June 14, 2013

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Fast-Acting Virus Targets Most Melanoma Tumors

Fast Acting Virus Eradicates Most Melanoma Tumors

In a newly published study, Yale University researchers show that a fast-acting virus targets most melanoma tumors after injection into the blood stream of mice. Yale researchers eradicated most melanoma tumors by exposing them to a fast-acting virus, they report in the June 15 edition of the Journal of Virology. Melanoma is the deadliest type […]

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June 14, 2013

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Researchers Control Magnetic Clouds in Graphene, Switch Magnetism On and Off

Researchers Switch Magnetism On and Off in Graphene

Scientists from the University of Manchester have shown for the first time that magnetic clouds in graphene can be controllably dissipated and then condensed back, allowing researchers to work towards transistor-like devices in which information is written down by switching graphene between its magnetic and non-magnetic states. In a report published in Nature Communications, a […]

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June 14, 2013

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Nanoparticle Triggers Chemical Reaction that Generates Hydrogen from Water

Nanoparticle Furthers Clean Energy Alternatives

Researchers at Penn State University have discovered that a nanoparticle composed of nickel and phosphorus can catalyze a chemical reaction that generates hydrogen from water. Cheaper clean-energy technologies could be made possible thanks to a new discovery. Led by Raymond Schaak, a professor of chemistry at Penn State University, research team members have found that […]

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June 14, 2013

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Astronomers Obtain the Most Accurate Distance for a Radio Pulsar

Astronomers Set Record Using VLBA to Accurately Measure the Distance of a Pulsar

Using the Very Long Baseline Array, astronomers have obtained the most accurate distance for a radio pulsar to date, showing that pulsar PSR J2222-0137 is 871.4 light-years from Earth – 15% closer than previous estimates. An international team of scientists led by astronomer Adam Deller (ASTRON) have used the Very Long Baseline Array (VLBA) to […]

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June 14, 2013

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Hubble Reveals Evidence of a Planet Forming 7.5 Billion Miles from Its Star

Hubble Discovers Planet Forming Far Away from Its Star

Scientists using the Hubble Space Telescope have discovered evidence that a planet is forming 7.5 billion miles away from its star in a vast protoplanetary disk of gas and dust, a finding that could challenge current theories about planet formation. Of the almost 900 planets outside our solar system that have been confirmed to date, […]

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June 13, 2013

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Astronomers Measure the Density of Dark Matter in Galaxy Clusters

Study Sheds New Light on Dark Matter

In a new study, astronomers detail their measurements of the density of dark matter in galaxy clusters, finding that the density of dark matter decreases gently from the center of these cosmic giants out to their diffuse outskirts. Astronomers at the University of Birmingham, Academica Sinica in Taiwan, and the Kavli Institute of Physics and […]

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June 13, 2013

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Next Generation International Linear Collider Ready for Construction

New International Linear Collider Ready for Construction

The Linear Collider Collaboration published its Technical Design Report [PDF] for the next-generation particle accelerator. The International Linear Collider (ILC) is a proposed 31 kilometer electron-positron collider that will both complement and advance beyond the physics of the Large Hadron Collider. Tokyo, Geneva, Chicago – 12 June 2013. A five-volume report containing the blueprint for a future […]

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June 13, 2013

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New Layer of the Human Cornea Discovered

New Layer of the Human Cornea Discovered

Researchers at The University of Nottingham have discovered a new layer of the human cornea located at the back of the cornea between the corneal stroma and Descemet’s membrane. Scientists have discovered a previously undetected layer in the cornea, the clear window at the front of the human eye. The breakthrough, announced in a study […]

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June 13, 2013

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New Material State “Defies” Laws of Physics

New Material State Defies Laws of Physics

In a newly published study, researchers from the Argonne National Laboratory detail how they seemingly defied the laws of physics, using hydrostatic pressure to make dense materials with interpenetrated atomic frameworks into novel porous materials. Lemont, Illinois – When you squeeze something, it gets smaller. Unless you’re at Argonne National Laboratory. At the suburban Chicago […]

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June 13, 2013

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Data Indicates Temperatures Rise and Fall Twice a Day on Mars

