August 5, 2013

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New ‘Superglass’ Coating Repels Liquids and is Capable of Self-Repair

Researchers Create Ultraslippery Coating for Glass

Using a glass honeycomb-like structure coated with a Teflon-like chemical, a team of researchers has created a “superglass” that could lead to self-cleaning, scratch-resistant windows, lenses, and solar panels. A new transparent, bioinspired coating makes ordinary glass tough, self-cleaning, and incredibly slippery, a team from Harvard University reported online July 31 in Nature Communications. The […]

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August 5, 2013

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Warmer Weather and Precipitation Increase the Risk of Violence

Slight Spikes in Temperature and Precipitation Increased the Risk of Violence and Social Upheaval

A newly published study from Princeton University and UC Berkeley reveals that slight increases in temperature and precipitation result in increased human conflict. Should climate change trigger the upsurge in heat and rainfall that scientists predict, people may face a threat just as perilous and volatile as extreme weather — each other. Researchers from Princeton […]

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August 5, 2013

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Hubble Reveals a New Kind of Stellar Blast Called a Kilonova

A New Type of Stellar Explosion Called a Kilonova

NASA’s Hubble Space Telescope revealed a new type of stellar explosion called a kilonova. Kilonovas are about 1,000 times brighter than a nova, but they are 1/10th to 1/100th the brightness of a typical supernova. NASA’s Hubble Space Telescope recently provided the strongest evidence yet that short-duration gamma ray bursts are produced by the merger […]

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August 2, 2013

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Astronomers Discover Unusual Stars with Extremely High Concentrations of Lead in Their Atmospheres

Astronomers Discover Two Unusual Stars with High Concentrations of Lead in Their Atmospheres

While studying subdwarf stars, a team of astronomers discovered two unusual stars with extremely high concentrations of lead in their atmospheres. They estimate that the lead layer could be about 100km thick and weigh some 100 billion tonnes. In a paper published in the Oxford University Press journal Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, […]

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August 2, 2013

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Hubble Views Spiral Galaxy NGC 4517

New Hubble Image of Spiral Galaxy NGC 4517

This newly released Hubble image shows spiral galaxy NGC 4517, which is located approximately 40 million light-years away in the constellation of Virgo. Another treasure unearthed from the Hubble archives, this beautiful image shows a spiral galaxy named NGC 4517. Slightly bigger than our Milky Way, it is seen edge-on, crowned by a very bright […]

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August 2, 2013

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Contrary to Previous Theories, Massive Galaxies Slow Their Growth Over Time

Study Reveals Monster Galaxies Lose Their Appetite With Age

Using data from Spitzer and WISE, scientists reveal in a new study that massive galaxies appear to slow their growth over time, feeding less and less off neighboring galaxies. Our universe is filled with gobs of galaxies, bound together by gravity into larger families called clusters. Lying at the heart of most clusters is a […]

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August 2, 2013

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New Engineering Strategy Makes Graphene-Based Supercapacitors Viable for Widespread Use

A Completely New Strategy to Engineer Graphene Based Ssupercapacitors

In a newly published study, engineers from Monash University detail a new strategy to engineer graphene-based supercapacitors, making them viable for widespread use in renewable energy storage, portable electronics and electric vehicles. Monash University researchers have brought next generation energy storage closer with an engineering first – a graphene-based device that is compact, yet lasts […]

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August 2, 2013

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‘Lazarus Comets’ Return to Life after Being Inactive for Millions of Years

Scientists Discover a Graveyard of Comets

Scientists have discovered a graveyard of comets where some of the dormant objects, inactive for millions of years, have returned to life from an increase in the energy they received from the Sun. A team of astronomers from the University of Anitoquia, Medellin, Colombia, have discovered a graveyard of comets. The researchers, led by Antioquia […]

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August 2, 2013

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Engineers Develop Water Splitting Solar-Thermal System to Produce Hydrogen Fuel

New Technique Could Produce Hydrogen Fuel

Engineers from the University of Colorado Boulder have devised a solar-thermal system that can be used to split water in order to produce clean hydrogen fuel. A University of Colorado Boulder team has developed a radically new technique that uses the power of sunlight to efficiently split water into its components of hydrogen and oxygen, […]

