March 20, 2013

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Discovery Could Lead to New Treatments for Lung Disorders in Premature Babies

Researchers Find Control Switch for Preterm Lung Disorders

While working with mice, researchers discovered key molecules that switch on stress pathways in preterm lung disorders and potential new drug targets to treat or prevent human BPD. Researchers at Yale School of Medicine have made major discoveries that could lead to new treatments for lung disorders in premature babies. In a mouse study, the […]

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March 20, 2013

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Study Reveals That Giant Squid Throughout the World Are Genetically Similar

Study Reveals Population Structure of the Giant Squid Architeuthis

In a newly published study, researchers examine the mitochondrial genome diversity of 43 giant squid samples collected from across the range of the species, finding that there is only one global species of giant squid, Architeuthis. The giant squid is one of the most enigmatic animals on the planet. It is extremely rarely seen, except […]

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March 20, 2013

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Astronomers View the Aftermath of Supernova SN 1999em and Its Host Galaxy

ESO Views Supernova in Spiral Galaxy NGC 1637

Using ESO’s Very Large Telescope, astronomers view the aftermath of supernova SN 1999em and its host galaxy, NGC 1637. About 35 million light-years from Earth, in the constellation of Eridanus (The River), lies the spiral galaxy NGC 1637. Back in 1999 the serene appearance of this galaxy was shattered by the appearance of a very […]

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March 20, 2013

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Astronomers Discover Some of the Youngest Stars Ever Seen

Herschel Views Some of the Youngest Stars Ever Seen

A team of astronomers have found some of the youngest stars ever seen, giving scientists a window into the earliest and least understood phases of star formation. Pasadena, California – Astronomers have found some of the youngest stars ever seen, thanks to the Herschel space observatory, a European Space Agency mission with important NASA contributions. […]

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March 19, 2013

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Black Hole and Red Dwarf Orbit Each Other Once Every 2.4 Hours

A Black Hole and Star Orbit Each Other Once Every 135 Minutes

Using data from ground observations and space telescopes, researchers have identified a red dwarf and black hole that orbit each other once every 2.4 hours, beating the previous record. Loading… ESA’s XMM-Newton space telescope has helped to identify a star and a black hole that orbit each other at the dizzying rate of once every […]

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March 19, 2013

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Proof That the Olfactory System of Fruit Flies is Based on Self-Regulation of Odorant Receptors

Insect Odorant Receptors Regulate Their Own Sensitivity

For the first time, researchers at the Max Planck Institute provide experimental proof that the extremely sensitive olfactory system of fruit flies is based on self-regulation of odorant receptors. Highly developed antennae containing different types of olfactory receptors allow insects to use minute amounts of odors for orientation towards resources like food, oviposition sites or […]

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March 19, 2013

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Another Step Toward Lower Cost Alkaline Fuel Cells

Another Step Toward Low Temperature Lower Cost Alkaline Fuel Cells

In a newly published study, engineers synthesize a platinum-free catalyst for use in alkaline fuel cells, showing that silver-palladium multi-walled carbon nanotubes are almost as effective as platinum in low-temperature fuel cells. Researchers at Yale University have taken another step toward the development of low-temperature, lower-cost alkaline fuel cells, which are battery-like devices that convert […]

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March 19, 2013

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Curiosity Discovers More Hydration of Minerals Near Clay-Bearing Rocks

Curiosity Finds Evidence of Water Bearing Minerals in Rocks

Using infrared-imaging and an instrument that shoots neutrons into the ground to probe for hydrogen, scientists have found more evidence of water-bearing minerals in rocks on Mars. The Woodlands, Texas – NASA’s Mars rover Curiosity has seen evidence of water-bearing minerals in rocks near where it had already found clay minerals inside a drilled rock. […]

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March 19, 2013

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Transplanted Neural Cells from a Monkey’s Skin Develop into Mature Brain Cells

Neural Cells Derived from a Monkeys Skin Are Turned into Several Types of Mature Brain Cells

Researchers at the Waisman Center turned iPS cells from a monkey’s skin into neural progenitor cells and successfully transplant them into its own brain, providing proof of principle that personalized medicine may one day be able to treat diseases like Parkinson’s. For the first time, scientists have transplanted neural cells derived from a monkey’s skin […]

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March 19, 2013

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Kepler Supernova Reveals Clues About Cosmic Distance Markers

Supernova Reveals Clues About Crucial Cosmic Distance Markers

Using data from NASA’s Chandra X-ray Observatory, a newly published study examines the remnant of Kepler’s supernova. The scientists found that the supernova was triggered by an interaction between a white dwarf and a red giant star, not from the merger of two white dwarfs as was previously believed. A new study using data from […]

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March 18, 2013

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Lazarus Project Produces Cloned Embryos of an Extinct Frog

Researchers Create Cloned Embryos of an Extinct Frog

By using a laboratory technique known as somatic cell nuclear transfer, scientists have produce cloned embryos of the extinct frog Rheobatrachus silus. The genome of an extinct Australian frog has been revived and reactivated by a team of scientists using sophisticated cloning technology to implant a “dead” cell nucleus into a fresh egg from another […]

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March 18, 2013

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New Model Advances the Understanding of How Solar Wind Works

New Model Demonstrates Ion Cyclotron Resonant Heating in the Solar Wind

A newly published study uses a new model to demonstrate ion-cyclotron resonant heating in solar wind; representing a major advance in the understanding of how solar wind works. The Sun glows with a surface temperature of about 5500 degrees Celsius. Meanwhile its hot outer layer (the corona) has a temperature of over a million degrees, […]

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