May 24, 2013

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Evolution of the EBL Over the Past 5 Billion Years Measured for the First Time

Evolution of the EBL Over the Past 5 Billion Years

A new study details how researchers used data from blazars to measure the evolution of the EBL over the past five billion years for the first time. How much light has been emitted by all galaxies since the cosmos began? After all, every photon (particle of light) from ultraviolet to far infrared wavelengths ever radiated […]

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May 24, 2013

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FDA Approved Bexarotene Reverses Alzheimer’s Disease Deficits in Mice

Drug Reverses Alzheimers Disease Deficits in Mice

In a newly published study, researchers from the University of Pittsburg verified previous findings that the drug bexarotene, which is approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration for use in cutaneous T cell lymphoma, does significantly improve cognitive deficits in mice expressing gene mutations linked to human Alzheimer’s disease. An anti-cancer drug reverses memory […]

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May 24, 2013

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New Distance Measurement of SS Cygni Resolves Major Astronomical Mystery

Astronomers Measure Distance to SS Cygni

Using VLBA and the European VLBI Network, astronomers were able to accurately measure the distance to double-star system SS Cygni, resolving a major problem in the understanding of a class of stars that undergo regular outbursts. Sometimes astronomy is like real estate — what’s important is location, location, and location. Astronomers have resolved a major […]

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May 24, 2013

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New Hubble Data Helps Reveal Ring Nebula’s True Form

New Hubble Image Reveals Ring Nebulas True Shape

By using data from the Hubble Space Telescope combined with infrared data from ground-based telescopes, researchers were able to view the Ring Nebula’s true shape and construct a precise 3D model of the nebula. The Ring Nebula’s distinctive shape makes it a popular illustration for astronomy books. But new observations by NASA’s Hubble Space Telescope […]

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May 23, 2013

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Magnetars More Diverse than Previously Thought

Researchers Discover Lowest Surface Magnetic Field Ever Found in a Neutron Star

New data has revealed that magnetars may be more diverse, and common, than previously thought. Researchers believe these findings with help them better understand supernova explosions and the number and evolution of magnetars. This graphic shows an exotic object in our galaxy called SGR 0418+5729 (SGR 0418 for short). As described in our press release […]

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May 23, 2013

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New Image of IC 2944 Helps VLT Celebrate 15 Years of Success

VLT Views Stellar Nursery IC 2944

ESO’s Very Large Telescope celebrates 15 years of success with a new image of the stellar nursery IC 2944. With this new view of a spectacular stellar nursery ESO is celebrating 15 years of the Very Large Telescope — the world’s most advanced optical instrument. This picture reveals thick clumps of dust silhouetted against the […]

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May 23, 2013

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Model of Sun’s Magnetic Field Revealed

Researchers Reveal Model of Suns Magnetic Field

New research from the University of Leeds and University of Chicago reveals a model of Sun’s magnetic field. Sparked by a medium-sized (C-class) flare, a long, magnetic filament burst out from the Sun, producing one of the best shows that SDO has seen (Aug. 31, 2012). Viewed in the 304 Angstrom wavelength of extreme ultraviolet […]

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May 23, 2013

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3D Printed Airway Splint Saves Baby’s Life

3D Printed Airway Splint Saves Babys Life

A new study details how medical professionals from the University of Michigan were able to save a baby’s life by restoring his breathing using a 3D printed airway splint. Ann Arbor, Michigan – Every day, their baby stopped breathing, his collapsed bronchus blocking the crucial flow of air to his lungs. April and Bryan Gionfriddo […]

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May 23, 2013

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Study Reveals Turbulence Responsible for Magnetic Field Misbehavior in Solar Flares

Researchers Explain Magnetic Field Misbehavior in Solar Flares

In a newly published study, researchers from John Hopkins University detail the role of turbulence in magnetic field misbehavior of solar flares. When a solar flare filled with charged particles erupts from the sun, its magnetic fields sometime break a widely accepted rule of physics. The flux-freezing theorem dictates that the magnetic lines of force […]

