Materials Science News

LiquiGlide Nonstick Coating Coming to Consumer Goods

June 30, 2015

0 Comments

LiquiGlide Nonstick Coating Ready for Consumer Goods

You won’t have to shake, rattle and roll those last drops of condiments out of the bottle anymore. LiquiGlide, a liquid-impregnated coating that acts as a slippery barrier between a surface and a viscous liquid, has just been licensed to a major consumer-goods company. The days of wasting condiments — and other products — that […]

Continue reading...

New Battery Design Cuts Lithium-Ion Battery Cost in Half

June 29, 2015

0 Comments

New Technique Slices Lithium-Ion Battery Cost in Half

By using a battery design that is a hybrid between flow batteries and conventional solid ones, engineers have developed a new manufacturing approach that slices lithium-ion battery cost in half. An advanced manufacturing approach for lithium-ion batteries, developed by researchers at MIT and at a spinoff company called 24M, promises to significantly slash the cost […]

Continue reading...

Discovery May Lead to New Crack-resistant Metal Alloys

June 25, 2015

0 Comments

The image shows corrosion of a silver-gold alloy spontaneously resulting in the formation of nanoscale porous structures that undergo high-speed cracking under the action of a tensile stress. It helps demonstrate a discovery by an Arizona State University research team about the stress-corrosion behavior of metals that threatens the mechanical integrity of engineered components and structures.

A new discovery by researchers at Arizona State Univeristy points the way to designing crack-resistant metal alloys with different microstructures. Sometimes looking at something at the smallest scale can lead to solutions to big problems. A recent study into the interactions of metal alloys at the nanometer and atomic scales is likely to aid advances […]

Continue reading...

Controlling Surface Topography with Particle-Enhanced Soft Composites

June 11, 2015

0 Comments

MIT Researchers Produce Soft Material with Controllable Surface Textures

Using a material that is composed of two different polymers with different degrees of stiffness, researchers have developed a soft material with controllable surface textures that can be varied by squeezing. An MIT team has developed a way of making soft materials, using a 3-D printer, with surface textures that can then be modified at […]

Continue reading...

Researchers Developed a Frictional Interface at the Atomic Level

June 8, 2015

0 Comments

New Technique Could Boost Development of Nanomachines

Scientists from MIT have developed a frictional interface at the atomic level. The new technique tunes friction between two surfaces, to the point where friction can vanish. Friction is all around us, working against the motion of tires on pavement, the scrawl of a pen across paper, and even the flow of proteins through the […]

Continue reading...

New Process for 3D Printing of Highly Stretchable and Tough Hydrogels

June 2, 2015

0 Comments

3D Printed Hydrogels

Researchers from MIT have developed a new process that uses 3D printing to produce complex hydrogel structures that are “extremely tough and robust.” Researchers have developed a new way of making tough — but soft and wet — biocompatible materials, called “hydrogels,” into complex and intricately patterned shapes. The process might lead to injectable materials […]

Continue reading...

Graphene Layer Quadruples Rate of Condensation Heat Transfer

June 1, 2015

3 Comments

Graphene Quadruples Rate of Condensation Heat Transfer

New research from MIT shows that a graphene layer one atom thick could quadruple rate of condensation heat transfer in generating plants. Most of the world’s electricity-producing power plants — whether powered by coal, natural gas, or nuclear fission — make electricity by generating steam that turns a turbine. That steam then is condensed back […]

Continue reading...

CLAIRE – A New Breakthrough Technique for Non-invasive Nano-scale Imaging

May 26, 2015

0 Comments

Scientists Develop New Technique for Non-invasive Nano-scale Imaging

Researchers have developed a new non-invasive nanoscale imaging technique that allows them to convert electron microscopy into a non-invasive imaging modality for studying soft materials and providing spectrally specific information about them on the nanoscale. Soft matter encompasses a broad swath of materials, including liquids, polymers, gels, foam and – most importantly – biomolecules. At […]

Continue reading...

Cell-Squeezing Device Opens New Possibilities for Cell-Based Vaccines

May 22, 2015

0 Comments

Cell Squeezing Device Opens New possibilities for Cell-Based Vaccines

A newly published study details how researchers from MIT developed a new microfluidic cell-squeezing device, opening new possibilities for cell-based vaccines. MIT researchers have shown that they can use a microfluidic cell-squeezing device to introduce specific antigens inside the immune system’s B cells, providing a new approach to developing and implementing antigen-presenting cell vaccines. Such […]

Continue reading...

