March 16, 2015

0 Comments

Chiron May Possess Saturn-Like Rings

Chiron May Have Saturn-like Rings

Using data from NASA’s Infrared Telescope Facility and the Las Cumbres Observatory Global Telescope Network, astronomers reveal features around Chiron that may signal rings, jets, or a shell of dust. There are only five bodies in our solar system that are known to bear rings. The most obvious is the planet Saturn; to a lesser […]

Continue reading...

March 16, 2015

0 Comments

New Surface Composition Maps of Mercury Provide Clues to the Planet’s History

New Surface Composition Maps of Mercury

Using data from the MESSENGER spacecraft, scientists reveal previously unrecognized geochemical terranes of Mercury. Washington, D.C. – Two new papers from members of the MESSENGER Science Team provide global-scale maps of Mercury’s surface chemistry that reveal previously unrecognized geochemical terranes — large regions that have compositions distinct from their surroundings. The presence of these large […]

Continue reading...

March 16, 2015

0 Comments

Researchers Identify a Vital Protein for Brain Development

Researchers Identify a Vital Protein

Researchers from the Harvard Stem Cell Institute have identified a vital protein that can help determine embryonic development. A protein that is necessary for the formation of the vertebrate brain has been identified by researchers at the Harvard Stem Cell Institute (HSCI) and Boston Children’s Hospital, in collaboration with scientists from Oxford and Rio de […]

Continue reading...

March 16, 2015

0 Comments

Shadow of the Moon – A Total Solar Eclipse

Shadow of the Moon a Total Solar Eclipse

This short video from NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center presents several visualizations of the total solar eclipse that will take place on March 20th. On March 20th, 2015, the Moon’s shadow will create a total solar eclipse. This video presents several visualizations of what this shadow would look like from space, and highlights the areas […]

Continue reading...

March 16, 2015

0 Comments

Hubble Views Blue Compact Dwarf Galaxy SBS 1415+437

Hubble Views PGC 51017

This newly released Hubble image shows blue compact dwarf galaxy SBS 1415+437. The bright streak of glowing gas and stars in this NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope image is known as PGC 51017, or SBS 1415+437. It is type of galaxy known as a blue compact dwarf. This particular dwarf is well studied and has an […]

Continue reading...

March 13, 2015

0 Comments

Habitable Exoplanets Could Experience a Wide Range of Climates

Habitable Exoplanets Could Experience Chaotic Resonance

New research from astronomers at the University of Washington details how some habitable exoplanets could experience wildly unpredictable climates. As telescopes of ever-greater power scan the cosmos looking for life, knowing where to look — and where not to waste time looking — will be of great value. New research by University of Washington astronomer […]

Continue reading...

March 13, 2015

0 Comments

New Technique Offers Direct Stimulation of Neurons Without External Connections

New Technique Could Lead to Long-Lasting Localized Stimulation of Brain Tissue

Using external magnetic fields and injected magnetic nanoparticles, a new technique developed by researchers at MIT could lead to long-lasting localized stimulation of brain tissue without external connections. This video shows a calcium ion influx into neurons as a result of magnetothermal excitation with alternating magnetic fields in the presence of magnetic nanoparticles. Neurons on […]

Continue reading...

March 13, 2015

0 Comments

Deceased Donor Kidneys with Acute Injury Can Be Used for Transplants

Study Reveals Injured Kidneys Can be Used for Transplants

New research from Yale University shows that kidneys from deceased donors that have acute injuries can be successfully used for transplants, instead of being discarded. The study finds that such kidneys may be more viable than previously thought, and should be considered to meet the growing demand for organ transplants. The study was published March […]

Continue reading...

March 13, 2015

0 Comments

Cosmic Bumps on Cosmic Ripples – Analysis of Sunyaev-Zel’dovich Effect

Researchers Use Observations from the SPT to Examine the SZE Signatures

Researchers from the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics used the South Pole Telescope to examine the SZE signatures of galaxy clusters, reporting an unexpectedly weak SZE signal for less massive galaxy clusters. In 1969, the astrophysicists Rashid Sunyaev and Yakov Zel’dovich realized that the then recently discovered cosmic microwave background radiation (CMBR) would be distorted by […]

Continue reading...

