October 11, 2013

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Comet-Like Activity Discovered in Near-Earth Object Don Quixote

The Discovery of Cometary Activity in NEO Don Quixote

Using data from the Spitzer Space Telescope, CfA astronomers discover comet-like activity in Near-Earth Object Don Quixote. Near Earth Objects (NEOs) are asteroids or comets whose orbits sometimes bring them close to the earth’s orbit. An NEO could therefore someday collide with the Earth — giving them considerably more parochial interest than most objects in […]

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October 11, 2013

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New Device Produces Hydrogen Fuel from Sunlight and Wastewater

Newly Device Uses Sunlight and Wastewater to Produce Hydrogen Gas

By combining a microbial fuel cell and a type of solar cell called a photoelectrochemical cell, researchers from UC Santa Cruz have developed a hybrid device that produces hydrogen gas from wastewater and sunlight. A novel device that uses only sunlight and wastewater to produce hydrogen gas could provide a sustainable energy source while improving […]

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October 11, 2013

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Newly Discovered Planetary Candidates are Nearly Skimming Their Host Star’s Surface

Scientists Discover Planetary Candidates with Orbital Periods as Short as Four Hours

New research presented at the American Astronomical Society’s Division of Planetary Sciences details the discovery of planetary candidates with orbital periods as short as four hours, so close to their host stars that they are nearly skimming the stellar surface. Washington, D.C.— A new planet-hunting survey has revealed planetary candidates with orbital periods as short […]

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October 11, 2013

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Water Discovered in Remnants of Rocky Planetary Body Outside Our Solar System

Scientists Find Evidence of a Water Rich Rocky Planetary Body Outside Our Solar System

Using the Hubble Space Telescope and the large telescopes of the W. M. Keck Observatory, scientists have found the first evidence of a water-rich rocky planetary body outside our solar system. Astrophysicists have found the first evidence of a water-rich rocky planetary body outside our solar system in its shattered remains orbiting a white dwarf. […]

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October 10, 2013

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Atom-Thick Carbyne Nanorods May Be The Strongest Material Ever

Atom Thick Carbyne Chains May Be Strongest Material Ever

In a newly published paper, theoretical physicists from Rice University calculate that atom-thick carbyne chains would be the strongest material ever discovered, stronger than graphene or even diamond if they can be manufactured. Carbyne will be the strongest of a new class of microscopic materials if and when anyone can make it in bulk. If […]

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October 10, 2013

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Scientists Uncover a Pathway for Silencing Tumor Suppressor Genes

Scientists Uncovered the Pathway through Which Tumor Suppressor Genes are Inactivated

Researchers have identified a RAS-regulated pathway that initiates and maintains the epigenetic silencing of tumor suppressor genes in mice, a finding that may help provide personalized therapy for RAS-mutant cancers. When genes that normally suppress tumor growth are themselves suppressed, cancer cells can grow and proliferate uncontrollably. A new study led by a researcher at […]

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October 10, 2013

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Hubble Views Elliptical Galaxy PGC 6240

Hubble Image of Elliptical Galaxy PGC 6240

This Hubble Space Telescope image shows elliptical galaxy PGC 6240, which is located in the southern constellation of Hydrus. The beautiful, petal-like shells of galaxy PGC 6240 are captured here in intricate detail by the NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope, set against a sky full of distant background galaxies. This cosmic bloom is of great interest […]

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October 10, 2013

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Astronomers Discover a Free-Floating Planet

Scientists Find a Planet without a Star

Using the Pan-STARRS 1 wide-field survey telescope, a team of astronomers has discovered a free-floating planet that is 80 light-years away from Earth. An international team of astronomers has discovered an exotic young planet that is not orbiting a star. This free-floating planet, dubbed PSO J318.5-22, is just 80 light-years away from Earth and has […]

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October 9, 2013

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Physicists Develop a New Method to Accelerate Charged Particles

Scientists Accelerate Charged Particles Using Light

Physicists at the Max Planck Institute have developed a new method that uses light to accelerate charged particles, leading the way for more compact particle accelerators. Modern particle accelerators measure up to several kilometers in size and cost billions of euros. But thanks to a new method they could shrink to less than 10 meters […]

