September 29, 2016

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MIT Develops Nanosensors That Can Profile Tumors

New Nanosensors Can Profile Tumors

Engineers at MIT have developed new nanosensors that can profile tumors and may yield insight into how they will respond to certain therapies. MIT researchers have designed nanosensors that can profile tumors and may yield insight into how they will respond to certain therapies. The system is based on levels of enzymes called proteases, which […]

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September 29, 2016

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ALMA Reveals the First Hot Core Found Outside the Milky Way

ALMA Views Massive Star ST11

Using the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array, a team of astronomers reveal the first hot core to be found outside the Milky Way. A hot and dense mass of complex molecules, cocooning a newborn star, has been discovered by a Japanese team of astronomers using ALMA. This unique hot molecular core is the first of its […]

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September 28, 2016

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Memory Changes May Occur in Women Decades Earlier Than Previously Thought

Study Shows Changes in Memory Tied to Menopausal Status

New research from the Brigham and Women’s Hospital reveals that reproductive stage, not simply chronological age, may contribute to changes in memory and brain function for women. Many women report forgetfulness and changes in memory as they transition to menopause. But studies that target participants who are 65 and older do not account for cognitive […]

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September 28, 2016

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New Ways to Protect Telecommunication and Navigation Satellites

New Research Resolves a Debate Over Killer Electrons in Space

An international team of scientists answer a fundamental question about our space environment and reveal new ways to protect telecommunication and navigation satellites. Using measurements from the first U.S. satellite that traveled to space, Explorer 1 physicist James Van Allen discovered in 1958 that space is radioactive. The Earth is surrounded by two doughnut-shaped rings […]

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September 27, 2016

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Researchers Develop Shape-Programmable Miniscule Robots

Scientists Develop Shape-Programmable Magnetic Soft Matter

Researchers from the Max Planck Institute have developed functional elastomers that can be activated by magnetic fields. One day, microrobots may be able to swim through the human body like sperm or paramecia to carry out medical functions in specific locations. Researchers from the Max Planck Institute for Intelligent Systems in Stuttgart have developed functional […]

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September 27, 2016

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Hubble Spots Possible Water Plumes on Europa

Possible Water Plumes Erupting on Jupiter's Moon Europa

Using the Hubble Space Telescope, astronomers have imaged what may be water vapor plumes erupting off the surface of Jupiter’s moon Europa. This finding bolsters other Hubble observations suggesting the icy moon erupts with high altitude water vapor plumes. The observation increases the possibility that missions to Europa may be able to sample Europa’s ocean […]

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September 26, 2016

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NASA Research Reveals That Mercury is Active

Astronomers Reveal Mercury is Active

New research suggests that Mercury is contracting even today, joining Earth as a tectonically active planet. Images obtained by NASA’s MErcury Surface, Space ENvironment, GEochemistry, and Ranging (MESSENGER) spacecraft reveal previously undetected small fault scarps— cliff-like landforms that resemble stair steps. These scarps are small enough that scientists believe they must be geologically young, which […]

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September 26, 2016

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MIT Researchers Develop a New Way of Managing Memory on Computer Chips

MIT Improves Cache Management

Engineers from MIT have found a new way of managing memory on computer chips, using circuit space much more efficiently and more consistent with existing chip designs. A year ago, researchers from MIT’s Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Laboratory unveiled a fundamentally new way of managing memory on computer chips, one that would use circuit […]

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September 26, 2016

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New Yale Studies Explore the Science of Cardiovascular Diseases

Cardiologists Explore the Science of Cardiovascular Diseases

Yale University scientists detail how basic science research insights are key to future breakthroughs in cardiovascular disease. Professor of cardiology Martin A. Schwartz led two recently published studies that advance knowledge of the underlying biology of cardiovascular diseases, which are among the most common causes of chronic illness and death worldwide. The first study, published […]

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September 26, 2016

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Hubble Image of the Week – The Hidden Dark Side of NGC 24

