December 10, 2015

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Scientists Develop a New Class of Superhydrophobic Nanomaterials

New Superhydrophobic Coating Protects Without the Price

Scientists at Rice University have developed a new class of superhydrophobic nanomaterials that might simplify the process of protecting surfaces from water. A material made by scientists at Rice University, the University of Swansea, the University of Bristol and the University of Nice Sophia Antipolis is inexpensive, nontoxic and can be applied to a variety […]

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December 10, 2015

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NASA Reveals New Clues about Ceres’ Bright Spots and Origins

NASA Reveals New Clues to Ceres' Bright Spots and Origins

Dwarf planet Ceres is shown in these false-color renderings, which highlight differences in surface materials. Images from NASA’s Dawn spacecraft were used to create a movie of Ceres rotating, followed by a flyover view of Occator Crater, home of Ceres’ brightest area. Two newly published studies reveal that the bright spots on the dwarf planet […]

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December 9, 2015

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Bacteria Can Be Spatially Excluded from the Exchange of Amino Acids

Study Shows Bacteria Can Be Spatially Excluded from the Exchange of Amino Acids

New research shows that bacteria, which reciprocally exchange amino acids, stabilize their partnership on two-dimensional surfaces and limit the access of non-cooperating bacteria to the exchanged nutrients. In natural microbial communities, different bacterial species often exchange nutrients by releasing amino acids and vitamins into their growth environment, thus feeding other bacterial cells. Even though the […]

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December 9, 2015

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Yale Study Shows Topical Ruxolitinib Grows Hair

Topical Ruxolitinib Helps Teen Grow Hair

A new study from Yale University reveals that a topical formulation of an oral medication used to treat bone marrow diseases can be used to grow hair. A young woman who had no scalp or eyebrow hair for years now enjoys a full mane after using a novel cream devised by researchers at Yale School […]

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December 9, 2015

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Cassini Spacecraft Gets Close-Up of Saturn’s Moon Prometheus

Cassini Spacecraft Views Prometheus Up Close

This newly released image from the Cassini Spacecraft reveals the surface of Saturn’s moon Prometheus. NASA’s Cassini spacecraft spied details on the pockmarked surface of Saturn’s moon Prometheus (86 kilometers, or 53 miles across) during a moderately close flyby on December 6, 2015. This is one of Cassini’s highest resolution views of Prometheus, along with […]

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December 9, 2015

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NASA Reveals New Visualization of Space Environment at Pluto

New Visualization of Space Environment at Pluto Released by NASA

Credits: NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center Scientific Visualization Studio, the Space Weather Research Center (SWRC) and the Community-Coordinated Modeling Center (CCMC), Enlil and Dusan Odstrcil (GMU) This newly released video shows a short simulation of the space environment all the way out to Pluto in the months surrounding New Horizons’ July 2015 flyby. At the […]

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December 8, 2015

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VLA Provides New Insights into Solar Flares

Astronomers Reveal New Insights into Solar Flares

Using the Karl G. Jansky Very Large Array Radio Telescope, along with other telescopes at ultraviolet and X-ray wavelengths, astronomers reveal new insights into solar flares. Astronomers have made a significant step toward confirming a proposed explanation for how solar flares accelerate charged particles to speeds nearly that of light. This important advance was made […]

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December 8, 2015

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Astronomers Image the Expanding Shell of Supernova SN 2011dh

Optical Image of Galaxy Messier 51

Using precise radio imaging techniques, astronomers from the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics have determined the size of the shock around supernova SN 2011dh and estimated its outward velocity. Supernovae, the explosive deaths of massive stars, are among the most momentous events in the cosmos because they disburse into space all of the chemical elements that […]

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December 8, 2015

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Scientists Develop a New Way to Deliver MicroRNAs for Cancer Treatment

Researchers Develop a New Way to Deliver MicroRNAs

By twisting RNA strands into a triple helix and embedding them in a biocompatible gel, researchers from MIT have developed a new way to shrink tumors in mice with an aggressive form of breast cancer. Twenty years ago, scientists discovered that short strands of RNA known as microRNA help cells to fine-tune their gene expression. […]

