August 13, 2015

1 Comment

NASA’s Orion Spacecraft Begins Critical Design Review

Orion Spacecraft Begins Critical Design Review Milestone

NASA’s Orion Spacecraft began its critical design review last week, a major program milestone that will ensure the spacecraft’s design is ready for its deep space missions atop NASA’s Space Launch System rocket. Orion, which successfully flew about 3,600 miles into space last year during an uncrewed flight test, is being developed to send astronauts […]

Continue reading...

August 12, 2015

0 Comments

New Analysis Provides More Accurate Estimates of Sources of Mercury Emissions

Asia Produces Twice as Much Mercury Emissions as Previously Thought

A new analysis from MIT provides more accurate estimates of sources of mercury emissions from around the world, revealing that Asia produces twice as much mercury emissions as previously thought. Once mercury is emitted into the atmosphere from the smokestacks of power plants, the pollutant has a complicated trajectory; even after it settles onto land […]

Continue reading...

August 12, 2015

0 Comments

SEAS Engineers Develop More Efficient Solar Cells

SEAS Researchers Develop More Efficient Solar Cells

Using a technique that mimics how plants use solar energy and forcing two otherwise incompatible molecules to work together to cover the full color spectrum, engineers from Yale University have significantly increased the efficiency of polymer solar cells. The researchers, in Dr. Andre Taylor’s Transformative Materials & Devices Lab, developed a solar cell that performed […]

Continue reading...

August 12, 2015

1 Comment

Researchers Identify a Potential Marker for Schizophrenia

New Study Shows Brain Abnormalities Are Present Even Before Onset of Schizophrenia

New research from Yale University reveals that even before the onset of schizophrenia, irregularities in key brain areas are already present in individuals at higher risk of developing psychosis. The findings identify a potential marker for the debilitating disease that afflicts 1% of the world’s population and suggest at least a partial explanation for why […]

Continue reading...

August 12, 2015

0 Comments

GAMA Survey Reveals the Slow Death of the Universe

GAMA Survey Reveals the Slow Death of the Universe

The Galaxy And Mass Assembly project released its first data at at the International Astronomical Union XXIX General Assembly in Hawaii, revealing that the Universe is slowly dying. An international team of astronomers studying more than 200,000 galaxies has measured the energy generated within a large portion of space more precisely than ever before. This […]

Continue reading...

August 12, 2015

0 Comments

Ten Years and Counting, Mars Orbiter Still Going Strong

Mars Orbiter Still Going Strong One Decade Later

It’s been ten years since the launch of NASA’s Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter and its work is far from over. The Mars Orbiter has revealed the Red Planet’s diversity and activity, returning more data about Mars every week than all six other missions currently active there. The workhorse orbiter now plays a key role in NASA’s […]

Continue reading...

August 12, 2015

0 Comments

Astronomers Identify the Smallest Supermassive Black Hole to Date

Chandra Identifies the Smallest Supermassive Black Hole Ever Detected

Using NASA’s Chandra X-ray Observatory and the 6.5-meter Clay Telescope, a team of astronomers has identified the smallest supermassive black hole ever detected in the center of a galaxy. This oxymoronic object could provide clues to how larger black holes formed along with their host galaxies 13 billion years or more in the past. Astronomers […]

Continue reading...

August 12, 2015

0 Comments

Rosetta Spacecraft Views an Outburst from Comet 67P

Outburst from Comet 67P Viewed by Rosetta

A new set of images from the European Space Agency’s Rosetta spacecraft shows a short-lived outburst from comet 67P/Churyumov–Gerasimenko. The European Space Agency’s Rosetta spacecraft has been witnessing growing activity from comet 67P/Churyumov–Gerasimenko as the comet approaches perihelion (its closest point to the sun during its orbit). On July 29, while the spacecraft orbited at […]

Continue reading...

August 11, 2015

0 Comments

Newly Discovered Planet Kepler-453b Orbits Two Stars

Astronomers Discover A New Planet Orbiting Two Stars

Using Kepler data astronomers have discovered Kepler-453b – a circumbinary planet located within the “habitable zone.” A team of astronomers including a San Francisco State University researcher has discovered a new planet orbiting a pair of stars, the 10th “circumbinary” planet discovered by NASA’s Kepler Mission and a milestone for the 6-year-old spacecraft. The planet, […]

Continue reading...

