May 13, 2015

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Kepler Finds Evidence of Daily Weather Cycles on Exoplanets

Kepler Finds Evidence of Weather Cycles on Exoplanets

Using Kepler data, researchers from the University of Toronto reveal evidence of daily weather cycles on six extra-solar planets. Toronto, Ontario – “Cloudy for the morning, turning to clear with scorching heat in the afternoon.” While this might describe a typical late-summer day in many places on Earth, it may also apply to planets outside […]

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May 13, 2015

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TEMPO Space-Based Pollution Monitoring Instrument Passes NASA Review

TEMPO Pollution Monitoring Instrument Passes Critical Review

A new space-based instrument that will monitor major air pollutants across North America on an hourly basis has successfully completed a critical review by NASA. Cambridge, Massachusetts – The Tropospheric Emissions: Monitoring of Pollution (TEMPO) instrument passed a major milestone April 10, 2015 by successfully completing a critical NASA confirmation review. It has been confirmed […]

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May 13, 2015

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Study Shows Europa’s Mystery Dark Material Could Be Sea Salt

Europa's Mystery Material Could Be Sea Salt

New research from NASA reveals that the dark material coating some geological features of Jupiter’s moon Europa is likely sea salt from a subsurface ocean, discolored by exposure to radiation. The presence of sea salt on Europa’s surface suggests the ocean is interacting with its rocky seafloor — an important consideration in determining whether the […]

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May 13, 2015

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New Horizons Photographs Pluto’s Faintest Known Moons for the First Time

New Horizons Spots Pluto’s Faintest Known Moons

NASA’s New Horizons spacecraft has photographed Kerberos and Styx – the smallest and faintest of Pluto’s five known moons. It’s a complete Pluto family photo – or at least a photo of the family members we’ve already met. Following the spacecraft’s detection of Pluto’s giant moon Charon in July 2013, and Pluto’s smaller moons Hydra […]

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May 12, 2015

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LBT Reveals Lava Lake on Jupiter’s Moon Io

LBT Reveals Lava Lake on Io

The Large Binocular Telescope provides the first detailed observations of a lava lake on Jupiter’s moon Io. With the first detailed observations of a lava lake on a moon of Jupiter, the Large Binocular Telescope Observatory in Arizona places itself as the forerunner of the next generation of Extremely Large Telescopes. The applied high-resolution imaging […]

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May 12, 2015

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Suspended Microchannel Resonator Measures Nanoparticles As They Flow

New Device Measures Tiny Particles as They Flow Through a Microfluidic Channel

Using a suspended microchannel resonator, researchers can measure the relative positions of tiny particles as they flow through a fluidic channel, potentially offering an easy way to monitor the assembly of nanoparticles, or to study how mass is distributed within a cell. With further advancements, this technology has the potential to resolve the shape of […]

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May 12, 2015

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Scientists Replicate the Molecular Processes That Led from Dinosaur Snouts to Bird Beaks

Researchers Retrace the Bird’s Beak to Its Dinosaur Origins

Researchers have conducted the first successful reversion of a bird’s skull features, replicating ancestral molecular development to transform chicken embryos in a laboratory into specimens with a snout and palate configuration similar to that of small dinosaurs. Scientists have successfully replicated the molecular processes that led from dinosaur snouts to the first bird beaks. Using […]

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May 12, 2015

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The Owens Valley Long Wavelength Array Searches the Entire Sky 24/7

Owens Valley Long Wavelength Array

The Owens Valley Long Wavelength Array has the ability to image the entire sky at radio wavelengths with unmatched speed, helping astronomers to search for objects and phenomena that pulse, flicker, flare, or explode. The new tool, the Owens Valley Long Wavelength Array (OV-LWA), is already producing unprecedented videos of the radio sky. Astronomers hope […]

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May 11, 2015

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Physicists Corral Electrons Using a New Quantum Tool