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May 23, 2013

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Herschel Discovers Massive Merging of Two Galaxies

Herschel Views Merging Galaxies HXMM01

The Herschel Space telescope has discovered a massive merging of two galaxies that took place when the universe was roughly 3 billion years old. The galaxies, collectively called HXMM01, are churning out the equivalent of 2,000 suns a year. Pasadena, California – A massive and rare merging of two galaxies has been spotted in images […]

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May 22, 2013

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Detailed Hubble Image of the Cat’s Eye Nebula

Hubble Image of the Cats Eye Nebula

Hubble reveals the full beauty of a bull’s eye pattern of eleven or so concentric rings around the Cat’s Eye Nebula, also known as NGC 6543. In this detailed view from NASA’s Hubble Space Telescope, the so-called Cat’s Eye Nebula looks like the penetrating eye of the disembodied sorcerer Sauron from the film adaptation of […]

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May 22, 2013

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New Fabric Works Like Human Skin, Drains Sweat

New Fabric Works Like Human Skin

Researchers at UC Davis have developed a new fabric that works like human skin, forming excess sweat into droplets that drain away by themselves. A new water-repellent fabric, stitched with water-carrying threads, can take up and drain liquid such as sweat emerging from the skin. Videography by Siyuan Xing/UC Davis Waterproof fabrics that whisk away […]

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May 22, 2013

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Iron-Platinum Alloy Retains Information at Nanomagnet Sizes

Iron Platinum Alloy Nanomagnets Could be New Generation Hard Drives

An international team of researchers used a method called atomic-scale multilayer sputtering to create iron-platinum alloys with an ordered crystal structure that could be used for the next generation of hard drives. Meeting the demand for more data storage in smaller volumes means using materials made up of ever-smaller magnets, or nanomagnets. One promising material […]

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May 22, 2013

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Theorists Develop New Algorithm to Help Search for Dark Matter

Theorists Weigh In on Where to Hunt Dark Matter

Theoretical physicists from the Kavli Institute for Particle Astrophysics and Cosmology detail a new mathematical description of how dark matter particles behave, which could help narrow the search for them. Now that it looks like the hunt for the Higgs boson is over, particles of dark matter are at the top of the physics “Most […]

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May 22, 2013

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Middle Stone Age Innovation Linked to Rapid Climate Change

Middle Stone Age Innovation Linked to Rapid Climate Change

A newly published study presents the most convincing evidence so far that abrupt climate change was instrumental in the development human evolution. Rapid climate change during the Middle Stone Age, between 80,000 and 40,000 years ago, during the Middle Stone Age, sparked surges in cultural innovation in early modern human populations, according to new research. […]

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May 22, 2013

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NASA’s Lunar Program Detects Bright Explosion on the Moon

Lunar Monitoring Program Detects Bright Impact on the Moon

NASA’s lunar monitoring program detected a bright impact on the Moon when a meteoroid hit the lunar surface in Mare Imbrium. The resulting flash was 10 times as bright as anything they’ve ever seen before and the impact site was glowing like a 4th magnitude star. For the past 8 years, NASA astronomers have been […]

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May 21, 2013

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Trigger for the Onset of Alzheimer’s Disease Identified

Researchers Pinpoint a Catalytic Trigger for the Onset of Alzheimers

Scientists have pinpointed a catalytic trigger for the onset of Alzheimer’s disease, establishing the pathway that shows how the toxic species that cause cell death, the oligomers, are formed. Researchers have pinpointed a catalytic trigger for the onset of Alzheimer’s disease – when the fundamental structure of a protein molecule changes to cause a chain […]

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May 21, 2013

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Researchers Develop First Fully Integrated Nanosystem for Artificial Photosynthesis

First Fully Integrated Artificial Photosynthesis Nanosystem

Researchers at the Berkeley Lab have developed the first fully integrated nanosystem for artificial photosynthesis. In the wake of the sobering news that atmospheric carbon dioxide is now at its highest level in at least three million years, an important advance in the race to develop carbon-neutral renewable energy sources has been achieved. Scientists with […]

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