February 13, 2013

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New Carbon Films Pave the Way for the Next Generation of Solar Cells

The Next Generation of Solar Cells

In two newly published studies, Yale researchers detail a cost-effective way to improve the efficiency of crystalline silicon solar cells through the use of carbon nanotube films, helping pave the way for the next generation of solar cells. New research by Yale University scientists helps pave the way for the next generation of solar cells, […]

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February 13, 2013

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Neuroscientists Isolate Chills at a Cellular Level, Turn Off the Ability to Feel Cold

Scientists Turn Off the Ability to Feel Cold

Neuroscientists at USC have isolated and ablated the neurons that express TRPM8, finding that mice depleted of TRPM8 neurons could not feel cold but still responded to heat. USC researchers have isolated chills at a cellular level, identifying the sensory network of neurons in the skin that relays the sensation of cold. David McKemy, associate […]

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February 13, 2013

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MOF Powered by Sunlight Could Help Drastically Cut Carbon Emissions

Carbon Sponge Could Soak Up Coal Emissions

Researchers from Monash University and CSIRO have discovered a photosensitive metal organic framework (MOF) that utilizes sunlight to release large amounts of stored carbon. Emissions from coal power stations could be drastically reduced by a new, energy-efficient material that adsorbs large amounts of carbon dioxide, then releases it when exposed to sunlight. In a study […]

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February 13, 2013

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New Lithium-Ion Battery Design Uses Silicon Nanoparticles

New Lithium Ion Battery Design Uses Porous Silicon Nanoparticles

A team of scientists from the University of Southern California and Zhejiang University in China have developed a new lithium-ion battery that uses silicon nanoparticles in place of the traditional graphite anodes to provide superior performance. Researchers at USC have developed a new lithium-ion battery design that uses porous silicon nanoparticles in place of the […]

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February 13, 2013

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ESO Views Star Cluster NGC 6520 and its Dusty Neighbor Barnard 86

Star Cluster NGC 6520 and Barnard 86

This new ESO image shows open star cluster NGC 6520 and its dusty neighbor Barnard 86, both are about 6,000 light-years away from our Sun. This image from the Wide Field Imager on the MPG/ESO 2.2-metre telescope at ESO’s La Silla Observatory in Chile, shows the bright star cluster NGC 6520 and its neighbor, the […]

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February 12, 2013

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Award Winning Image of the Reflection Nebula Messier 78

Reflection Nebula Messier 78

Based on data from the MPG/ESO 2.2-metre telescope at the La Silla Observatory in Chile, Igor Chekalin created this award winning image of the reflection nebula Messier 78. The nebula Messier 78 takes center stage in this image taken with the Wide Field Imager on the MPG/ESO 2.2-metre telescope at the La Silla Observatory in […]

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February 12, 2013

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DARPA Focuses on Behavioral Biometrics to Enhance Cyber Security

Behavioral Biometrics for Mobile Devices

DARPA’s Active Authentication program is working to develop behavioral biometrics focused on the user’s cognitive processes to enhance cyber security. In the world of network cyber security, the weak link is often not the hardware or the software, but the user. Passwords are often easily guessed or possibly written down, leaving entire networks vulnerable to […]

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February 12, 2013

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AI Framework Predicts Better Patient Health Care and Reduces Cost

AI Predicts Better Patient Outcomes While Significantly Lowering Health Care Costs

Researchers at Indiana University have shown that an artificial intelligence framework that employs sequential decision-making could reduce health care costs by over 50 percent while also improving patient outcomes by over 40 percent. Bloomington, Indiana — New research from Indiana University has found that machine learning — the same computer science discipline that helped create […]

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February 12, 2013

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Scientists Reconstruct the Ancestor of Placental Mammals

Ancestor of Placental Mammals

More than twenty scientists collaborated on a recently published study that reconstructed the ancestor of placental mammals. The common ancestor of more than 5,000 contemporary placental mammals such as rats, whales, and humans was a small, insect-eating animal that appeared after the dinosaurs went extinct 65 million years ago, an international team of researchers report […]