March 13, 2015

0 Comments

Curiosity Rover Delivers Rock Powder Sample

Rover Delivers Mars Rock Powder Sample

After a temporary delay, the Curiosity Mars rover used its robotic arm to sieve and deliver a rock-powder sample to an onboard instrument. The Chemistry and Mineralogy (CheMin) analytical instrument inside the rover received the sample powder. This sample comes from a rock target called “Telegraph Peak,” the third target drilled during about six months […]

Continue reading...

March 12, 2015

1 Comment

Gamma-ray Emission from the Newly Discovered Dwarf Galaxy May Point to Dark Matter

Gamma Rays from a Newly Discovered Dwarf Galaxy Reticulum 2 May Point to Dark Matter

Researchers at Brown, Carnegie Mellon, and Cambridge have detected gamma ray emissions from dwarf galaxy Reticulum 2. This detection may be the signal of dark matter particles annihilating, a long-sought prediction of many dark matter theories. Providence, Rhode Island (Brown University) — A newly discovered dwarf galaxy orbiting our own Milky Way has offered up […]

Continue reading...

March 12, 2015

1 Comment

Aegirocassis Benmoulae Hints at Early Arthropod Evolution

Aegirocassis Benmoulae Hints at Early Arthropod Evolution

Newly discovered fossils of an extinct sea creature named Aegirocassis benmoulae provide key evidence about the early evolution of arthropods. A presentation by Dr. Peter Van Roy describing a new fossil anomalocaridid from the Early Ordovician Fezouata Formation of Morocco. Dr. Van Roy is one of the authors of a new study that has shed […]

Continue reading...

March 12, 2015

2 Comments

Hubble Reveals Underground Ocean on Jupiter’s Moon Ganymede

Interior of Jupiter’s Largest Moon Ganymede

By watching the rocking motion of the two aurorae, astronomers have determined that a large amount of saltwater exists beneath Jupiter’s moon Ganymede. NASA’s Hubble Space Telescope has the best evidence yet for an underground saltwater ocean on Ganymede, Jupiter’s largest moon. The subterranean ocean is thought to have more water than all the water […]

Continue reading...

March 12, 2015

1 Comment

Saturn’s Moon Enceladus Exhibits Signs of Hydrothermal Activity

Data Suggest Saturn Moon's Ocean May Harbor Hydrothermal Activity

Using data from NASA’s Cassini spacecraft, two newly published studies reveal the first clear evidence that Saturn’s moon Enceladus exhibits signs of present-day hydrothermal activity which may resemble that seen in the deep oceans on Earth. The implications of such activity on a world other than our planet open up unprecedented scientific possibilities. “These findings […]

Continue reading...

March 11, 2015

1 Comment

A “Rippled” Milky Way May Be Much Larger Than Previously Estimated

Milky Way May Be Much Larger Than Previously Estimated

Using data from the Sloan Digital Sky Survey, a newly published study from Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute reveals that a “rippled” Milky Way may be 50 percent larger than previously estimated. The Milky Way galaxy is at least 50 percent larger than is commonly estimated, according to new findings that reveal that the galactic disk is […]

Continue reading...

March 11, 2015

0 Comments

New Strain of H1N1 in India Raises Concern

H1N1 Outbreak in India Raises Concern

New research from MIT finds evidence that a new strain of H1N1 may carry dangerous mutations. Since December, an outbreak of swine flu in India has killed more than 1,200 people, and a new MIT study suggests that the strain has acquired mutations that make it more dangerous than previously circulating strains of H1N1 influenza. […]

Continue reading...

March 11, 2015

1 Comment

Survey of Carina Nebula Reveals Details of Star Formation

New Study Reveals Details of Star Formation

A newly published study about the Carina Nebula is helping astronomers better understand the processes that may have contributed to the formation of the sun 4.5 billion years ago. The Carina Nebula survey is published in the Astronomical Journal. “Most stars form in giant molecular clouds, regions where the density of matter is sufficient for […]

Continue reading...