August 7, 2013

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12 Billion Year Old Explosion Illuminates a Galaxy from the Dark Ages

Researchers Discover One of the Most Distant Gamma Ray Bursts Ever Found

Using data from NASA’s Swift spacecraft and observations by the MMT Telescope in Arizona and the Gemini North telescope in Hawaii, researchers discovered one of the most distant gamma-ray bursts ever found. Cambridge, Massachusetts – More than 12 billion years ago a star exploded, ripping itself apart and blasting its remains outward in twin jets […]

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August 6, 2013

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Scientists Measure and Control the Temperature Inside Living Cells

New Techniques Let Scientists Measure and Control the Temperature Inside Living Cells

DARPA researchers have developed new techniques that allow them to measure and control the temperature in living cells. The techniques could support thermal management, control of chemical reactions and development of new research tools. How do you take the temperature of a cell? The familiar thermometer from a doctor’s office is slightly too big considering […]

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August 6, 2013

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Teplizumab Treatment Preserves Beta Cells in New Cases of Type 1 Diabetes

Drug Preserves Beta Cells in New Cases of Type 1 Diabetes

Phase 2 trials have shown that the anti-CD3 monoclonal antibody drug Teplizumab significantly reduces the loss of insulin-producing pancreatic beta cells for subjects newly diagnosed with type 1 diabetes. A drug in clinical trials has been shown to preserve insulin-producing pancreatic beta cells in nearly half of subjects newly diagnosed with type 1 diabetes. Results […]

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August 6, 2013

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“Grid Cells” Allow the Brain to Keep Track of Navigational Cues

Human Neurons Linked to Navigation in Open Environments

A team of researchers has identified a new type of cell in the brain that helps people to keep track of their relative location while navigating new environments. Using direct human brain recordings, a research team from Drexel University, the University of Pennsylvania, UCLA and Thomas Jefferson University has identified a new type of cell […]

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August 6, 2013

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Subaru Telescope’s Hyper Suprime-Cam Displays Its Capabilities, Views M31

HSCs First Image of M31

Subaru Telescope’s Hyper Suprime-Cam displays its abilities with an impressive image of M31. A stunning image of M31 captured by Subaru Telescope’s Hyper Suprime-Cam (HSC) displays the fruits of international collaboration and technological sophistication aligned with cutting-edge science. In addition to providing information about a nearby galaxy that resembles our own, this image demonstrates HSC’s […]

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August 6, 2013

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MESSENGER Spacecraft Views Hovnatanian Crater on Mercury

MESSENGER Views Elliptical Crater on Mercury

NASA’s MESSENGER spacecraft captures a color image of the Hovnatanian crater, an elliptical crater on Mercury. This color image, taken on May 1, 2013 by the Wide Angle Camera (WAC) instrument aboard NASA’s MESSENGER spacecraft orbiting Mercury, features Hovnatanian crater, named for Armenian painter Hakop Hovnatanian. The crater’s elliptical shape and the bright rays’ butterfly […]

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August 6, 2013

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SEEDS Project Discovers “Second Jupiter” – Lowest-Mass Exoplanet Around a Sun-Like Star

Scientists Discover Lowest Mass Exoplanet Around a Sun Like Star

Astronomers in the SEEDS Project have discovered the least massive planet ever detected around a star like the sun. A so-called “second Jupiter,” planet GJ 504b is about four times more massive than Jupiter and has an effective temperature of about 460 degrees Fahrenheit (237 Celsius.) Using infrared data from the Subaru Telescope in Hawaii, […]

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August 5, 2013

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Study Reveals Climate Change is Occurring at an Increased Pace

Climate Change on Pace to Occur 10 Times Faster

According to scientists at Stanford University, climate change is on pace to occur 10 times faster than any change recorded in past 65 million years. The planet is undergoing one of the largest changes in climate since the dinosaurs went extinct. But what might be even more troubling for humans, plants and animals is the […]

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August 5, 2013

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Researchers Reveal Hidden Magnetic Waves in High-Temperature Superconductors

Researchers Discover Hidden Magnetic Waves in High Temperature Superconductors

New research from the Brookhaven National Laboratory has revealed that magnetic excitations, quantum waves believed by many to regulate high-temperature superconductors, exist in both non-superconducting and superconducting materials. Upton, New York —Intrinsic inefficiencies plague current systems for the generation and delivery of electricity, with significant energy lost in transit. High-temperature superconductors (HTS)—uniquely capable of transmitting […]

