October 18, 2016

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STEP Protein Linked to Alzheimer’s May Also Play a Role in Schizophrenia

Protein linked to Alzheimer’s May Also Play a Role in Schizophrenia

New research from Yale University shows that an increase in the STEP (STriatal-Enriched protein tyrosine Phosphatase) protein leads to a disruption of synaptic function and contributes to cognitive disorders. A specific protein implicated in the cognitive decline of Alzheimer’s disease also appears to play a role in genetic predisposition to schizophrenia, meaning that a drug […]

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October 18, 2016

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New Research Challenges Solar Radiation Models

Wayward Field Lines Challenge Solar Radiation Models

This video compares the two models for particle distribution over the course of just three hours after an SEP event. The white line represents a magnetic field line, the general path that the SEPs follow. The line starts at an SEP event at the sun, and leads the particles in a spiral around the sun. […]

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October 18, 2016

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MAVEN Mission Provides Unprecedented Ultraviolet View of Mars

NASAs-MAVEN-Mission-Gives-Unprecedented-View-of-Mars

New images from the MAVEN mission show the ultraviolet glow from the Martian atmosphere in unprecedented detail, revealing dynamic, previously invisible behavior. They include the first images of “nightglow” that can be used to show how winds circulate at high altitudes. Additionally, dayside ultraviolet imagery from the spacecraft shows how ozone amounts change over the […]

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October 17, 2016

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Cassini Views a Lonely Moon of Saturn

Cassini Views Saturn's Moon Pandora

This new Cassini image shows Saturn’s moon Pandora in isolation beside Saturn’s kinked and constantly changing F ring. Pandora (near upper right) is 50 miles (81 kilometers) wide. The moon has an elongated, potato-like shape. Two faint ringlets are visible within the Encke Gap, near lower left. The gap is about 202 miles (325 kilometers) […]

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October 17, 2016

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New Research Provides Hope for Better Wound Healing for Diabetics

New Hope for Better Wound Healing for People with Diabetes

New research from the Max Planck Institute could lead to the development of new wound treatment methods for people with diabetes. Diabetics often have to contend with wounds that heal poorly. Researchers at the Max Planck Institute for Biology of Ageing, the CECAD Excellence Cluster and the Institute of Genetics of the University of Cologne […]

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October 17, 2016

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Astronomers Study a Star’s Environment from Light Curves

Studying a Star's Environment from Light Curves

Using the ALMA telescopes, astronomers discovered a circumstellar disk around the star EPIC 204278916 and offer several explanations for the dips including that they are caused by clumps of material in the warped inner portion of the disk. There are now about 2700 confirmed exoplanets discovered by transiting techniques including those used with the Kepler […]

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October 17, 2016

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Hubble Image of the Week – The Toucan and the Cluster

New Hubble Image of NGC 299

This newly released Hubble image shows open star cluster NGC 299. It may be famous for hosting spectacular sights such as the Tucana Dwarf Galaxy and 47 Tucanae, the second brightest globular cluster in the night sky, but the southern constellation of Tucana (The Toucan) also possesses a variety of unsung cosmic beauties. One such […]

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October 14, 2016

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VISTA Finds Remains of Archaic Globular Star Cluster in The Milky Way

VISTA Discovers Remains of Archaic Globular Star Cluster

Using ESO’s infrared VISTA telescope, astronomers have discovered ancient stars, of a type known as RR Lyrae, in the center of the Milky Way for the first time. RR Lyrae stars typically reside in ancient stellar populations over 10 billion years old. Their discovery suggests that the bulging center of the Milky Way likely grew […]

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October 14, 2016

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MIT’s Alcator C-Mod Tokamak Nuclear Fusion Reactor Sets World Record

Alcator C-Mod Tokamak Nuclear Fusion Reactor Sets World Record

MIT’s Alcator C-Mod tokamak nuclear fusion reactor set a new world record, achieving over 2 atmospheres of pressure for the first time. On Friday, September 30, at 9:25 p.m. EDT, scientists and engineers at MIT’s Plasma Science and Fusion Center made a leap forward in the pursuit of clean energy. The team set a new […]

