March 18, 2013

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New Model Advances the Understanding of How Solar Wind Works

New Model Demonstrates Ion Cyclotron Resonant Heating in the Solar Wind

A newly published study uses a new model to demonstrate ion-cyclotron resonant heating in solar wind; representing a major advance in the understanding of how solar wind works. The Sun glows with a surface temperature of about 5500 degrees Celsius. Meanwhile its hot outer layer (the corona) has a temperature of over a million degrees, […]

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March 18, 2013

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Preparing for Pluto’s Undiscovered Satellites

Searching for the Undiscovered Satellites of Pluto

New computer simulations suggest that NASA’s New Horizons spacecraft will encounter many small satellites as it nears the binary planet Pluto-Charon in 2015. In 2015, NASA’s New Horizons spacecraft will encounter the binary planet Pluto-Charon and its coterie of small satellites. Discovered in June 2005, the satellites Nix and Hydra orbit Pluto-Charon at distances roughly […]

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March 18, 2013

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Lack of Sleep Leads to Eating and Weight Gain

Lack of Sleep Leads to Eating and Weight Gain

A new study from the University of Colorado Boulder suggests that a lack of sleep leads to eating and weight gain, finding that sleep-restricted people eat during their biological nighttime when internal physiology is not designed to be taking in food. Sleeping just five hours a night over a workweek and having unlimited access to […]

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March 18, 2013

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NASA’s Swift Discovers a Young Galactic Supernova Remnant

Swift Satellite Has Uncovered the Previously Unknown Remains of a Shattered Star

While using NASA’s Swift satellite to perform an X-ray survey of our galaxy’s central regions, a team of researchers discovered a young galactic supernova remnant, designated G306.3–0.9. NASA’s Swift satellite has uncovered the previously unknown remains of a shattered star. Designated G306.3–0.9 after the coordinates of its sky position, the new object ranks among the […]

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March 18, 2013

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Hubble Gazes on Ring Galaxy Zw II 28

Hubble Image of Ring Galaxy Zw II 28

Hubble takes a closer look at ring galaxy Zw II 28 in this newly released image. Galaxies can take many forms — elliptical blobs, swirling spiral arms, bulges, and disks are all known components of the wide range of galaxies we have observed using telescopes like the NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope. However, some of the […]

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March 18, 2013

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NASA Image of the Day Shows Light Echoes from V838 Mon

Light Echoes from V838 Mon

This NASA image of the day shows the star V838 Monocerotis (V838 Mon) and its light echo. Light Echoes from V838 Mon What caused this outburst of V838 Mon? For reasons unknown, star V838 Mon’s outer surface suddenly greatly expanded with the result that it became the brightest star in the entire Milky Way Galaxy […]

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March 15, 2013

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Researchers Grow Bioengineered Teeth

Researchers Grow Bioengineered Teeth

In a new study, scientists at King’s College were able to produce bioengineered teeth containing dentine, enamel and viable roots by using cells isolated from adult human gingival tissue combined with mouse embryonic tooth mesenchyme cells. New research published in the Journal of Dental Research describes an advance in efforts to develop a method to […]

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March 15, 2013

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14 Adult Patients in Long Term Functional Remission of HIV After Treatment

14 Adult Patients in Long Term Functional Remission of HIV

A newly published study reports on fourteen adult patients in long term functional remission of HIV seven years after being taken off early antiretroviral treatment. The work published today in PLoS Pathogens describes the control of HIV infection after early treatment of 14 patients who have been off therapy for 7.5 years (the cohort ANRS […]

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March 15, 2013

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C60 Detected in Planetary Nebula M1-11

Molecules of Carbon Detected in a Dying Star

Using data from several telescopes, researchers have detected C60 in the planetary nebula M1-11, bringing scientists closer to understanding the prevalence and formation of C60 in space. An international team of astronomers led by Masaaki Otsuka (Academia Sinica Institute of Astronomy and Astrophysics or ASIAA) has detected the C60 fullerene (molecules of carbon with 60 […]

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March 15, 2013

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Researchers Observed the Atmosphere of a Jupiter-Like Planet Beyond Our Solar System

