phase angle –that is, with the sun on the other side of […]

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June 2, 2016

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Hubble Reveals Universe Is Expanding Faster Than Expected

The Universe Is Expanding Faster Than Expected

Using NASA’s Hubble Space Telescope, astronomers reveal that the universe is expanding 5 percent to 9 percent faster than expected. “This surprising finding may be an important clue to understanding those mysterious parts of the universe that make up 95 percent of everything and don’t emit light, such as dark energy, dark matter and dark […]

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June 1, 2016

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Dual-Phase Alloys Capable of High Strength and Ductility

Alloys Overcome the Strength–Ductility Ttrade Off

Using a new strategy in the development of steel, scientists are able to create alloys capable of both high strength and ductility. For the steel industry, there may be a way out of the dilemma that has existed since people began processing metal. Scientists from the Max-Planck-Institut für Eisenforschung in Düsseldorf (Germany) are presenting a […]

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June 1, 2016

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Astronomers Use a New Method to Detect Hydrated Material on the Moon

Signatures of Volatiles on the Moon

A new method to detect hydrated materials reveals evidence of volatiles in the lunar proton albedo. Prior to the Apollo missions to the Moon, scientists speculated that volatiles – including water – may have accumulated in permanently shaded regions at the poles. Then the Apollo era brought the return of lunar samples, enabling real measurements: […]

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May 31, 2016

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New Models Show That Kepler-62f Might Be Able To Sustain Life

Kepler-62f Might Be Able To Sustain Life

New research reveals that a distant planet known as Kepler-62f could be habitable. The planet, which is about 1,200 light-years from Earth in the direction of the constellation Lyra, is approximately 40 percent larger than Earth. At that size, Kepler-62f is within the range of planets that are likely to be rocky and possibly could […]

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