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August 1, 2013

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Regular Exercise Induces Changes in DNA

Exercise Changes Expression of Our Innate DNA

A study from scientists at Lund University found that exercise induces genome-wide changes in DNA methylation in human adipose tissue, potentially affecting adipocyte metabolism. Exercise, even in small doses, changes the expression of our innate DNA. New research from Lund University in Sweden has described for the first time what happens on an epigenetic level […]

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August 1, 2013

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Hubble Survey Helps Solve “Quenched” Galaxy Mystery

Hubble Solves Quenched Galaxy Mystery

Data from Hubble’s COSMOS survey helps solve the mystery of “quenched” galaxies, finding that larger galaxies were “switching off” at later times and adding their numbers to those of their smaller and older siblings, giving the mistaken impression of individual galaxy growth over time. Some galaxies hit a point in their lives when their star […]

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August 1, 2013

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Astrophysicists Discover a New Class of Star Cluster

A New Class of Star Cluster Discovered

Using Hubble and the W. M. Keck Observatory’s 10 meter telescope in Hawaii, astrophysicists discovered several star clusters with sizes and masses that were previously unknown. Kamuela, Hawaii – Star clusters with properties not seen before have been discovered by an international team of astrophysicists, led by Swinburne University of Technology’s Professor Duncan Forbes. Using […]

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August 1, 2013

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Researchers Identify Stem Cells in Urine That Can Be Directed to Become Multiple Cell Types

Stem Cells in Urine Have Potential for Numerous Therapies

In a newly published study, researchers from the Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center detail how they successfully directed stem cells from urine to become bladder-type cells, such as smooth muscle and urothelial, the cells that line the bladder. Winston-Salem, North Carolina – Could harvesting stem cells for therapy one day be as simple as asking […]

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August 1, 2013

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Spitzer Discovers a Young Stellar System That “Blinks” Every 93 Days

A Young Stellar System That Blinks Every 93 Days

Using data from NASA’s Spitzer Space Telescope, scientists have discovered a young stellar system that “blinks” every 93 days. This is the fourth example of a star system known to blink in such a manner, suggesting that these systems might be more common than previously thought. Astronomers using NASA’s Spitzer Space Telescope have spotted a […]

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July 31, 2013

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Cassini Reveals Forces Controlling Saturn Moon Jets

Cassini Reveals Forces Controlling Saturn Moon Jets

Using data obtained by NASA’s Cassini spacecraft, a newly published study reveals that the intensity of the jets of water ice and organic particles that shoot out from Saturn’s moon Enceladus depends on the moon’s proximity to Saturn. The new finding adds to evidence that a liquid water reservoir or ocean lurks under the icy […]

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July 31, 2013

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Scientists Reveal Quantum Behavior in Fluid Dynamics

MIT Scientists Uncover Quantum Behavior in Fluid Dynamics

MIT scientists uncover quantum behavior in fluid dynamics, offering a new perspective on wave-particle duality. In the early days of quantum physics, in an attempt to explain the wavelike behavior of quantum particles, the French physicist Louis de Broglie proposed what he called a “pilot wave” theory. According to de Broglie, moving particles — such […]

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July 31, 2013

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Newly Discovered Protein Offers Vast Potential for Cancer Treatment

Newly Discovered Protein Offers Potential for Treatment of Cancer

An international team of researchers has discovered a new protein called ceramide-1 phosphate transport protein (CPTP) that has the potential to aid in the treatment of cancer and other diseases. In cancer research, discovering a new protein that plays a role in cancer is like finding a key and a treasure map: follow the clues […]

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July 31, 2013

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Scientists Establish Functional Brain-to-Brain Interface between Human and Animal

Scientists Establish Brain to Brain Interface between Human and Animal

In a newly published open-access study, scientists at Harvard Medical School describe how they implemented a non-invasive brain-to-brain interface between a human and a Sprague-Dawley rat, establishing functional links between the two brains. The video recordings of BBI procedure. A volunteer (upper left panel) signaled the intention (stimulate the motor area of a rat brain) […]

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