Catalysts News

New Catalyst Promotes Carbon Dioxide Conversion into Fuels

November 15, 2016

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Turning Greenhouse Gas Into Gasoline

Scientists at MIT have developed a new catalyst material that provides design principles for producing fuels from carbon dioxide emissions. The findings suggest a route toward using the world’s existing infrastructure for fuel storage and distribution, without adding net greenhouse emissions to the atmosphere. The new catalyst takes the process only through its first stage […]

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New Nanoparticle Catalysts Improve Reactivity with Much Less Platinum

May 23, 2016

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MIT Develops New Nanoparticle Catalysts

Using an atomically-thin coating of noble metal over a tiny particle made of a much more abundant and inexpensive material, MIT engineers have developed new nanoparticle catalysts that could reduce need for precious metals. Materials that speed up a chemical reaction without getting consumed in the process, known as catalysts, lie at the heart of […]

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New Graphene Based Catalyst Shows Promise for Clean, Inexpensive Hydrogen Production

October 21, 2015

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New Catalyst Holds Promise for Clean, Inexpensive Hydrogen Production

New research from Rice University reveals that graphene doped with nitrogen and augmented with cobalt atoms has proven to be an effective, durable catalyst for the production of hydrogen from water. The Rice lab of chemist James Tour and colleagues at the Chinese Academy of Sciences, the University of Texas at San Antonio and the […]

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UJI Patents New Graphene-Based Catalysts

August 26, 2015

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New Graphene-Based Catalysts

By combining graphene and organometallic compounds, researchers have developed graphene-based materials that can catalyze reactions for the conversion and storage of energy. Researchers at the Universitat Jaume I have developed materials based on graphene that can catalyze reactions for the conversion and storage of energy. The technology patented by the UJI combines graphene and organometallic […]

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New Chemical Catalysts Are Less Expensive and More Sustainable

May 18, 2015

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New Chemical Catalysts

Researchers from Yale University have developed a new family of chemical catalysts that are expected to lower the cost and boost the sustainability of the production of chemical compounds used by a number of industries. The new catalysts are based on palladium, a rare and expensive metal. Palladium catalysts are used to form an array […]

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Newly Discovered Catalyst Could Lead to the Clean Production of Methanol

March 4, 2014

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Newly Discovered Catalyst Could Lead to the Clean Production of Methanol

An international team of scientists has created a new nickel-gallium catalyst that could be used to convert hydrogen and carbon dioxide emissions into methanol. A research team has discovered a potentially clean, low-cost way to convert carbon dioxide into methanol, a key ingredient in the production of plastics, adhesives and solvents, and a promising fuel […]

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Nanocatalyst Tolerates Carbon Monoxide in Fuel Cells, Transforms Impure Hydrogen into Electricity

September 18, 2013

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Nanocrystal Catalyst Transforms Impure Hydrogen into Electricity

Researchers at the Brookhaven National Laboratory have developed a high-performing nanocatalyst that tolerates carbon monoxide in fuel cells, opening new, inexpensive pathways for zero-emission vehicles. Upton, New York — The quest to harness hydrogen as the clean-burning fuel of the future demands the perfect catalysts—nanoscale machines that enhance chemical reactions. Scientists must tweak atomic structures […]

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Cobalt-Graphene Catalyst Performs Nearly as Well as Platinum

October 18, 2012

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cobalt-graphene catalyst

Researchers at Brown University have developed a cheaper and more durable catalyst using graphene, cobalt, and cobalt-oxide nanoparticles that can catalyze the oxygen reduction reaction nearly as well as platinum. Providence, Rhode Island [Brown University] — There’s a new contender in the race to find an inexpensive alternative to platinum catalysts for use in hydrogen […]

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Dempsey’s Mechanism, Pathway that Catalysts Use to Generate Hydrogen

September 4, 2012

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Improved Water-Splitting Catalysts

As scientists continue to search for alternatives to platinum catalysts, Caltech chemists have determined the dominant mechanism for cobalt catalysts, paving the way for the development of better catalysts. Pasadena, California — Scientists and engineers around the world are working to find a way to power the planet using solar-powered fuel cells. Such green systems […]

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New Nanocomposite Material Looks to Improve Fuel Cells

August 29, 2012

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illustration of the new IBN nanocomposite material

Scientists at the Institute of Bioengineering and Nanotechnology have developed a more powerful and longer lasting fuel cell material by replacing the central part of the catalyst with gold and copper alloy and leaving just the outer layer in platinum. Using a mixture of gold, copper and platinum nanoparticles, IBN researchers have developed a more […]

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Scientists Examine Platinum-Based Catalyst Design

August 17, 2012

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a platinum island of optimized thickness and shape

Working as a team, scientists from SIMES and the SUNCAT Center for Interface Science and Catalysis studied two platinum-rhodium nanostructures, identifying the most active sites on the platinum islands and predicting that an optimized platinum-rhodium nanostructure could be up to five times more active than pure platinum. Researchers from two SLAC-Stanford joint institutes, the Stanford […]

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Nanorod Catalyst Provides Platinum Like Efficiency in MFCs at a Fraction of the Cost

June 22, 2012

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a strip of carbon that contains the novel nanorod catalyst material they developed for microbial fuel cells

Using nitrogen-enriched iron-carbon nanorods as a catalyst, engineers have demonstrated the same level of efficiency in microbial fuel cells as the more expensive platinum catalyst and outperformed a graphene-based alternative. Engineers at the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee (UWM) have identified a catalyst that provides the same level of efficiency in microbial fuel cells (MFCs) as the […]

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Searching for an Efficient Way to Make Methanol

May 25, 2012

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atoms on the surface of an industrial catalyst used in methanol production

Researchers from SLAC and Stanford have teamed with scientists at the Max Planck Institute to examine catalysts in an effort to find an efficient way to make methanol from the carbon dioxide that’s produced by burning fossil fuels, turning a global warming source into a global warming solution. What’s the best way to make methanol? […]

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Zeolite Catalyst Creates P-Xylene from Biomass

May 1, 2012

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Chemical Engineers Discover a High-Yield Method for Producing Everyday Plastics from Biomass

Chemical engineers at UMass Amherst have discovered a high-yield method of making plastic bottles from biomass. By using a zeolite catalyst capable of transforming glucose into p-xylene, the inexpensive process creates p-xylene with an efficient yield of 75-percent, which could help remove the need for petroleum-based materials in the plastic bottle industry. Amherst, Massachusetts – […]

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Working to Recycle Greenhouse Gases

April 25, 2012

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catalyst of the methanol synthesis in the semi-automatic precipitation reactor

Scientists around the world continue to study greenhouse gas emissions and researchers at the Fritz Haber Institute discovered findings that could lead to the recycling of greenhouse gas that is produced when fossil fuels burn. There is now one less mystery in chemical production plants. For many decades industry has been producing methanol on a […]

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Gold Improves the Performance of Nanoparticle Fuel-Cell Reactions

March 12, 2012

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fuel-cell technology

Fuel-cell technology is set to take a step forward as chemists have created a triple-headed metallic nanoparticle, FePtAu, which generates higher current per unit of mass than any other nanoparticle catalyst tested. In tests, researchers from Brown University found that the FePtAu catalyst reached 2809.9 mA/mg Pt and after 13 hours has a mass activity […]

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