The star Kepler-160 and its companion KOI-456.04 are more reminiscent of the Sun-Earth system than any previously known exoplanet-star pair.
Among the more than 4,000 known exoplanets, KOI-456.04 is something special: less than twice the size of Earth, it orbits a Sun-like star. And it does so with a star-planet distance that could permit planetary surface temperatures conducive to life.
The object was discovered by a team led by the Max Planck Institute for Solar System Research in Göttingen. Its host star, called Kepler-160, actually emits visible light; the central stars of almost all other exoplanets, on the other hand, emit infrared radiation, are smaller and fainter than the Sun and therefore belong to the class of red dwarf stars.
Space telescopes such as CoRoT, Kepler, and TESS have allowed scientists the discovery of about 4000 extrasolar planets (planets around distant stars) within the past 14 years. Most of these planets are the size of the gas giant planet Neptune, about four times the size of the Earth, and in relatively close orbits around their respective host stars. But scientists have also discovered some exoplanets as small as the Earth that could potentially be rocky. And a handful of these small planets are also at the right distance to their host star to potentially have moderate surface temperatures for the presence of liquid surface water – the essential ingredient for life on Earth.
“The full picture of habitability, however, involves a look at the qualities of the star too,” explains MPS scientist and lead author of the new study Dr. René Heller. So far, almost all exoplanets less than twice the size of Earth that have a potential for clement surface temperatures are in orbit around a red dwarf.
Red dwarf stars are known for their extremely long lifetimes. Life on an exoplanet in orbit around an old red dwarf star could potentially have had twice as much time than life on Earth to form and evolve. But the radiation from a red dwarf star is mostly infrared rather than visible light as we know it. Many red dwarfs are also notorious for emitting high-energy flares and for frying their planets, which would later become habitable, with enhanced stellar luminosities as long as these stars are young. Moreover, their faintness requires any habitable planet to be so close to the star that the stellar gravity starts to deform the planet substantially. The resulting tidal heating in the planet could trigger fatal global volcanism. All things combined, the habitability of planets around red dwarf stars is heavily debated in the scientific community.
In their new research article, the team of scientists from MPS, the Sonneberg Observatory, the University of Göttingen, the University of California in Santa Cruz, and from NASA now reports the discovery of a planet candidate less than twice the size of the Earth and with moderate illumination from a Sun-like star
At a distance of just over 3000 light-years from the solar system, the star Kepler-160 was located in the field of view of the Kepler primary mission and was continuously observed from 2009 to 2013. Its radius of 1.1 solar radii, its surface temperature of 5,200 degrees Celsius or 9,400 degrees Fahrenheit (300 degrees less than the Sun), and its very Sun-like stellar luminosity make it an astrophysical portrayal of our own parent star.
Kepler-160 has been known for about six years to be a host star of two exoplanets, called Kepler-160b and Kepler-160c. Both of these planets are substantially bigger than Earth and in relatively close orbits around their star. Their surface temperatures would certainly make them hotter than a baking oven and everything but hospitable for life as we know it. But tiny variations in the orbital period of planet Kepler-160c gave scientists a signature of a third planet that had yet to be confirmed.
The team of German and US American scientists now returned to the archival Kepler data of Kepler-160 to search for additional planets around that star and to verify the planetary origin of the perturber of the orbit of Kepler-160c. Heller and his colleagues had previously been successful in finding a total of 18 exoplanets in old Kepler data.
When searching for exoplanets, scientists usually look for repeating brightness variations of stars. These temporary dimmings, usually just one percent or less of the apparent stellar brightness, can be caused by planets transiting the disks of their host stars as seen from Earth. The key idea of Michael Hippke, co-author of the new work, and Heller was to use a detailed physical model of the stellar brightness variation instead of searching for a step-like jump-to-dimming and then jump-back-to-normal brightness pattern in stellar light curves.
This box-like approximation used to be the standard search technique for almost two decades. “Our improvement is particularly important in the search for small, Earth-sized planets,” Heller explains. “The planetary signal is so faint that it’s almost entirely hidden in the noise of the data. Our new search mask is slightly better in separating a true exoplanetary signal from the noise in the critical cases,” Heller adds.
Their new search algorithm was crucial for the discovery of the new transiting planet candidate KOI-456.04. “Our analysis suggests that Kepler-160 is orbited not by two but by a total of four planets,” Heller summarizes the new study. One of the two planets that Heller and his colleagues found is Kepler-160d, the previously suspected planet responsible for the distorted orbit of Kepler-160c. Kepler-160d does not show any transits in the light curve of the star and so it has been confirmed indirectly.
