July 15, 2015

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New Animation Shows Views of Pluto Through the Years

Closing in on Pluto Images Over the Years

This new animation from NASA combines various observations of Pluto over the course of several decades. The first frame is a digital zoom-in on Pluto as it appeared upon its discovery by Clyde Tombaugh in 1930 (image courtesy Lowell Observatory Archives). The other images show various views of Pluto as seen by NASA’s Hubble Space […]

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July 15, 2015

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NASA’s New Horizons Spacecraft Reveals First Close-Up View of Pluto

First Close-up Images of Pluto

NASA’s New Horizons Spacecraft shows a close-up image of an equatorial region near the base of Pluto’s bright heart-shaped feature, revealing a mountain range with peaks jutting as high as 11,000 feet (3,500 meters) above the surface of the icy body. Icy mountains on Pluto and a new, crisp view of its largest moon, Charon, […]

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July 15, 2015

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Scientists Discover a New Source of Greenhouse Gases

Researchers Discover a New Source of Greenhouse Gases

Researchers from the Max Planck Institute for Chemistry reveal that lichens, mosses and cyanobacteria produce large amounts of nitrous oxide. Inconspicuous creatures surprise with a property that is important for our climate: Lichens, mosses and cyanobacteria release large quantities of the greenhouse gas nitrous oxide (N2O), also known as laughing gas, and low quantities of […]

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July 15, 2015

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Astronomers Discover a “Jupiter Twin” Around a Sun-Like Star

Astronomers Discover Jupiter Twin Orbiting HIP 11915

Using the ESO 3.6-meter telescope, an international team of astronomers has identified a planet just like Jupiter orbiting at the same distance from the Sun-like star HIP 11915. According to current theories, the formation of Jupiter-mass planets plays an important role in shaping the architecture of planetary systems. The existence of a Jupiter-mass planet in […]

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July 15, 2015

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How Electrical Charge Carriers Move in Conjugated Polymers

Solving the Mysteries of Conductivity in Polymers

In a newly published study scientists from MIT and Brookhaven National Laboratory reveal how electrical charge carriers move in conjugated polymers, potentially opening up further research on such applications. Materials known as conjugated polymers have been seen as very promising candidates for electronics applications, including capacitors, photodiodes, sensors, organic light-emitting diodes, and thermoelectric devices. But […]

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July 15, 2015

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New Horizons Completes Pluto Flyby, Moving Deeper Into the Kuiper Belt

New Horizons Completes Pluto Flyby

NASA’s New Horizons Spacecraft has completed its flyby of Pluto, collecting so much data it will take 16 months to send it all back to Earth. The call everyone was waiting for is in. NASA’s New Horizons spacecraft phoned home just before 9 p.m. EDT Tuesday to tell the mission team and the world it […]

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July 15, 2015

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NASA Video of Final Images from New Horizons’ Approach to Pluto

Video of New Horizons' Images of Pluto

This short NASA video shows New Horizons’ view of Pluto during the final week of its almost 10-year, three-billion-mile journey towards the dwarf planet.

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July 15, 2015

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False Color Images Show the Complexity of Pluto and Charon

New False Color Image of Pluto and Charon

These new false color images from the New Horizons Spacecraft reveal that Pluto and Charon are truly complex worlds. New Horizons has obtained impressive new images of Pluto and its large moon Charon that highlight their compositional diversity. These are not actual color images of Pluto and Charon—they are shown here in exaggerated colors that […]

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July 14, 2015

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CERN Reports Observation of Pentaquark Particles

CERN’s LHCb Experiment Detects Exotic Pentaquark Particles

Physicists at CERN’s Large Hadron Collider have reported the discovery of a class of particles known as pentaquarks. “The pentaquark is not just any new particle,” said LHCb spokesperson Guy Wilkinson. “It represents a way to aggregate quarks, namely the fundamental constituents of ordinary protons and neutrons, in a pattern that has never been observed […]

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July 14, 2015

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Diabetes Medication Could Be Used to Reduce Tumor Growth

