July 27, 2015

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Astronomers Develop New Models to Search for Molecular Oxygen

Astronomers Find Molecular Oxygen

Newly published research from the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics provides the first self-consistent treatment of preshock, shock, and postshock regions under the influence of UV fields, and explains why O2 detections are so rare. Oxygen is the third most abundant element in the universe (after hydrogen and helium) and of course it is important: all […]

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July 27, 2015

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What the World Thinks of Climate Change: Predictors of Public Climate Change Awareness and Risk Perception

Study Reveals Predictors of Public Climate Change Awareness and Risk Perception

A newly published study reveals for the first time what the world thinks about climate change and why. The study shows major contrast in awareness between developed and developing countries. Using data from the 2007-2008 Gallup World Poll, conducted in 119 countries, an international team of researchers identified the factors that most influence climate change […]

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July 27, 2015

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Yale Scientists Reveal ‘Major Player’ in Skin Cancer Genes

NF1 Identified as Major Player in Skin Caner Genes

Researchers from Yale University have confirmed that a gene known as NF1 is a “major player” in the development of skin cancer. A multidisciplinary team at Yale, led by Yale Cancer Center members, has defined a subgroup of genetic mutations that are present in a significant number of melanoma skin cancer cases. Their findings shed […]

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July 27, 2015

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The Impact of Cosmic Wind on Galaxy Evolution

Hubble Image of a Spiral Galaxy in the Coma Cluster

A newly published study from Yale University gives astronomers a clearer view of how powerful cosmic winds can blow through galaxies, sweeping out interstellar material and stopping future star formation. A Yale University analysis of one such event in a nearby galaxy provides an unprecedented look at the process. The research is described in the […]

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July 27, 2015

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NASA’s Cassini Views Saturn’s Moon Tethys

New Cassini Image of Saturn's Moon Tethys

NASA has released a new image of Saturn’s moon Tethys. The image was taken at a distance of approximately 186,000 miles (300,000 kilometers) by NASA’s Cassini Spacecraft. With the expanded range of colors visible to Cassini’s cameras, differences in materials and their textures become apparent that are subtle or unseen in natural color views. Here, […]

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July 27, 2015

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Hubble Image of the Week: Hubble Image of Planetary Nebula NGC 6565

Hubble Image of Planetary Nebula NGC 6565

This newly released Hubble image shows planetary nebula NGC 6565. A dying star’s final moments are captured in this image from the NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope. The death throes of this star may only last mere moments on a cosmological timescale, but this star’s demise is still quite lengthy by our standards, lasting tens of […]

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July 25, 2015

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New Horizons Reveals Flowing Ices, Exotic Surface Chemistry, Mountains, and Haze on Pluto

Flowing Ice Discovered by New Horizons on Pluto

NASA’s New Horizons continues to reveal secrets about Pluto, showing flowing ice and an extended haze around this icy world of wonders. “We knew that a mission to Pluto would bring some surprises, and now — 10 days after closest approach — we can say that our expectation has been more than surpassed,” said John […]

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July 24, 2015

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Kepler-452b and the Search for Another Earth

The Kepler Telescope and Astronomers Continue to Search for Another Earth

With the help of the Kepler Space Telescope, astronomers and scientists continue to search for another Earth-like planet. The discovery of a super-Earth-sized planet orbiting a sun-like star brings us closer than ever to finding a twin of our own watery world. But NASA’s Kepler space telescope has captured evidence of other potentially habitable planets […]

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July 24, 2015

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NASA Lab Results Reveal Recipe for Extraterrestrial Vitamin B3

Astronomers Find Extraterrestrial Vitamin

New NASA experiments reveal that vitamin B3 and other complex organic compounds could be made in space and it is plausible that meteorite and comet impacts could have added an extraterrestrial component to the supply of vitamin B3 on ancient Earth. Vitamin B3 could have been made on icy dust grains in space, and later […]

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July 24, 2015

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NASA’s Curiosity Rover Discovers Bedrock with High Levels of Silica

