May 10, 2016

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New Approach Identifies Genetic Markers Linked to Complex Diseases

Study Identifies New Gene Variants for Treating Arrhythmia

Researchers from MIT have developed a new approach that identifies genetic markers linked to complex diseases. Many diseases, such as cancer, diabetes, and schizophrenia, tend to be passed down through families. After researchers sequenced the human genome about 15 years ago, they had high hopes that this trove of information would reveal the genes that […]

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May 10, 2016

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ESO Image of the Week – Vela Ring Galaxy

ESO Image of the Vela Ring Galaxy

This newly released ESO image of the week shows the Vela ring galaxy, visible as a bright core surrounded by a baby blue halo. As the name suggests, the Vela ring galaxy — located in the southern constellation of Vela (The Sails) — is notable due to its compact core and large circular belt of […]

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May 9, 2016

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New Study Details How Bacteria Become Individualists

Bacteria Cells Respond Differently to Lack of Nutrients

No two bacteria are identical – even when they are genetically the same. New research reveals the conditions under which bacteria become individualists and how they help their group grow when times get tough. Whether you are a human or a bacterium, your environment determines how you can develop. In particular, there are two fundamental […]

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May 9, 2016

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Scientists Unveil the First Global Topographic Model of Mercury

Global Topographic Model of Mercury

Using data from NASA’s MESSENGER mission, astronomers created the first global digital elevation model (DEM) of Mercury, revealing in stunning detail the topography across the entire innermost planet and paving the way for scientists to fully characterize its geologic history. NASA’s MESSENGER mission has unveiled the first global digital elevation model (DEM) of Mercury, revealing […]

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May 9, 2016

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Cassini Spacecraft Views Saturn’s Moon Epimetheus

Cassini Views Saturn's Moon Epimetheus

Cassini gets a closer look at Saturn’s little moon Epimetheus. Life is hard for a little moon. Epimetheus, seen here with Saturn in the background, is lumpy and misshapen, thanks in part to its size and formation process. Epimetheus did not form with all of those craters in place — rather, bombardment over the eons […]

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May 9, 2016

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Hubble Image of the Week – Spiral Galaxy NGC 6814

Hubble Views Spiral Galaxy NGC 6814

This newly released Hubble images shows spiral galaxy NGC 6814, which is located 75 million light-years away. Spiral galaxies together with irregular galaxies make up approximately 60% of the galaxies in the local Universe. However, despite their prevalence, each spiral galaxy is unique — like snowflakes, no two are alike. This is demonstrated by the […]

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May 6, 2016

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New Horizons Reveals a Distinct Water-Ice Signature on the Surface of Hydra

New Horizons Reveals Water-Ice Signature on the Surface of Hydra

NASA’s New Horizons Spacecraft reveals a distinct water-ice signature on the surface of Pluto’s outermost moon, Hydra. NASA’s New Horizons spacecraft has sent home the first compositional data about Pluto’s four small satellites. The new data show the surface of Hydra, Pluto’s outermost small moon, is dominated by nearly pristine water ice – confirming hints […]

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May 6, 2016

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Astronomers Examine the Processes Involved in Generating Turbulence

Astronomers Examine the Physical Processes Involved in Generating Turbulence

A new study of turbulence in galaxies concludes that in many cases it is generated not by star formation but by gravitational effects alone. The gas in galaxies is typically seen to be moving at very rapid, even supersonic velocities, providing clear evidence that the medium is highly turbulent. Looking more closely at gas clouds […]

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May 5, 2016

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New Research May Help in the Development of Nano-Optical Transistors for a Photonic Computer

A Step Towards the Photonic Computer

Researchers show that a single molecule allows a beam of light with a few photons to be controlled – a step towards the photonic computer. The Jedi knights of the Star Wars saga are engaged in an impossible fight. This does not result from the superiority of the enemy empire, but from physics because laser […]

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May 5, 2016

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Yale Researchers Identify a Genetic Mutation Linked to Acne