The other planet, formally a planet candidate, is KOI-456.04, probably a transiting planet with a radius of 1.9 Earth radii and an orbital period of 378 days. Given its Sun-like host star, the very Earth-like orbital period results in a very Earth-like insolation from the star – both in terms of the amount of the light received and in terms of the light color. Light from Kepler-160 is visible light very much like sunlight. All things considered, KOI-456.04 sits in a region of the stellar habitable zone – the distance range around a star admitting liquid surface water on an Earth-like planet – that is comparable to the Earth’s position around the Sun.
“KOI-456.01 is relatively large compared to many other planets that are considered potentially habitable. But it’s the combination of this less-than-double the size of the Earth planet and its solar type host star that make it so special and familiar,” Heller clarifies. As a consequence, the surface conditions on KOI-456.04 could be similar to those known on Earth, provided its atmosphere is not too massive and non-Earth-like. The amount of light received from its host star is about 93 percent of the sunlight received on Earth. If KOI-456.04 has a mostly inert atmosphere with a mild Earth-like greenhouse effect, then its surface temperature would be +5 degrees Celsius (41 degrees Fahrenheit) on average, which is about ten degrees lower than the Earth’s mean global temperature.
It cannot currently be ruled out completely that KOI-456.04 is in fact a statistical fluke or a systematic measurement error instead of a genuine planet. The team estimates the chances of a planetary nature of KOI-456.04 to be about 85% pro planet. Obtaining a formal planetary status requires 99%. While some of the Earth’s most powerful ground-based telescopes might be able to validate this candidate with observations of one of its upcoming transits, there is also a good chance that the PLATO space mission of ESA will be capable of a confirmation. PLATO is scheduled for launch in 2026 and one of its major science goals is the discovery of Earth-sized planets around Sun-like stars. The MPS is currently building the PLATO Data Center and deeply involved in the PLATO mission. If PLATO will be oriented in such a way as to re-observe the field of view of the Kepler primary mission, then KOI-456.04 will have a chance of being confirmed and studied in even more detail with PLATO.
Reference: “Transit least-squares survey: III. A 1.9 R⊕ transit candidate in the habitable zone of Kepler-160 and a nontransiting planet characterized by transit-timing variations” by René Heller, Michael Hippke, Jantje Freudenthal, Kai Rodenbeck, Natalie M. Batalha and Steve Bryson, 4 June 2020, Astronomy & Astrophysics.
Amazing article. They also have mirror image.
Don’t they know that there is just a giant mirror at the end of the universe, if they could zoom closer they would see a bunch of MLB signs 😉
Appealing to science fiction isn’t really science.
But earth like planets around g-type stars(our sun) are not science fiction anymore
Man made religions have set mankind back by thousands of years. It is time to break away from such brainwashing. “Believe in your OWN special self and follow your own star” Without man made religion humankind would already be amongst the stars.
When some people brainwashed by religion quote the Bible, it makes me laugh. They only read it from a man made religious point of view. In reality, the book is much more. Take Genesis. “WE created man in OUR image” The God of religion visited the garden of Eden and had to ASK Eve where Adam was.. So much for a supreme being who is supposed to know all. Re-read the Bible without the man made religious brainwashing and it will then show you that it has NOTHING to do with religion. It is just a guide to what life is really about. Mainly, modern man is a production of genetic engineering by extraterrestrial beings. Perhaps they come from 3000 light years away?
What the hell does this have to do with religion?
David no need to duck. That went way over your head. Nice try. Thanks for playing.
I got it. Revelation 21:1. 😏
I am so here for all of this.
You’re welcome, Mark! Glad to participate! By the way, the Earth isn’t dead yet. I have no use for fairy tales.
It will be.And that’s no fiction
Is it possible at the time when measurements of the planet were being taken, KOI-456.04 has a moon hence the higher mass reading?
Good question, I hope you get an answer.
I think it would need to be a pretty big moon for it to make any difference to the mass reading…
There was an article a while back that there was a kind of race to detect the first exomoon, but we don’t have the telescope sensitive enough as yet.
Okay guys lets get this with some home work .
Rick , the mass has nothing to do with higher mass reading , Im not going to go into a big explanation , mass reading is done with time , light from the sun and the distance from earth !
and now to Jason, Jason put : but we don’t have the telescope sensitive enough as yet .
