University Of Oxford News

Researchers Discover 305 Million-Year-Old “Early Spider” Fossil

March 31, 2016

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305 Million-Year-Old Early Spider Fossil

A team of scientists has discovered the fossil of a 305 million-year-old arachnid, revealing more about the early origins of modern-day spiders. The new species, named Idmonarachne brasieri in honor of Professor Martin Brasier, University of Oxford, who passed away in December 2014, was found in Montceau-les-Mines, France, and researchers from The University of Manchester, […]

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Aegirocassis Benmoulae Hints at Early Arthropod Evolution

March 12, 2015

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Aegirocassis Benmoulae Hints at Early Arthropod Evolution

Newly discovered fossils of an extinct sea creature named Aegirocassis benmoulae provide key evidence about the early evolution of arthropods. A presentation by Dr. Peter Van Roy describing a new fossil anomalocaridid from the Early Ordovician Fezouata Formation of Morocco. Dr. Van Roy is one of the authors of a new study that has shed […]

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Genetic History of HIV Reveals the Pandemic’s Origins

October 6, 2014

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HIV Pandemic Began in Kinshasa

A newly published study from Oxford University and the University of Leuven reveals that the HIV pandemic with us today is almost certain to have begun its global spread from Kinshasa, the capital of the Democratic Republic of the Congo. An international team, led by Oxford University and University of Leuven scientists, has reconstructed the […]

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Superabsorption Can Be Achieved and Sustained in Simple Nanostructures

August 28, 2014

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Superabsorption of Light Via Quantum Engineering

Research from the University of Oxford establishes that superabsorption can be achieved and sustained in certain simple nanostructures, by trapping the system in a highly excited state while extracting energy into a non-radiative channel. The effect offers the prospect of a new class of quantum nanotechnology, capable of absorbing light many times faster than is […]

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Three Closely Orbiting Supermassive Black Holes Could Help in the Search for Gravitational Waves

June 26, 2014

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Three Closely Orbiting Supermassive Black Holes Could Help Astronomers Search for Gravitational Waves

An international team of astronomers discovered three closely orbiting supermassive black holes that could help in the search for gravitational waves. An international team, including Oxford University scientists, led by Dr Roger Deane from the University of Cape Town, examined six systems thought to contain two supermassive black holes. The team found that one of […]

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Stronger 3D Material Behaves Like Graphene

June 3, 2014

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Stronger 3D Material Behaves Like Graphene

Scientists have discovered a stronger 3D material (cadmium arsenide) that has the same electronic properties as 2-D graphene. Scientists have discovered a material that has the same extraordinary electronic properties as 2-D graphene, but in a sturdy 3-D form that should be much easier to shape into electronic devices such as very fast transistors, sensors […]

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Third Law of Thermodynamics Restored in Thin Films of Spin Ice

March 12, 2014

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First Thin Films of Spin Ice Reveal Secrets

A newly published study reveals that the Third Law of Thermodynamics can be restored in thin films of the magnetic material spin ice. Thin films of spin ice have been shown to demonstrate surprising properties which could help in the development of applications of magnetricity, the magnetic equivalent of electricity. Published today in Nature Communications, […]

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Researchers Smash Room-Temperature Quantum Bit Storage Record

November 15, 2013

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Researchers Smash Quantum State World Record

In a newly published study, an international team of researchers detail how they used an ensemble of phosphorous-31 donors in isotopically purified silicon-28 to demonstrate room temperature quantum bit storage lasting 39 minutes. A normally fragile quantum state has been shown to survive at room temperature for a world record 39 minutes, overcoming a key […]

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Oxford Researchers Creating Simpler, Cheaper Solar Cells

November 12, 2013

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Perovskite Cells Improve Solar Efficiency

By working to improve perovskite cell efficiency, scientists at Oxford University are creating simpler and cheaper solar cells. Over the last four years, solar cells made from materials called perovskites have reached efficiencies that other technologies took decades to achieve, but until recently no-one quite knew why. Since perovskite was first used in 2009 to […]

