July 23, 2015

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Harvard Reveals Quality and Quantity of Key Crops is Changing

Study Shows Quality and Quantity of Crops is Changing

Two new studies from Harvard University reveal how changing environmental conditions around the globe could negatively impact the health of millions of people by altering the quantity and quality of key crops. Two newly published studies from the Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health reveal Changing environmental conditions around the globe caused by human […]

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July 23, 2015

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“Windbots” – The Future Explorers of Planetary Skies?

Windbots Could Someday Explore the Skies of Jupiter

Engineers are investigating the feasibility of creating a windbot, a new class of robotic probe designed to stay aloft in a planet’s atmosphere for a long time without wings or hot-air balloons, to someday explore planets like Jupiter. Among designers of robotic probes to explore the planets, there is certainly no shortage of clever ideas. […]

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July 23, 2015

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Chandra Reveals Pulsar Punching Hole in Stellar Disk

Double Star System Jettisons Material at Incredibly High Speeds

Data from Chandra reveal that a pulsar in orbit around a massive star punched through a circumstellar disk of material, jettisoning a clump of material from the double star system at incredibly high speeds. A fast-moving pulsar appears to have punched a hole in a disk of gas around its companion star and launched a […]

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July 22, 2015

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Graphene Helps Turn Engine Heat Into Electricity to Boost Gas Mileage

Turning Engine Heat Into Electricity to Boost Gas Mileage

Using strontium titanium dioxide and graphene, scientists have developed of a material that can convert engine heat into electrical energy to reduce the need for fuels. It could also have applications in aerospace, manufacturing and other sectors. In 2012, the Obama administration announced fuel-efficiency standards that would require U.S. vehicles to average 54.5 miles per […]

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July 22, 2015

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ALMA Views the Formation of Galaxies in the Early Universe for the First Time

ALMA Views Assembly of Galaxies in the Early Universe

New observations from the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array reveal the most distant clouds of star-forming gas yet found in normal galaxies in the early Universe. The new images allow astronomers to start to see how the first galaxies were built up and how they cleared the cosmic fog during the era of reionization. This is […]

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July 22, 2015

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Nanoparticles and UV Light Clean Up Environmental Pollutants

Nanoparticles Clean Up Environmental Pollutants

A new study from MIT shows how nanoparticles can clean up environmental pollutants, revealing that nanomaterials and UV light can “trap” chemicals for easy removal from soil and water. Many human-made pollutants in the environment resist degradation through natural processes, and disrupt hormonal and other systems in mammals and other animals. Removing these toxic materials […]

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July 22, 2015

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Researchers Develop a New Device for Studying Changes in T Cells

New Device Tracks Changes in T Cells

Scientists at the Yale School of Engineering and Applied Sciences have developed a passive-flow microfluidic device for imaging latent HIV activation dynamics in single T cells. While studying latent HIV cells, researchers in the laboratory of Prof. Kathryn Miller-Jensen have developed a device that could make it a lot easier to track changes in cells […]

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July 22, 2015

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Study Shows Greenland’s Undercut Glaciers Melting Faster than Thought

New Research Shows Greenland’s Undercut Glaciers Melting Faster than Thought

In a newly published study, a team of researchers reveal that Greenland’s glaciers are likely melting faster than previously thought. Greenland’s glaciers flowing into the ocean are grounded deeper below sea level than previously measured, allowing intruding ocean water to badly undercut the glacier faces. That process will raise sea levels around the world much […]

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July 22, 2015

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New Horizons Spacecraft Discovers Second Mountain Range on Pluto

New Horizons Reveals Second Mountain Range on Pluto

NASA’s New Horizons Spacecraft has discovered a second mountain range near the southwestern margin of Pluto’s Tombaugh Regio (Tombaugh Region), situated between bright, icy plains and dark, heavily-cratered terrain. This image was acquired by New Horizons’ Long Range Reconnaissance Imager (LORRI) on July 14, 2015 from a distance of 48,000 miles (77,000 kilometers) and sent […]