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August 5, 2013

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New ‘Superglass’ Coating Repels Liquids and is Capable of Self-Repair

Researchers Create Ultraslippery Coating for Glass

Using a glass honeycomb-like structure coated with a Teflon-like chemical, a team of researchers has created a “superglass” that could lead to self-cleaning, scratch-resistant windows, lenses, and solar panels. A new transparent, bioinspired coating makes ordinary glass tough, self-cleaning, and incredibly slippery, a team from Harvard University reported online July 31 in Nature Communications. The […]

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August 5, 2013

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Warmer Weather and Precipitation Increase the Risk of Violence

Slight Spikes in Temperature and Precipitation Increased the Risk of Violence and Social Upheaval

A newly published study from Princeton University and UC Berkeley reveals that slight increases in temperature and precipitation result in increased human conflict. Should climate change trigger the upsurge in heat and rainfall that scientists predict, people may face a threat just as perilous and volatile as extreme weather — each other. Researchers from Princeton […]

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August 5, 2013

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Hubble Reveals a New Kind of Stellar Blast Called a Kilonova

A New Type of Stellar Explosion Called a Kilonova

NASA’s Hubble Space Telescope revealed a new type of stellar explosion called a kilonova. Kilonovas are about 1,000 times brighter than a nova, but they are 1/10th to 1/100th the brightness of a typical supernova. NASA’s Hubble Space Telescope recently provided the strongest evidence yet that short-duration gamma ray bursts are produced by the merger […]

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August 2, 2013

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Astronomers Discover Unusual Stars with Extremely High Concentrations of Lead in Their Atmospheres

Astronomers Discover Two Unusual Stars with High Concentrations of Lead in Their Atmospheres

While studying subdwarf stars, a team of astronomers discovered two unusual stars with extremely high concentrations of lead in their atmospheres. They estimate that the lead layer could be about 100km thick and weigh some 100 billion tonnes. In a paper published in the Oxford University Press journal Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, […]

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August 2, 2013

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Hubble Views Spiral Galaxy NGC 4517

New Hubble Image of Spiral Galaxy NGC 4517

This newly released Hubble image shows spiral galaxy NGC 4517, which is located approximately 40 million light-years away in the constellation of Virgo. Another treasure unearthed from the Hubble archives, this beautiful image shows a spiral galaxy named NGC 4517. Slightly bigger than our Milky Way, it is seen edge-on, crowned by a very bright […]

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August 2, 2013

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Contrary to Previous Theories, Massive Galaxies Slow Their Growth Over Time

Study Reveals Monster Galaxies Lose Their Appetite With Age

Using data from Spitzer and WISE, scientists reveal in a new study that massive galaxies appear to slow their growth over time, feeding less and less off neighboring galaxies. Our universe is filled with gobs of galaxies, bound together by gravity into larger families called clusters. Lying at the heart of most clusters is a […]

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August 2, 2013

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New Engineering Strategy Makes Graphene-Based Supercapacitors Viable for Widespread Use

A Completely New Strategy to Engineer Graphene Based Ssupercapacitors

In a newly published study, engineers from Monash University detail a new strategy to engineer graphene-based supercapacitors, making them viable for widespread use in renewable energy storage, portable electronics and electric vehicles. Monash University researchers have brought next generation energy storage closer with an engineering first – a graphene-based device that is compact, yet lasts […]

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August 2, 2013

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‘Lazarus Comets’ Return to Life after Being Inactive for Millions of Years

Scientists Discover a Graveyard of Comets

Scientists have discovered a graveyard of comets where some of the dormant objects, inactive for millions of years, have returned to life from an increase in the energy they received from the Sun. A team of astronomers from the University of Anitoquia, Medellin, Colombia, have discovered a graveyard of comets. The researchers, led by Antioquia […]

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August 2, 2013

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Engineers Develop Water Splitting Solar-Thermal System to Produce Hydrogen Fuel

New Technique Could Produce Hydrogen Fuel

Engineers from the University of Colorado Boulder have devised a solar-thermal system that can be used to split water in order to produce clean hydrogen fuel. A University of Colorado Boulder team has developed a radically new technique that uses the power of sunlight to efficiently split water into its components of hydrogen and oxygen, […]

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