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Scientists Discover New Asymmetric Topological Insulator

November 6, 2013

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Scientists Discover New Asymmetric Topological Insulator

A team of scientists has discovered a new asymmetric topological insulator made of many layers of BiTeCl, which enables electrical current to flow differently along its top surface than along its bottom. Scientists working at SLAC, Stanford, Oxford, Berkeley Lab and in Tokyo have discovered a new type of quantum material whose lopsided behavior may […]

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Scientists Believe Humans Will One Day Colonize the Universe

August 26, 2013

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Humanity Could Colonize the Universe

A new study from the University of Oxford looks at the possibility of human colonization throughout the universe. Scientists as eminent as Stephen Hawking and Carl Sagan have long believed that humans will one day colonize the universe. But how easy would it be, why would we want to, and why haven’t we seen any […]

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Data Suggests Mars Had An Oxygen-Rich Atmosphere

June 20, 2013

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Mars Had Oxygen Rich Atmosphere

Data from meteorites and NASA’s Spirit rover has revealed new information about the chemical composition and evolution of Mars, suggesting that Mars had an oxygen-rich atmosphere 4 billion years ago. Differences between Martian meteorites and rocks examined by a NASA rover can be explained if Mars had an oxygen-rich atmosphere 4 billion years ago – […]

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3D Droplet Printer Creates Synthetic Tissues

April 8, 2013

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3D Droplet Printer Builds Synthetic Tissues

Using a custom built droplet network printer, researchers at the University of Oxford have developed a 3D printer that can create materials with several of the properties of living tissues. The new type of material consists of thousands of connected water droplets, encapsulated within lipid films, which can perform some of the functions of the […]

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Growing Graphene Without the Defects

February 1, 2013

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Defect Free Graphene

Scientists at the University of Oxford have developed a new way of growing graphene without the defects that weaken it and prevent electrons from flowing freely within it, possibly opening the doorway to large-scale manufacturing of graphene-based devices for electronics, energy, and healthcare. A team led by Oxford University scientists has overcome a key problem […]

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A Vegetarian Diet Could Reduce People’s Risk of Heart Disease by up to 32%

January 31, 2013

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Vegetarianism Can Reduce the Risk of Heart Disease By Up to a Third

New research from the University of Oxford suggests that a vegetarian diet could significantly reduce people’s risk of heart disease, finding that vegetarians have up to 32% less risk of developing heart disease than comparable non-vegetarians. Heart disease is the single largest cause of death in developed countries, and is responsible for 65,000 deaths each […]

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Volunteers Discover 15 New Planet Candidates in Habitable Zones

January 7, 2013

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15 new planet candidates orbiting in the habitable zones of other stars

By looking for a dip in the brightness as planets pass in front of their parent stars, volunteers have discovered 15 new planet candidates orbiting in the habitable zones of other stars. Added to the 19 similar planets already discovered in habitable zones, where the temperature is neither too hot nor too cold for liquid […]

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Galaxy Zoo Maps Out an A to Z of Galaxies

September 11, 2012

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penguin-shaped galaxy

While helping to classifying galaxies seen in hundreds of thousands of telescope images as spiral or elliptical, Galaxy Zoo project volunteers came across galaxies that resemble letters of the alphabet. The international team behind Galaxy Zoo, including astronomers from Oxford University, are inviting people to be involved in more discoveries as they launch a new […]

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Ash Preserved Fossils of Rangeomorphs Discovered in Newfoundland

June 29, 2012

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Juvenile example of the rangeomorph fossil Charnia

Found in rocks at the Mistaken Point Ecological Reserve, researchers discovered over 100 fossils of what are believed to be “baby” rangeomorphs that lived 580-550 million years ago. A volcanic eruption around 579 million years ago buried a “nursery” of the earliest-known animals under a Pompeii-like deluge of ash, preserving them as fossils in rocks […]

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