August 13, 2014

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Neurobiologists Examine Insular Cortex, Could Play an Important Role in Autism

New Research Could Lead to Therapeutic Strategies for Autism

Scientists from Harvard University and the Max-Planck Institute unravel a neural circuit that could play an important role in autism. The insular cortex is an integral “hub”, combining sensory, emotional and cognitive content. Not surprisingly, alterations in insular structure and function have been reported in many psychiatric disorders, such as anxiety disorders, depression, addiction and […]

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August 13, 2014

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Researchers Grow Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes with Identical Electronic Properties

Scientists Grow Custom Made Nanotubes

Using custom-made organic precursor molecules, researchers have succeeded for the first time in growing single-walled carbon nanotubes with identical electronic properties. In future, it will be possible to specifically equip carbon nanotubes with properties which they need for electronic applications, for example. Researchers at Empa in Dübendorf/Switzerland and the Max Planck Institute for Solid State […]

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August 13, 2014

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Materials Scientists Turn Metal Into Glass

Engineers Form Monatomic Metallic Glasses

In a newly published study, University of Pittsburgh researchers report an experimental approach to the formation of monatomic metallic glasses through ultrafast liquid quenching. Materials scientists have long sought to form glass from pure, monoatomic metals. Scott X. Mao and colleagues did it. Their paper, “Formation of Monoatomic Metallic Glasses Through Ultrafast Liquid Quenching,” was […]

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August 13, 2014

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A*STAR Researchers Develop High-Capacity Method to Purify Monoclonal Antibodies

Magnetic Nanoparticles Break the Capacity Barrier for Antibody Purification

Researchers from A*STAR have developed a high-capacity method to purify monoclonal antibodies that uses magnetic nanoparticles. Monoclonal antibodies represent the largest and fastest-growing segment of international biopharma. While these therapeutic agents are a boon for global healthcare, productivity constraints pose a serious challenge for manufacturers seeking to make sufficient amounts for therapeutic applications. Now, A*STAR […]

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August 13, 2014

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Cassini Tracks Clouds Developing Over Ligeia Mare on Titan

Cassini Tracks Clouds Developing Over a Sea on Titan

A newly released animated image from NASA’s Cassini spacecraft shows methane clouds moving above the large methane sea known as Ligeia Mare on Saturn’s moon Titan. NASA’s Cassini spacecraft recently captured images of clouds moving across the northern hydrocarbon seas of Saturn’s moon Titan. This renewed weather activity, considered overdue by researchers, could finally signal […]

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August 13, 2014

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NuSTAR Sees Rare Event Near Supermassive Black Hole Markarian 335

NuSTAR Sees Rare Blurring of Black Hole Light

NuSTAR observations reveal X-ray light streaming from regions near supermassive black hole Markarian 335. NASA’s Nuclear Spectroscopic Telescope Array (NuSTAR) has captured an extreme and rare event in the regions immediately surrounding a supermassive black hole. A compact source of X-rays that sits near the black hole, called the corona, has moved closer to the […]

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August 12, 2014

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Bioengineers at Tufts Create Functional 3D Brain-Like Tissue

Bioengineers Create Functional 3D Brain Like Tissue

Bioengineers at the Tissue Engineering Resource Center at Tufts University have created three-dimensional brain-like tissue that functions like and has structural features similar to tissue in the rat brain. Bioengineers have created three-dimensional brain-like tissue that functions like and has structural features similar to tissue in the rat brain and that can be kept alive […]

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August 12, 2014

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Researchers Uncover New Causes for ALS

Researchers Uncover New Causes for ALS

Researchers from the Max Planck Institute for Biology and University College London have uncovered new causes for ALS and a specific form of dementia. Scientists at the Max Planck Institute for Biology of Ageing in Cologne and University College London have now unearthed the way in which a specific genetic mutation leads to neuronal damage […]

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August 12, 2014

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New Model Reveals How Geckos Cling to Objects

New Model Reveals How Geckos Cling to Objects

A new model from scientists at Oregon State University shows how geckos use tiny, branched hairs called “seta” to effortlessly cling to objects like walls. Corvallis, Oregon – Researchers at Oregon State University have developed a model that explains how geckos, as well as spiders and some insects, can run up and down walls, cling […]

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August 12, 2014

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Early Quasars Got a “Super Boost” from Star Clusters

Analysis Shows That Early Quasars Got a Super Boost from Large Reservoirs of Gas

New research form Yale University and the Weizmann Institute shows that early quasars took in a “super boost,” feasting from large reservoirs of gas that were part of early star clusters. The universe’s oldest, brightest beacons may have gorged themselves in the dense, cold, gas flows of the early cosmos — creating a kind of […]

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August 11, 2014

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Scientists Detect a Possible Signal from Dark Matter

Researchers Detect a Possible Sign of Dark Matter

Using data from the Chandra X-ray Observatory, astrophysicists may have detected an emission line from a form of dark matter, the sterile neutrino, in the spectrum of galaxy clusters. Galaxies are often found in groups or clusters, the largest known aggregations of matter and dark matter. The Milky Way, for example, is a member of […]

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August 11, 2014

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Calcium-Rich Supernovae Formed by Colliding White Dwarfs and Neutron Stars

New Research Shows Loneliest Supernovae Formed by White Dwarfs Crashing into Neutron Stars

A new study from astrophysicists at the University of Warwick reveals that calcium-rich supernovae are likely created by white dwarf stars crashing into neutron stars. A research team led by astronomers and astrophysicists at the University of Warwick have found that some of the Universe’s loneliest supernovae are likely created by the collisions of white […]

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