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October 9, 2013

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New Possibilities for Graphene in Thin-Film Photovoltaics

Researchers Take a Major Leap Towards Graphene for Solar Cells

In a newly published study, researchers from the HZB Institute for Silicon Photovoltaics have shown that graphene retains its properties when coated with a thin silicon film, paving the way for new possibilities in solar cells. Graphene has extreme conductivity and is completely transparent while being inexpensive and nontoxic. This makes it a perfect candidate […]

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October 9, 2013

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ESO’s Very Large Telescope Views the Toby Jug Nebula

VLT Views the Toby Jug Nebula

Using ESO’s Very Large Telescope, astronomers captured new images of the Toby Jug Nebula. ESO’s Very Large Telescope (VLT) has captured a remarkably detailed image of the Toby Jug Nebula, a cloud of gas and dust surrounding a red giant star. This view shows the characteristic arcing structure of the nebula, which, true to its […]

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October 9, 2013

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Old Hubble Images Reveal Neptune’s “Lost” Moon

Hubble Image Reveals Neptunes Lost Inner Moon

Using new techniques to suppress Neptune’s glare, astronomers view Neptune’s innermost moon for the first time since it was discovered by Voyager 1989. Neptune’s tiny, innermost moon, Naiad, has now been seen for the first time since it was discovered by Voyager’s cameras in 1989. Dr. Mark Showalter, a senior research scientist at the SETI […]

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October 8, 2013

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Physicists Create and Control a Large Quantum Mechanical System Built on Photons

Scientists Create and Control a Large Quantum Mechanical System Built on Photons

A new study from Yale University shows that scientists can create and control a large quantum mechanical system built on photons, suggesting that they might be able to expand the role of photons in quantum information systems. Light might be able to play a bigger, more versatile role in the future of quantum computing, according […]

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October 8, 2013

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First Definitive Proof of a Comet Striking Earth Millions of Years Ago

Scientists Find Evidence of a Comet Striking Earth

A team of scientists has discovered the first definitive proof of a comet striking Earth millions of years ago. The first ever evidence of a comet entering Earth’s atmosphere and exploding, raining down a shock wave of fire which obliterated every life form in its path, has been discovered by a team of South African […]

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October 8, 2013

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Cloud-Chamber Experiments Show How Martian Clouds Form

Cloud Chamber Experiments Show How Clouds on Mars Form

Using the Aerosol Interaction and Dynamics in the Atmosphere facility in Germany, researchers were able to create clouds at the frigid temperatures typically found on Mars, discovering that cloud formation in such conditions requires far greater relative humidity than cloud formation on Earth requires. At first glance, Mars’ clouds might easily be mistaken for those […]

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October 8, 2013

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Carbon-Rich Interior in Super-Earth 55 Cancri e Less Likely Than Previously Thought

Super Earth Planet 55 Cancri E Less Carbon Rich than Previously Though

A new study shows that planet 55 Cancri e is less likely to consist largely of diamond, revealing that the carbon-to-oxygen ratio appears to be lower than previously thought in the planet’s host star. A planet 40 light years from our solar system, believed to be the first-ever discovered planet to consist largely of diamond, […]

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October 7, 2013

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Einstein’s Corpus Callosum Reveals Clues to His Brilliance

Well Connected Hemispheres May Have Contributed to Einsteins Intelligence

A newly published study takes a closer look at the “inside” of Einstein’s brain, revealing that the unusually well connected right and left hemispheres of his brain may have contributed to his intelligence. The left and right hemispheres of Albert Einstein’s brain were unusually well connected to each other and may have contributed to his […]

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October 7, 2013

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ALMA Observatory Receives Final Antenna

The Final Antenna for ALMA Has Been Delivered

The ALMA Observatory has received the final antenna for the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array project. The final antenna for the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA) project has just been handed over to the ALMA Observatory. The 12-metre-diameter dish was manufactured by the European AEM Consortium and also marks the successful delivery of a total of […]

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