November 10, 2014

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Astronomers Dissect the Remains of Supernova 1987A

Astronomers Dissect the Aftermath of SN1987A

Using radio telescopes in Australia and Chile, astronomers were able to see inside the remains of a supernova 1987A and distinguish radiation being emitted by the supernova’s expanding shock wave from the radiation caused by dust forming in the inner regions of the remnant. The supernova, known as SN1987A, was first seen by observers in […]

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November 10, 2014

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UCLA Scientists Propose a Benchmark for Better Stem Cell Replication

Scientists Propose Benchmark for Better Replication of Natural Stem Cells

New research from UCLA establishes a standard to assess how conditions used to procure stem cells in the lab compare to those found in a human embryo, and could provide the foundation for scientists to more precisely replicate natural stem cell development in an artificial environment. The study, which was led by Guoping Fan, professor […]

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November 10, 2014

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Muscle Mass and Chronic Kidney Disease

Muscle Mass is Not an Accurate a Predictor of Chronic Kidney Disease

A newly published study from Yale University reveals that muscle mass is not as accurate a predictor of chronic kidney disease outcomes as previously thought. In a study published online by the Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology, researchers looked at data from 3,604 patients with chronic kidney disease. They checked for an […]

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November 10, 2014

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New Research Reveals the Role of Magnetic Fields in Star Formation

Scientists Reveal Role of Magnetic Fields in Star Formation

Using the Submillimeter Array to study the magnetic field in a massive star cluster, astronomers were able to determine the properties of the magnetic field and the role they play in star formation. Massive stars tend to form in clusters as the gas and dust in molecular clouds collapses and fragments under the influence of […]

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November 10, 2014

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Spacecraft Reveal Siding Spring’s Effects on Martian Atmosphere

NASA Spacecraft Reveal Comet Flyby Effects on Martian Atmosphere

Data from several spacecraft have revealed that debris from Comet Siding Spring added a temporary and very strong layer of ions to the ionosphere of Mars, allowing scientists to make a direct connection from the input of debris from a specific meteor shower to the formation of this kind of transient layer in response. Two […]

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November 10, 2014

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Hubble Views Galaxy Cluster Abell 1413

New Hubble Image of Galaxy Cluster Abell 1413

This newly released Hubble Space Telescope image shows the super-rich galaxy cluster Abell 1413. Located between the constellations of Leo (The Lion) and Coma Berenices, the galaxy cluster Abell 1413 is over 2 billion light-years from Earth. This image is dominated by a large and highly elliptical galaxy called MCG+04-28-097, with a halo of stars […]

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November 7, 2014

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MAGIC Telescopes Observe Black Hole Gamma-Ray Lightning

MAGIC Telescopes Reveal Black Hole Gamma-Ray Lightning

Using the MAGIC telescopes at La Palma, astronomers have recorded an extreme event coming from the regions immediately surrounding a supermassive black hole located in the heart of the radio galaxy IC310. The MAGIC telescopes at La Palma have recorded the fastest gamma-ray flares seen to date, produced in the vicinity of a super-massive black […]

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November 7, 2014

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Human Body Weight Influenced by Microbes in the Gut

Research Shows Weight Influenced by Microbes in the Gut

New research from King’s College London and Cornell University reveals that genetic makeup influences whether people are fat or thin by shaping which types of microbes thrive in our body, paving the way for personalized probiotic therapies that are optimized to reduce the risk of obesity-related diseases based on an individual’s genetic make-up. By studying […]

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November 7, 2014

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Graphene-Based Supercapacitors May Significantly Boost the Power of Electric Vehicles

Nano-Infused Supercapacitors May Power Cars

Using a combination of exfoliated graphene and entangled multiwalled carbon nanotubes combined with plastic, paper and a gelled electrolyte, researchers have developed flexible, solid-state supercapacitors that could significantly boost the power of electric vehicles. Rice University scientist Matteo Pasquali and his team contributed to two new papers that suggest the nano-infused body of a car […]

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November 7, 2014

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New On-Site Fabrication Process Makes Taller Wind Turbines More Feasible

New Fabrication Process Makes Taller Wind Turbines More Feasible

MIT engineers have developed a new fabrication system that adapts a traditional pipe-making technology to make wind turbines on location, at wind farms, making taller towers more economically feasible. Wind turbines across the globe are being made taller to capture more energy from the stronger winds that blow at greater heights. But it’s not easy, […]

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November 7, 2014

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Hubble Completes Largest Survey of Dusty Debris Disks around Other Stars

Hubble Survey of Circumstellar Disks

Using the Hubble Space Telescope, astronomers have uncovered a similar diversity in the debris systems that coincide with the formation of exoplanets, suggesting that there is some sort of interdependence between a planet and the accompanying debris system. Astronomers using NASA’s Hubble Space Telescope have completed the largest and most sensitive visible-light imaging survey of […]

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November 7, 2014

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CIBER Rocket Findings Redefine What Scientists Think of as Galaxies

NASA Rocket Redefines What Astronomers Think of as Galaxies

Observations from the Cosmic Infrared Background Experiment (CIBER) have revealed a surprising surplus of infrared light in the dark space between galaxies, redefining what astronomers think of as galaxies. A NASA sounding rocket experiment has detected a surprising surplus of infrared light in the dark space between galaxies, a diffuse cosmic glow as bright as […]

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November 6, 2014

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Gravitational-Wave Observations Shine New Light on Universe Expansion

Neutron Stars Shine New Light on Universe Expansion

A newly published study details how scientists developed a new way to use gravitational waves to measure the expansion rate of the universe. In a paper published in the journal Physical Review X, the international research team outline how they have developed highly advanced computer simulations to use special types of neutron stars to learn […]

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