Nanoscience News

New High Speed Roll-to-Roll Manufacturing Process for Graphene

May 21, 2015

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High Speed Roll to Roll Manufacturing of Graphene

Engineers from MIT and the University of Michigan have developed a new manufacturing process that could help bring graphene and other 2D materials to commercial products. Graphene is a material with a host of potential applications, including in flexible light sources, solar panels that could be integrated into windows, and membranes to desalinate and purify […]

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Researchers Control Light Emission by Pairing Exotic 2D Materials

May 20, 2015

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Researchers Control Light Emission by Pairing 2D Materials

By applying a DC voltage to layers of graphene and boron nitride, researchers have demonstrated the ability to control light emission from a nearby atom. Researchers have found a way to couple the properties of different two-dimensional materials to provide an exceptional degree of control over light waves. They say this has the potential to […]

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Optimal Size and Shape Results in Better Medical Implants

May 18, 2015

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Optimal Size and Shape Improve Implantable Devices

In a newly published study, scientists from MIT reveal that the geometry of implantable devices has a significant impact on how well the body will tolerate them. Biomedical devices that can be implanted in the body for drug delivery, tissue engineering, or sensing can help improve treatment for many diseases. However, such devices are often […]

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New Shortcut Simplifies the Production of Solar Cells

May 14, 2015

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Researchers Develop a New Shortcut to Solar Cells

By using the top electrode as the catalyst that turns plain silicon into valuable black silicon, scientists from Rice University have developed a way to simplify the production of solar cells. The Rice lab of chemist Andrew Barron disclosed the research in the American Chemical Society journal ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces. Black silicon is […]

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Physicists Build a Quantum-Gas Microscope for Fermionic Atoms

May 14, 2015

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MIT Physicists Build a Quantum-Gas Microscope for Fermionic Atoms

A team of physicists has built a microscope that is able to freeze and image 1,000 individual fermionic atoms at once. Fermions are the building blocks of matter, interacting in a multitude of permutations to give rise to the elements of the periodic table. Without fermions, the physical world would not exist. Examples of fermions […]

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Suspended Microchannel Resonator Measures Nanoparticles As They Flow

May 12, 2015

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New Device Measures Tiny Particles as They Flow Through a Microfluidic Channel

Using a suspended microchannel resonator, researchers can measure the relative positions of tiny particles as they flow through a fluidic channel, potentially offering an easy way to monitor the assembly of nanoparticles, or to study how mass is distributed within a cell. With further advancements, this technology has the potential to resolve the shape of […]

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Nanoparticles Deliver PNA Molecules to Correct Mutation in Cystic Fibrosis

April 28, 2015

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Scientists Correct Mutation in Cystic Fibrosis

New research details how a team of scientists delivered peptide nucleic acids and donor DNA via microscopic nanoparticles to successfully corrected the most common mutation in the gene that causes cystic fibrosis. Cystic fibrosis is an inherited, life-threatening disorder that damages the lungs and digestive system. It is most commonly caused by a mutation in […]

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Artificial Photosynthesis System Poses Win/Win for the Environment

April 22, 2015

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Researchers Perform Solar-powered Green Chemistry with Captured CO2

Researchers from the Berkeley Lab and UC Berkeley have created an artificial photosynthesis system that synthesizes the combination of carbon dioxide and water into acetate, the most common building block today for biosynthesis. A potentially game-changing breakthrough in artificial photosynthesis has been achieved with the development of a system that can capture carbon dioxide emissions […]

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New MIT Sensor Detects Spoiled Meat

April 15, 2015

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New MIT Developed Sensor Detects Spoiled Meat

Chemists at MIT have developed an inexpensive, portable sensor that can detect gases emitted by rotting meat, allowing consumers to determine whether the meat in their grocery store or refrigerator is safe to eat. The sensor, which consists of chemically modified carbon nanotubes, could be deployed in “smart packaging” that would offer much more accurate […]

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New Technique Enlarges Tissue Samples, Making Them Easier to Image

January 16, 2015

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New Technique Enables Nanoscale-Resolution Microscopy

By physically enlarging the specimen itself, researchers from MIT have invented a new way to visualize the nanoscale structure of the brain and other tissues. Beginning with the invention of the first microscope in the late 1500s, scientists have been trying to peer into preserved cells and tissues with ever-greater magnification. The latest generation of […]

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Colloidal Quantum Dots Allow Solar Cells to Be Sprayed on Products

December 10, 2014

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Researchers Develop New Technique for Spraying Solar Cells

Using miniscule light-sensitive materials known as colloidal quantum dots, scientists from the University of Toronto have developed new technique for spraying solar cells onto products. Pretty soon, powering your tablet could be as simple as wrapping it in cling wrap. That’s Illan Kramer’s hope. Kramer and colleagues have just invented a new way to spray […]

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New Wireless Sensor Detects Hazardous Chemicals or Food Spoilage

December 9, 2014

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New Sensor Detects Gases Wirelessly

Researchers from MIT have developed a new wireless sensor that can transmit information on hazardous chemicals or food spoilage to a smartphone. MIT chemists have devised a new way to wirelessly detect hazardous gases and environmental pollutants, using a simple sensor that can be read by a smartphone. These inexpensive sensors could be widely deployed, […]

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New Computer Model Designs Complicated 3D Structures from DNA

December 4, 2014

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MIT Engineers Design Complex DNA Shapes

Biological engineers from MIT have developed a new computer model that enables them to design the most complicated 3D structures ever made from DNA, including rings, bowls, and geometric structures such as icosahedrons that resemble viral particles. This design program could allow researchers to build DNA scaffolds to anchor arrays of proteins and light-sensitive molecules […]

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New 2D Materials Exhibit Exotic Quantum Properties

November 21, 2014

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2D Quantum Materials Exhibit Quantum Spin Hall Effect

A newly published study from MIT details a theoretical analysis showing that a family of two-dimensional materials exhibits exotic quantum properties that may enable a new type of nanoscale electronics. These materials are predicted to show a phenomenon called the quantum spin Hall (QSH) effect, and belong to a class of materials known as transition […]

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Scientists Develop a Nanolamp with a Lightning-Fast Switch

November 18, 2014

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A Nanolamp with Lightning-Fast Switch

Scientists have developed a light source which converts an electrical voltage pulse into a light pulse by means of a single molecule, possibly serving as a prototype for nano-components that convert electrical into optical signals with gigahertz frequencies. Information is processed and transmitted by ever-smaller components, sometimes with electrons and sometimes with light. Scientists at […]

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New Nanoparticles Simultaneously Perform MRI and Fluorescent Imaging

November 18, 2014

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Nanoparticles That Enable Both MRI and Fluorescent Imaging

Scientists at MIT have developed new nanoparticles that simultaneously enable both MRI and fluorescent imaging in living animals, helping scientists to track specific molecules produced in the body, monitor a tumor’s environment, or determine whether drugs have successfully reached their targets. In a paper appearing in the November 18 issue of Nature Communications, the researchers […]

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Physicists Demonstrate Control of a Two-Qubit System

November 13, 2014

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UCSB Physicists Detail a Piece of the Quantum Puzzle

In a newly published study, UCSB physicists demonstrate the high level of controllability needed to explore ideas in quantum simulations. While the Martinis Lab at UC Santa Barbara has been focusing on quantum computation, former postdoctoral fellow Pedram Roushan and several colleagues have been exploring qubits (quantum bits) for quantum simulation on a smaller scale. […]

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