May 28, 2015

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Engineers Develop Probiotics That Can Detect Tumors

Engineered Probiotics Can Detect Tumors in the Liver

By using probiotics, a team of engineers has devised a new way to detect cancer that has spread to the liver. Many types of cancer, including colon and pancreatic, tend to metastasize to the liver. The earlier doctors can find these tumors, the more likely that they can successfully treat them. “There are interventions, like […]

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May 28, 2015

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Neuroscientists Identify Brain Circuit That Controls Decision-Making Under Conflict

Scientists Identify Brain Circuit that Controls Emotional Decisions

A newly published study details how neuroscientists from MIT identified a neural circuit that controls decision-making under conflict. Some decisions arouse far more anxiety than others. Among the most anxiety-provoking are those that involve options with both positive and negative elements, such choosing to take a higher-paying job in a city far from family and […]

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May 28, 2015

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Distant Quasars Help Set Limits On Space-Time Quantum Foam

Space-Time Quantum Foam

New x-ray and gamma-ray observations of distant quasars are being used to help scientists set limits on the quantum nature of space-time on extremely tiny scales. A team of scientists has used X-ray and gamma-ray observations of some of the most distant objects in the Universe to better understand the nature of space and time. […]

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May 28, 2015

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A New View of Ceres, Dawn Shows Finer Detail

New Dawn Image of Ceres

This new image from NASA’s Dawn spacecraft shows finer details of the dwarf planet Ceres. The spacecraft snapped the image at a distance of 3,200 miles (5,100 kilometers) with a resolution of 1,600 feet (480 meters) per pixel. The image is part of a sequence taken for navigational purposes. After transmitting these images to Earth […]

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May 27, 2015

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ESO Views Star Forming Cloud RCW 34

New ESO Image of RCW 34

This newly released image from the European Southern Observatory shows the young star-forming region RCW 34. In the brightest region of this glowing nebula called RCW 34, gas is heated dramatically by young stars and expands through the surrounding cooler gas. Once the heated hydrogen reaches the borders of the gas cloud, it bursts outwards […]

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May 27, 2015

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New Algorithm Lets Robots Autonomously Plan for Tasks

New Algorithm Allows Robots to Plan on the Fly

Researchers from MIT have developed a new algorithm that lets autonomous robots divvy up assembly tasks on the fly, an important step forward in multirobot cooperation. Today’s industrial robots are remarkably efficient — as long as they’re in a controlled environment where everything is exactly where they expect it to be. But put them in […]

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May 27, 2015

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12-Frame Mosaic of Europa’s Jupiter-Facing Hemisphere

Galileo View of Jupiter's Moon Europa

This 12-frame mosaic was taken by Galileo’s camera when the spacecraft was 94,000 kilometers from Europa, providing the highest resolution view ever obtained of the side of Jupiter’s moon Europa that faces the giant planet. This 12-frame mosaic provides the highest resolution view ever obtained of the side of Jupiter’s moon Europa that faces the […]

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May 27, 2015

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New Cassini View of Rhea’s Horizon

Cassini Views the Surface of Rhea

This newly released Cassini image shows the surface of Saturn’s moon Rhea. Gazing off toward the horizon is thought-provoking no matter what body’s horizon it is. Rhea’s horizon is slightly irregular and battered by craters, so thoughts inevitably turn towards the forces that shape these icy worlds. The surface of Rhea (949 miles or 1527 […]

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May 26, 2015

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CLAIRE – A New Breakthrough Technique for Non-invasive Nano-scale Imaging

Scientists Develop New Technique for Non-invasive Nano-scale Imaging

Researchers have developed a new non-invasive nanoscale imaging technique that allows them to convert electron microscopy into a non-invasive imaging modality for studying soft materials and providing spectrally specific information about them on the nanoscale. Soft matter encompasses a broad swath of materials, including liquids, polymers, gels, foam and – most importantly – biomolecules. At […]

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May 26, 2015

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Researchers Develop a New Quantum Error Correcting Code

