January 22, 2014

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VLT Survey Telescope Views the Lagoon Nebula

New VLT Image of the Lagoon Nebula

This new image from the VLT Survey Telescope shows the Lagoon Nebula, which is located roughly 5,000 light-years from us in the constellation of Sagittarius. The VLT Survey Telescope (VST) at ESO’s Paranal Observatory in Chile has captured this richly detailed new image of the Lagoon Nebula. This giant cloud of gas and dust is […]

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January 21, 2014

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ESA/ESO Collaboration Successfully Tracks Its First Near-Earth Object

ESO Collaboration Successfully Tracks Its First Potentially Threatening Near Earth Object

The new collaboration between ESA and ESO has successfully tracked its first potentially threatening Near-Earth Object. The first Near-Earth Object (NEO) recovery campaign has been successfully carried out by a new collaboration between the European Space Agency (ESA) and ESO. Up to now the asteroid 2009 FD had been ranked among the top five objects […]

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January 21, 2014

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New Research Reveals Liquid Crystals that Dissolve in Water

Study Shows Liquid Crystal Turns Water Droplets Into Gemstones

New research details a type of liquid crystal that dissolves in water, revealing the potential for biomedical applications. Liquid crystals are remarkable materials that combine the optical properties of crystalline solids with the flow properties of liquids, characteristics that come together to enable the displays found in most computer monitors, televisions and smartphones. In a […]

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January 21, 2014

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T-Dwarf Provides Benchmark for Future Exoplanet Research

Astronomers View a Very Rare Brown Dwarf Star

Researchers have directly imaged a very rare type of brown dwarf, opening the door towards a fuller understanding of exoplanets. Mauna Kea, Hawaii – A team of researchers led by Justin R. Crepp, the Freimann Assistant Professor of Physics at the University of Notre Dame, has directly imaged a very rare type of brown dwarf […]

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January 21, 2014

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Radiation of Distant Quasar Reveals a Filament of the Cosmic Web

Scientists Capture First Image of Cosmic Web Filaments

Using the Keck I Telescope, a team of astronomers viewed part of the network of filaments thought to connect galaxies in a cosmic web. Astronomers have discovered a distant quasar illuminating a vast nebula of diffuse gas, revealing for the first time part of the network of filaments thought to connect galaxies in a cosmic […]

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January 20, 2014

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New Gaia-ESO Research Reveals that the Milky Way Formed “Inside-Out”

New Data Show Milky Way May Have Formed Inside Out

New research from the Gaia-ESO Survey shows that the inner regions of the Milky Way assembled faster than the outer regions, revealing that the Milky Way formed “inside-out.” A breakthrough using data from the Gaia-ESO project has provided evidence backing up theoretically-predicted divisions in the chemical composition of the stars that make up the Milky […]

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January 20, 2014

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Direct Measurement Technique Offers an Alternative to Quantum Tomography

Direct Measurement Technique Determines the State of a Quantum System

In a new study, researchers demonstrate “direct measurements” of the quantum state associated with the orbital-angular momentum, showing that direct measurement offers an exciting alternative to quantum tomography. Until recently measuring a 27-dimensional quantum state would have been a time-consuming, multistage process using a technique called quantum tomography, which is similar to creating a 3D […]

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January 20, 2014

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The Formation of Pluto and Its Moons

Astronomers Detail the Formation of Plutos Low Mass Satellites

A newly published study looks at the formation of Pluto and its low-mass satellites, finding Pluto and Charon formed from particles that coalesced together in the disk around the Sun. In 1978, the dwarf planet Pluto was discovered to have a companion, called Charon. With a mass about 12% Pluto’s mass, Charon orbits its partner […]

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January 20, 2014

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Hubble Views Double Quasar QSO 0957+561

Hubble Views the Twin Quasar

This newly released Hubble image shows double quasar QSO 0957+561, also known as the “Twin Quasar,” which is located about 14 billion light-years from Earth. In this new Hubble image two objects are clearly visible, shining brightly. When they were first discovered in 1979, they were thought to be separate objects — however, astronomers soon […]