New Hubble Image of NGC 24

This newly released Hubble images shows spiral galaxy NGC 24, which is located 25 million light-years away from Earth in the constellation of Sculptor. NGC 24 was discovered by British astronomer William Herschel in 1785, and measures some 40,000 light-years across. This picture was taken using the NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope’s Advanced Camera for Surveys, […]

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September 23, 2016

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NASA DXL Sounding Rocket Solves One Cosmic Mystery, Reveals Another

NASA-Funded Sounding Rocket Solves One Cosmic Mystery, Reveals Another

New research confirms some of our ideas about where cosmic X-rays come from and reveals an entire group of X-rays that don’t come from any known source. In the last century, humans realized that space is filled with types of light we can’t see – from infrared signals released by hot stars and galaxies, to […]

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September 23, 2016

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Astronomers Explore the Hubble Ultra Deep Field

New Images of the Hubble Ultra Deep Field

Using the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array, international teams of astronomers explore the distant corner of the Universe first revealed in the iconic images of the Hubble Ultra Deep Field (HUDF). New ALMA observations are significantly deeper and sharper than previous surveys at millimeter wavelengths. They clearly show how the rate of star formation in young […]

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September 22, 2016

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UCLA Researchers Reveal New Insights About Properties of Matter at the Nanoscale

Chemists Report New Insights About Properties of Matter at the Nanoscale

Scientists from UCLA reveal that a fluid that behaves similarly to water in our day-to-day lives becomes as heavy as honey when trapped in a nanocage of a porous solid, offering new insights into how matter behaves in the nanoscale world. “We are learning more and more about the properties of matter at the nanoscale […]

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September 22, 2016

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Genomic Regions That Set Humans Apart From Other Primates Carry Many Autism-Linked Mutations

Autism and Evolution

New research from Harvard Medical School suggests that mutations in genetic regulatory elements may be important in both autism spectrum disorder and human evolution. Small regions of the genome where humans have diverged from chimpanzees contain a variety of mutations implicated in autism and other neurodevelopmental disorders, report Harvard Medical School researchers at Boston Children’s […]

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September 22, 2016

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Hubble Finds a Planet Orbiting Pair of Stars in System OGLE-2007-BLG-349

Hubble Reveals Planet Orbiting Pair of Stars

Using the Hubble Space Telescope, a team of astronomers has confirmed the existence of a planet orbiting two stars in the system OGLE-2007-BLG-349, located 8,000 light-years away towards the center of our galaxy. The planet orbits roughly 300 million miles from the stellar duo, about the distance from the asteroid belt to our sun. It […]

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September 21, 2016

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New MIT Gene Therapy Technique May Help Prevent Cancer Metastasis

New Gene Therapy Technique May Help Prevent Cancer Metastasis

MIT researchers have developed a new gene therapy technique that uses microRNAs — small noncoding RNA molecules that regulate gene expression — to control breast cancer metastasis. The spread of malignant cells around the body, known as metastasis, is the leading cause of mortality in women with breast cancer. Now, a new gene therapy technique […]

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September 21, 2016

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Evidence of Surprising Activity on Europa

NASA to Discuss Evidence of Surprising Activity on Europa

NASA will host a teleconference at 2 p.m. EDT Monday, September 26, to present new findings from images captured by the agency’s Hubble Space Telescope of Jupiter’s icy moon, Europa. Astronomers will present results from a unique Europa observing campaign that resulted in surprising evidence of activity that may be related to the presence of […]

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September 21, 2016

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Astronomers Examine Dicyanoacetylene Ice in Titan’s Stratosphere

Scientists Find ‘Impossible’ Cloud on Titan

New research examines the appearance of a cloud of dicyanoacetylene ice in Titan’s stratosphere. The puzzling appearance of an ice cloud seemingly out of thin air has prompted NASA scientists to suggest that a different process than previously thought — possibly similar to one seen over Earth’s poles — could be forming clouds on Saturn’s […]

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