October 5, 2016

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Yale Engineers Develop A New Chip That Could Advance Quantum Technology

New Chip Could Advance Quantum Technology

Yale engineers have developed a new device that converts visible light to infrared light suitable for fiber-optic transmission without destroying the light’s quantum state. The lab of Hong Tang, Llewellyn West Jones, Jr. Professor of Electrical Engineering & Physics, has developed a device that converts visible light to infrared light, a crucial step in building […]

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October 5, 2016

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Chandra Telescope Reveals Evidence for a “Wandering” Black Hole

Telescopes Reveal Evidence for Wandering Black Hole

Astronomers have discovered a “wandering” black hole in the outer regions of a galaxy about 4.5 billion light years from Earth. Evidence suggests this newly discovered black hole has about 100,000 times the Sun’s mass, and was originally located in a smaller galaxy that merged with a larger one. Astronomers have used NASA’s Chandra X-ray […]

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October 4, 2016

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Motion-Directed Microrobots Can Be Propelled Light

Motion-Directed Robots on a Micro Scale

Researchers reveal a surprisingly simple way to direct synthetic microswimmers towards light or darkness. Phototactic behavior directs some bacteria towards light and others into darkness: This enables them to utilize solar energy as efficiently as possible for their metabolism, or, otherwise, protects them from excessive light intensity. A team of researchers headed by Clemens Bechinger […]

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October 4, 2016

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Harvard Astronomers Study of Four Elusive Binary Systems

Astronomers Study of Four Elusive Binary Systems

Astronomers from the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics have measured the orbital parameters of four millisecond pulsars in the globular cluster 47 Tuc and modeled their possible formation and evolution paths. When a star with a mass of roughly ten solar masses finishes its life, it explodes as a supernova, leaving behind a neutron star as […]

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October 3, 2016

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ESO Image of the Week – Spirals with a Tale to Tell

ALMA Views a Protoplanetary Disc Surrounding the Young Star Elias 2-27

This newly released image shows a protoplanetary disc surrounding the young star Elias 2-27. This beautiful image, captured with the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA) features a protoplanetary disc surrounding the young star Elias 2-27, some 450 light years away. ALMA has discovered and observed plenty of protoplanetary discs, but this disc is special as […]

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October 3, 2016

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Researchers Identify a New Way to Suppress Lung Tumors

A New Way to Suppress Lung Tumors

A team of researchers has identified a new blocking mechanism that acts more like a dimmer switch and potently inhibits lung tumor cell growth. Lung cancer cell growth depends on certain proteins that require the addition of sugar molecule chains to become active. Scientists have long thought that the addition of these sugar chains is […]

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October 3, 2016

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Drepanosaurus – A Small Reptile with a Rearsome Finger

Drepanosaurus a Cross between a Chameleon and an Anteater

A newly published study confirms that Drepanosaurus, a prehistoric cross between a chameleon and an anteater, was a small reptile with a fearsome finger. The second digit of its forelimb sported a massive claw. Scientists analyzed 212-million-year-old Drepanosaurus arm fossils that were discovered at the Hayden Quarry in Ghost Ranch, New Mexico. The researchers describe […]

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October 3, 2016

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Hubble Telescope Views the Center of NGC 247

New Hubble Image of the Center of NGC 247

This newly released Hubble image shows spiral galaxy NGC 247. NGC 247 is a relatively small spiral galaxy in the southern constellation of Cetus (The Whale). Lying at a distance of around 11 million light-years from us, it forms part of the Sculptor Group, a loose collection of galaxies that also contains the more famous […]

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September 30, 2016

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Rosetta’s Final Descent Images of Comet 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko

Final Descent Images from Rosetta Spacecraft

These newly released images are the last taken by ESA’s Rosetta Spacecraft shortly before its controlled impact into the comet 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko. A new image of comet 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko was taken by the European Space Agency’s (ESA) Rosetta spacecraft shortly before its controlled impact into the comet’s surface on September 30th, 2016. Confirmation of the end of […]

