Medicine News

Cancer Drug Prolongs the Life of Fruit Flies, Could Do the Same for Humans

June 30, 2015

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Cancer Drug Prolongs Life

Using a cancer drug called Trametinib, biologists have extended the life expectancy in fruit flies by around twelve percent. The researchers believe that the substance could be used to develop future anti-aging drugs to extend life expectancy in humans. Humans, yeasts and fruit flies began to evolve separately millions of years ago. Nevertheless, the cellular […]

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Overuse of Medical Services Increases Healthcare Costs

June 29, 2015

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Is Healthcare Taking Advantage of You

Are doctors running the bill up on you? A new study from Yale University shows that a key factor to increased healthcare costs is overuse of medical services. As the cost of health care in the United States continues to rise, a new study by Yale researchers offers insight into a key factor influencing increased […]

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Study Shows Arthritis Drug Restores Skin Color for Vitiligo Patients

June 26, 2015

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Arthritis Drug Restores Skin Color in Vitiligo Patients

New research from Yale University demonstrates the effectiveness of tofacitinib for treating vitiligo. After five months of treatment, the white spots on the patients face and hands were nearly gone and tofacitinib caused no adverse side effects during the course of treatment. shows that Within two months of treatment, the patient experienced partial repigmentation on […]

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New Drug to Quiet Brain, Relieving Epilepsy and Tinnitus

June 24, 2015

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New Drug to Quiet Brain, Relieve Epilepsy and Tinnitus

Overly excited nerve cells cause problems like epilepsy and tinnitus. A new drug that selectively affects potassium channels promises relief with fewer side effects. A new drug may treat epilepsy and prevent tinnitus by selectively affecting potassium channels in the brain, UConn neurophysiologist Anastasios Tzingounis and colleagues report in the 10 June Journal of Neuroscience. […]

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Breakthrough Technique Accurately Detects the ‘Handedness’ of Molecules

June 24, 2015

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Breakthrough Technique Accurately Detects the Handedness of Molecules

A new technique that can determine whether a molecule is present in a left- or right-handed form may have a multitude of practical applications, potentially leading to new and improved drugs, diagnosis methods, and pesticides. Scientists have demonstrated for the first time the ability to rapidly, reliably and simultaneously identify the ‘handedness’ of different molecules […]

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Researchers Increase Energy-Burning Brown Fat Cells

June 17, 2015

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New Discovery Could Help Researchers Increase Good Fat in Patients

A team of researchers has discovered a way to increase energy-burning human brown fat cells and to make them more active, a discovery that could have therapeutic potential for diabetes, obesity, and other metabolic diseases. Harvard Stem Cell Institute (HSCI) scientists have found a way to both make more energy-burning human brown fat cells and […]

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PROTACs: A New Type of Drug That Can Target All Disease-Causing Proteins

June 11, 2015

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New Type of Drug Can Target All Disease-Causing Proteins

A newly published study from Yale University details the discovery of a new type of drug, called Proteolysis Targeting Chimeras (PROTACs), which can target all disease-causing proteins. Current drugs block the actions of only about a quarter of known disease-causing proteins, but Yale University researchers have developed a technology capable of not just inhibiting, but […]

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New Mathematical Model Helps Predicts Optimal Use of Antibiotics

May 15, 2015

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Mathematical Model Predicts Optimal Use of Antibiotics

Researchers at the Yale School of Public Health have developed a new mathematical model to help predict the optimal dosing of antibiotics. Although antibiotics were first introduced more than 70 years ago, substantial uncertainty remains about how the drugs should be used by patients to ensure recovery, while minimizing toxic side effects and the risk […]

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Yale Research Shows How Renalase Protects Kidney and Heart from Injury

May 11, 2015

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Study Details How Key Protein Protects Kidney and Heart from Injury

A newly published study from Yale University details how the protein renalase protects cells from the type of severe injury that could result in a heart attack or kidney failure. The finding may lead to new treatments that protect against those conditions. Dr. Gary V. Desir, professor of medicine, and fellow researchers at Yale School […]

