April 29, 2013

0 Comments

Researchers Discover Autism Risk in Abnormal Placentas

Researchers Spot Autism Risk at Birth in Abnormal Placentas

Scientists from the Yale School of Medicine, with research collaborators at the MIND Institute, have found that abnormal placental folds and abnormal cell growths called trophoblast inclusions are key markers to identify newborns that are at risk for autism. Researchers at the Yale School of Medicine have figured out how to measure an infant’s risk […]

Continue reading...

April 29, 2013

0 Comments

PS1-10afx Supernova Magnified by Gravitational Lensing

First Ever Type Ia Supernova Magnified by a Strong Gravitational Lens

Researchers from the Kavli IPMU have used gravitational lensing to identify a distant Type Ia supernova, named PS1-10afx, that exploded over 9 billion years ago. Kashiwa Japan – A team of researchers at the Kavli IPMU led by Robert Quimby has identified what may prove to be the first ever Type Ia supernova (SNIa) magnified […]

Continue reading...

April 26, 2013

0 Comments

Magnetic Imaging of Living Cells with Sub-Cellular Spatial Resolution

Method for Resolving the Magnetic Structure of Living Biological Specimens at a Sub Cellular Level

In a new study, researchers present a method for resolving the magnetic structure of living biological specimens at a sub-cellular level. Magnetic field measurement techniques have long enabled scientists to probe the internal structure of biological and material samples. For example, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) provides information about the structure and function of tissue inside […]

Continue reading...

April 26, 2013

3 Comments

LED Streetlight Design Reduces Light Pollution, Saves Energy

Schematic of the New LED Street Lamp

In a new study, a team of researchers report the development of a new street lighting design that harnesses high-efficiency LEDs and ensures they shine only where they’re needed, cutting light pollution and glare and saving energy. Washington — Streetlights illuminate the night, shining upon roadways and sidewalks across the world, but these ubiquitous elements […]

Continue reading...

April 26, 2013

0 Comments

Spintronics Device Captures Wasted Heat, Uses it to Power Devices

Spintronics Device Captures Wasted Heat Energy

In a newly published study, researchers at UCLA demonstrate how to add power to a spintronics device by harnessing excess heat and converting it for practical use. FINDINGS: Imagine how much you could save on your electricity bill if you could use the excess heat your computer generates to actually power the machine. Researchers at […]

Continue reading...

April 26, 2013

0 Comments

Astronomers Use “Characterization by Proxy” to Learn the Nature of Kepler-61

Astronomers Use Characterization by Proxy to Study Distant Planets

Using “characterization by proxy” and observations from the Kepler Space Telescope, researchers take a closer look at Kepler-61b, a planet orbiting near the inner edge of the habitable zone of the low-mass star Kepler-61. A University of Washington astronomer is using Earth’s interstellar neighbors to learn the nature of certain stars too far away to […]

Continue reading...

April 26, 2013

0 Comments

Observations of a Pulsar and Its White Dwarf Companion Back General Theory of Relativity

Massive Pulsar in a Compact Relativistic Binary Tests Einsteins Theory

Observations of a newly discovered pulsar and its white dwarf companion, orbiting each other once every two and a half hours, show that the binary’s orbital decay is consistent with Einstein’s Theory of General Relativity. A strange stellar pair nearly 7,000 light-years from Earth has provided physicists with a unique cosmic laboratory for studying the […]

Continue reading...

April 26, 2013

0 Comments

Cassini Observes Meteors Colliding with Saturn’s Rings

Cassini Views Meteors Colliding With Saturns Rings

Using NASA’s Cassini spacecraft, astronomers observed meteors colliding with Saturn’s rings. Pasadena, California — NASA’s Cassini spacecraft has provided the first direct evidence of small meteoroids breaking into streams of rubble and crashing into Saturn’s rings. These observations make Saturn’s rings the only location besides Earth, the moon and Jupiter where scientists and amateur astronomers […]

Continue reading...

April 25, 2013

0 Comments

Evidence that Local Starbursts Impact the Bulk of the Gas Around Their Host Galaxy

Bursts of Star Formation Have a Major Impact on Galaxies

Using the Hubble Space Telescope, astronomers observed 20 nearby galaxies, some of which were known to be undergoing a starburst, finding that the winds accompanying these star formation processes were capable of ionizing gas up to 650,000 light-years from the galactic center. Astronomers using the NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope have shown for the first time […]

Continue reading...

