Max Planck Institute News

Researchers Develop Model to Reconstruct Spatial Structure of Molecule Clouds

April 11, 2014

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A team of astronomers from the Max Planck Institute and Monash University has developed a new model to reconstruct spatial structure of molecule clouds. Astronomers have found a new way of predicting the rate at which a molecular cloud – a stellar nursery – will form new stars. Using a novel technique to reconstruct a […]

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Researchers Uncover Mode of Action of New Multiple Sclerosis Drug

April 7, 2014

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Scientists from the Max Planck Institute and the University of Lübeck have uncovered the mode of action for dimethyl fumarate, a drug that was recently approved in Europe as a basic therapy for multiple sclerosis. Just a few short weeks ago, dimethyl fumarate was approved in Europe as a basic therapy for multiple sclerosis. Although […]

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ESA’s Rosetta Spacecraft Gets First Glimpse of Comet Churyumov-Gerasimenko

April 1, 2014

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Researchers use the scientific imaging system on board ESA’s Rosetta spacecraft to get the first glimpse of comet Churyumov-Gerasimenko. A little more than four months before the arrival of ESA’s spacecraft Rosetta at the comet 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko researchers led by the Max Planck Institute for Solar System Research (MPS) have successfully commissioned OSIRIS, the space probe’s […]

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Surprise Discovery Reveals Asteroid Chariklo Surrounded by Two Thin Rings

March 27, 2014

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A surprise discovery shows that the remote asteroid Chariklo is surrounded by two dense and narrow rings, making it the smallest object discovered to have rings and only the fifth body in our solar system. The asteroid Chariklo, which circles the Sun between the orbits of Saturn and Uranus, is surrounded by two thin rings […]

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Scientists Reveal 3D Structure of the Molecular Transporter TSPO

March 24, 2014

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Scientists have revealed the 3D structure of the molecular transporter TSPO for the first time, opening the door to novel paths for the diagnosis and treatment of brain diseases. The word “cholesterol” is directly linked in most people’s minds with high-fat foods, worrying blood test results, and cardiovascular diseases. However, despite its bad reputation, cholesterol […]

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3D Model Provides New Insight into the Turbulent Death Throes of Supernovas

March 19, 2014

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A new 3D model provides new insight into the turbulent death throes of supernovas, showing a turbulent interior that spits out star remnants prior to the final explosion. Washington D.C. – A powerful, new three-dimensional model provides fresh insight into the turbulent death throes of supernovas, whose final explosions outshine entire galaxies and populate the […]

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Scientists Discover Important Mechanism for Muscle Building

March 17, 2014

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Researchers identify a key mechanism to how basic muscle architecture is built, finding that mechanical tension is the essential trigger. Skeletal muscles are built from small contractile units, the sarcomeres. Many of these sarcomeres are connected in a well-ordered series to form myofibrils that span from one muscle end to the other. Contractions of these […]

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Naturally Occurring Molecule Enhances Defense Mechanisms Against Neurodegenerative Diseases

March 14, 2014

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Scientists have discovered that a substance called N-acetylglucosamine has the ability to enhance defense mechanisms against neurodegenerative diseases, clear toxic protein aggregates and extend life span. Scientists at the Max Planck Institute for Biology of Aging in Cologne have found that a naturally occurring molecule has the ability to enhance defense mechanisms against neurodegenerative diseases. […]

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Researchers Discover an Efficient Way of Slowing the Rotation of Molecular Ions

March 14, 2014

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An international team of researchers has discovered an efficient and versatile way of slowing the rotation of molecular ions, opening up new possibilities for laboratory-based astrochemistry. Chemical reactions taking place in outer space can now be more easily studied on Earth. An international team of researchers from the University of Aarhus in Denmark and the […]

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Astronomers View Dense Disk and Bright Funnel at the Center of the Circinus Galaxy

March 13, 2014

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An international team of astronomers has viewed a dense disk and a bright funnel at the center of the Circinus galaxy. A research team led by Konrad Tristram from the Max Planck Institute for Radio Astronomy in Bonn, Germany, obtained the most detailed view so far of the warm dust in the environment of a […]

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Rainbow-Like Light Phenomenon Observed on Venus for the First Time

March 11, 2014

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Researchers have imaged a glory on Venus – a rainbow-like light phenomenon observed on cloud tops that helps to identify the components of the planet’s acidic cloud cover. When traveling above the clouds, airplane passengers sometimes witness a glorious moment: a light phenomenon similar to a ring-shaped rainbow. Droplets in the clouds back-scattering the sunlight […]

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Scientists Discover a Fundamental Aggravating Factor in Autoimmune Diseases

March 6, 2014

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Using genetic engineering, scientists have identified a factor that may play a significant role in in autoimmune diseases. Scientists in Freiburg may have discovered a fundamental aggravating factor in autoimmune diseases. If B-lymphocytes lack the protein PTP1B, the cells will become hyperactive for stimulatory signals and can thus promote an autoimmune attack. This study offers […]

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