December 20, 2013

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Electron’s Shape – Rounder than Predicted by Standard Model

The Most Precise Measurement to Date of the Electron Shape

In a newly published study, the ACME collaboration reports the most precise measurement to date of the electron’s shape, improving it by a factor of more than 10 and showing the particle to be rounder than predicted by some extensions of the Standard Model. A small band of particle-seeking scientists at Yale and Harvard has […]

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December 20, 2013

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A New Technique for Determining the Mass of Exoplanets

Researchers Develop a New Technique for Determining the Mass of Exoplanets

MIT researchers have developed a new technique for determining the mass of exoplanets using only their transit signal, helping researchers determine the mass of exoplanets that are not measurable in any other way. To date, scientists have confirmed the existence of more than 900 exoplanets circulating outside our solar system. To determine if any of […]

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December 20, 2013

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Scientists Reverse the Signs of Aging in Mice

Naturally Produced Compound Rewinds Aspects of Age Related Demise

By administering a molecule that is naturally produced by the human body scientists restored communication between the nucleus and mitochondria inside cells in older mice, reversing the signs of aging. Researchers have discovered a cause of aging in mammals that may be reversible. The essence of this finding is a series of molecular events that […]

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December 19, 2013

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Swimming Microengines Improve Active Degradation of Organic Pollutants

Researchers Develop a New Method for the Active Degradation of Organic Pollutants

By using swimming microengines, researchers from the Max Planck Institute have developed a new method for the active degradation of organic pollutants that is twelve times higher than when using immobile iron microtubes. Researchers from the Max Planck Institute for Intelligent Systems in Stuttgart have developed a new method for the active degradation of organic […]

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December 19, 2013

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New Superconducting Cable System Brings Nuclear Fusion Power Station Closer to Reality

Researchers Are One Step Closer to a Nuclear Fusion Power Station

Researchers at the University of Twente have developed a new superconducting cable system that is crucial to the success of nuclear fusion reactors. The superconductivity research group of the University of Twente (UT) has made a technological breakthrough crucial to the success of nuclear fusion reactors, allowing for clean, inexhaustible energy generation based on the […]

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December 19, 2013

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Study Shows Superluminous Supernovae are Powered by Magnetars

New Class of Supernovae Likely Powered by the Creation of a Magnetar

In a new study, researchers show that two of the brightest and most distant supernovae ever discovered (SNLS 06D4eu and SNLS 07D2bv) are likely powered by the creation of a magnetar. Astronomers affiliated with the Supernova Legacy Survey (SNLS) have discovered two of the brightest and most distant supernovae ever recorded, 10 billion light-years away […]

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December 19, 2013

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New Spitzer Study Analyzes the Era of Star Formation in Galaxy Clusters

Spitzer Data Reveal the Rise and Fall of Galactic Cities

By observing the last major growth spurt of galaxy clusters, which happened billions of years ago, a newly published Spitzer study examines the rise and fall of “galactic cities.” In the fable of the town and country mice, the country mouse visits his city-dwelling cousin to discover a world of opulence. In the early cosmos, […]

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December 18, 2013

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New Research Opens Graphene Band-Gap

Research Opens Graphene Band Gap

Researchers from UNIST have developed a method for mass producing boron/nitrogen co-doped graphene nanoplatelets, opening the door for future use in electronic devices. Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology (UNIST) announced a method for the mass production of boron/nitrogen co-doped graphene nanoplatelets, which led to the fabrication of a graphene-based field -effect transistor (FET) […]

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December 18, 2013

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Hubble Views Variable Star RS Puppis

Hubble Views Variable Star Cepheid

A new Hubblecast video explores the striking new Hubble observations of a variable star known as RS Puppis. The NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope has observed the variable star RS Puppis over a period of five weeks, showing the star growing brighter and dimmer as it pulsates. These pulsations have created a stunning example of a […]

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December 18, 2013

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Herschel Discovers a Comet Belt around Fomalhaut C