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December 8, 2015

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New Cassini Image Shows Tethys Dwarfed by Saturn and Its Rings

New Cassini Image of Tethys and Saturn's Rings

This newly released Cassini image shows Tethys dwarfed by Saturn and its rings. Tethys, dwarfed by the scale of Saturn and its rings, appears as an elegant crescent in this image taken by NASA’s Cassini Spacecraft. Views like this are impossible from Earth, where we only see Saturn’s moons as (more or less) fully illuminated […]

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December 7, 2015

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Magnified Image Reveals the Faintest Known Galaxy from the Early Universe

Hubble Finds Faint Compact Galaxy in the Early Universe

Using NASA’s Hubble and Spitzer Space telescopes, astronomers have discovered the faintest object ever seen in the early universe. It existed about 400 million years after the big bang, 13.8 billion years ago. The team has nicknamed the object Tayna, which means “first-born” in Aymara, a language spoken in the Andes and Altiplano regions of […]

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December 7, 2015

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New Strategy to Better Protect Cancer Patients from the Flu

New Vaccine Better Protects Cancer Patients from Flu

Scientists from Yale University have developed a new vaccine strategy that reduces the risk of flu infections in cancer patients at highest risk for influenza. The findings were presented December 6 at the 57th annual meeting of the American Society of Hematology in Orlando, Florida. Patients with cancers of the immune system, like multiple myeloma, […]

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December 7, 2015

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Cassini Captures Infrared View of Saturn’s Moon Titan

New Cassini Image of Saturn's Moon Titan

This newly released composite image from NASA’s Cassini Spacecraft shows an infrared view of Saturn’s moon Titan. This new image was acquired during the mission’s “T-114” flyby on November 13, 2015. The spacecraft’s visual and infrared mapping spectrometer (VIMS) instrument made these observations, in which blue represents wavelengths centered at 1.3 microns, green represents 2.0 […]

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December 7, 2015

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New Horizons Reveals New Close-Up Images of Pluto

The Mountainous Shoreline of Sputnik Planum on Pluto

New images from NASA’s New Horizons Spacecraft are the sharpest views of Pluto it obtained during its July flyby – and the best close-ups of Pluto that humans may see for decades. Each week the piano-sized New Horizons spacecraft transmits data stored on its digital recorders from its flight through the Pluto system on July […]

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December 7, 2015

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Hubble Image of the Week: Spiral Galaxy NGC 7252

New Hubble Image of Spiral Galaxy NGC 7252

This newly released Hubble image shows spiral galaxy NGC 7252, which is located in the Aquarius constellation. Only rarely does an astronomical object have a political association. However, the spiral galaxy NGC 7252 acquired exactly that when it was given an unusual nickname. In December 1953, the US President Dwight D. Eisenhower gave a speech […]

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December 4, 2015

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Astronomers Measure Magnetic Fields at Sagittarius A*

Telescope Reveals Magnetic Fields at Milky Way's Central Black Hole

Using the Event Horizon Telescope, astronomers have measured the magnetic fields just outside the event horizon of Sagittarius A* for the first time. Most people think of black holes as giant vacuum cleaners sucking in everything that gets too close. But the supermassive black holes at the centers of galaxies are more like cosmic engines, […]

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December 4, 2015

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Yale Study Shows Protein IL-18 Contributes to Colitis

Researchers Identify Key Protein That Contributes to Colitis

New research from Yale University identifies that the protein IL-18 plays a key part in the development of the colitis. The cause of Ulcerative Colitis, a debilitating disease of the intestine, is unclear. A Yale-led study has illuminated the role of a protein that plays a key part in the development of the condition. The […]

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December 4, 2015

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New Horizons Spots a Wandering Kuiper Belt Object

New Horizons Captures a Wandering Kuiper Belt Object

This new image from the New Horizons Spacecraft demonstrates the ability of the spacecraft’s Long Range Reconnaissance Imager to capture distant objects in motion. NASA’s New Horizons spacecraft recently took the closest images ever of a distant Kuiper Belt object – demonstrating its ability to observe numerous such bodies over the next several years if […]

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