Technology

“Elastic Cloaking” – New Flexible Material Designed to Protect Buildings, Military Personnel

Earthquake Damage

A team of engineers at the University of Missouri has designed a flexible material that can help buildings withstand multiple waves of energy traveling through a solid material, including the ground motions found in earthquakes. Credit: University of Missouri

University of Missouri engineers said their material has both civilian and military applications.

Shake, rattle and roll.

Even though they are miles from the epicenter of an earthquake, buildings can collapse due to how an earthquake’s energy makes the ground shake and rattle. Now, a team of engineers led by Guoliang Huang, a James C. Dowell Professor in the Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering Department at the University of Missouri College of Engineering, has designed a flexible material that can help buildings withstand multiple waves of energy traveling through a solid material, including the simultaneous forward and backward and side-to-side motions found in earthquakes.

This structured lattice-type material protects against both types of energy waves — longitudinal and sheer — that can travel through the ground. Credit: University of Missouri

“Our elastic material can stretch and form to a particular surface, similarly to a wrap on a vehicle,” Huang said. “It can be applied to the surface of an existing building to allow it to flex in an earthquake. What is unique about the structured lattice-type material is that it protects against both types of energy waves — longitudinal and sheer — that can travel through the ground.”

Guoliang Huang is a James C. Dowell Professor in the Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering Department at the University of Missouri. Credit: University of Missouri

Huang said the material also can be used by the defense industry to protect against vibration in mechanical parts, such as aircraft or submarine engines.

“For over 20 years, no one had a natural solution for this issue in a solid material,” Huang said. “Now, we’ve designed, modeled and fabricated a new material with properties that do not exist naturally for what we believe is a nearly perfect protective device.”

The Army Research Office, which provided funding for the basic research effort at the University of Missouri associated with this project, is encouraged by the results from Huang’s team.

“The results that the University of Missouri team has recently published are encouraging,” said Dan Cole, the program manager at the Army Research Office, a part of the U.S. Army Combat Capabilities Development Command’s Army Research Laboratory. “This research could lead to new strategies for steering mechanical waves away from critical regions in solid objects, which could enable novel capabilities in soldier protection and maneuvering.”

Lab equipment used to conduct experiments in the study. Credit: University of Missouri

The studies, “Polar Metamaterials: A New Outlook on Resonance for Cloaking Applications” and “Physical Realization of Elastic Cloaking with a Polar Material,” were published in Physical Review Letters, a journal of the American Physical Society.

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Reference: “Physical Realization of Elastic Cloaking with a Polar Material’ by Xianchen Xu, Chen Wang, Wan Shou, Zongliang Du, Yangyang Chen, Beichen Li, Wojciech Matusik, Nassar Hussein and Guoliang Huang, 19 March 2020, Physical Review Letters.
DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.124.114301

Other authors on the studies include Nassar Hussein, Yangyang Chen, Xianchen Xu and Chen Wangat at MU; Wan Shou, Beichen Li and Wojciech Matusik at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology; and Zongliang Du at MU and the Dalian University of Technology in China. The content is solely the responsibility of the authors and does not necessarily represent the official views of the funding agencies.

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  • You can take this material and put bullet proof or shatter proof material in the stuff's structure somehow. Then take that bullet proof material and put it all bullet proof vest, pants, boots, helmets and coats used by all military and police personnel and vehicles.

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University of Missouri-Columbia

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