Materials Science News

Yale Engineers Develop a New Tool to Fight Dust

May 2, 2016

0 Comments

Yale Develops a New Tool in the War Against Dust

Inspired by gecko feet, Yale researchers have developed a promising tool in the war on dust. Micrometric and sub-micrometric contaminant particles — what most of us call “dust” — can cause big problems for art conservators, the electronics industry, aerospace engineers, and others. These nanoparticles can prevent a cellphone from working or rob the vitality […]

Continue reading...

MIT Researchers Create Perfect Nanoscrolls from Graphene Oxide

April 12, 2016

2 Comments

Researchers Create Perfect Nanoscrolls

Using both low- and high-frequency ultrasonic techniques, scientists have fabricated nanoscrolls made from graphene oxide flakes. Water filters of the future may be made from billions of tiny, graphene-based nanoscrolls. Each scroll, made by rolling up a single, atom-thick layer of graphene, could be tailored to trap specific molecules and pollutants in its tightly wound […]

Continue reading...

A New Approach to Designing Hydrogen-Resistant Zirconium Alloys

March 29, 2016

1 Comment

Designing Hydrogen-Resistant Zirconium Alloys

Researchers from MIT have developed a new approach to designing hydrogen-resistant zirconium alloys, which could be useful in nuclear reactors. High-tech metal alloys are widely used in important materials such as the cladding that protects the fuel inside a nuclear reactor. But even the best alloys degrade over time, victims of a reactor’s high temperatures, […]

Continue reading...

Engineers Design Calcium-Based Multi-Element for Liquid Batteries

March 22, 2016

0 Comments

New Chemistries for Liquid Batteries

In a newly published study, MIT researchers show that calcium can form the basis for both the negative electrode layer and the molten salt that forms the middle layer of the three-layer battery. Liquid metal batteries, invented by MIT professor Donald Sadoway and his students a decade ago, are a promising candidate for making renewable […]

Continue reading...

Scientists Develop a Light-Driven Three-Dimensional Plasmonic Nanosystem

February 24, 2016

0 Comments

Researchers Develop Nanoplasmonic System in the Form of a Pair of Scissors That They Can Open Using UV light

Scientists at the Max Planck Institute for Intelligent Systems have developed a nanoplasmonic system in the form of a pair of scissors that they can open using UV light. Nanomachines could take over a variety of tasks in future. Some day they may be able to perform medical precision work in the human body or […]

Continue reading...

Scientists Develop Graphene Composite to Simplify Ice Removal

January 27, 2016

0 Comments

Scientists Develop Conductive Material to Simplify Ice Removal

Researchers at Rice University have developed a thin coating of graphene nanoribbons in epoxy that has proven effective at melting ice on a helicopter blade. The coating by the Rice lab of chemist James Tour may be an effective real-time de-icer for aircraft, wind turbines, transmission lines and other surfaces exposed to winter weather, according […]

Continue reading...

Graphene Oxide Layers Deform Evenly Under Gentle Strain

January 21, 2016

0 Comments

New Graphene Oxide Paper Changes with Strain

New research from Rice University reveals that graphene oxide layers deform evenly under gentle strain and that the mechanical properties of the material change depending on the rate of strain. The same slip-and-stick mechanism that leads to earthquakes is at work on the molecular level in nanoscale materials, where it determines the shear plasticity of […]

Continue reading...

Voltage-Controlled Switchable Material Could Enable New Memory Chips

January 20, 2016

0 Comments

Switchable Material Could Enable New Memory Chip Design

A new thin-film material whose phase and electrical properties can be switched between metallic and semiconducting could lead to new memory chip designs. Two MIT researchers have developed a thin-film material whose phase and electrical properties can be switched between metallic and semiconducting simply by applying a small voltage. The material then stays in its […]

Continue reading...

New Material Can Store Solar Energy During the Day and Release it Later as Heat

January 13, 2016

3 Comments

A New Way to Store Solar Heat

Engineers from MIT have developed a new material could harvest sunlight by day and release heat on demand hours or days later. Imagine if your clothing could, on demand, release just enough heat to keep you warm and cozy, allowing you to dial back on your thermostat settings and stay comfortable in a cooler room. […]

Continue reading...

