Medicine News

Targeted Chemotherapy Delivery Could Kill Tumor Cells More Effectively

October 28, 2014

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New Approach Could Kill Tumor Cells in the Brain More Effectively

New research shows that delivering chemotherapy directly into the brain cavity may kill tumor cells in the brain more effectively and avoid side effects. Every year, about 100,000 Americans are diagnosed with brain tumors that have spread from elsewhere in the body. These tumors, known as metastases, are usually treated with surgery followed by chemotherapy, […]

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Antifreeze Protein in Ticks Could Lead to New Antibiotics for Humans

October 17, 2014

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Tick Protein Inspires New Class of Antibiotics

Scientists from Yale University have discovered that an antifreeze protein in ticks that kicks in during winter can also fights infection, possibly leading to a new class of antibiotics for humans. A protein in ticks that protects them against the cold could inspire a new class of antibiotics for humans, according to a Yale University […]

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Study Finds Stimulant Use Increases by 30% During the School Year

October 14, 2014

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Research Shows Stimulant Use Increases by 30 Percent During the School Year

New research from Yale, NYU and the University of Wisconsin-Madison shows that students are 30% more likely to take a stimulant medication during the school year than they are to take one during the summer. The authors found that school-year increases in stimulant use are largest for children from socioeconomically advantaged families. Because many children […]

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New Drug-Delivery Capsule to Inject Drugs Directly into the Lining of the Digestive Tract

October 1, 2014

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New Drug Delivery Capsule Can Deliver Drugs Directly into the Lining of the Digestive Tract

Researchers at Massachusetts General Hospital and MIT have developed a new drug-delivery capsule coated with tiny needles that can inject drugs directly into the lining of the stomach after the capsule is swallowed. Given a choice, most patients would prefer to take a drug orally instead of getting an injection. Unfortunately, many drugs, especially those […]

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Biologist Reveal Boost in Certain Amino Acids is an Early Sign of Cancer

September 29, 2014

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Research Shows Boost in Certain Amino Acids is Sign of Early Cancer

Based on an analysis of blood samples from 1,500 people participating in long-term health studies, biologists found that people with a surge in amino acids known as branched chain amino acids were far more likely to be diagnosed with pancreatic cancer within one to 10 years. Years before they show any other signs of disease, […]

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MIT Chemists Use Modified Anthrax Toxin to Deliver Cancer Drugs

September 25, 2014

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MIT Chemists Use Anthrax to Deliver Cancer Drugs

In a newly published study, researchers from MIT show that a modified version of the anthrax toxin can be used to deliver antibody drugs to kill cancer cells. Bacillus anthracis bacteria have very efficient machinery for injecting toxic proteins into cells, leading to the potentially deadly infection known as anthrax. A team of MIT researchers […]

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MIT Engineers Develop New Technologies to Battle Superbugs

September 24, 2014

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New Technologies Could Enable Novel Strategies for Combating Drug-Resistant Bacteria

Using a gene-editing system that can disable any target gene, MIT engineers have shown that they can selectively kill bacteria carrying harmful genes that confer antibiotic resistance or cause disease. In recent years, new strains of bacteria have emerged that resist even the most powerful antibiotics. Each year, these superbugs, including drug-resistant forms of tuberculosis […]

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New PhenIX Diagnostic Procedure Identifies Genetic Diseases

September 16, 2014

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New Diagnostic Method Identifies Genetic Diseases

A team of scientists has developed a test procedure that significantly increases the prospect of identifying genetic diseases quickly and reliably based on analyses of genes and symptoms. People with genetic diseases often have to embark on an odyssey from one doctor to the next. Fewer than half of all patients who are suspected of […]

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Scientists Turn Diseased Cells Against Themselves

September 3, 2014

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Scientists Make Diseased Cells Synthesize Their Own Drug

Scientists from the Scripps Research Institute have adapted a chemical approach to turn diseased cells into unique manufacturing sites for molecules that could potentially treat a host of conditions in a very selective and precise manner, providing highly specific therapeutics that only act when a disease is present. Jupiter, Florida, September 2, 2014 – In […]

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A New Treatment Approach for Charcot-Marie-Tooth Disease

August 26, 2014

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Potential Therapy for Charcot Marie Tooth Disease

A team of scientists from the Department of Neurogenetics at the Max Planck Institute and University Medical Center Göttingen has discovered a new treatment approach for the hereditary neurological disorder Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease type 1A. Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease type 1A is the most common inherited disease affecting the peripheral nervous system. Researchers from the Department of Neurogenetics […]

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Max Planck Researchers Discover New Weapon of the Immune System

August 14, 2014

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Scientists Discover New Immune System Weapon

Scientists have identified a previously unknown component of the immune system, discovering that bacterial virulence factors can not only be neutralized by antibodies, but they can also be directly destroyed by them. Max Planck researchers have discovered a completely new way in which the immune system recognizes pathogens. The aryl hydrocarbon receptor has long been […]

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Yale Researchers Discover New Cancer Cell Vulnerability

July 21, 2014

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Researchers Discover New Cancer Cell Vulnerability

New research from Yale University found that simultaneous inhibition of both telomerase and p21 inhibited tumor growth in mice. Yale School of Medicine and Yale Cancer Center researchers have uncovered a genetic vulnerability of cancer cells that express telomerase — an enzyme that drives their unchecked growth — and showed that telomerase-expressing cells depend upon […]

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