Whispering Gallery Effect Confines Electrons

A newly published study details how physicists from MIT used a new “whispering gallery” effect to confine electrons in a nanoscale circular cavity in graphene. Researchers have succeeded in creating a new “whispering gallery” effect for electrons in a sheet of graphene — making it possible to precisely control a region that reflects electrons within […]

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May 11, 2015

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The Changing Frequency of Galaxy Collisions

New Theoretical Framework for Calculating the Frequency of Galaxy Mergers

New research from the Illustris project examines the changing frequency of galaxy collisions, as the universe evolves from the big bang to the present day. Our knowledge of the big bang has increased dramatically in the past decade, as satellites and ground-based studies of the cosmic microwave background have refined parameters associated with the very […]

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May 11, 2015

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Yale Research Shows How Renalase Protects Kidney and Heart from Injury

Study Details How Key Protein Protects Kidney and Heart from Injury

A newly published study from Yale University details how the protein renalase protects cells from the type of severe injury that could result in a heart attack or kidney failure. The finding may lead to new treatments that protect against those conditions. Dr. Gary V. Desir, professor of medicine, and fellow researchers at Yale School […]

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May 11, 2015

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Serene Saturn – Cassini Image of Saturn and Mimas

Cassini Views Saturn

Taken by NASA’s Cassini Spacecraft, this image shows Saturn and Mimas using a spectral filter centered at 752 nanometers, in the near-infrared portion of the spectrum. From a distance Saturn seems to exude an aura of serenity and peace. In spite of this appearance, Saturn is an active and dynamic world. Its atmosphere is a […]

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May 11, 2015

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New Images by NASA’s Dawn Spacecraft Show Mysterious Bright Spots on Ceres

Ceres Animation Showcases Bright Spots

A new sequence of images taken by NASA’s Dawn spacecraft shows the mysterious bright spots on the dwarf planet Ceres. The images were taken on May 3 and 4, 2015 from a distance of 8,400 miles (13,600 kilometers). In this closest-yet view, the brightest spots within a crater in the northern hemisphere are revealed to […]

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May 11, 2015

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Hubble Views Elliptical Galaxy NGC 3923

Hubble Image of Elliptical Galaxy NGC 3923

This Hubble image of the week shows elliptical galaxy NGC 3923, which is located over 90 million light-years away in the constellation of Hydra. NGC 3923 is an example of a shell galaxy where the stars in its halo are arranged in layers. Finding concentric shells of stars enclosing a galaxy is quite common and […]

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May 8, 2015

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Neuroscientists Pinpoint Neurons That Help Tell Faces Apart

Neuroscientists Pinpoint Neurons That Help Primates Tell Faces Apart

Using optogenetics, neuroscientists from MIT have provided the first evidence that directly links FD neurons to face-discrimination in primates — specifically, differentiating between males and females. How do primates, including humans, tell faces apart? Scientists have long attributed this ability to so-called “face-detector” (FD) neurons, thought to be responsible for distinguishing faces, among other objects. […]

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May 8, 2015

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Vitamin A Receptor Helps Protect Lungs from Smoke Exposure and Viral Infections

Vitamin A Receptor Protects Lungs from Smoking

New research shows that vitamin A that plays a key role in lung development and maintenance, and may play a protective role in lung injury caused by cigarette smoke exposure and viral infections. It’s no surprise that smoking is bad for the lungs. But only 10%-20% of long-term smokers will develop serious conditions that affect […]

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May 8, 2015

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Halo Around the Andromeda Galaxy is Larger Than Previously Thought

Hubble Reveals Giant Halo Around the Andromeda Galaxy

Using the Hubble Space Telescope, astronomers have discovered that the immense halo of gas enveloping the Andromeda galaxy is about six times larger and 1,000 times more massive than previously thought. The dark, nearly invisible halo stretches about a million light-years from its host galaxy, halfway to our own Milky Way galaxy. This finding promises […]

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