Cancer News

Scientists Discover Protein That Can Accelerate Recovery

October 22, 2014

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Scientists Discover Protein That Can Accelerate Cancer Recovery

New research from UCLA’s Jonsson Comprehensive Cancer Center reveals how a unique protein found in human bone marrow can drive stem cells to repair our blood system after an injury, providing a roadmap that could help scientists make existing radiation and chemotherapy treatments more effective for people with cancer and other blood-related diseases. Led by […]

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Certain Peptides Exposed to UV Radiation Transition to More Reactive Triplet Quantum States

October 21, 2014

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Peptides Exposed to UV Radiation Transition to More Reactive Triplet Quantum States

New research shows that certain peptides degrade under UV light by first passing through a triplet quantum state, a reactive arrangement that can cause greater damage than fragmentation alone. The most obvious effects of too much sun exposure are cosmetic, like wrinkled and rough skin. Some damage, however, goes deeper—ultraviolet light can damage DNA and […]

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Biologist Reveal Boost in Certain Amino Acids is an Early Sign of Cancer

September 29, 2014

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Research Shows Boost in Certain Amino Acids is Sign of Early Cancer

Based on an analysis of blood samples from 1,500 people participating in long-term health studies, biologists found that people with a surge in amino acids known as branched chain amino acids were far more likely to be diagnosed with pancreatic cancer within one to 10 years. Years before they show any other signs of disease, […]

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MIT Chemists Use Modified Anthrax Toxin to Deliver Cancer Drugs

September 25, 2014

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MIT Chemists Use Anthrax to Deliver Cancer Drugs

In a newly published study, researchers from MIT show that a modified version of the anthrax toxin can be used to deliver antibody drugs to kill cancer cells. Bacillus anthracis bacteria have very efficient machinery for injecting toxic proteins into cells, leading to the potentially deadly infection known as anthrax. A team of MIT researchers […]

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New Two-Step Strategy for Weakening Cancer

September 23, 2014

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New Study Reveals Two-Step Strategy for Weakening Cancer

Researchers from Rice University and the University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center reveal a new two-step strategy for weakening cancer. Research by Rice University scientists who are fighting a cyberwar against cancer finds that the immune system may be a clinician’s most powerful ally. “Recent research has found that cancer is already adept at […]

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New Acoustic Device Separates Tumor Cells from Blood Cells

August 26, 2014

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Researchers Develop New Way to Separate Cells by Exposing Them to Sound Waves

A team of engineers has developed a new acoustic device that separates tumor cells from blood cells, helping doctors predict whether a tumor is going to spread. Researchers from MIT, Pennsylvania State University, and Carnegie Mellon University have devised a new way to separate cells by exposing them to sound waves as they flow through […]

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Research Reveals How Tumor Cells Move Throughout the Body

August 19, 2014

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How Tumor Cells Transition to Invasion

Using a microscopic obstacle course, researchers at Brown University observe cancer cells directly as they break away from a tumor mass and move. Providence, Rhode Island (Brown University) — Using a microengineered device that acts as an obstacle course for cells, researchers have shed new light on a cellular metamorphosis thought to play a role […]

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Engineers Develop New Method to Detect Epigenetic Modifications

August 15, 2014

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Identifying Epigenetic Markers Reveals Tumor Weaknesses

Chemical engineers from MIT have developed a new method to detect epigenetic modifications, which could offer a new way to choose the best treatment for individual patients. Scientists have known for decades that cancer can be caused by genetic mutations, but more recently they have discovered that chemical modifications of a gene can also contribute […]

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Neurologists Discover New Method to Fight Glioblastomas

August 14, 2014

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Researchers Discover Weakness in Glioblastoma Defenses

By targeting a protein crucial in the early development of the brain, researchers discovered that they can block multiple signaling pathways implicated in glioblastoma growth and have reduced human tumors in mouse models of the disease. Glioblastoma is a complex, deadly, and hard-to-treat brain cancer, but Yale School of Medicine researchers may have found the […]

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Yale Researchers Discover New Cancer Cell Vulnerability

July 21, 2014

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Researchers Discover New Cancer Cell Vulnerability

New research from Yale University found that simultaneous inhibition of both telomerase and p21 inhibited tumor growth in mice. Yale School of Medicine and Yale Cancer Center researchers have uncovered a genetic vulnerability of cancer cells that express telomerase — an enzyme that drives their unchecked growth — and showed that telomerase-expressing cells depend upon […]

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Yale Researchers Identify a Key Link between Tumors and Healthy Tissue

March 21, 2014

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Yale Researchers Identify a Key Link between Tumors and Healthy Tissue

Researchers from the Yale School of Medicine have discovered a key link between tumors and healthy tissue, revealing a potential mechanism used by cancer cells to recruit healthy cells to promote tumor growth. The delicate balance between development of normal tissue and tumors depends in part upon a key molecular switch within cells, Yale School […]

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Scientists Sequence the Genome of the World’s Oldest Continuously Surviving Cancer

January 24, 2014

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Genome of Oldest Cancer Reveals Its Origin and Evolution

Researchers have sequenced the genome of an 11,000-year-old dog cancer, revealing its secrets and origin. Scientists have sequenced the genome of the world’s oldest continuously surviving cancer, a transmissible genital cancer that affects dogs. This cancer, which causes grotesque genital tumors in dogs around the world, first arose in a single dog that lived about […]

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