April 25, 2013

1 Comment

Researchers Develop Vaccine to Help Control Autism-Associated Gut Bacteria

Scientists Develop First Vaccine to Help Control Autism Associated Bacteria

Scientists at the University of Guelph have developed a carbohydrate-based vaccine against the gut bug Clostridium bolteae. This is the first vaccine designed to control constipation and diarrhea potentially caused by C. bolteae and perhaps control autism-related symptoms associated with this microbe. University of Guelph researchers have created a first-ever vaccine for gut bacteria common […]

Continue reading...

April 25, 2013

5 Comments

Electrospinning Technique Yields Simultaneously Strong and Tough Nanofibers

Ultra Strong Continuous Nanofibers Developed by UNL Researchers

Using a technique called electrospinning, researchers at the University of Nebraska-Lincoln have developed an exceptionally thin polyacrilonitrile nanofiber that is both strong and tough. University of Nebraska-Lincoln materials engineers have developed a structural nanofiber that is both strong and tough, a discovery that could transform everything from airplanes and bridges to body armor and bicycles. […]

Continue reading...

April 25, 2013

0 Comments

JWST Should be Able to Detect Biomarkers in Planets Orbiting White Dwarfs

The Dog Star, Sirius, and its Tiny Companion

In a new study, researchers suggest that white dwarfs can still support habitable planets, demonstrating that the James Webb Space Telescope, set to be launched by NASA in 2018, will be capable of detecting oxygen and water in the atmosphere of an Earth-like planet orbiting a white dwarf. Because it has no source of energy, […]

Continue reading...

April 25, 2013

0 Comments

New e-MERLIN Image of Betelgeuse Reveals Mysterious Hot Spots

Astronomers Observe Mysterious Hot Spots in a Cool Red Supergiant

A new e-MERLIN image of Betelgeuse reveals two hot spots that appear on the sides of the star with temperatures much higher than the average temperature of the radio surface and the visual surface of the star. Astronomers have released a new image of the outer atmosphere of Betelgeuse – one of the nearest red […]

Continue reading...

April 25, 2013

2 Comments

Fly Along with the Voyager Spacecraft as They Head Towards Interstellar Space

Fly Along with NASAs Voyager Spacecraft

Follow NASA’s Voyager spacecraft as they head towards interstellar space with NASA’s Eyes on the Solar System program. A gauge on the Voyager home page, http://voyager.jpl.nasa.gov, tracks levels of two of the three key signs scientists believe will appear when the spacecraft leave our solar neighborhood and enter interstellar space. When the three signs are […]

Continue reading...

April 24, 2013

0 Comments

Grains of Sand from Core-Collapse Supernova Found in Meteorites

Grains of Sand from Ancient Supernova Found in Meteorites

In a newly published study, researchers from Washington University in St. Louis report finding tiny grains of silica, which they believe came from a core-collapse supernova, in primitive meteorites. It’s a bit like learning the secrets of the family that lived in your house in the 1800s by examining dust particles they left behind in […]

Continue reading...

April 24, 2013

0 Comments

Researchers Reveal the Cause of LED Efficiency Droop

UC Santa Barbara Researchers Reveal Cause of LED Efficiency Droop

A team of researchers have conclusively identified Auger recombination as the mechanism that causes LEDs to be less efficient at high drive currents. Santa Barbara, California – Researchers at University of California, Santa Barbara, in collaboration with colleagues at the École Polytechnique in France, have conclusively identified Auger recombination as the mechanism that causes light […]

Continue reading...

April 24, 2013

3 Comments

CERN Details New Observation of Matter-Antimatter Asymmetry

LHCb Collaboration Observes New Matter Antimatter Difference

A new study from the LHCb collaboration at CERN details the first observation of matter-antimatter asymmetry in the decays of the particle known as the B0s, viewing a preference for matter over antimatter known as CP-violation in the decay of neutral B0s particles. The LHCb collaboration at CERN today submitted a paper to Physical Review […]

Continue reading...

April 24, 2013

2 Comments

Ancient DNA Reveals the First Detailed Genetic History of Modern Europe

The First Detailed Genetic History of Modern Europe

An international team of researchers used ancient DNA to reconstruct the first high-resolution genetic record of modern European lineages through time, observing both human DNA evolving in ‘real-time’ and the dramatic population changes that have taken place in Europe. Ancient DNA recovered from a series of skeletons in central Germany up to 7500 years old […]

Continue reading...