October 6, 2014

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Different Environment Helps Boost Biofuel Production

MIT Engineers Develop New Approach to Boosting Biofuel Production

By simply altering the composition of the medium in which the yeast are grown, engineers at the Whitehead Institute for Biomedical Research and MIT were able to boost yeast’s ethanol production by about 80 percent. Yeast are commonly used to transform corn and other plant materials into biofuels such as ethanol. However, large concentrations of […]

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October 6, 2014

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New Technology Enables Fast and Cheap Nanomanufacturing

New Technology Enables Fast and Cheap Nanomanufacturing

A newly published study from MIT details how arrays of tiny conical tips that eject ionized materials could fabricate nanoscale devices cheaply. Luis Fernando Velásquez-García’s group at MIT’s Microsystems Technology Laboratories (MTL) develops dense arrays of microscopic cones that harness electrostatic forces to eject streams of ions. The technology has a range of promising applications: […]

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October 6, 2014

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Solar Dynamics Observatory Watches 1 Million Mile Long Filament on the Sun

SDO Observes Giant Filament on the Sun

NASA’s Solar Dynamics Observatory viewed gigantic filament for several days as it rotated around with the sun. If straightened out, the filament would measure about 1 million miles long. A snaking, extended filament of solar material currently lies on the front of the sun — some 1 million miles across from end to end. Filaments […]

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October 6, 2014

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New Hubble Image Shows Spiral Galaxy NGC 4206

Hubble Views Spiral Galaxy NGC 4206

This newly released Hubble image shows the edge-on spiral galaxy NGC 4206, which is located about 70 million light-years away from Earth in the constellation of Virgo. Captured here are vast streaks of dust, some of which are obscuring the central bulge, which can just be made out in the centre of the galaxy. Towards […]

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October 3, 2014

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“Perfect Fluid” Reveals Clues about the Young Universe Microseconds after the Big Bang

Researchers Develop a Way to Probe the Kind of Matter that Dominated the Universe Immediately After the Big Bang

Nuclear scientists at the U.S. Department of Energy’s Lawrence Berkeley National Lab have made the most precise extraction to date of a key property of the quark-gluon plasma, which reveals the microscopic structure of this almost perfect liquid. By combining data from two high-energy accelerators, nuclear scientists have refined the measurement of a remarkable property […]

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October 3, 2014

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Crumpled Graphene Forms Stretchable Supercapacitors to Power Flexible Electronic Devices

Crumpled Graphene Forms Stretchable Supercapacitors

New research from engineers at MIT details how two-dimensional carbon “paper” can form stretchable supercapacitors to power flexible electronic devices. When someone crumples a sheet of paper, that usually means it’s about to be thrown away. But researchers have now found that crumpling a piece of graphene “paper” — a material formed by bonding together […]

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October 3, 2014

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Study Reveals the Importance of Tiny Creatures in Structure of Grasslands

Tiny Creatures Play Key Role in Structure of Grasslands

A newly published study reveals the importance of earthworms, beetles, and other tiny creatures to the structure of grasslands and the valuable ecosystem services they provide. When asked to describe a forest or a meadow, most people would probably begin with the plants, the species diversity, or the color of the foliage. They probably wouldn’t […]

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October 3, 2014

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The Creative Engineering Behind the Giant Magellan Telescope

Giant Magellan Telescope

Currently under construction and on track to become operational early next decade, the Giant Magellan Telescope is pushing scientists to innovate and create new technology in their quest to see the faintest and most distant objects in the universe. On top of a flattened mountain in Chile’s Atacama Desert, one of the world’s largest telescopes […]

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October 3, 2014

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Astronomers Explore the First Three Billion Years of Stars

The First Three Billion Years of Stars

Using the Hubble Space Telescope and the Spitzer Space Telescope, a team of astronomers studied the first few billion years of the universe to determine the distribution of stellar masses and the star formation rates in galaxies at epochs as early as about 800 million years after the big bang. In the last decade, the […]

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October 3, 2014

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Curiosity Technology Adapted to Detect Gas Leaks from Pipelines

Curiosity Technology Adapted to Detect Gas Leaks

Technology adapted from NASA’s Mars rover program is being used to develop a hand-held device that will help find and fix natural gas leaks from gas pipelines, with the goal of reducing emissions of greenhouse gases. In collaboration with NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, California, Pacific Gas and Electric Company (PG&E) announced that it […]

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October 2, 2014

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Newly Released ESO Image of Messier 11

ESO Views the Wild Duck Cluster

This new image from ESO’s La Silla Observatory shows of one of the most star-rich open clusters currently known — Messier 11, also known as NGC 6705 or the Wild Duck Cluster. Messier 11 is an open cluster, sometimes referred to as a galactic cluster, located around 6,000 light-years away in the constellation of Scutum […]

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October 2, 2014

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Study Shows Greenland Ice Sheet More Sensitive to Climate Change Than Previously Thought

Greenland Ice Sheet More Vulnerable to Climate Change Than Previously Thought

A new study from the University of Cambridge reveals that the Greenland Ice Sheet, which covers 1.7 million square kilometers and contains enough ice to raise sea levels worldwide by seven meters, is less stable and more sensitive to climate change than previously thought. A new model developed by researchers at the University of Cambridge […]

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