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January 17, 2014

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Astronomers Find Evidence of Planet Formation Far from the Central Star in a Protoplanetary Disk

Dust and Gas Disk around HD142527

Using ALMA, astronomers observed a young star named HD142527 and discovered the first firm evidence of planet formation far from the central star in a protoplanetary disk. Abstract A team of Japanese astronomers has obtained a firm evidence of formation of a giant planetary system around a young star by the observations with the Atacama […]

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January 17, 2014

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ALMA Discovers the Youngest Protoplanetary Disk to Date

Researchers Discover the Youngest Disk around a Protostar to Date

Using the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array, astronomers have discovered the youngest disk around a protostar to date. Planets form in disks around their host protostar, but when and how disks form is still an unanswered question. ALMA observations by a team of astronomers led by Nadia Murillo and Shih-Ping Lai [1] have found the youngest […]

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January 17, 2014

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Supersensitive Detectors to Aid in the Discovery of Gravitational Waves

Scientists Prepare to Listen to the Formation of Black Holes

Physicists around the world are currently focused on the commissioning of three enormous supersensitive detectors that will aid in the discovery of gravitational waves tenfold and increase the number of expected signals 1000-fold. Australia’s participation in the discovery of gravitational waves – and the ability to ‘listen’ to the formation of black holes – will […]

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January 17, 2014

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Researchers Discover Natural 3D Counterpart to Graphene

Researchers Discover Natural 3D Counterpart to Graphene

A team of researchers has discovered that sodium bismuthate can exist as a form of quantum matter called a three-dimensional topological Dirac semi-metal (3DTDS), a natural three-dimensional counterpart to graphene with similar or even better electron mobility and velocity. The discovery of what is essentially a 3D version of graphene – the 2D sheets of […]

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January 16, 2014

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How the Anatomical Structure of the Brain Impacts Its Functioning

Researchers Detail How the Architecture of the Brain Shapes Its Functioning

By simultaneously analyzing 1.6 billion connections within the brain, researchers have discovered how the architecture of the brain shapes its functioning. The structure of the human brain is complex, reminiscent of a circuit diagram with countless connections. But what role does this architecture play in the functioning of the brain? To answer this question, researchers […]

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January 16, 2014

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Researchers Discover the First Binary System Consisting of a Black Hole and a Be-Type Star

Researchers Discover the First Black Hole Orbiting a Spinning Star

A newly published study details the discovery of the first binary system consisting of a black hole and a Be-type star. Spanish scientists have discovered the first binary system ever known to consist of a black hole and a ‘spinning’ star —or more accurately, a Be-type star. Although predicted by theory, none had previously been […]

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January 16, 2014

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New Hubble Image of Spiral Galaxy Messier 83

New Hubble Image of Spiral Galaxy Messier 83

Released at the 223rd meeting of the American Astronomical Society, this new Hubble image shows the Southern Pinwheel Galaxy. This new Hubble image shows the spiral galaxy Messier 83, otherwise known as the Southern Pinwheel Galaxy. One of the largest and closest barred spirals to us, this galaxy is dramatic and mysterious; it has hosted […]

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January 16, 2014

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Spitzer Views the Orion Nebula

Spitzer Views the Orion Nebula

Using infrared data from the Spitzer Space Telescope, astronomers created a new false-color image of the Orion Nebula. Few cosmic vistas excite the imagination like the Orion Nebula, an immense stellar nursery some 1,500 light-years away. This stunning false-color view spans about 40 light-years across the region, constructed using infrared data from the Spitzer Space […]

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January 15, 2014

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Astrophysicists Discover a Pulsar that Varies in the Amount of Gamma-Ray Radiation it Emits

Researchers Discover a Pulsar that Varies in the Amount of Gamma Ray Radiation it Emits

Using data from the Fermi Gamma-ray Space Telescope, researchers have discovered a pulsar that varies in the amount of gamma-ray radiation it emits. Astrophysicists studying the gamma-ray sky have gone back over five years of survey data from the Fermi Gamma-ray Space Telescope and discovered something new: a pulsar that varies in the amount of […]

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