A Detailed Examination of the Atmosphere of a Jupiter Like Planet Beyond Our Solar System

Using a high resolution imaging spectrograph, researchers have observed the atmosphere of a Jupiter like planet beyond our Solar System in unprecedented detail, uncovering the chemical fingerprints of specific molecules and revealing a cloudy atmosphere containing carbon monoxide and water vapor. A team of astronomers, including Quinn Konopacky of the Dunlap Institute for Astronomy & […]

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March 15, 2013

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Cassini Data Reveals Jupiter’s ‘Hot Spots’ Are Created by a Rossby Wave

Hot Spots in Jupiter Atmosphere Are Created by a Rossby Wave

Using images from NASA’s Cassini spacecraft, researchers closely tracked the shape of multiple “hot spots” over a period of time on Jupiter’s surface, finding evidence that these hot spots are created by a Rossby wave, a pattern also seen in Earth’s atmosphere and oceans. NASA postdoctoral fellow David Choi discusses his study of dark features […]

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March 14, 2013

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Controlling the Spin Polarization of Electrons in Three Dimensions

Scientists Discover How a Photon Beam Can Flip the Spin Polarization of Electrons

Scientists from the Berkeley Lab discovered that when topological insulators are hit with a laser beam, the spin polarization of the electrons they emit can be completely controlled in three dimensions. Plain-looking but inherently strange crystalline materials called 3D topological insulators (TIs) are all the rage in materials science. Even at room temperature, a single […]

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March 14, 2013

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Antipurinergic Therapy Reverses the Symptoms of Autism in Mouse Model

Drug Treatment Corrects Autism Symptoms in Mouse Model

Using antipurinergic therapy, researchers were able to restore cell communications in a mouse model of autism, reversing the symptoms of the disorder. Autism results from abnormal cell communication. Testing a new theory, researchers at the University of California, San Diego School of Medicine have used a newly discovered function of an old drug to restore […]

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March 14, 2013

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Physicists Look at the Conditions Necessary for Carbon-Based Life in the Universe

Looking at the Conditions Necessary for Carbon Based Life in the Universe

In a new study, physicists look at the conditions necessary for the formation of carbon and oxygen to form carbon-based life in the universe. Life as we know it is based upon the elements of carbon and oxygen. Now a team of physicists, including one from North Carolina State University, is looking at the conditions […]

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March 14, 2013

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Physicists Use a Switch to Manipulate Light on Superconducting Chips

Physicists Make Discovery in the Quantum Realm

In a newly published study, physicists at UC Santa Barbara used a switch to manipulate light on superconducting chips, providing a new understanding in the quantum realm. Santa Barbara, California –– Physicists at UC Santa Barbara are manipulating light on superconducting chips, and forging new pathways to building the quantum devices of the future –– […]

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March 14, 2013

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New Results Indicate That Particle Discovered at LHC is a Higgs Boson

New Data Confirms That Particle is a Higgs Boson

After further review of the data from July’s particle discovery at the Large Hadron Collider, the new results point to the new particle having the spin-parity of a Higgs boson as in the Standard Model. Geneva, 14 March 2013. At the Moriond Conference today, the ATLAS and CMS collaborations at CERN’s Large Hadron Collider (LHC) […]

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March 14, 2013

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ALMA Views Early Universe Star Factories

ALMA Exposes Hidden Star Factories

Using the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA) and gravitational lensing, scientists have obtained new measurements of some of the oldest galaxies in the universe, revealing that some of the most vigorous bursts of star birth in the cosmos took place much earlier than previously thought. Observations with the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA) show that […]

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March 13, 2013

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Atomic Collapse State Observed on Graphene

Atomic Collapse State Observed in Graphene

Using an artificial atomic nuclei fabricated on graphene, a team of researchers imaged the “atomic collapse” states theorized to occur around super-large atomic nuclei. The first experimental observation of a quantum mechanical phenomenon that was predicted nearly 70 years ago holds important implications for the future of graphene-based electronic devices. Working with microscopic artificial atomic […]

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