Space

Flight Over Jezero Crater on Mars – The NASA 2020 Perseverance Rover Landing Site

This video shows Jezero crater, the landing site of the NASA Mars 2020 Perseverance rover on the Red Planet, based on images from ESA’s Mars Express mission. The planned landing area is marked with an orange ellipse.

Scheduled for launch from Cape Canaveral, Florida on July 30, 2020, on board an Atlas V rocket, the Perseverance rover will land on February 18, 2021, in Jezero crater.

An impact crater with a diameter of about 45 km (28 miles), Jezero is located at the rim of the giant Isidis impact basin. Morphological evidence suggests that the crater once hosted a lake, some 3.5 billion years ago.

Jezero possesses an inlet- and an outlet channel. The inlet channel discharges into a fan-delta deposit, containing water-rich minerals such as smectite clays. Scientists believe that the lake was relatively long-lived because the delta may have required 1 to 10 million years to reach its thickness and size. Other studies conclude that the lake did not experience periods of important water-level fluctuations and that it was formed by a continuous surface runoff. This makes Jezero crater a prime target for the search for potential signs of microbial life, because organic molecules are very well preserved in river deltas and lake sediments.

The animation was created using an image mosaic made from four single orbit observations obtained by the High Resolution Stereo Camera (HRSC) on Mars Express between 2004 and 2008. The mosaic combines data from the HRSC nadir and color channels; the nadir channel is aligned perpendicular to the surface of Mars, as if looking straight down at the surface. The mosaic image was then combined with topography information from the stereo channels of HRSC to generate a three-dimensional landscape, which was then recorded from different perspectives, as with a movie camera, to render the flight shown in the video.

Share
By
European Space Agency (ESA)

Recent Posts

Ancient Roman Gold Coins – Long Thought To Be Fakes – Now Authenticated

Gold coins are only clue that Roman leader named Sponsian ever existed. Several Roman coins…

November 26, 2022

Saving Lives: A New Medical Adhesive

McGill University researchers have created a medical adhesive inspired by nature that might save lives.…

November 26, 2022

Warming Oceans Will Likely Shrink the Habitats of Many Marine Mammals

The research is the first to look into the link between oxygen, temperature, and the…

November 26, 2022

Looming Crisis: Alarming Study Shows Significant Decline in Sperm Counts Globally

Scientists have published the first meta-analysis to demonstrate declining sperm counts among men from South…

November 26, 2022

NASA Artemis I – Flight Day 10: Orion Spacecraft Enters Distant Retrograde Orbit

At NASA’s Johnson Space Center in Houston, Flight Controllers in the White Flight Control Room…

November 26, 2022

Unexpected Result: COVID-19 Vaccination Improves Effectiveness of Cancer Treatment

Clinical study on nasopharyngeal cancer with an unexpected result. Patients with nasopharyngeal cancer are often…

November 25, 2022