A New Quantum Error Correcting Code

A team of researchers from MIT, Google, the University of Sydney, and Cornell University present a new quantum error correcting code that requires measurements of only a few quantum bits at a time to ensure consistency between one stage of a computation and the next. Quantum computers are largely theoretical devices that could perform some […]

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May 26, 2015

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Astronomers Discover Super-Jupiter Exoplanet around an Evolved Star

Astronomers Discover Kepler-432

Astronomers from the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics have discovered two new giant exoplanets around an evolved star. There are 565 exoplanets currently known that are as massive as Jupiter or bigger, about one third of the total known, confirmed exoplanet population. About one quarter of the massive population orbits very close to its star, with […]

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May 26, 2015

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Hubble Views the Densest Known Star Cluster in the Milky Way

The Densest Known Star Cluster in the Milky Way

This newly released Hubble image shows the Arches Cluster, the densest known star cluster in the Milky Way. The Arches Cluster is located about 25,000 light-years from Earth in the constellation of Sagittarius (The Archer), close to the heart of our galaxy, the Milky Way. It is, like its neighbour the Quintuplet Cluster, a fairly […]

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May 22, 2015

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Rare Quasar Quartet Reveals Massive Structure in Distant Universe

Quasar Quartet Reveals Rare Massive Structure in Distant Universe

Astronomers have discovered four active black holes situated in close proximity to one another in the distant universe, surrounded by a giant nebula of cool dense gas. Using the W.M. Keck observatory in Hawaii, a group of astronomers led by Joseph Hennawi of the Max Planck Institute for Astronomy have discovered the first quadruple quasar: […]

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May 22, 2015

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CCNE1 Gene Turns Back Cellular Clock

Researchers Discover Human-Specific Gene That Turns Back Cellular Clock

Yale researchers have discovered a gene that turns back the cellular clock, greatly aiding the reprogramming of mature cells. An exhaustive analysis of factors that allow mature cells to become like embryonic stem cells again has revealed a spliced form of a gene found only in primates that greatly aids the reprogramming of mature cells. […]

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May 22, 2015

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Cell-Squeezing Device Opens New Possibilities for Cell-Based Vaccines

Cell Squeezing Device Opens New possibilities for Cell-Based Vaccines

A newly published study details how researchers from MIT developed a new microfluidic cell-squeezing device, opening new possibilities for cell-based vaccines. MIT researchers have shown that they can use a microfluidic cell-squeezing device to introduce specific antigens inside the immune system’s B cells, providing a new approach to developing and implementing antigen-presenting cell vaccines. Such […]

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May 22, 2015

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Hubble Uncovers New Clues about a Hefty, Rapidly Aging Star

Hubble Observations of NaSt1

Using the Hubble Space Telescope, a team of astronomers has uncovered surprising new clues about a hefty, rapidly aging star whose behavior has never been seen before in our Milky Way galaxy. Nicknamed it “Nasty 1,” a play on its catalog name of NaSt1, the star may represent a brief transitory stage in the evolution […]

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May 21, 2015

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New High Speed Roll-to-Roll Manufacturing Process for Graphene

High Speed Roll to Roll Manufacturing of Graphene

Engineers from MIT and the University of Michigan have developed a new manufacturing process that could help bring graphene and other 2D materials to commercial products. Graphene is a material with a host of potential applications, including in flexible light sources, solar panels that could be integrated into windows, and membranes to desalinate and purify […]

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May 21, 2015

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Keck Spectroscopy Confirmation of Large, Diffuse Galaxies in the Coma Cluster

Confirmation of the Existence of Large Diffuse Galaxies in the Coma Cluster

In a newly published study, astronomers detail the discovery of large, diffuse galaxies in the Coma Cluster. A fluffy galaxy is hard to find, but that didn’t stop a Yale astronomer and an international research team from identifying the fluffiest galaxies in the universe. These “ultra diffuse” galaxies are located about 300 million light years […]

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