January 18, 2013

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Amazon Area Twice the Size of California Still Suffering from the Effects of a Megadrought

Severe Climate Jeopardizing the Amazon Forest

A new study from NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory found that 700,000 square kilometers of forest in southwestern Amazonia is still suffering from a megadrought that began 2005. Pasadena, California – An area of the Amazon rainforest twice the size of California continues to suffer from the effects of a megadrought that began in 2005, finds […]

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January 18, 2013

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Swarm Study Offers a New Way to Look at Collective Animal Motion

Mating Swarm Study Offers a New Way to View Flocks

New research from scientists at the Yale School of Engineering & Applied Science may lead to a better understanding of how local, spontaneous interaction among living things leads to the organization of collective animal motion. The adulthood of a midge fly is decidedly brief — about three days. But a new study of its mating […]

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January 18, 2013

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Researchers Make Progress on a Quantum-Computing Proposal

Multiple Steps Toward the Quantum Singularity

Four groups of scientists announced progress on a quantum-computing proposal made two years ago by MIT researchers that has the potential to lead towards the “quantum singularity.” In early 2011, a pair of theoretical computer scientists at MIT proposed an optical experiment that would harness the weird laws of quantum mechanics to perform a computation […]

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January 18, 2013

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Black Silicon Improves the Efficiency of Solar Cells

Black Silicon Can Improve the Efficiency of Solar Cells

In a newly published study, researchers from Aalto University show that black silicon can improve the efficiency of solar cells by improving the light absorption and surface passivation. Scientists at Aalto University have demonstrated results that show a huge improvement in the light absorption and the surface passivation of silicon nanostructures. This has been achieved […]

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January 18, 2013

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Nanoscale Coating Repels Virtually Any Liquid

A New Coating Developed at the University of Michigan Can Repel Virtually Any Liquid

Engineers at the University of Michigan have developed a nanoscale coating that can repel virtually any liquid, possibly leading to breathable protective wear for soldiers and scientists, as well as stain-proof garments. Ann Arbor — A nanoscale coating that’s at least 95 percent air repels the broadest range of liquids of any material in its […]

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January 18, 2013

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Windblown Sand is Changing Titan’s Surface

Weather on Titan Has Modified Its Surface

Data from NASA’s Cassini spacecraft has allowed scientists to put together the first quantitative estimate of how much the weather on Titan has modified its surface, finding that the craters on Titan were on average hundreds of meters shallower than similarly sized craters on Jupiter’s moon Ganymede. Titan’s siblings must be jealous. While most of […]

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January 17, 2013

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UCLA Researchers Show Link Between Diet, Genetics and Obesity

Obesity and Genetics

Researchers at UCLA have shown that body-fat responses to high-fat, high-sugar diets have a very strong genetic component and have identified several genetic factors potentially regulating these responses. Researchers at UCLA say it’s not just what you eat that makes those pants tighter — it’s also genetics. In a new study, scientists discovered that body-fat […]

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January 17, 2013

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Conceptual Nuclear Reactor Design of High Plutonium Breeding by Light Water Cooling

High Plutonium Breeding by Light Water Cooling

A new study details how scientists developed the conceptual nuclear reactor design of high plutonium breeding by light water cooling, which may help advanced countries meet the growth rate of energy demand. Professor Oka’s research team succeeded to develop the conceptual nuclear reactor design of high plutonium breeding by light water cooling for the first […]

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January 17, 2013

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New Study Suggests that Black Holes are Growing Faster than Previously Thought

Black Holes Grow Faster Than Expected

A study from astronomers at the Swinburne University of Technology suggests that black holes have been growing much faster than previously thought. Astronomers from Swinburne University of Technology have discovered how supermassive black holes grow – and it’s not what was expected. For years, scientists had believed that supermassive black holes, located at the centers […]

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January 17, 2013

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Plants May Not be Able to Keep Pace with Warming Temperatures

Unprecedented Flowering Follows a Record Warmth

A team of researchers examined the relationship between global climate warming and the flowering of spring plants, finding that spring plants may continue to flower earlier and earlier until they reach a point where they miss their primary pollinators. Record warmth in 2010 and 2012 resulted in similarly extraordinary spring flowering in the eastern United […]

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January 17, 2013

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Theoretical Physicists Devise Rules for More Effective Teleportation

Rules for More Effective Teleportation

In a newly published study, a team of theoretical physicists from Cambridge, University College London and the University of Gdansk detail a generalized form of teleportation that allows for a wide variety of potential applications in quantum physics. For the last ten years, theoretical physicists have shown that the intense connections generated between particles as […]

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January 17, 2013

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Hubble Views the Large Magellanic Cloud and its Star Forming Regions

The Large Magellanic Cloud

This Hubble Space Telescope image shows the Large Magellanic Cloud and the many star-forming regions within it. Nearly 200,000 light-years from Earth, the Large Magellanic Cloud, a satellite galaxy of the Milky Way, floats in space, in a long and slow dance around our galaxy. Vast clouds of gas within it slowly collapse to form […]

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