New High Speed Roll-to-Roll Manufacturing Process for Graphene

May 21, 2015

0 Comments

High Speed Roll to Roll Manufacturing of Graphene

Engineers from MIT and the University of Michigan have developed a new manufacturing process that could help bring graphene and other 2D materials to commercial products. Graphene is a material with a host of potential applications, including in flexible light sources, solar panels that could be integrated into windows, and membranes to desalinate and purify […]

Continue reading...

Researchers Control Light Emission by Pairing Exotic 2D Materials

May 20, 2015

0 Comments

Researchers Control Light Emission by Pairing 2D Materials

By applying a DC voltage to layers of graphene and boron nitride, researchers have demonstrated the ability to control light emission from a nearby atom. Researchers have found a way to couple the properties of different two-dimensional materials to provide an exceptional degree of control over light waves. They say this has the potential to […]

Continue reading...

How Bombardier Beetles Produce an Explosive Chemical Jet

May 1, 2015

0 Comments

How Bombardier Beetles Produce an Explosive Defensive Chemical Jet

An newly published study form MIT reveals how bombardier beetles superheat liquid and expel it in an intense, pulsating jet as a defensive mechanism. Bombardier beetles, which exist on every continent except Antarctica, have a pretty easy life. Virtually no other animals prey on them, because of one particularly effective defense mechanism: When disturbed or […]

Continue reading...

Implantable Device Allows Doctors to Identify the Best Chemotherapy Agents

April 24, 2015

0 Comments

Implantable Device Tests Cancer Drugs in Patients

A team of engineers has developed a new implantable device that will allow doctors to test the effectiveness of cancer drugs and to identify drugs that work best for each patient prior to starting systemic administration of chemotherapy. More than 100 drugs have been approved to treat cancer, but predicting which ones will help a […]

Continue reading...

Artificial Photosynthesis System Poses Win/Win for the Environment

April 22, 2015

0 Comments

Researchers Perform Solar-powered Green Chemistry with Captured CO2

Researchers from the Berkeley Lab and UC Berkeley have created an artificial photosynthesis system that synthesizes the combination of carbon dioxide and water into acetate, the most common building block today for biosynthesis. A potentially game-changing breakthrough in artificial photosynthesis has been achieved with the development of a system that can capture carbon dioxide emissions […]

Continue reading...

Yale Engineers Design Metallic Glass Nanostructures of Tunable Shape

April 22, 2015

0 Comments

New Research Details Metallic Glass Nanostructures of Tunable Shape

Engineers from Yale University have developed a unique method for designing metallic glass nanostructures of tunable shape and composition, enabling the fabrication of an array of new materials. Metallic glass, a class of materials that offers both pliability and strength, is poised for a friendly takeover of the chemical landscape. Yale University engineers have found […]

Continue reading...

Double-Walled Carbon Nanotubes Display Singular Qualities

April 16, 2015

0 Comments

Double-Walled Carbon Nanotubes Have Singular Qualities

In a newly published study, researchers at Rice University demonstrated that two walls are better than one when turning carbon nanotubes into materials like strong, conductive fibers or transistors. Rice materials scientist Enrique Barrera and his colleagues used atomic-level models of double-walled nanotubes to see how they might be tuned for applications that require particular […]

Continue reading...

New “Tandem” Solar Cell to Harnesses More Sunlight

March 24, 2015

10 Comments

New Tandem Solar Cell Harnesses More Sunlight

By combining two types of photovoltaic material, researchers from MIT and Stanford have developed a new “tandem” solar cell that harnesses more sunlight. Researchers at MIT and Stanford University have developed a new kind of solar cell that combines two different layers of sunlight-absorbing material in order to harvest a broader range of the sun’s […]

Continue reading...

Researchers Develop a Better Method for Making Perovskite Solar Cells

March 23, 2015

0 Comments

Faster, Cooler, Thinner, Better Perovskite Solar Cells

Using perovskite, engineers from Brown University have developed a cheap, efficient alternative to silicon-based solar cells. Providence, Rhode Island (Brown University) — Research led by a Brown University Ph.D. student has revealed a new way to make light-absorbing perovskite films for use in solar cells. The new method involves a room-temperature solvent bath to create […]

Continue reading...