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February 12, 2013

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Layered Oxide Heterostructures Produce Efficient Solar Cells

Layered Oxide Heterostructures Create Efficient Ultra Thin Solar Cells

In a newly published study, an international team of scientists have shown that layered oxide heterostructures can be used to create a new kind of extremely efficient ultra-thin solar cells. Single atomic layers are combined to create novel materials with completely new properties. Layered oxide heterostructures are a new class of materials, which has attracted […]

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February 12, 2013

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Natural Toxins Combined with Synthetic Drugs Could Disarm Cancer, Drug-Resistant Bacteria

Natural Toxins Could Disarm Cancer and Drug Resistant Bacteria

Researchers at Rice University believe that combining natural toxins with man-made mirror drugs will create the drug equivalent of a one-two punch, “confusing” bacteria and cancer and preventing them from rapidly becoming resistant to the man-made drugs. Cancer researchers from Rice University suggest that a new man-made drug that’s already proven effective at killing cancer […]

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February 12, 2013

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Researchers Identify a Protein that Blocks HIV

25HC Suppresses HIV Growth

In a newly published study, scientists have shown that an oxysterol called 25-hydroxycholesterol (25HC) suppresses HIV growth in vivo. A team of UCLA-led researchers has identified a protein with broad virus-fighting properties that potentially could be used as a weapon against deadly human pathogenic viruses such as HIV, Ebola, Rift Valley Fever, Nipah and others […]

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February 11, 2013

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Copper Sulfide Could Enable Faster Memory Chips and More Efficient Batteries

Cooper Sulfide Could Enable Faster Memory Chips

A new study from SLAC and Stanford researchers examines the atomic-scale details of how superionic nanoscale materials switch from a state that is poorly conducting to one that is highly conducting, taking a step forward toward using these materials in low-cost solid-state electrical batteries. A material that could enable faster memory chips and more efficient […]

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February 11, 2013

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Curiosity Drills and Collects First Martian Bedrock Sample

Curiosity Collects First Martian Bedrock Sample

New images show that NASA’s Curiosity rover has successfully drilled and collected a rock powder sample from the Martian bedrock to be analyzed. Pasadena, California — NASA’s Curiosity rover has, for the first time, used a drill carried at the end of its robotic arm to bore into a flat, veiny rock on Mars and […]

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February 11, 2013

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Synthetic Biology Circuits Perform Logic Functions and Remember the Results

Synthetic Biology Circuits

Researchers at MIT have developed new synthetic biology circuits that combine memory and logic. MIT engineers have created genetic circuits in bacterial cells that not only perform logic functions, but also remember the results, which are encoded in the cell’s DNA and passed on for dozens of generations. The circuits, described in the Feb. 10 […]

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February 11, 2013

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400,000 Year Old Fossil Helps Shed New Light on Human Evolution

Fossil From the Balkans Sheds New Light on Human Evolution

A nearly 400,000 year old human fossil discovered in a Serbian cave is helping scientists shed new light on human evolution. Winnipeg, MB – A fossil fragment of a human lower jaw recovered from a Serbian cave is the oldest human ancestor found in this part of Europe. The newly obtained radiometric date of the […]

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February 11, 2013

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Asthma Drug May Lead to New Treatments for Diabetes and Obesity

New Treatments for Diabetes and Obesity

A newly published study from the University of Michigan found that a currently available asthma drug reverses obesity, diabetes and fatty liver in mice. Ann Arbor — Researchers at the University of Michigan’s Life Sciences Institute have found that amlexanox, an off-patent drug currently prescribed for the treatment of asthma and other uses, also reverses […]

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February 11, 2013

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Direct Infrared Image of the Protoplanetary Disk around a Young Star

Image of the Protoplanetary Disk Around the Young Star J 1604

Using the high-resolution infrared camera HiCIAO, an international group of astronomers captured the first vivid infrared image of a curved arm of dust extending over a hole on a disk around a young star, 2MASS J16042165-2130284 (J 1604). An international team of astronomers led by Satoshi Mayama (The Graduate University for Advanced Studies, Japan) and […]

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