Newly Discovered Comet Belt around Fomalhaut C

Using the Herschel Space Observatory, an international team of astronomers has discovered a comet belt around Fomalhaut C. The nearby star Fomalhaut A hosts the most famous planetary system outside our own Solar System, containing both an exoplanet and a spectacular ring of comets. Today, an international team of astronomers announced a new discovery with […]

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December 18, 2013

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Astronomers View Eclipsing Double White Dwarf System

Xray Observations of Two Tidally Distorted White Dwarfs

Astronomers used NASA’s Chandra X-ray Observatory and ESA’s XMM-Newton telescope present optical and X-ray observations of two tidally distorted, extremely low-mass white dwarfs (WDs) with massive companions, making J0751 and J1741 the fifth eclipsing double WD system currently known. In the middle of the twentieth century, an unusual star was spotted in the constellation of […]

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December 17, 2013

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Recently Discovered Luhman 16AB System May Harbor Planet

Data Reveals Failed Stars May Harbor a Planet

Detailed analysis of the recently discovered Luhman 16AB system has revealed that the pair of failed stars may be harboring a planet. Pasadena, California — Astronomers, including Carnegie’s Yuri Beletsky, took precise measurements of the closest pair of failed stars to the Sun, which suggest that the system harbors a third, planetary-mass object. The research […]

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December 17, 2013

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Berkeley Researchers Create First Soluble 2D Supramolecular Organic Frameworks

Researchers Create First Soluble 2D Supramolecular Organic Frameworks

Berkeley Lab researchers have demonstrated the first soluble single-layer 2D honeycomb supramolecular organic framework that combines the ordering and porous features of metal-organic frameworks with the solubility of supramolecular polymers. Supramolecular chemistry, aka chemistry beyond the molecule, in which molecules and molecular complexes are held together by non-covalent bonds, is just beginning to come into […]

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December 17, 2013

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SMA Reveals the Hidden Features of Star Cluster W49A

SMA Reveals Star Cluster W49A

Researchers used the Submillimeter Array at the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics to view star cluster W49A, revealing an intricate network of filaments feeding star-building material inward at speeds of about 4,500 miles per hour (2 km/sec). Cambridge, Massachusetts – W49A might be one of the best-kept secrets in our galaxy. This star-forming region shines 100 […]

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December 17, 2013

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New Colorized Images of Vesta

New Colorized Images of Vesta

New colorized images reveal geological structures on the surface of Vesta in unprecedented detail. Some beauty is revealed only at a second glance. When viewed with the human eye, the giant asteroid Vesta, which was the object of scrutiny by the Dawn spacecraft from 2011 to 2012, is quite unspectacular color-wise. Vesta looks grayish, pitted […]

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December 16, 2013

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Yale Researchers Create a 21st Amino Acid

Researchers Discover a Way to Make Proteins Not Found in Nature

Using bacteria, Yale researchers rewrite most of the genetic instructions that encode all 20 amino acids, creating a specific 21st amino acid. Yale researchers have discovered a targeted way to make proteins not generally found in nature by expanding the information encrypted in the genetic code. Working with bacteria, the Yale team rewrote most of […]

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December 16, 2013

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Hubble Views a Stellar “Sneezing Fit”

Hubble Views A  Stellar Sneezing Fit

This newly released Hubble image shows bursts of gas from a young star creating structures known as Herbig-Haro objects. Look at the bright star in the middle of this image. Achoo! It has just sneezed. This sight will only last for a few thousand years — a blink of an eye in the young star’s […]

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December 16, 2013

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Researchers Use Nanoparticles to Split Water into Hydrogen and Oxygen

Researchers Use Nanoparticles and Light to Split Water into Hydrogen and Oxygen

In a newly published study, researchers detail the discovery of a new photocatalyst, demonstrating the use of cobalt oxide nanoparticles to split water into hydrogen and oxygen. Researchers from the University of Houston have found a catalyst that can quickly generate hydrogen from water using sunlight, potentially creating a clean and renewable source of energy. […]

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