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October 14, 2016

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Quantum Physics – Teleporting Toward a Quantum Internet

Teleporting Toward a Quantum Internet

New experiments in Calgary tested quantum teleportation in actual infrastructure, representing a major step forward for the technology. Quantum physics is a field that appears to give scientists superpowers. Those who understand the world of extremely small or cold particles can perform amazing feats with them — including teleportation — that appear to bend reality. […]

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October 13, 2016

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Universe Contains 10 Times More Galaxies Previously Thought

Hubble Reveals Observable Universe Contains 10 Times More Galaxies Than Previously Thought

A new study of Hubble’s deep-field surveys reveals that at least 10 times more galaxies exist in the observable universe than astronomers thought. The universe suddenly looks a lot more crowded, thanks to a deep-sky census assembled from surveys taken by NASA’s Hubble Space Telescope and other observatories. Astronomers came to the surprising conclusion that […]

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October 13, 2016

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LRO Spacecraft Reveals Earth’s Moon Hit by Surprising Number of Meteoroids

Earths-Moon-Hit-by-Surprising-Number-of-Meteoroids

A newly published study reveals that a random bombardment by comets, asteroids and associated fragments are altering the lunar surface at a higher rate than previously thought. After simulating the distant view of a new impact, the camera zooms up to the surface to show actual before/after images of a new 12-meter crater taken by […]

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October 13, 2016

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Astronomers Reveal That Proxima Centauri Might Be More Sunlike Than Previously Thought

Proxima Centauri Might Be More Sunlike Than Previously Thought

New research from the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics reveals that the nearby star Proxima Centauri shows signs of a 7-year activity cycle. In August astronomers announced that the nearby star Proxima Centauri hosts an Earth-sized planet (called Proxima b) in its habitable zone. At first glance, Proxima Centauri seems nothing like our Sun. It’s a […]

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October 12, 2016

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Ultraviolet Light from Stars Plays Key Role in Creating Building Blocks of Life

Ultraviolet Light from Stars Plays a Key Role in Creating Building Blocks of Life

New research shows that ultraviolet light from stars plays a key role in creating molecules that are necessary for building other chemicals essential for life. Life exists in a myriad of wondrous forms, but if you break any organism down to its most basic parts, it’s all the same stuff: carbon atoms connected to hydrogen, […]

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October 11, 2016

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MIT Physicists Simulate a Magnetar to Seek Dark Matter Particle

MIT Physicists Seek Dark Matter Particle

Physicists from MIT are proposing a new experiment to detect a dark matter particle called the axion. If successful, the effort could crack one of the most perplexing unsolved mysteries in particle physics, as well as finally yield a glimpse of dark matter. Axions are hypothetical elementary particles that are thought to be among the […]

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October 11, 2016

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Yale Researchers Reveal Genes Behind Aggressive Ovarian and Endometrial Cancers

Researchers Find Genes Behind Aggressive Ovarian and Endometrial Cancers

Researchers from Yale University have defined the genetic landscape of rare, highly aggressive tumors called carcinosarcomas, pointing the way to possible new treatments. The findings are published in the early edition of Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. Endometrial and ovarian cancers are the most prevalent gynecologic tumors in women, with over 76,160 newly […]

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October 10, 2016

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New Research Shows Female Hippocampus Structure Changes in Sync with Hormones

Study Shows Female Brains Change in Sync with Hormones

New research from the Max Planck Institute shows that in women, in parallel to the rhythm of the level of estrogen across their menstrual cycle, the structures of the Hippocampus vary — a brain area that is crucial for memories, mood and emotions. Although it has already been known for some time that the brain […]

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October 10, 2016

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Astronomers Take First Step Toward Uncovering Nascent Galaxies in the Early Universe

Scientists Study the Epoch of Reionization

In preparation for looking for the first generation of galaxies, the facility has published the first catalog of extragalactic sources of contamination in one of the fields of view. The epoch when the very first stars appeared is a key period of cosmic history. These stars began the manufacture of the chemical elements (those heavier […]

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