Diabetes Medicine Could Reduce Tumor Growth

Researchers from UCLA have identified a new mechanism that delivers glucose to cancer cells, providing evidence that drugs used to treat diabetes could be used to reduce tumor growth in pancreatic and prostate cancers. Cancer cells require high amounts of the sugar glucose to survive and grow, and long-standing research has established passive glucose transporters, […]

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July 14, 2015

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Researchers Observed 13 Equally Spaced, Zebra-Like Stripes of Plasma in Space

Researchers Identify Zebra-Like Stripes of Plasma in Space

A team of researchers from MIT and UCLA have identified zebra-like stripes of plasma in a region of space about 12,000 miles from Earth’s surface. The structure may help scientists identify radiation-remediation strategies in space. Since the early 1970s, orbiting satellites have picked up on noise-like plasma waves very close to the Earth’s magnetic field […]

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July 14, 2015

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Richard Binzel Answers Questions on New Horizons’ Closest View of Pluto

New Horizons Spacecraft Views Pluto

Richard Binzel, a New Horizons mission co-investigator, takes time to answer questions about New Horizons unprecedented view of Pluto and how the new images may shed light on planetary formation. On January 19, 2006, NASA launched a space probe the size of a golf cart on a mission to explore the farthest reaches of the […]

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July 14, 2015

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New Horizons Measures Size of Pluto, Settles Decades-Long Debate

New Horizons Settles Decades-Long Debate on Pluto's Size

NASA’s New Horizons Spacecraft has only just reached Pluto, but it has already solved a decades-long debated question about the dwarf planet: How big is Pluto? Mission scientists have found Pluto to be 1,473 miles (2,370 kilometers) in diameter, somewhat larger than many prior estimates. Images acquired with the Long Range Reconnaissance Imager (LORRI) were […]

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July 14, 2015

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NASA’s New Horizons Spacecraft Reaches Historic Encounter with Pluto

NASA’s New Horizons Spacecraft Views Pluto

After three billion miles and a decade-long journey through our solar system, NASA’s New Horizons Spacecraft has finally reached Pluto. New Horizons made its closest approach at a distance of roughly 7,750 miles above the surface, making it the first-ever space mission to explore a world so far from Earth. “I’m delighted at this latest […]

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July 13, 2015

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How Scent and Nectar Influence Pollinators and Herbivores

Flowers Use Scent and Nectar to Manipulate Pollinators

Scientists from the Max Planck Institute for Chemical Ecology reveal how flowers use scent and nectar to manipulate pollinators and herbivores. Some pollinators not only provide fertilization services for flowering plants, they also lay their eggs on the plants’ leaves after they have visited the flowers. Voracious caterpillars hatch from these eggs and their enormous […]

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July 13, 2015

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Harvard Engineers Create a 3D Printed Autonomous Robot

3D Printed Soft Robot

Using a 3D printer, Harvard engineers have developed one of the first soft robots that moves autonomously. Traditional industrial robots are rigid — mostly metal — as well as fast, precise, and powerful. Their speed and accuracy come at the cost of complexity and can often pose a danger to humans who get too close. […]

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July 13, 2015

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MIT Engineers Explain Why Puddles Stop Spreading

A Closer Look at Why Puddles Stop Spreading

New research from engineers at MIT helps explain the science of why puddles stop spreading. When you spill a bit of water onto a tabletop, the puddle spreads — and then stops, leaving a well-defined area of water with a sharp boundary. There’s just one problem: The formulas scientists use to describe such a fluid […]

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July 13, 2015

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Cassini Views Titan Looking “Not So Titanic” Next to Saturn

Cassini Spacecraft Views Titan and Saturn

As this new image from NASA’s Cassini Spacecraft shows, Titan is a “large” moon but it is still dwarfed by Saturn. Although Titan (3200 miles or 5150 kilometers across) is the second-largest moon in the solar system, Saturn is still much bigger, with a diameter almost 23 times larger than Titan’s. This disparity between planet […]

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