July 20, 2012

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Highly Transparent Polymer Solar Cell Produces Energy by Absorbing Near-Infrared Light

transparent solar cells for windows

Using a photoactive plastic that converts infrared light into an electrical current, scientists developed a new kind of polymer solar cell that produces energy by absorbing mainly near-infrared light, not visible light, making the cells nearly 70% transparent to the human eye. UCLA researchers have developed a new transparent solar cell that is an advance […]

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July 20, 2012

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Intermediate-Mass Black Hole Candidates Discovered at the Center of the Milky Way

Using radio telescopes, a team of scientists at Keio University have discovered several intermediate-mass black hole candidates, which are considered to be the “seeds” that form and grow massive black holes, at the center of the Milky Way Galaxy. A research team at Keio University, led by Associate Professor Tomoharu Oka, has discovered intermediate-mass black […]

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July 20, 2012

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Nanomaterials Actively Self-Regulate in Response to Environmental Change

SMARTS self-regulating nanomaterials

A newly published study from a team of engineers describes a strategy for building self-thermoregulating nanomaterials called SMARTS, which may be able to be tailored to maintain just about any desired parameter by meeting the environmental changes with a compensatory chemical feedback response. Living organisms have developed sophisticated ways to maintain stability in a changing […]

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July 20, 2012

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Engineers to Develop a Smart Suit That Improves Physical Endurance

Smart suit improves human physical endurance

Engineers at the Wyss Institute are working on a smart suit that helps improve physical endurance for soldiers in the field, delaying the onset of fatigue and potentially improving the body’s resistance to injuries when carrying heavy loads. The Wyss Institute for Biologically Inspired Engineering at Harvard University today announced that it has received a […]

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July 20, 2012

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Limited River Erosion on Titan has Scientists Looking for Possible Explanations

surface of Saturn’s largest moon may have undergone a recent transformation

Using images taken from Cassini-Huygens, a team of researchers analyzed and mapped 52 prominent liquid methane river networks from four regions on Saturn’s moon Titan, finding surprisingly little erosion and raising questions about what has been happening on Titan in the last billion years. For many years, Titan’s thick, methane- and nitrogen-rich atmosphere kept astronomers […]

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July 19, 2012

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Popular VISTA Image of the Orion Nebula

Taken by ESO’s VISTA survey telescope, this popular image shows a wide-field view of the Orion Nebula (Messier 42), which resides about 1,350 light-years from Earth. The Orion Nebula reveals many of its hidden secrets in a dramatic image taken by ESO’s VISTA survey telescope. The telescope’s huge field of view can show the full […]

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July 19, 2012

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Quantum Entanglement between Widely Separated Atoms

paving the way towards quantum communication over large distances

Scientists have demonstrated a method of heralding entanglement between spins of two single rubidium-87 atoms trapped independently 20 meters apart, paving the way towards quantum communication over large distances. At present, theoretical and experimental physicists think of quantum networks as made of stationary nodes between which the quantum information is mediated by photons via optical […]

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July 19, 2012

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Unexpectedly Slow Plasma Flow Measured Below the Sun’s Surface

Pattern of convection at the surface of the Sun

Using data from the Helioseismic and Magnetic Imager (HMI) onboard SDO, a team of scientists were able to determine the flow velocities at a depth of 55,000 kilometers on the Sun, finding that the flow velocities of the plasma were less than a few meters per second. The interior motions of the Sun are much […]

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July 19, 2012

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Using X-Ray Imaging to Help Improve Lithium-Sulfur Battery Technology

Using X-ray Imaging to Observe Running Batteries in Real Time

In an effort to improve the cycle life of lithium-sulfur batteries and to find new ways to develop commercially viable lithium-sulfur batteries for electric vehicles, scientists at SLAC are examining high-power X-ray images of an actual working battery. Most electric cars, from the Tesla Model S to the Nissan Leaf, run on rechargeable lithium-ion batteries […]

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July 19, 2012

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Large Synoptic Survey Telescope Headed to the Final Design Stage

Large Synoptic Survey Telescope

With an estimated construction cost of $665M and a five year build time, the Large Synoptic Survey Telescope (LSST) received approval from the National Science Board and is headed to the final design stage. With approval from the National Science Board, the National Science Foundation (NSF) Director will advance the Large Synoptic Survey Telescope (LSST) […]

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July 19, 2012

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Chitinase 3-like-1, A Key to Fighting Pneumonia

protein Chi3l1 role in regulating the immune response to pneumonia

While working with mice, scientists at Yale University found that the protein Chitinase 3-like-1 (Chi3l1) was crucial in regulating the immune response to Streptococcus pneumonia, inhibiting the innate immune response and decreasing its ability to damage tissue in the host. A mysterious protein produced by a wide spectrum of living things is crucial in regulating […]

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July 19, 2012

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Self-Assembling Polymer Molecules Create Complex Microchip Structures

Chips with self-assembling rectangles

Using tiny posts to guide the patterning of self-assembling polymer molecules, researchers at MIT developed a new technique to create perfect square and rectangular patterns of tiny polymer wires on microchips. Researchers at MIT have developed a new approach to creating the complex array of wires and connections on microchips, using a system of self-assembling […]

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