September 11, 2014

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Kepler Data Helps Pinpoint ‘Venus Zone’ Around Stars

Astronomers Pinpoint Venus Zone Around Stars

Using data from the Kepler Space Telescope, astronomers have defined the inner and outer edges of the “Venus Zone” – the point at which a planet’s atmosphere would experience runaway greenhouse-gas effects like those seen on Venus. San Francisco State University astronomer Stephen Kane and a team of researchers presented today the definition of a […]

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September 11, 2014

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New Nanotechnology Aids in Electron Cooling Without External Sources

New Nanotechnology Aids in Cooling Electrons Without External Sources

Using a nanoscale structure that consisted of a sequential array of a source electrode, a quantum well, a tunneling barrier, a quantum dot, another tunneling barrier, and a drain electrode, researchers were able to suppress electron excitation and cool electrons to -228 °C without external means at room temperature. A team of researchers has discovered […]

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September 11, 2014

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Astronomers Solve Quasar Sequence Mystery

New Study Explains Mysterious Quasar Sequence

New research helps solves a quasar mystery that astronomers have been puzzling over for 20 years, presenting a pathway to a better understanding of how supermassive black holes accrete matter and interplay with their environments. Pasadena, California – Quasars are supermassive black holes that live at the center of distant massive galaxies. They shine as […]

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September 11, 2014

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Study Explains Prevalence of Hadrosaur Skin Among All Known Dinosaur Skin Fossils

New Research Documents the Prevalence of Hadrosaur Skin

A new study from Yale University details the prevalence of hadrosaur skin among all known dinosaur skin fossils, revealing that hadrosaur skin is 31 times more likely to be preserved. In life, Tyrannosaurus rex usually got the best of the less fearsome duck-billed dinosaurs, or hadrosaurs: T. rex ate them. But in death, the plant-eating […]

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September 11, 2014

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Mysterious Holes in the Atmosphere of Venus

Mysterious Holes in the Atmosphere on Venus

New research investigates the mysterious holes discovered by ESA’s Venus Express on the nightside of Venus’s ionosphere, finding evidence that the sun’s magnetic field lines may be penetrating through the planet. New research shows giant holes in Venus’s atmosphere – which serve as extra clues for understanding this planet so different from our own. Image […]

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September 11, 2014

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Worldwide Action to Phase Out Ozone-Depleting Substances Yields Significant Gains

Worldwide Action to Phase Out Ozone-Depleting Substances Has Remarkable Success

This short video and new assessment packet reveals the remarkable success of the worldwide action to phase out ozone-depleting substances, reporting that the ozone layer is on track for recovery to the 1980 benchmark levels by mid-century. Minimum concentration of ozone in the southern hemisphere for each year from 1979-2013 (there is no data from […]

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September 10, 2014

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Researchers Successfully Synthesize 2D Material Germanene

Researchers Synthesize 2D Material Germanene

A newly published study details how a team of researchers successfully synthesized the 2D material germanene for the first time. Dubbed a “cousin of graphene”, the material, which is made up of just a single layer of germanium atoms, is expected to exhibit impressive electrical and optical properties and could be widely integrated across the […]

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September 10, 2014

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Using ‘Solid’ Light to Answer Previously Unsolvable Problems

Artificial Atom Could Help Answer Fundamental Questions about the Physics of Matter

By crystallizing light, Princeton University researchers have begun to address questions about the fundamental study of matter. The researchers are not shining light through crystal – they are transforming light into crystal. As part of an effort to develop exotic materials such as room-temperature superconductors, the researchers have locked together photons, the basic element of […]

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September 10, 2014

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Brain Structure of the Parietal Cortex Could Predict Risky Behavior

Brain Structure Could Predict Risky Behavior

New research shows that brain structure may predict risky behavior, revealing that those with a larger volume in a particular part of the parietal cortex were willing to take more risks than those with less volume in this part of the brain. Some people avoid risks at all costs, while others will put their wealth, […]

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September 10, 2014

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Yale Study Shows More Health Symptoms Reported Near ‘Fracking’ Sites

More Health Symptoms Reported Near Fracking

A new study from Yale University found that natural gas drilling may increase the risk of health symptoms in people living near natural gas extraction sites, supporting the need for further research into the health and environmental implications of extraction techniques like hydraulic fracturing. A Yale-led study has found a greater prevalence of health symptoms […]

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September 10, 2014

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The Most Complete and Detailed X-Ray View of Puppis A

New Chandra Image of Puppis A

This new image of supernova remnant Puppis A includes data from Chandra and XMM-Newton and is the most complete and detailed X-ray view to date, revealing a delicate tapestry of X-ray light left behind by the supernova explosion. The destructive results of a powerful supernova explosion reveal themselves in a delicate tapestry of X-ray light, […]

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September 10, 2014

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Hubble Discovers a Companion Star to a Rare Type of Supernova

Astronomers Discover a Companion Star to a Rare Type of Supernova

Using optical light data and Hubble’s UV light images, astronomers have discovered the companion star of a rare Type IIb supernova. The discovery confirms a long-held theory that the supernova, dubbed SN 1993J, occurred inside what is called a binary system, where two interacting stars caused a cosmic explosion. “This is like a crime scene, […]

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