Well Jason let me give you another thought to look at ?
there are many ” exomoon’s ” and planets and stars out there , but it has nothing to do with sensitive enough as yet , there are planets , moons and even astroids in space , the reason we can not see all of then is that they are so many light years away that our planet earth is younger than the light years distances to see planets , moons that are farther than the age of our planet earth .
I mean no disrespect to all , only to consider what i’m sharing .
It’s not the mass of the moon relative its host that makes finding exomoons a challenge.
Data from our current exoplanet detection methods can not break down the different components of a planetary system.
Stunning and hopeful article eclipsed a week from now by an even more curious one exclaiming that a large mirror in space was discovered between earth and Kepler-160 some 1500 light years away. Stay tuned…
Where’s this image at ? All they ever show is artistic type image.
There are supposedly over 26,000 satellite’s but try and find a live shot of the whole earth. Also at that many satellite’s you would see them constantly but during space walks by the ISS you never see one , not one.
Wow just wow. Apparently you’re not aware that the ISS is in a low Earth Orbit and almost all Satellites are in high Earth orbits. If you want a live feed of the Earth you can go to Zoom Earth web site and watch away. And you’re not going to see an image of a system thats 3000 light years away, doesn’t work like that.
This guy is just to fixed on what is his reality…
I have my suitcases packed ready to go. Can I bring my cat.
Light speed too slow? Yes, we have to go right to, ludicrous speed.
When we are “only” 25 light years or less call me. Then write an article.
3000? Might as well be at the end of the universe. 25 would be super tough but humans could possibly it.
On the scale of the galaxy, 3000 ly is a small hop.
But as far as we’re concerned we’re not interstellar traveling anytime ever.
There’s a correlation with selfies, the russians know about it. 😁
I bet China will have a border dispute with this new planet as well
Why do people insist on using apostrophes when pluralizing objects? How do people expect to be taken seriously when they write words such as “planet’s” when there is no ownership implied?
I did not expect to see a grammar comment on this web site; however, your comment is apt. I am a High School English teacher and the issue of possessive and plural nouns is seriously problematic for students. I speculate it has something to do with the advent of texting, but am not sure. I suspect it is because of haste that students have stopped using apostrophes for possessive nouns but not too long ago I started seeing the rule reversed, as your example suggests. It is an example of a much greater problem and I am encouraged that you raised it. And by the way, I am thrilled to see the article on life and exoplanets. I wonder if they have grammar issues!
But didn’t grammar get run over by a reindeer?
Very cool stuff. It’s very obvious by now that life exists on other worlds. I mean with TRILLIONS of know galaxies, billions of stars in each galaxy, and perhaps minimum one planet for each star – the odds are in favor of life elsewhere. In fact, you’re more likely to win the lottery everyday for 30 straight years AND being struck my lighting every single time you cash in the ticket
Patrick Church, first of all I am a lady not a sir. I don’t consider stargazing as a waste of time. I am a very spiritual person, I love being outdoors soaking up every sound, sight and beautiful sight that the Universe and the Earth has blessed us with. That being said, if what I wrote was such a boring time waster, than you were free to keep scrolling. What I wrote and what I saw, I would swear on a stack of bibles. I now have questions that I want answered. These type of events are happening all over the world, more and more. Somebody knows something. What are they not telling us ? Do you not believe we should know if something is going on ? Did I offend you because the only explanation you will hear is didn’t happen, God is our creator end of story ? I pray to God all the time, as well as to the Universe. But seeing these things makes me wonder if there is something more. I am not saying there is no divine creator, but maybe we should be prepared for something else. I have accepted Jess Christ as my lord and savior, and I try my best to live accordingly but there are things happening that can’t be ignored. Sorry I wasted your time telling people what I saw hoping someone with an open mind would give me a legitimate reason for what I saw. Anyway, if Im wrong ill see you at the pearly gates
You scientist will say anything you want & just because
you’re scientists we suppose to believe it. Lmao
We know yesterday was Sunday and all; and the sermon is still, well… fresh. But you’re projecting again 🙂
Where is it written that God only created us? B I B L E Basic Instructions Before Leaving Earth
wtf: “our planet earth is younger than the light years distances to see planets “
Yeah well… isn’t that great news… as earthlings continue along in their quest for suffering, hatred, murders, warfare basically your run-of-the-mill self immolation!
