Health News

Study Shows Aspirin Use Lowers the Risk of Pancreatic Cancer

January 9, 2017

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Aspirin Lowers Risk of Pancreatic Cancer

New research led by the Yale School of Public Health shows that regular use of aspirin lowers the risk for pancreatic cancer by almost 50 percent. Researchers studied patients with newly diagnosed pancreatic cancer at 37 Shanghai hospitals from December 2006 to January 2011. The 761 patients were interviewed in person about their use of […]

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Yale Scientists Track the Development of the Embryo

January 2, 2017

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Researchers Track the Development of the Embryo

Scientists at Yale University have discovered a way to track the precise bits of RNA that control the development of the embryo into trillions of specialized cells in a living animal. The new assay, tested on the genome of zebra fish, allows scientists to pinpoint function of myriad of signals activated after fertilization. “The problem […]

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FDA-Approved Drug Treats a Rare Cardiac Disease

December 15, 2016

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Cancer Drug Treats Rare Cardiac Disease

New research shows that a low-dose of the FDA-approved drug dasatinib improves heart function in Noonan syndrome. About 1 in 2,500 babies born in the United States each year have Noonan syndrome (NS), a genetic disorder that results in severe heart defects, among other symptoms. A mutation in a gene called PTPN11 which encodes for […]

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Common Mechanism May Be Responsible for the Spread of Alzheimer’s and CTE

December 8, 2016

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Alzheimer’s and CTE May Spread Via a Common Mechanism

A newly published study from UC San Francisco reveals that a shared biological mechanism may drive the progression of both Alzheimer’s disease and chronic traumatic encephalopathy. Both Alzheimer’s and CTE are classified as “tauopathies,” a category of diseases characterized by the improper folding and clumping together of a protein called tau (rhymes with “how”) inside […]

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‘NoBody’ – A Microprotein on a Mission

December 5, 2016

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NoBody, A Microprotein on a Mission

Using a technique that has revealed more than 400 new proteins too tiny to be found by other means, scientists from Yale University have helped identify a novel, functional “microprotein” encoded in the human genome. One of those microproteins, called NoBody, is a molecular workhorse involved in sweeping out unneeded genetic material inside cells. Its […]

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New Study Links Zika and Glaucoma

November 30, 2016

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Zika and Glaucoma Linked for First Time

A newly published study demonstrates for the first time that the Zika virus can cause glaucoma in infants who were exposed to the virus during gestation. Exposure to the Zika virus during pregnancy causes birth defects of the central nervous system, including microcephaly. Brazilian and Yale School of Public Health researchers had reported early during […]

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New Yale Study Points to a Possible Treatment for a Rare Vascular Disease

November 29, 2016

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Study Reveals a Possible Treatment for a Rare Vascular Disease

New research from Yale University points to a possible treatment for a rare genetic disorder that affects blood vessels. In individuals with a rare genetic disorder that affects blood vessels, arteries and veins develop abnormal connections, causing bleeding in the skin, nose, and other organs. In most cases, the condition — hereditary hemorraghic telangiectasia, or […]

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New Study Shows Individual Lifespans Are Becoming More Similar

November 28, 2016

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The Emergence of Longevous Populations

Scientists at the Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research have discovered a novel regularity for vastly different human societies and epochs. On average, as lives get longer, the difference in the age at which people die becomes smaller. By analyzing data from 44 countries, researchers have now proven that life expectancy and the variation of […]

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Do Community Factors Affect Your Weight?

November 18, 2016

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Does Where You Live Affect What You Weigh

A newly published study from Yale University shows that community-level factors may be associated with reduced adult obesity rates in counties within states that have a high adult obesity rate. Adult obesity rates in the United States have reached epidemic proportions, with one in four people considered obese. Yet, obesity rates vary considerably across states […]

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Researchers Find Antibody That ‘Neutralizes’ Zika Virus

November 8, 2016

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Study Finds Antibody That ‘Neutralizes’ Zika Virus

A team of researchers has isolated a human monoclonal antibody that in a mouse model “markedly reduced” infection by the Zika virus. The antibody, called ZIKV-117, also protected the fetus in pregnant mice infected with the virus, the researchers reported today in the journal Nature. Zika is believed to cause microcephaly, unusually small heads, and […]

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Study Shows A Widespread Disruption of Brain Activity During Absence Seizures

November 8, 2016

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Disruptions of Brain Activity in Absence Seizures

New research from Yale University shows that the entire brain is disrupted for 10 seconds or more at a time in absence seizures. Scientists believed that absence seizures — the brief loss of consciousness often mistaken for day-dreaming — was caused by a localized disruption of brain activity. A new Yale study finds the entire […]

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Researchers Develop a New Approach Against Pathogens

November 8, 2016

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Researchers Develop a New Approach Against Salmonella and Other Pathogens

A newly developed immunization strategy may someday offer an alternative to antibiotics against microbes that invade the gastrointestinal tract. Researchers from MIT and the University of California at Irvine have developed a new strategy to immunize against microbes that invade the gastrointestinal tract, including Salmonella, which causes more foodborne illness in the United States than […]

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Scientists Identify Potential Treatment for Fatal Leptospirosis

November 7, 2016

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Researchers Identify Potential Treatment for Fatal Leptospirosis

New research on leptospirosis sheds light on how the disease causes death and reveals a potentially novel treatment. While rare in the United States, leptospirosis remains an important health threat for impoverished populations in developing countries, causing more than one million illnesses and 60,000 deaths annually. The reasons why leptospirosis causes life-threatening manifestations, such as […]

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MIT Engineers Design a New Weapon Against Bacteria

November 2, 2016

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Engineers Design a New Weapon Against Bacteria

An international team of engineers has developed an antimicrobial peptide that can destroy many types of bacteria, including some that are resistant to most antibiotics. Over the past few decades, many bacteria have become resistant to existing antibiotics, and few new drugs have emerged. A recent study from a U.K. commission on antimicrobial resistance estimated […]

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How Nanoscience Will Improve Our Lives in the Coming Years

October 31, 2016

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Nanoscience Will Improve Our Health and Lives in the Coming Years

In a newly published study, nanoscientists look ahead to what we can expect in the coming decade, and conclude that nanoscience is poised to make important contributions in many areas, including health care, electronics, energy, food and water. Nanoscience research involves molecules that are only 1/100th the size of cancer cells and that have the potential to […]

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A Promising New Form of Immunotherapy for Cancer

October 27, 2016

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New Approach to Cancer Treatment

New research suggests a way to increase the staying power of CAR T cells, a promising form of immunotherapy for cancer. In people with chronic infections or cancer, disease-fighting T cells tend to behave like an overworked militia — wheezing, ill-prepared, tentative, in a state of “exhaustion” that allows disease to persist. In a paper […]

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Yale Develops New Gene Editing Strategy to Correct Mutations

October 26, 2016

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New Gene Editing Strategy to Correct Mutations

Using a new gene editing strategy, researchers from Yale University can correct mutations that cause thalassemia, a form of anemia. Their gene editing technique provided corrections to the mutations and alleviated the disease in mice, the researchers said. The finding could lead to studies of a similar gene therapy to treat people with inherited blood […]

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Two-Pronged Immune Response Destroys Tumors

October 24, 2016

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New Treatment Elicits Two-Pronged Immune Response That Destroys Tumors in Mice

Using a combination of four different therapies, researchers from MIT reveal a new treatment that destroys tumors in mice. Harnessing the body’s own immune system to destroy tumors is a tantalizing prospect that has yet to realize its full potential. However, a new advance from MIT may bring this strategy, known as cancer immunotherapy, closer […]

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