October 22, 2013

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ESA’s Gaia Spacecraft Ready to Create a 3D Map of the Milky Way Galaxy

ESA Gaia Spacecraft Readies for Launch

Set to launch on November 20th, ESA’s Gaia spacecraft will create a highly accurate 3D map of the Milky Way Galaxy by repeatedly observing a billion stars to determine their positions in space and their movement through it. ESA’s billion-star surveyor Gaia will be launched from Europe’s spaceport in Kourou on 20 November to begin […]

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October 21, 2013

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Scientists Prepare Planck Satellite for Final Shutdown

Planck Satellite Prepares for Shutdown

After four plus years of service, scientists prepare the Planck satellite for its final shutdown and for permanent safe disposal. In preparation for its final switch-off on 23 October, mission controllers today fired Planck’s thrusters to empty its fuel tanks. The burn is one of the final steps to ensure that Planck ends its hugely […]

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October 21, 2013

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New Approach for Mixing Nanoparticles to Produce Composite Materials

A New Approach for Combining Nanoparticles to Produce Composite Materials

A newly published study from scientists at the Brookhaven National Laboratory demonstrates a general strategy for the creation of heterogeneous nanoparticle superlattices using DNA and carboxylic-based conjugation. Upton, NY — Scientists at the U.S. Department of Energy’s Brookhaven National Laboratory have developed a general approach for combining different types of nanoparticles to produce large-scale composite […]

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October 21, 2013

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Hair Restoration Method Generates New Human Hair Growth

New Hair Restoration Method Can Generate New Human Hair Growth

A new hair restoration method developed by researchers at Columbia University Medical Center is the first to induce new human hair growth. New York, New York — Researchers at Columbia University Medical Center (CUMC) have devised a hair restoration method that can generate new human hair growth, rather than simply redistribute hair from one part […]

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October 21, 2013

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How Scientists Manage the Flood of “Big Data” from Space

How Scientists Manage the Deluge of Big Data from Space

As “big data” from space missions continues to pour in, scientists and software engineers are coming up with new strategies for managing the ever-increasing flow of such large and complex data streams. For NASA and its dozens of missions, data pour in every day like rushing rivers. Spacecraft monitor everything from our home planet to […]

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October 18, 2013

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Astronomers Identify First Progenitor of a Stripped Envelope Supernova

Astronomers Identify First Progenitor of a Stripped Envelope Supernova

Using a novel astronomical survey software system, the intermediate Palomar Transient Factory (iPTF), astronomers have identified the first progenitor of a stripped envelope supernova. In June of this year, supernova iPTF13bvn, surprised astrophysicists by revealing its parentage. To date, Type Ib supernovae have appeared to come from nowhere. Type Ib supernovae explosions appear in surveys, […]

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October 18, 2013

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Aluminum Studs Improve Solar Panel Efficiency

Aluminum Studs Improve Solar Panel Efficiency

Scientists at the Imperial College London have shown that the efficiency of solar panel designs can be improved by up to 22 percent by covering their surface with aluminum studs. Most solar cells used in homes and industry are made using thick layers of material to absorb sunlight, but have been limited in the past […]

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October 18, 2013

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Asteroid 2013 TV135 Discovered after Making a “Close” Approach to Earth

Asteroid 2013 TV135 Makes a Close Approach to Earth

Asteroid 2013 TV135 was discover on October 8, 2013, roughly three weeks after it made a “close” approach to Earth. Newly discovered asteroid 2013 TV135 made a close approach to Earth on September 16, when it came within about 4.2 million miles (6.7 million kilometers). The asteroid is initially estimated to be about 1,300 feet […]

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October 18, 2013

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Astronomers Discover Misaligned Planets in a Distant Planetary System

Astronomers Discover Misaligned Planets in the Kepler 56 Planetary System

In a newly published study, researchers from NASA’s Ames Research Center and Iowa State University detail the discovery of two planets in the Kepler-56 planetary system that orbit the host star at a severe tilt. Ames, Iowa – Using data from NASA’s Kepler space telescope, an international team of astronomers has discovered a distant planetary […]