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September 29, 2016

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Fermi Discovers A Luminous Gamma-Ray Binary

LMC-P3 A Gamma-Ray Binary in Another Galaxy

Dive into the Large Magellanic Cloud and see a visualization of LMC P3, an extraordinary gamma-ray binary system discovered by NASA’s Fermi Gamma-ray Space Telescope. Using data from the Fermi Gamma-ray Space Telescope, astronomers have discovered the first gamma-ray binary in another galaxy. The dual-star system, dubbed LMC P3, contains a massive star and a […]

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September 29, 2016

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Spitzer Finishes Its Frontier Fields Observations

Spitzer Completes Its Observations for the Frontier Fields Project

NASA’s Spitzer Space Telescope has finished its Frontier Fields observations and astronomers are working to get the data out to the astronomical community. In the ongoing hunt for the universe’s earliest galaxies, NASA’s Spitzer Space Telescope has wrapped up its observations for the Frontier Fields project. This ambitious project has combined the power of all […]

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September 29, 2016

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MIT Develops Nanosensors That Can Profile Tumors

New Nanosensors Can Profile Tumors

Engineers at MIT have developed new nanosensors that can profile tumors and may yield insight into how they will respond to certain therapies. MIT researchers have designed nanosensors that can profile tumors and may yield insight into how they will respond to certain therapies. The system is based on levels of enzymes called proteases, which […]

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September 29, 2016

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ALMA Reveals the First Hot Core Found Outside the Milky Way

ALMA Views Massive Star ST11

Using the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array, a team of astronomers reveal the first hot core to be found outside the Milky Way. A hot and dense mass of complex molecules, cocooning a newborn star, has been discovered by a Japanese team of astronomers using ALMA. This unique hot molecular core is the first of its […]

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September 28, 2016

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Memory Changes May Occur in Women Decades Earlier Than Previously Thought

Study Shows Changes in Memory Tied to Menopausal Status

New research from the Brigham and Women’s Hospital reveals that reproductive stage, not simply chronological age, may contribute to changes in memory and brain function for women. Many women report forgetfulness and changes in memory as they transition to menopause. But studies that target participants who are 65 and older do not account for cognitive […]

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September 28, 2016

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New Ways to Protect Telecommunication and Navigation Satellites

New Research Resolves a Debate Over Killer Electrons in Space

An international team of scientists answer a fundamental question about our space environment and reveal new ways to protect telecommunication and navigation satellites. Using measurements from the first U.S. satellite that traveled to space, Explorer 1 physicist James Van Allen discovered in 1958 that space is radioactive. The Earth is surrounded by two doughnut-shaped rings […]

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September 27, 2016

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Researchers Develop Shape-Programmable Miniscule Robots

Scientists Develop Shape-Programmable Magnetic Soft Matter

Researchers from the Max Planck Institute have developed functional elastomers that can be activated by magnetic fields. One day, microrobots may be able to swim through the human body like sperm or paramecia to carry out medical functions in specific locations. Researchers from the Max Planck Institute for Intelligent Systems in Stuttgart have developed functional […]

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September 27, 2016

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Hubble Spots Possible Water Plumes on Europa

Possible Water Plumes Erupting on Jupiter's Moon Europa

Using the Hubble Space Telescope, astronomers have imaged what may be water vapor plumes erupting off the surface of Jupiter’s moon Europa. This finding bolsters other Hubble observations suggesting the icy moon erupts with high altitude water vapor plumes. The observation increases the possibility that missions to Europa may be able to sample Europa’s ocean […]

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September 26, 2016

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NASA Research Reveals That Mercury is Active

Astronomers Reveal Mercury is Active

New research suggests that Mercury is contracting even today, joining Earth as a tectonically active planet. Images obtained by NASA’s MErcury Surface, Space ENvironment, GEochemistry, and Ranging (MESSENGER) spacecraft reveal previously undetected small fault scarps— cliff-like landforms that resemble stair steps. These scarps are small enough that scientists believe they must be geologically young, which […]

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