April 18, 2013

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Neuroscientists Reverse Memory Loss in Animal Brain Cells

Neuroscientists Reverse Memory Loss in Animal Brain Cells

Using sea snail nerve cells, neuroscientists from the UTHealth Center have reversed memory loss by determining when the cells were primed for learning and retraining the cells through the use of optimized training schedules. Houston – Neuroscientists at The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston (UTHealth) have taken a major step in their […]

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April 18, 2013

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Astronomers Discover Earliest Starburst Galaxy Ever Observed

Starburst Galaxy HFLS3

A large team of astronomers has discovered the earliest starburst galaxy ever observed. Occurring just 880 million years after the Big Bang, HFLS3 is a dust-filled, massive galaxy generating the mass equivalent of 2,900 suns per year. Pasadena, California — Smaller begets bigger. Such is often the case for galaxies, at least: the first galaxies […]

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April 17, 2013

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UCLA Researchers ID New Kidney Cancer Subtypes

Scientists ID New Kidney Cancer Subtypes

In another step forward for personalized medicine, scientists at UCLA have classified kidney cancer into several unique subtypes that will help tailor individual cancer treatment. Researchers with UCLA’s Institute of Urologic Oncology and department of urology have classified kidney cancer into several unique subtypes, a breakthrough that will help physicians tailor treatment to individual kidney […]

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April 17, 2013

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Search for Dark Matter Reveals First Hint of WIMP

First Hint of the Particle Behind Dark Matter

SuperCDMS researchers have for the first time observed a concrete hint of a weakly interacting massive particle (WIMP), the particle physicists believe to be behind dark matter. College Station — An international collaboration whose search for dark matter is powered by detectors being fabricated at Texas A&M University has for the first time observed a […]

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April 17, 2013

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New Solar Structure Cools Buildings in Full Sunlight

New Form of Cooling Panel Works Even When the Sun is Shining

Scientists at Stanford University have designed an entirely new form of cooling structure that cools when the sun is shining by reflecting sunlight and emitting thermal radiation within the crucial wavelength range needed to escape Earth’s atmosphere. Homes and buildings chilled without air conditioners. Car interiors that don’t heat up in the summer sun. Tapping […]

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April 17, 2013

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How to Target and Collide With a Potentially Hazardous Asteroid

How to Target and Collide with an Asteroid

While some NASA scientists work to capture and explore an asteroid, other NASA scientists are calculating how to target and collide with an asteroid, running hypervelocity impact simulations that could one day change a potentially hazardous asteroid’s orbit. Like many of his colleagues at NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, California, Shyam Bhaskaran is working a […]

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April 17, 2013

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NASA’s Swift Discovers Three Unusually Long-Lasting Stellar Explosions

Astronomers Suggest Blue Supergiant Stars Are tthe Likely Sources of Ultra Long GRBs

In three new studies, astronomers discuss the three unusually long-lasting stellar explosions that were discovered by NASA’s Swift satellite and represent a previously unrecognized class of gamma-ray bursts. Three unusually long-lasting stellar explosions discovered by NASA’s Swift satellite represent a previously unrecognized class of gamma-ray bursts (GRBs). Two international teams of astronomers studying these events […]

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April 16, 2013

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NASA’s Wind Mission Data Reveals ‘SLAMS’ Waves

NASA Mission Encounters SLAMS Waves

A new study examines the data from NASA’s Wind spacecraft, which traveled through the foreshock region in front of Earth 17 times from 1998 – 2002, finding a special kind of magnetic pulsations called short large amplitude magnetic structures, SLAMS. As Earth moves around the sun, it travels surrounded by a giant bubble created by […]

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April 16, 2013

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PGClear Uses a Palladium-Gold Catalyst to Break Down Hazardous Compounds

PGClear Quickly Destroys Pervasive and Problematic Pollutants

Using a palladium-gold catalyst to break down hazardous compounds, the PGClear project is set to help clean the environment and treat contaminated ground water. Researchers from Rice University, DuPont Central Research and Development and Stanford University have announced a full-scale field test of an innovative process that gently but quickly destroys some of the world’s […]

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April 16, 2013

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Nanoelectronics Take Another Step Forward