Yale Study Zeroes in on Mutation Linked to Zits

New research from Yale University has identified a genetic mutation responsible for the defects that give rise to mild and severe acne, possibly revealing new targets for acne treatment. In the study, the Yale-led team took blood and tissue samples from three individuals with a rare form of acne known as nevus comedonicus. By sequencing […]

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May 3, 2016

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Astronomers Discover Three Potentially Habitable Worlds

Three Potentially Habitable Worlds Found Around Nearby Ultracool Dwarf Star TRAPPIST-1

Astronomers have discovered three planets with sizes and temperatures similar to those of Venus and Earth, orbiting an ultra-cool dwarf star just 40 light-years from Earth. Astronomers using the TRAPPIST telescope at ESO’s La Silla Observatory have discovered three planets orbiting an ultracool dwarf star just 40 light-years from Earth. These worlds have sizes and […]

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May 3, 2016

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Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter Reveals Clues about Volcanoes Under Ice on Ancient Mars

Clues about Volcanoes Under Ice on Ancient Mars Revealed

New evidence from NASA’s Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter suggests that volcanoes erupted beneath an ice sheet on Mars billions of years ago. The research about these volcanoes helps show there was extensive ice on ancient Mars. It also adds information about an environment combining heat and moisture, which could have provided favorable conditions for microbial life. […]

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May 3, 2016

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Evidence Points to Planet Nine Existing, But How Was it Produced?

Update on Planet Nine

New research examines Planet Nine and the mystery behind its existence. Earlier this year scientists presented evidence for Planet Nine, a Neptune-mass planet in an elliptical orbit 10 times farther from our Sun than Pluto. Since then theorists have puzzled over how this planet could end up in such a distant orbit. New research by […]

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May 2, 2016

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Yale Engineers Develop a New Tool to Fight Dust

Yale Develops a New Tool in the War Against Dust

Inspired by gecko feet, Yale researchers have developed a promising tool in the war on dust. Micrometric and sub-micrometric contaminant particles — what most of us call “dust” — can cause big problems for art conservators, the electronics industry, aerospace engineers, and others. These nanoparticles can prevent a cellphone from working or rob the vitality […]

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May 2, 2016

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Newly Released Cassini Image – The Dew Drop of Saturn

New Cassini Image Dew Drop of Saturn

This newly released image of Saturn and Enceladus was taken by NASA’s Cassini Spacecraft last May. The water-world Enceladus appears here to sit atop Saturn’s rings like a drop of dew upon a leaf. Even though it appears like a tiny drop before the might of the giant Saturn, Enceladus reminds us that even small […]

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May 2, 2016

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New Elevation Map of Pluto’s ‘Heart’ from New Horizons

New Elevation Map of Pluto from New Horizons

NASA releases a new elevation map of Pluto’s heart-shaped surface area. This newest shaded relief view of the region surrounding the left side of Pluto’s heart-shaped feature – informally named Sputnik Planum – shows that the vast expanse of the icy surface is on average 2 miles (3 kilometers) lower than the surrounding terrain. Angular […]

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May 2, 2016

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Hubble Image of the Week – NGC 4394

New Hubble Image of NGC 4394

This newly released Hubble images shows NGC 4394, which is located about 55 million light-years away. Discovered in 1784 by the German–British astronomer William Herschel, NGC 4394 is a barred spiral galaxy situated about 55 million light-years from Earth. The galaxy lies in the constellation of Coma Berenices (Berenice’s Hair), and is considered to be […]

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April 29, 2016

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Hubble Views Galaxy UGC 477

Hubble Views Galaxy UGC 477

This newly released Hubble image shows galaxy UGC 477, which is located just over 110 million light-years away in the constellation of Pisces (The Fish). UGC 477 is a low surface brightness (LSB) galaxy. First proposed in 1976 by Mike Disney, the existence of LSB galaxies was confirmed only in 1986 with the discovery of […]

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