August 11, 2015

5 Comments

The Nearest Potentially Habitable Planet is Roughly Nine Light-Years Away

Distance to the Nearest Potentially Habitable Planet

A new study from the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics has examined Kepler observations for exoplanet transits around lower mass M-dwarf stars, revealing that the nearest potentially habitable Earth-sized planet is likely to be about nine light-years away. The Kepler mission has so far spotted an astonishing 4696 possible exoplanets; about one third of them, 1030, […]

Continue reading...

August 11, 2015

0 Comments

The Direct Imaging and Spectroscopy of a Young Extrasolar Kuiper Belt

Direct Imaging and Spectroscopy of a Young Extrasolar Kuiper Belt

Using the new spectrometer on the Gemini telescope to study a star slightly larger than the Sun, astronomers found that the debris ring is confined to a Kuiper belt–like distance from the star and that its dust has properties consistent with that of the major constituents of Kuiper belt bodies — including water ice. The […]

Continue reading...

August 11, 2015

0 Comments

Researchers Reveal How Chronic Inflammation Can Lead to Cancer

Researchers Discover How the Immune System Can Create Cancerous DNA Mutations

New research from MIT reveals how the immune system can create cancerous DNA mutations when fighting off infection. Chronic inflammation caused by disease or exposure to dangerous chemicals has long been linked to cancer, but exactly how this process takes place has remained unclear. Now, a precise mechanism by which chronic inflammation can lead to […]

Continue reading...

August 11, 2015

0 Comments

Newly Developed Simple Protein Plays Active Role in Cellular Function

Yale Scientists Develope Simple New Proteins

Scientists from Yale University have created a synthetic protein that is active, despite its simplicity. Yale scientists have developed simple new proteins almost devoid of chemical diversity that still play a surprisingly active and specific role in cellular function, causing cells to act like cancer cells, they report August 10 in the Proceedings of the […]

Continue reading...

August 11, 2015

0 Comments

Naturally Occurring Atmospheric Processes and Chinese Pollution Offset Ozone Gains

Pollution Offsets U.S. West Ozone Gains

A newly published study reveals that a combination of naturally occurring atmospheric processes and pollutants crossing the Pacific Ocean from China have offset the reduction of ozone-forming pollutants from the United States. New research finds that the western United States reduced its production of ozone-forming pollutants by a whopping 21 percent between 2005 and 2010, […]

Continue reading...

August 11, 2015

0 Comments

NASA TV Will Broadcast Perseid Meteor Shower Program

NASA to Host Perseid Meteor Shower Program

NASA TV will host a program for this week’s Perseid meteor shower, which is expected to be one of the best in years. NASA’s Marshall Space Flight Center in Huntsville, Alabama, will broadcast a live program about this year’s Perseid meteor shower from 10 p.m. EDT Wednesday, August 12 to 2 a.m. Thursday, August 13. […]

Continue reading...

August 10, 2015

1 Comment

MIT Physicists Create a Superfluid in a Record-High Magnetic Field

Physicists Create a Superfluid Gas

Physicists from MIT have created a superfluid gas, the so-called Bose-Einstein condensate, for the first time in an extremely high magnetic field. The magnetic field is a synthetic magnetic field, generated using laser beams, and is 100 times stronger than that of the world’s strongest magnets. Within this magnetic field, the researchers could keep a […]

Continue reading...

August 10, 2015

0 Comments

Researchers Detect a Self-Regulating Cycle of Star Births Within Elliptical Galaxies

Astronomers Sort Through Thickets of Stars in Elliptical Galaxies

Astronomers help untangle the cosmic knots of stars at the center of giant elliptical galaxies. Two studies, one led by Yale’s Grant Tremblay and other led by Michigan State University researcher Megan Donahue, are providing new information about why the universe’s largest elliptical galaxies ratchet down their star production despite having plenty of available star-making […]

Continue reading...

August 10, 2015

2 Comments

Solving the Mystery of Jupiter’s Great Red Spot

Jupiter’s Great Red Spot

NASA scientists continue to study Jupiter and its Great Red Spot, hoping to solve the mystery of its swirl of reddish hues. The largest and most powerful hurricanes ever recorded on Earth spanned over 1,000 miles across with winds gusting up to around 200 mph. That’s wide enough to stretch across nearly all U.S. states […]

Continue reading...