Silicon Nanowires Help Nanoelectronics Take Step Forward

New research from the Max Planck Institute shows that silicon nanowires become doped with unexpectedly large amounts of aluminum during growth, increasing their conductivity and defying the laws of thermodynamics. Nanoelectronics has taken another step forward. An international team including researchers from the Max Planck Institute of Microstructure Physics in Halle has discovered an effect […]

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April 16, 2013

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Nanodiamonds Improve Effectiveness of Breast Cancer Treatment

Nanodiamonds Could Improve Breast Cancer Treatment

Using nanoscale diamond-like particles called nanodiamonds, researchers have developed a potentially more effective treatment for “triple-negative” breast cancer, notably decreasing tumor growth and eliminating the devastating side effects of cancer treatment during testing with mice. Recently, doctors have begun to categorize breast cancers into four main groups according to the genetic makeup of the cancer […]

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April 16, 2013

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“Western-Style” Diet Lowers the Odds of Ideal Aging

Western Style Diet May Lead to Greater Risk of Premature Death

A newly published study suggests that a “Western-style” diet reduces a person’s likelihood of achieving older ages in good health, finding that avoidance of the “Western-type foods” might actually improve the possibility of achieving older ages free of chronic diseases and remaining highly functional. Data from a new study of British adults suggest that adherence […]

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April 16, 2013

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Titan’s Methane May Run Out

The Cycle of Methane on Titan May Come to an End

Based on Cassini data, scientists believe that Titan’s methane-based hydrocarbon features may be passing phenomena, the after-effects of a gigantic outburst of methane released from Titian’s interior eons ago. By tracking a part of the surface of Saturn’s moon Titan over several years, NASA’s Cassini mission has found a remarkable longevity to the hydrocarbon lakes […]

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April 15, 2013

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New Technique Converts Skin Cells into Functional Brain Cells

Technique Converts Skin Cells to Brain Cells

Researchers at CWRU School of Medicine have discovered a new technique that converts fibroblasts into oligodendrocytes, enabling “on demand” production of myelinating cells. Researchers at Case Western Reserve School of Medicine have discovered a technique that directly converts skin cells to the type of brain cells destroyed in patients with multiple sclerosis, cerebral palsy and […]

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April 15, 2013

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Black Titanium Dioxide Nanoparticles Could Play Key Role in Clean Energy Photocatalysis

Black Nanoparticles Could Play Key Role in Clean Energy Photocatalysis

Scientists have developed black titanium dioxide nanoparticles that are able to absorb infrared as well as visible and ultraviolet light, improving the efficiency with which black titanium dioxide can use sunlight to split water molecules for the production of hydrogen. A unique atomic-scale engineering technique for turning low-efficiency photocatalytic “white” nanoparticles of titanium dioxide into […]

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April 15, 2013

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Dark Matter Search Results from CDMS II

Dark Matter Search Results from CDMS II Silicon Detectors

The Cryogenic Dark Matter Search (CDMS) collaboration recently presented its blind-analysis dark matter search results from data taken with silicon detectors during CDMS II operation at the Soudan Underground Laboratory. Scientists around the world are working to understand the nature of dark matter, which accounts for most of the mass of the universe. The earth […]

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April 15, 2013

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Nuclear Fusion Could Power Future Human Expeditions to Mars

Nuclear Fusion Could Send Humans to Mars

In a project funded through NASA’s Innovative Advanced Concepts Program, researchers from University of Washington and MSNW are calculating the potential for expeditions to Mars using a rocket powered by fusion. Human travel to Mars has long been the unachievable dangling carrot for space programs. Now, astronauts could be a step closer to our nearest […]

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April 15, 2013

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Researchers Assess the Surface of Europa for Materials Representing Ocean Composition

Researchers Assess the Amount of Sulfate Hydrates Compared with Water on the Surface of Europa

In a new study, researchers assessed the amount of sulfate hydrates (compared with relatively pristine water) in the surface ice in five widely distributed areas of Europa, finding that the concentration of frozen sulfuric acid on the surface varies greatly. The surface of Jupiter’s moon Europa exposes material churned up from inside the moon and […]

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