December 5, 2014

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MIT Startup LiquidPiston Develops a More Efficient Rotary Engine

Rotary Engine More Efficient than Counterparts

A new rotary engine from MIT startup LiquidPiston is lighter, quieter, and more efficient than its counterparts. Noise, excessive vibration, and relative inefficiency are drawbacks of the piston-based internal combustion engines (ICE) that power today’s lawn and garden equipment, such as leaf blowers and lawn trimmers. But now MIT startup LiquidPiston has developed a rotary […]

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December 5, 2014

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New Observations Confirm Variability of Young Stellar Objects

Rho Ophiuchi

Using the Spitzer Space Telescope to monitor the variability of light from 882 previously identified young stellar objects, astronomers confirm that probably all YSOs are variable at infrared wavelengths to some degree, and moreover that the younger, more deeply embedded stars often have longer and larger intensity variations, consistent with the current disk evolution picture. […]

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December 5, 2014

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Space Agencies Across the Globe Prepare to Explore Comets and Asteroids

Exploring Comets and Asteroids

With Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency’s recent launch of the Hayabusa2 mission, NASA and other space agencies across the globe are opening up new possibilities for space exploration with missions to comets, asteroids, and other celestial bodies. Following NASA, European Space Agency (ESA), and Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) spacecraft observations of the close flyby of […]

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December 5, 2014

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Dawn Captures New Image of Dwarf Planet Ceres

Dawn Snaps Its Best-Yet Image of Ceres

This new image from the Dawn spacecraft was acquired as part of a final calibration of the science camera before Dawn’s arrival at Ceres. The image was taken at a distance of roughly 740,000 miles (1.2 million kilometers) from Ceres. The Dawn spacecraft has delivered a glimpse of Ceres, the largest body in the main […]

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December 4, 2014

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Researchers Demonstrate Superconductivity without Cooling

Superconductivity without Cooling

New research details how scientists used an infrared laser pulse to briefly modify the structure of a high-temperature superconductor, removing its electrical resistance at room temperature. Superconductivity is a remarkable phenomenon: superconductors can transport electric current without any resistance and thus without any losses whatsoever. It is already in use in some niche areas, for […]

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December 4, 2014

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A Pulsar Orbiting a Black Hole Could be the ‘Holy Grail’ for Testing Gravity

Neutron Star-Black Hole Binary

A new study examines in what sense a neutron star-black hole binary could the ‘holy grail’ for testing gravity. The intermittent light emitted by pulsars, the most precise timekeepers in the universe, allows scientists to verify Einstein’s theory of relativity, especially when these objects are paired up with another neutron star or white dwarf that […]

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December 4, 2014

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ESO Image of the Week – Surprise within a Cloud

ESO Image of the Week

This newly released ESO image of the week was made using the Visible and Infrared Survey Telescope for Astronomy. This image shows a region of the Milky Way that lies within the constellation of Scorpius, close to the central plane of the galaxy. The region hosts a dense cloud of dust and gas associated with […]

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December 4, 2014

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Green Light for European Extremely Large Telescope Construction

Approval to Build European Extremely Large Telescope

The green light has been given for the construction of the European Extremely Large Telescope – a 39-meter aperture optical and infrared telescope sited on Cerro Armazones in the Chilean Atacama Desert. At a recent meeting ESO’s main governing body, the Council, gave the green light [1] for the construction of the European Extremely Large […]

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December 4, 2014

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Researchers Uncover an Easily Detectable Precancerous State in Blood

Researchers Uncovered a Detectable Precancerous State in Blood

Two newly published studies detail the discovery of a precancerous state found in blood, paving the way for research that focuses on detection and prevention of blood cancers. Researchers from the Broad Institute of MIT and Harvard, Harvard Medical School, the Harvard Stem Cell Institute (HSCI), and Harvard-affiliated hospitals have uncovered an easily detectable, “premalignant” […]

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December 4, 2014

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Greater Adherence to the Mediterranean Diet Has Impact on Aging

Mediterranean Diet has Impact on Aging

New research from Brigham and Women’s Hospital is the first study to link women, Mediterranean diet, and biomarkers of aging, revealing that greater adherence to the Mediterranean diet correlated with longer telomeres. The Mediterranean diet consistently has been linked with an array of health benefits, including decreased risk of chronic disease and cancer. Until now, […]

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December 4, 2014

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New Computer Model Designs Complicated 3D Structures from DNA

MIT Engineers Design Complex DNA Shapes

Biological engineers from MIT have developed a new computer model that enables them to design the most complicated 3D structures ever made from DNA, including rings, bowls, and geometric structures such as icosahedrons that resemble viral particles. This design program could allow researchers to build DNA scaffolds to anchor arrays of proteins and light-sensitive molecules […]

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December 3, 2014

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Engineers Move Toward Using Light Instead of Wires Inside Computers

Engineers Take a Step Toward Using Light Instead of Wires Inside Computers

Using a new algorithm, engineers from Stanford University have developed a prism-like device that can split a beam of light into different colors and bend the light at right angles, a development that could eventually lead to computers that use optics, rather than electricity, to carry data. They describe what they call an “optical link” […]

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December 3, 2014

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Brain Representations of Social Thoughts Accurately Predict Autism Diagnosis

New Findings Identify Altered Thought-Markers of Autism

Researchers from Carnegie Mellon University have developed brain-reading techniques that use neural representations of social thoughts to predict autism diagnoses with 97 percent accuracy, establishing the first biologically based diagnostic tool that measures a person’s thoughts to detect the disorder that affects many children and adults worldwide. Pittsburgh — Psychiatric disorders, including autism, are characterized […]

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December 3, 2014

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Astronomers Find a New Example of a Very Rare Type of Galaxy

Strange Galaxy Perplexes Astronomers

Astronomers have discovered a new example of a very rare type of galaxy that may yield valuable insight on how galaxies developed in the early Universe. The galaxy they studied, named J1649+2635, nearly 800 million light-years from Earth, is a spiral galaxy, like our own Milky Way, but with prominent “jets” of subatomic particles propelled […]

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December 3, 2014

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Small Volcanoes Underestimated in Climate Models

Small Volcanoes Make a Difference in Global Warming

A new study from MIT shows that the effects of smaller eruptions have been underestimated in climate models, revealing that relatively small volcanic eruptions can increase aerosol particles in the atmosphere, temporarily mitigating the global warming caused by greenhouse gases. The impact of such smaller eruptions has been underestimated in climate models, the researchers say, […]

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