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July 21, 2015

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New Horizons Views Pluto’s Smaller Moons

New Horizons Views Pluto's Smaller Moons Hydra and Nix

NASA’s New Horizons Spacecraft reveals new images of Pluto’s moons Hydra and Nix. Pluto has five known moons. In order of distance from Pluto they are: Charon, Styx, Nix, Kerberos, and Hydra. While Pluto’s largest moon Charon has grabbed most of the lunar spotlight, two of Pluto’s smaller and lesser-known satellites are starting to come […]

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July 21, 2015

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CryoSat Satellite Shows Increased Volume of Arctic Sea Ice

ESA Shows Volume of Arctic Sea Ice Has Increased

New measurements from ESA’s CryoSat Satellite show that the volume of Arctic sea ice increased following the unusually cool summer of 2013, suggesting that ice in the northern hemisphere is more sensitive to changes in summer melting than it is to winter cooling. Scientists at University College London (UCL) and the University of Leeds in […]

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July 21, 2015

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Researchers Discover a Group of Local, Inhibitory Interneurons in the Fruit Fly

A New Type of Neuron is Responsible for Selective Motion Vision

A team of researchers has discovered a new type of neuron is responsible for selective motion vision in fruit flies. Motion despite immobility. The illusion of self-motion is created, for example, in an IMAX cinema with the help of large-format movies. This is possible, because the brain calculates self-motion from the visual surround moving past […]

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July 21, 2015

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Hybrid Boron Nitride Nanostructures Will Keep Small Electronics Cool

White Graphene Structures Excel at Thermal Management for Electronics

Researchers from Rice University have completed the first theoretical analysis of how 3D boron nitride might be used as a tunable material to control heat flow in small electronics devices. The research by Rouzbeh Shahsavari and Navid Sakhavand appears this month in the American Chemical Society journal Applied Materials and Interfaces. In its two-dimensional form, […]

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July 21, 2015

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Yale Study Shows T Cell Lymphoma Caused by Gene Deletions

Study Shows T Cell Lymphoma Caused by Unusually Large Number of Gene Deletions

A newly published study from Yale University shows that a deadly form of T cell lymphoma is caused by an unusually large number of gene deletions, making it distinct among cancers. Researchers conducted a genomic analysis of normal and cancer cells from patients with cutaneous T-cell lymphoma, a cancer of T-cells of the immune system […]

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July 21, 2015

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Distributed Electric Propulsion May Usher in a New Era of Flight

NASA to Usher in a New Era of Flight

NASA scientists believe distributed electric propulsion is set to usher in a new era of aviation, allowing engineers to do things that they have wanted to do for 50 years. Mark Moore imagines a world where clean, agile airplanes conquer highway gridlock, where soul-sapping, two-hour commutes are replaced with a quick leap through the sky. […]

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July 21, 2015

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Fluid Shifts Investigation to Help Advance Journey to Mars

Fluid Shifts Investigation Advances Journey to Mars

A research partnership between NASA’s Human Research Program and the Russian Space Agency is helping to prepare us for the journey to Mars. NASA and the Russian Space Agency (Roscosmos) are studying the effects of how fluids shift to the upper body in space and how this adaptation to space flight affects changes in vision. […]

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July 21, 2015

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New Technology Could Transform Solar Energy Storage

This New Technology Could Transform Solar Energy Storage

Chemists at UCLA have developed a new technology that is capable of storing solar energy for up to several weeks — an advance that could change the way scientists think about designing solar cells. The materials in most of today’s residential rooftop solar panels can store energy from the sun for only a few microseconds […]

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July 20, 2015

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A New Class of Magnetar-Powered Supernova

A Very Luminous Magnetar-Powered Supernova

ESO’s La Silla and Paranal Observatories have demonstrated for the first time a link between a very long-lasting burst of gamma rays and an unusually bright supernova explosion. The study reveals that the supernova following the burst GRB 111209A was not driven by radioactive decay, as expected, but was instead powered by the decaying super-strong […]

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