New Device Harnesses the Energy of Small Bending Motions

January 6, 2016

1 Comment

New Device Harnesses the Energy of Small Bending Motions

Using a new method based on electrochemical principles, engineers at MIT have developed a new device that could provide electrical power source from walking and other ambient motions. For many applications such as biomedical, mechanical, or environmental monitoring devices, harnessing the energy of small motions could provide a small but virtually unlimited power supply. While […]

Continue reading...

Engineers Develop New Lightweight Metal from Carbide Nanoparticles

December 24, 2015

0 Comments

Magnesium Infused with Dense Silicon Carbide Nanoparticles

Using magnesium infused with dense silicon carbide nanoparticles, engineers from UCLA have developed an exceptionally strong and lightweight metal that could be used for airplanes, cars, mobile electronics and more. A team led by researchers from the UCLA Henry Samueli School of Engineering and Applied Science has created a super-strong yet light structural metal with […]

Continue reading...

Researchers Improve Bulk Metallic Glass Nanostructures

December 23, 2015

0 Comments

Guided Evolution of Bulk Metallic Glass Nanostructures

Scientists from Yale University have figured out a way to refine bulk metallic glasses to improve their electrochemical performance. Results of the research, based in the lab of chemical and environmental engineering professor André D. Taylor, are published in the December 22 issue of Advanced Materials. Bulk metallic glass (BMG), also known as amorphous metal […]

Continue reading...

Scientists Develop a New Class of Superhydrophobic Nanomaterials

December 10, 2015

0 Comments

New Superhydrophobic Coating Protects Without the Price

Scientists at Rice University have developed a new class of superhydrophobic nanomaterials that might simplify the process of protecting surfaces from water. A material made by scientists at Rice University, the University of Swansea, the University of Bristol and the University of Nice Sophia Antipolis is inexpensive, nontoxic and can be applied to a variety […]

Continue reading...

New Phase of Carbon Allows Researchers to Make Diamond Structures at Room Temperature

December 2, 2015

0 Comments

Researchers Make Diamond at Room Temperature

Researchers at North Carolina State University have discovered a new phase of solid carbon and have developed a technique for using this carbon to make diamond-related structures at room temperature and at ambient atmospheric pressure in air. The new phase of solid carbon, called Q-carbon, is distinct from the known phases of graphite and diamond. […]

Continue reading...

New Synthetic Hydrogel is Tougher Than Natural Adhesives

November 9, 2015

0 Comments

New Hydrogel is Tougher Than Natural Adhesives

Engineers from MIT have developed a method to make synthetic, sticky hydrogel that is more than 90 percent water. The hydrogel, which is a transparent, rubber-like material, can adhere to surfaces with a toughness comparable to the bond between tendon and cartilage on bone. Nature has developed innovative ways to solve a sticky challenge: Mussels […]

Continue reading...

Quantum Process Significantly Boosts the Energy That Can Be Harnessed from Sunlight

November 6, 2015

0 Comments

Researchers Significantly Boost the Energy That Can Be Harnessed from Sunlight

A newly published study details how a quantum process increases the number of electrons produced when light strikes a metal-dielectric interface. Researchers believe this finding could lead to better solar cells or light detectors. The new approach is based on the discovery that unexpected quantum effects increase the number of charge carriers, known as electrons […]

Continue reading...

Engineers Design Nanoparticles to Track Cells and Interactions Within Them

November 2, 2015

0 Comments

Engineers Design Nanoparticles to Track Cells and Interactions

Engineers from MIT have developed new protein nanoparticles that allow scientists to track cells and interactions within them. MIT engineers have designed magnetic protein nanoparticles that can be used to track cells or to monitor interactions within cells. The particles, described today in Nature Communications, are an enhanced version of a naturally occurring, weakly magnetic […]

Continue reading...

Scientists Reveal New Lithium-Oxygen Battery Design

October 30, 2015

0 Comments

New Design May Lead to the Ultimate Battery

Using a highly porous graphene electrode, scientists have developed a lab-based demonstrator of a lithium-oxygen battery which has higher capacity, increased energy efficiency and improved stability over previous designs. Scientists have developed a working laboratory demonstrator of a lithium-oxygen battery which has very high energy density, is more than 90% efficient, and, to date, can […]

Continue reading...