September 17, 2014

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Yale Study Shows Risk Patterns for Autism and Schizophrenia Associated with Birth Size

Genetic Tug of War Explains Autism and Schizophrenia

A new study from Yale University shows that bigger babies do have increased risk of autism, while smaller babies are more likely to develop schizophrenia. The size of babies and even human behavior may be shaped during early fetal development by a molecular tug of war between paternal and maternal genes, according to an emerging […]

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September 17, 2014

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WASP-18b: A ‘Hot Jupiter’ That is Changing the Internal Structure of the Star it Orbits

Chandra Discovers Planet That Makes Star Act Deceptively Old

A new study from NASA’s Chandra X-ray Observatory shows that a giant exoplanet, WASP-18b, is making the star that it orbits act much older than it actually is. WASP-18b is over ten times Jupiter’s mass and is so close to its star that it completes an orbit in less than a day, causing extreme tidal […]

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September 17, 2014

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NuSTAR Discovers Pulsar Powering Intense Gamma Rays

NuSTAR Reveals Source of Powerful Gamma Rays

Using NASA’s Nuclear Spectroscopic Telescope Array, astronomers have discovered a pulsar spinning five times per second and the ultimate power source of both the high-energy X-rays and gamma rays. Our Milky Way galaxy is littered with the still-sizzling remains of exploded stars. When the most massive stars explode as supernovas, they don’t fade into the […]

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September 16, 2014

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New PhenIX Diagnostic Procedure Identifies Genetic Diseases

New Diagnostic Method Identifies Genetic Diseases

A team of scientists has developed a test procedure that significantly increases the prospect of identifying genetic diseases quickly and reliably based on analyses of genes and symptoms. People with genetic diseases often have to embark on an odyssey from one doctor to the next. Fewer than half of all patients who are suspected of […]

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September 16, 2014

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A New Catalog of the Visible Milky Way

New Detailed Catalog of the Visible Milky Way

Astronomers used IPHAS data to create a new catalog of the visible part of the Milky Way, revealing no fewer than 219 million stars. A new catalog of the visible part of the northern part of our home Galaxy, the Milky Way, includes no fewer than 219 million stars. Geert Barentsen of the University of […]

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September 16, 2014

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Rice Wireless Engineers Unveil a Multiuser, Multiantenna Transmission Scheme for UHF

Wireless Experts Tap Unused UHF TV Spectrum

By combining several proven technologies that are already widely used in wireless data transmission, engineers from Rice University have created a multiuser, multiantenna scheme to make the most of the unused UHF TV spectrum. Rice University wireless researchers have found a way to make the most of the unused UHF TV spectrum by serving up […]

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September 16, 2014

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Wyss Institute Continues to Develop Its Soft Exosuit

Wyss Institute to Further Develop Its Soft Exosuit

Wyss Institute has won a DARPA grant to further develop their lightweight Soft Exosuit. The Exosuit is pulled on like a pair of pants and is intended to be worn under a soldier’s regular gear, providing carefully timed assistance at the leg joints without restricting the wearer’s movement. A biologically inspired smart suit that fits […]

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September 16, 2014

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Copper Foam Provides a New Way to Turn CO2 into Useful Chemicals

Copper Foam Could Provide a New Way of Converting Excess CO2 into Useful Industrial Chemicals

A team of researchers at Brown University’s Center for Capture and Conversion of CO2 have discovered that copper foam could provide a new way of converting excess CO2 into useful industrial chemicals, including formic acid. Providence, Rhode Island (Brown University) — A catalyst made from a foamy form of copper has vastly different electrochemical properties […]

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September 16, 2014

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Astronomers Choose Primary Landing Site for Rosetta’s Lander

Astronomers Choose Rosetta Landing Site on Comet 67P

Astronomers have decided on the primary landing site where Rosetta’s Philae lander will perform in-depth measurements to characterize the nucleus of comet 67P/Churyumov–Gerasimenko. The European Space Agency’s Rosetta’s lander, Philae, will target Site J, an intriguing region on comet 67P/Churyumov–Gerasimenko that offers unique scientific potential, with hints of activity nearby, and minimum risk to the […]

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September 15, 2014

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‘Digital Metamaterials’ Bring Invisibility Cloaks Closer to Reality

Invisibility Cloaks Closer to Reality

A newly published study details how “digital metamaterials” could help bring invisibly cloaks closer to reality. The concept of “digital metamaterials” – a simple way of designing metamaterials with bizarre optical properties that could hasten the development of devices such as invisibility cloaks and superlenses – is reported in a paper published today in Nature […]

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September 15, 2014

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New Research Helps Uncover the Mechanism Behind Solid-Solid Phase Transitions

Researchers Discover Mechanism Behind Solid-Solid Phase Transitions

An international team of researchers helps uncover mechanism behind solid-solid phase transitions, providing new insight for all sorts of solid-solid phase transformations. Two solids made of the same elements but with different geometric arrangements of the atoms, or crystal phases, can produce materials with different properties. Coal and diamond offer a spectacular example of this […]

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September 15, 2014

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Untethered Electric Robotic Cheetah Runs and Jumps Across the Grass

New Algorithm Enables Untethered MIT Cheetah Robot to Run and Jump

MIT researchers have developed a new algorithm that allows their electric powered robotic cheetah to run and jump, untethered, across grass. See the MIT cheetah-bot in action, and learn how it works. Video: Melanie Gonick/MIT Speed and agility are hallmarks of the cheetah: The big predator is the fastest land animal on Earth, able to […]

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