October 17, 2013

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Astronomers Shed New Light on the Rarest and Brightest Exploding Stars

Researchers Shed New Light on Star Death

A newly published study sheds new light on star death, finding that the brightest supernovae are the result of a type of explosion within the star’s core which creates a smaller but extremely dense and rapidly spinning magnetic star. Astronomers at Queen’s University have shed new light on the rarest and brightest exploding stars ever […]

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October 16, 2013

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“Many-Body System” Helps Stabilize Quantum Systems Against Decoherence

Stabilizing Quantum Systems Against Decoherence

Physicists from LMU have uncovered a feature with which the decoherence of a quantum system can be tuned and substantially reduced, providing an important advance for the field of quantum information processing. LMU researchers have uncovered a novel effect that, in principle, offers a means of stabilizing quantum systems against decoherence. The discovery could represent […]

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October 16, 2013

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Gold-Plated Nanoparticles Seek and Destroy Cancer Cells

Gold Plated Nanoparticles Seek and Destroy Cancer Cells

In a recently published study, researchers from Cornell University detail how they developed gold-plated nanoparticles that are able to find and destroy cancer cells. Comparable to nano-scale Navy Seals, Cornell scientists have merged tiny gold and iron oxide particles to work as a team, then added antibody guides to steer the team through the bloodstream […]

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October 16, 2013

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New Method of Measuring Brain Activity Could Lead to “Mind-Reading” Devices

New Method of Recording Brain Activity May Lead to Mind Reading Devices

Scientists from the Stanford School of Medicine have developed a new method of recording brain activity that could lead to “mind-reading” applications that would allow a patient who is rendered mute by a stroke to communicate via passive thinking. A brain region activated when people are asked to perform mathematical calculations in an experimental setting […]

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October 16, 2013

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Astronomers Use ALMA to Probe Giant Black Holes

ALMA Probes Powerful Jets from Black Holes

Using data from Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array, two newly published studies probe black hole jets at very different scales: a nearby and relatively quiet black hole in the galaxy NGC 1433 and a very distant and active object called PKS 1830-211. Two international teams of astronomers have used the power of the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter […]

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October 15, 2013

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Researchers Lay the Groundwork for Touch-Sensitive Prosthetic Limbs

Laying the Groundwork for Touch Sensitive Prosthetic Limbs

Researchers are working to create a modular, artificial upper limb that will restore natural motor control and sensation in amputees. New research at the University of Chicago is laying the groundwork for touch-sensitive prosthetic limbs that one day could convey real-time sensory information to amputees via a direct interface with the brain. The research, published […]

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October 15, 2013

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Cerium Oxide Nanocrystals Act as Super Antioxidants

Scientists Create a Super Antioxidant

Scientists at Rice University have created cerium oxide nanospheres that could help treat injuries, guard against radiation-induced side effects of cancer therapy and protect astronauts from space radiation. Scientists at Rice University are enhancing the natural antioxidant properties of an element found in a car’s catalytic converter to make it useful for medical applications. Rice […]

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October 15, 2013

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Researchers Transmit Wireless Data at 100 Gbit/s

Researchers Set World Record of Wireless Data Transmission at 100 Gigabits Per Second

In a newly published study, researchers present a method for wireless data transmission at a world-record rate of 100 gigabits per second. Extension of cable-based telecommunication networks requires high investments in both conurbations and rural areas. Broadband data transmission via radio relay links might help to cross rivers, motorways or nature protection areas at strategic […]

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October 15, 2013

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Astronomers Discover Clouds of Glowing Hydrogen Gas around a Red Supergiant Star

New ESO Image of the Super Star Cluster Westerlund 1

This newly released image from ESO’s Paranal Observatory shows the super star cluster Westerlund 1 and the newly discovered clouds of glowing hydrogen gas around supergiant star W26. This new picture from the VLT Survey Telescope (VST) at ESO’s Paranal Observatory shows the remarkable super star cluster Westerlund 1. This exceptionally bright cluster lies about […]

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October 14, 2013

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Graphene Nanoribbons Improve Compressed Gas Storage

