Nanoscience News

New 2D Materials Exhibit Exotic Quantum Properties

November 21, 2014

0 Comments

2D Quantum Materials Exhibit Quantum Spin Hall Effect

A newly published study from MIT details a theoretical analysis showing that a family of two-dimensional materials exhibits exotic quantum properties that may enable a new type of nanoscale electronics. These materials are predicted to show a phenomenon called the quantum spin Hall (QSH) effect, and belong to a class of materials known as transition […]

Continue reading...

Scientists Develop a Nanolamp with a Lightning-Fast Switch

November 18, 2014

0 Comments

A Nanolamp with Lightning-Fast Switch

Scientists have developed a light source which converts an electrical voltage pulse into a light pulse by means of a single molecule, possibly serving as a prototype for nano-components that convert electrical into optical signals with gigahertz frequencies. Information is processed and transmitted by ever-smaller components, sometimes with electrons and sometimes with light. Scientists at […]

Continue reading...

New Nanoparticles Simultaneously Perform MRI and Fluorescent Imaging

November 18, 2014

0 Comments

Nanoparticles That Enable Both MRI and Fluorescent Imaging

Scientists at MIT have developed new nanoparticles that simultaneously enable both MRI and fluorescent imaging in living animals, helping scientists to track specific molecules produced in the body, monitor a tumor’s environment, or determine whether drugs have successfully reached their targets. In a paper appearing in the November 18 issue of Nature Communications, the researchers […]

Continue reading...

Physicists Demonstrate Control of a Two-Qubit System

November 13, 2014

0 Comments

UCSB Physicists Detail a Piece of the Quantum Puzzle

In a newly published study, UCSB physicists demonstrate the high level of controllability needed to explore ideas in quantum simulations. While the Martinis Lab at UC Santa Barbara has been focusing on quantum computation, former postdoctoral fellow Pedram Roushan and several colleagues have been exploring qubits (quantum bits) for quantum simulation on a smaller scale. […]

Continue reading...

Prosthetic Retina May Help Restore Vision

November 12, 2014

0 Comments

Artificial Retina Could Help Restore Vision

New research shows that an artificial retina could someday help restore lost vision caused by retinal degeneration. The loss of eyesight, often caused by retinal degeneration, is a life-altering health issue for many people, especially as they age. But a new development toward a prosthetic retina could help counter conditions that result from problems with […]

Continue reading...

New Approach May Enable Portable Atomic Clocks

November 12, 2014

0 Comments

New Approach to Atomic Timekeeping

A team of researchers from MIT and Draper Laboratory has developed a new approach to atomic timekeeping that may enable more stable and accurate portable atomic clocks. What time is it? The answer, no matter what your initial reference may be — a wristwatch, a smartphone, or an alarm clock — will always trace back […]

Continue reading...

Scientists Construct Microswimmers for Medical Applications

November 10, 2014

0 Comments

Researchers Develop Nano Devices That Can be Propelled Through Media Similar to Bodily Fluids

Scientists from the Max Planck Institute have constructed swimming bodies that are small enough to be used in bodily fluids or even individual cells, and they are able to navigate through complex biological fluids. In the 1966 movie Fantastic Voyage, a submarine complete with crew is shrunk in size so that it can navigate through […]

Continue reading...

Graphene-Based Supercapacitors May Significantly Boost the Power of Electric Vehicles

November 7, 2014

0 Comments

Nano-Infused Supercapacitors May Power Cars

Using a combination of exfoliated graphene and entangled multiwalled carbon nanotubes combined with plastic, paper and a gelled electrolyte, researchers have developed flexible, solid-state supercapacitors that could significantly boost the power of electric vehicles. Rice University scientist Matteo Pasquali and his team contributed to two new papers that suggest the nano-infused body of a car […]

Continue reading...

Scientists Create Dual-Purpose Film for Energy Storage

November 3, 2014

0 Comments

Rice Chemists Gain Edge in Next-Gen Energy Storage

Rice University scientists create dual-purpose film for energy storage based on molybdenum disulfide that is efficient as both a catalyst for hydrogen production and for energy storage. Rice University scientists who want to gain an edge in energy production and storage report they have found it in molybdenum disulfide. The Rice lab of chemist James […]

Continue reading...

New Target Finding Mechanism Allows Microscopic Devices to Autonomously Find Their Way

October 23, 2014

0 Comments

New Technology Allows Microscopic Devices to Autonomously Find Their Way

Researchers from MIT have developed a new target-finding mechanism that allows microscopic devices to autonomously find their way to areas of a cell surface. Nature has developed a wide variety of methods for guiding particular cells, enzymes, and molecules to specific structures inside the body: White blood cells can find their way to the site […]

Continue reading...

Solid Nanoparticles Keep Their Internal Structure While Deforming Like a Liquid

October 13, 2014

0 Comments

New Research Shows Solid Nanoparticles Can Deform Like a Liquid

Using a combination of laboratory analysis and computer modeling, new research shows that nanoparticles keep their internal crystal structure while deforming like a liquid. A surprising phenomenon has been found in metal nanoparticles: They appear, from the outside, to be liquid droplets, wobbling and readily changing shape, while their interiors retain a perfectly stable crystal […]

Continue reading...

New Method to Control Nanoparticles with Light and Magnets

October 10, 2014

0 Comments

Researchers Control Nanoparticles with Light and Magnets

A team of researchers has developed particles that can glow with color-coded light and be manipulated with magnets, improving the likelihood of tracking the position of the nanoparticles as they move within the body or inside a cell. A long-sought goal of creating particles that can emit a colorful fluorescent glow in a biological environment, […]

Continue reading...

Physicists Discover Negative Photoconductivity in Monolayer MoS2

October 7, 2014

0 Comments

New Mechanism of Photoconduction Could Lead to Next Generation Excitonic Devices

Physicists at MIT have discovered that shining light on a single layer of molybdenum disulfide (MoS2) can make the material less conductive. It’s a well-known phenomenon in electronics: Shining light on a semiconductor, such as the silicon used in computer chips and solar cells, will make it more conductive. But now researchers have discovered that […]

Continue reading...

Nanoparticles Allows Physicists to Select the Direction of Light

October 6, 2014

0 Comments

Nanoparticles Break the Symmetry of Light

Using an unusual kind of coupling between spin and the direction of propagation, physicists from the Vienna University of Technology are able to select the direction that nanoparticles can emit light into ultra-thin glass fibers. How can a beam of light tell the difference between left and right? At the Vienna University of Technology (TU […]

Continue reading...