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October 18, 2013

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Astronomers Use Gravitational Waves to Understand Black Hole Growth

Gravitational Waves Help Astronomers Understand Black Hole Growth

Using data from the CSIRO Parkes Radio Telescope, astronomers use gravitational waves to better understand the growth of massive black holes. Supermassive black holes: every large galaxy’s got one. But here’s a real conundrum: how did they grow so big? A paper in today’s issue of Science pits the front-running ideas about the growth of […]

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October 17, 2013

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Astronomers Detect Record Setting Gravitational Lens

Astronomers Detect Gravitational Lens at Record Distance

Astronomers have detected the most distant gravitational lens yet, a lensing mass so distant that the light, after having been deflected, has traveled 9.4 billion years to reach us. A team of astronomers led by Arjen van der Wel from the Max Planck Institute for Astronomy (MPIA) has found the most distant gravitational lens yet […]

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October 17, 2013

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Scientists Generate Magnetic Field by Using Heat Instead of Electricity

Scientists Generate a Magnetic Field by Using Heat Instead of Electricity

In a newly published study, EPFL scientists have for the first time predicted and experimentally verified the existence of the Magnetic Seebeck Effect. EPFL scientists have provided the first evidence ever that it is possible to generate a magnetic field by using heat instead of electricity. The phenomenon is referred to as the Magnetic Seebeck […]

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October 17, 2013

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Scientists Discover the Earliest Known Complete Nervous System

The Earliest Known Complete Nervous System Discovered

Scientists have discovered the earliest known complete nervous system preserved in the fossilized remains of a 520 million year old arthropod. A team of researchers led by University of Arizona Regents’ Professor Nick Strausfeld and London Natural History Museum’s Greg Edgecombe have discovered the earliest known complete nervous system, exquisitely preserved in the fossilized remains […]

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October 17, 2013

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Astronomers Shed New Light on the Rarest and Brightest Exploding Stars

Researchers Shed New Light on Star Death

A newly published study sheds new light on star death, finding that the brightest supernovae are the result of a type of explosion within the star’s core which creates a smaller but extremely dense and rapidly spinning magnetic star. Astronomers at Queen’s University have shed new light on the rarest and brightest exploding stars ever […]

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October 16, 2013

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“Many-Body System” Helps Stabilize Quantum Systems Against Decoherence

Stabilizing Quantum Systems Against Decoherence

Physicists from LMU have uncovered a feature with which the decoherence of a quantum system can be tuned and substantially reduced, providing an important advance for the field of quantum information processing. LMU researchers have uncovered a novel effect that, in principle, offers a means of stabilizing quantum systems against decoherence. The discovery could represent […]

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October 16, 2013

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Gold-Plated Nanoparticles Seek and Destroy Cancer Cells

Gold Plated Nanoparticles Seek and Destroy Cancer Cells

In a recently published study, researchers from Cornell University detail how they developed gold-plated nanoparticles that are able to find and destroy cancer cells. Comparable to nano-scale Navy Seals, Cornell scientists have merged tiny gold and iron oxide particles to work as a team, then added antibody guides to steer the team through the bloodstream […]

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October 16, 2013

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New Method of Measuring Brain Activity Could Lead to “Mind-Reading” Devices

New Method of Recording Brain Activity May Lead to Mind Reading Devices

Scientists from the Stanford School of Medicine have developed a new method of recording brain activity that could lead to “mind-reading” applications that would allow a patient who is rendered mute by a stroke to communicate via passive thinking. A brain region activated when people are asked to perform mathematical calculations in an experimental setting […]

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October 16, 2013

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Astronomers Use ALMA to Probe Giant Black Holes

ALMA Probes Powerful Jets from Black Holes

Using data from Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array, two newly published studies probe black hole jets at very different scales: a nearby and relatively quiet black hole in the galaxy NGC 1433 and a very distant and active object called PKS 1830-211. Two international teams of astronomers have used the power of the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter […]

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