Temperatures on Mars Rise and Fall Twice a Day

Data from NASA’s Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter has indicated that temperatures rise and fall twice a day on Mars, with a rise during the nighttime as well as during daytime resulting from the thin water-ice clouds that form in the equatorial region of Mars. Pasadena, California — Researchers using NASA’s Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter have found that […]

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June 13, 2013

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Chandra Data Reveals 26 New Black Hole Candidates in M31

Chandra Data Reveals 26 New Black Hole Candidates in M31

Using data from 152 observations of Chandra spanning over 13 years, researchers discovered twenty-six new stellar-mass black holes candidates in Andromeda, also known as M31. Using data from NASA’s Chandra X-ray Observatory, astronomers have discovered an unprecedented bonanza of black holes in the Andromeda Galaxy, one of the nearest galaxies to the Milky Way. Using […]

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June 12, 2013

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Scientists Observe the Atmosphere of Super Earth Exoplanet GJ3470b

Researchers Observed the Atmosphere of Super Earth Exoplanet

Using two telescopes at Okayama Astrophysical Observatory, scientists have observed the atmosphere of super-Earth exoplanet GJ3470b for the time, measuring the planetary mass, radius, and density. A research team led by Akihiko Fukui (NAOJ), Norio Narita (NAOJ) and Kenji Kuroda (the University of Tokyo) observed the atmosphere of super-Earth “GJ3470b” in Cancer for the first […]

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June 12, 2013

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A New Class of Variable Stars Discovered in NGC 3766

A New Kind of Variable Star Discovered

A newly published study details the discovery of a new type of variable star in the open cluster NGC 3766, which lies about 7,000 light-years from Earth in the southern constellation of Centaurus. Astronomers using the Swiss 1.2-meter Euler telescope at ESO’s La Silla Observatory in Chile have found a new type of variable star. […]

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June 12, 2013

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Linear Gullies on Mars Caused by Sliding Dry-Ice

Marks on Martian Dunes May Be Tracks from Dry Ice

By examining images from NASA’s Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter and performing experiments on sand dunes in Utah and California, researchers believe that marks on the Martian dunes are tracks from sliding dry-ice. Pasadena, California — NASA research indicates hunks of frozen carbon dioxide — dry ice — may glide down some Martian sand dunes on cushions […]

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June 12, 2013

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Data Reveals Dormant Black Hole Amidst Stellar Chaos

NuSTAR Reveals an Inactive Supermassive Black Hole

NuSTAR data reveals that the once active supermassive black hole at the center of the Sculptor galaxy, also known as NGC 253, is now dormant, an unusual discovery since the giant black hole is asleep in the midst of tremendous star-forming activity all around it. Nearly a decade ago, NASA’s Chandra X-ray Observatory caught signs […]

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June 12, 2013

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Herschel Discovers a Newfound Reservoir of Stellar Fuel

Herschel Discovers Molecular Gas Across the Plane of the Milky Way

Using data from the Hershel Space Observatory, researchers shed new light on hidden pools of gas, revealing their whereabouts and discovering that there is an enormous additional reservoir of material available to form new stars that they couldn’t identify before. A survey from Herschel has revealed that the reservoir of molecular gas in the Milky […]

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June 11, 2013

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Research Shows Obesity Can Be Predicted from Infancy

Study Suggests Obesity Can Be Predicted from Infancy

A newly published pilot study from Case Western Reserve University suggests that obesity can be predicted from infancy, finding that children who were normal weight at 5 years demonstrated a growth pattern in the first year that differed from children who were overweight, obese, or morbidly obese at 5 years. Infants as young as two […]

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June 11, 2013

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Pinwheel Spiral Galaxy M101

XMM Newton Image of Pinwheel Spiral Galaxy M101

First published in the XMM-Newton image gallery in 2002, this view of M101 was composed of images taken by XMM-Newton’s Optical Monitor telescope using different filters and is still popular among astronomy fans today. The face-on Pinwheel spiral galaxy is seen at ultraviolet wavelengths in this image taken by ESA’s XMM-Newton space telescope. Also known […]

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