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TH17 Cells Convert from Pro-Inflammatory to Anti-Inflammatory

April 30, 2015

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Possible Therapeutic Strategy for Inflammation-Mediated Diseases

New research shows that TH17 cells can convert from pro-inflammatory to anti-inflammatory, revealing a possible therapeutic strategy for inflammation-mediated diseases. A type of immune cell that promotes inflammation during the immune response, TH17, can convert into another type of cell that reduces inflammation, Yale researchers have found. The finding, published April 29 in Nature, points […]

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FDA Approved Tapeworm Drug Shows Promise Against MRSA

April 24, 2015

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Tapeworm Medication Shows Promise Against MRSA

New research from Brown University and Rhode Island Hospital reveal that a common tapeworm drug (which is already approved for use in humans) effectively treated MRSA superbugs in lab cultures and in infected nematode worms. Providence, Rhode Island (Brown University) — A new study provides evidence from lab experiments that a drug already used in […]

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Implantable Device Allows Doctors to Identify the Best Chemotherapy Agents

April 24, 2015

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Implantable Device Tests Cancer Drugs in Patients

A team of engineers has developed a new implantable device that will allow doctors to test the effectiveness of cancer drugs and to identify drugs that work best for each patient prior to starting systemic administration of chemotherapy. More than 100 drugs have been approved to treat cancer, but predicting which ones will help a […]

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New Study Helps Explain Increased Risk of Diabetes in Shift Workers

April 16, 2015

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New Research Helps Explain Increased Risk of Diabetes in Shift Workers

New research from Brigham and Women’s Hospital links blood sugar and the internal clock, and may help develop and improve strategies for controlling glucose levels in day-active people and night workers. A new study may help explain why glucose tolerance — the ability to regulate blood-sugar levels — is lower at dinner than at breakfast […]

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Reg3beta Regulates Healing Process after Myocardial Infarction

March 25, 2015

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Reg3beta Controls Healing Process in the Heart

A new study from the Max Planck Institute details how Reg3beta controls the wound-healing process in the myocardium by attracting immune cells to the infarct tissue. In the wake of a myocardial infarction, parts of the myocardium die and are replaced by scar tissue. The formation and stability of scar tissue is key to the […]

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Deceased Donor Kidneys with Acute Injury Can Be Used for Transplants

March 13, 2015

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Study Reveals Injured Kidneys Can be Used for Transplants

New research from Yale University shows that kidneys from deceased donors that have acute injuries can be successfully used for transplants, instead of being discarded. The study finds that such kidneys may be more viable than previously thought, and should be considered to meet the growing demand for organ transplants. The study was published March […]

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Yale Develops a Faster and Less Expensive Way to Analyze Gene Activity

March 4, 2015

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A Faster and Less Expensive Way to Analyze Gene Activity

A newly published study details a method called modular, early-tagged amplification (META) RNA profiling that can quantify a broad panel of microRNAs or mRNAs simultaneously across many samples and requires far less sequence depth than existing digital profiling technologies. A team of Yale researchers has developed a simple method that could significantly reduce the time […]

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Antifreeze Protein Fights Frostbite in Mice

February 26, 2015

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Antifreeze Protein Fights Frostbite

A new study from Yale University shows that a protein that protects ticks from freezing temperatures also prevents frostbite when introduced in mice. This is the first study to demonstrate the protein’s ability to boost frostbite resistance in an adult mammal. The research was published February 25 in the journal PLOS ONE. Several animal species, […]

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New Anti-HIV Candidate Blocks Every Strain of HIV-1, HIV-2 and SIV

February 18, 2015

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Scientists Announce New Anti-HIV Agent

In a new study, researchers show that a new drug candidate blocks every strain of HIV-1, HIV-2 and SIV that has been isolated from humans or rhesus macaques, including the hardest-to-stop variants. Jupiter, Florida – February 18, 2015 – In a remarkable new advance against the virus that causes AIDS, scientists from the Jupiter, Florida […]

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