Curiosity Rover Discovers Unusual Bedrock on Mars

After almost three years on Mars, NASA’s Curiosity Mars Rover continues to amaze. This time Curiosity has discovered a target unlike anything it has studied before – bedrock with surprisingly high levels of silica. Silica is a rock-forming compound containing silicon and oxygen, commonly found on Earth as quartz. This area lies just downhill from […]

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July 24, 2015

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New Horizons Image of Pluto in False Color

New False Color Image of Pluto

This newly released image of Pluto was taken by the New Horizons Spacecraft at a distance of 450,000 kilometers. New Horizons scientists use enhanced color images to detect differences in the composition and texture of Pluto’s surface. When close-up images are combined with color data from the Ralph instrument, it paints a new and surprising […]

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July 23, 2015

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Kepler Discovers Bigger, Older Cousin to Earth

Kepler Discovers Bigger, Older Cousin to Earth

NASA’s Kepler Space Telescope has discovered a planet and star that closely resemble the Earth and our Sun. NASA’s Kepler mission has confirmed the first near-Earth-size planet in the “habitable zone” around a sun-like star. This discovery and the introduction of 11 other new small habitable zone candidate planets mark another milestone in the journey […]

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July 23, 2015

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New Research Sheds Light on the Evolutionary Path That Enabled Life on Earth

New Research Sheds Light on the Evolutionary Path That Enabled Life on Earth

A new study from the University of British Columbia reveals that the early loss of radioactive heat-producing elements such as uranium and potassium helped put our planet on the evolutionary path to sustain life. Compared to its celestial neighbors Venus and Mars, Earth is a pretty habitable place. So how did we get so lucky? […]

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July 23, 2015

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Light-Capturing Nanomaterials to Boost Efficiency of Photovoltaic Solar Cells

Light-Capturing Nanomaterials Boost Efficiency and Reduce Costs of Photovoltaic Solar Cells

A new method to incorporate light-capturing nanomaterials into future solar-panel designs could make it easier for engineers to boost the efficiency and reduce the costs of photovoltaic solar cells. Although the domestic solar-energy industry grew by 34 percent in 2014, fundamental technical breakthroughs are needed if the U.S. is to meet its national goal of […]

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July 23, 2015

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Harvard Reveals Quality and Quantity of Key Crops is Changing

Study Shows Quality and Quantity of Crops is Changing

Two new studies from Harvard University reveal how changing environmental conditions around the globe could negatively impact the health of millions of people by altering the quantity and quality of key crops. Two newly published studies from the Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health reveal Changing environmental conditions around the globe caused by human […]

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July 23, 2015

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“Windbots” – The Future Explorers of Planetary Skies?

Windbots Could Someday Explore the Skies of Jupiter

Engineers are investigating the feasibility of creating a windbot, a new class of robotic probe designed to stay aloft in a planet’s atmosphere for a long time without wings or hot-air balloons, to someday explore planets like Jupiter. Among designers of robotic probes to explore the planets, there is certainly no shortage of clever ideas. […]

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July 23, 2015

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Chandra Reveals Pulsar Punching Hole in Stellar Disk

Double Star System Jettisons Material at Incredibly High Speeds

Data from Chandra reveal that a pulsar in orbit around a massive star punched through a circumstellar disk of material, jettisoning a clump of material from the double star system at incredibly high speeds. A fast-moving pulsar appears to have punched a hole in a disk of gas around its companion star and launched a […]

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July 22, 2015

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Graphene Helps Turn Engine Heat Into Electricity to Boost Gas Mileage

Turning Engine Heat Into Electricity to Boost Gas Mileage

Using strontium titanium dioxide and graphene, scientists have developed of a material that can convert engine heat into electrical energy to reduce the need for fuels. It could also have applications in aerospace, manufacturing and other sectors. In 2012, the Obama administration announced fuel-efficiency standards that would require U.S. vehicles to average 54.5 miles per […]

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