Rice Researchers Advances Compressed Gas Storage

By adding modified, single-atom-thick graphene nanoribbons to thermoplastic polyurethane, researchers at Rice University have developed an enhanced polymer material that is far more impermeable to pressurized gas and far lighter than the current metal used in gas tanks. Houston – A discovery at Rice University aims to make vehicles that run on compressed natural gas […]

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October 14, 2013

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New Research Changes the View about the Genetics of Leukemia Risk

New Research Changes View about the Genetics of Leukemia Risk

In a new study, researchers identified the agents that could be responsible for many leukemias without TET2 mutation. This finding could help doctors develop a course of treatment for leukemia patients. A gene that helps keep blood free of cancer is controlled by tiny pieces of RNA, a finding that may lead to better ways […]

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October 14, 2013

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New Metamaterial Gives Visible Light a Nearly Infinite Wavelength

Researchers Fabricate New Material that Gives Visible Light a Nearly Infinite Wavelength

By stacking nanoscale layers of silver and silicon nitride, scientists have fabricated a metamaterial that gives visible light a nearly infinite wavelength. Researchers from the FOM Institute AMOLF and the University of Pennsylvania have fabricated a material which gives visible light a nearly infinite wavelength. The new metamaterial is made by stacking silver and silicon […]

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October 14, 2013

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New Survey Maps Where Stars Are Born

New Survey Maps Where Stars Are Born

Astronomers have completed the largest-ever survey of dense gas clouds in the Milky Way, cataloging and mapping more than 6,000 gas clouds and allowing astronomers to better understand the earliest phases of star formation. A team of astronomers led by Yancy Shirley at the University of Arizona’s Steward Observatory has completed the largest-ever survey of […]

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October 11, 2013

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Comet-Like Activity Discovered in Near-Earth Object Don Quixote

The Discovery of Cometary Activity in NEO Don Quixote

Using data from the Spitzer Space Telescope, CfA astronomers discover comet-like activity in Near-Earth Object Don Quixote. Near Earth Objects (NEOs) are asteroids or comets whose orbits sometimes bring them close to the earth’s orbit. An NEO could therefore someday collide with the Earth — giving them considerably more parochial interest than most objects in […]

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October 11, 2013

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New Device Produces Hydrogen Fuel from Sunlight and Wastewater

Newly Device Uses Sunlight and Wastewater to Produce Hydrogen Gas

By combining a microbial fuel cell and a type of solar cell called a photoelectrochemical cell, researchers from UC Santa Cruz have developed a hybrid device that produces hydrogen gas from wastewater and sunlight. A novel device that uses only sunlight and wastewater to produce hydrogen gas could provide a sustainable energy source while improving […]

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October 11, 2013

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Newly Discovered Planetary Candidates are Nearly Skimming Their Host Star’s Surface

Scientists Discover Planetary Candidates with Orbital Periods as Short as Four Hours

New research presented at the American Astronomical Society’s Division of Planetary Sciences details the discovery of planetary candidates with orbital periods as short as four hours, so close to their host stars that they are nearly skimming the stellar surface. Washington, D.C.— A new planet-hunting survey has revealed planetary candidates with orbital periods as short […]

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October 11, 2013

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Water Discovered in Remnants of Rocky Planetary Body Outside Our Solar System

Scientists Find Evidence of a Water Rich Rocky Planetary Body Outside Our Solar System

Using the Hubble Space Telescope and the large telescopes of the W. M. Keck Observatory, scientists have found the first evidence of a water-rich rocky planetary body outside our solar system. Astrophysicists have found the first evidence of a water-rich rocky planetary body outside our solar system in its shattered remains orbiting a white dwarf. […]

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October 10, 2013

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Atom-Thick Carbyne Nanorods May Be The Strongest Material Ever

Atom Thick Carbyne Chains May Be Strongest Material Ever

In a newly published paper, theoretical physicists from Rice University calculate that atom-thick carbyne chains would be the strongest material ever discovered, stronger than graphene or even diamond if they can be manufactured. Carbyne will be the strongest of a new class of microscopic materials if and when anyone can make it in bulk. If […]

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