So these new exoplanets that HUMANITY (THANK GOD) WILL NEVER REACH TO SPOIL, seem to attract some foolish thread of hope that some number of psychopaths might escape this doomed world to pollute the next…! No, we’re not so deserving!
Izzy, Izzy… My goodness, Izzy, lighten up… Why are you religious types so prone to pessimism?
Maybe your god is giving us an out… have you considered that? By your definition Noah was a psychopath… have you no faith in your god?
I would think you would trust in your higher power a little more than that, Izzy, just sayin’… 🙂
It would be hard to have faith in something that clearly doesn’t exist. Exist, in the sense that is portrayed by the church and other man-made religious zealots. Such people are brainwashed and it’s very difficult to remove that brainwashing. It can be done, but only if they want it. Sadly, it is the religious zealots that are loosing out and not the secular. if we followed their mind-thoughts, humans would still be kneeling in churches afraid of the bogeyman. If they break those religious chains, there minds will open doors they never believed could exist. More neurons will fire in their controlled brains and they will kick themselves when they realise what fools they have been. IN truth..THE truth is already within our brains but we can only access it when the time is right.
Me and my gal went a huckleberry hunting. She stooped over and I saw something. And I realized that I have the vagina disease. I look like s#!t but I feel great !!
Wow!!! I want to go there.. Amazing information dude.. Thanks for sharing 😊
3000 light years is too far. Can we have vehicle to reach that distance. Otherwise it will be just an oasis.
We’re not likely to get there. Even if we had a vehicle that travelled 99% the speed of light right now, it would take a little over 3,000 years to get there. And 3,000 more years to send pictures back. So the idea is just scientific curiosity and to point radio telescopes at it to catch a “War of the Worlds” broadcast or some laser communication they sent 3000 years ago. Currently they maybe annihilated themselves or left there to come here and use our planet since several thousand years from now we’ll have gone extinct and they’ll do an archeological survey and wonder, “Who was this jackass Trump and this crazy nutjob Pelosi. And then they will discover that cats and dogs ruled the Earth because we continually picked up their crap.
Oh dear, Billy Bob. Are you so closed – minded that you can’t see just how far mankind has come in just a couple of hundred years? They thought we would suffocate if cars went faster than 5 miles an hour. Flight was impossible and going to the Moon just a fantasy. Nature took billions of years to turn out sentient beings. Already those sentient beings (us) are already doing amazing things in centuries and not billions of years. What you call “god” is Quantum. Without Quantum nothing will work. Quantum is what gives everything life and causes things to actually work. Sounds from a record player would sound just like scratches on plastic without Quantum. You can call it god if you like, but it isn’t a supreme being. Scrap your ideas of a “religious” god and the truth will present itself to you. What we know as “religion” is just an invention created by those who want to control us.
Not a doctor 🙂
It seems like a lot of people don’t realize how short 3,000 light years is in the grand scheme of things. If there’s life on this planet they’d be able to see the Greeks and Egyptians and know we have civilizations. Most of those examples are talked about in millions of light years with dinosaurs being viewed by aliens due to the distance, so 3000 is actually a decent improvement. We’d either need something impossibly fast, cryo, or a multigenerational voyage, but it is still much more feasible than the planets we’ve found so far.
I do expect we will destroy each other before then, however.
Scientists are currently building a Mars Rover designed to find and extract microbial organisms and have them sent back to Earth.
The obvious question is – why would they want to bring back potentially deadly microbes to our planet that could wipe out all life on the Earth? These scientists are insane and very dangerous.
As a result of this global pandemic, haven’t we learned our lesson to avoid new microbes? I guess not.
Come to think of it science was going to open one of the rocks brought back from the moon right before this virus was released
Keplerians are probably reptile like creatures due to the extreme heat. I believe Captain Kirk had to fight one of those things in Star trek first season.
Quick blow it up, before they discover we exist O.O monkaS
It’s funny that earth is “PEAR SHAPED” but it’s mirror image is a perfect sphere once again…your CGI games are over NEANDERTHALS…the gig is up
Is it like when a race of people with up to 20% NEANDERTHAL DNA mirror real MELINATED HUMANS…but aren’t really HUMAN🧐
And i saw a New Heaven and a New Earth come on now everybody God is soon to come back and He is closer than we think….Please read Acts 2:36-38 verse…I Pray everyone Repent and be Baptized In the Name Of Jesus Christ for the Remisson of your Sins Receive The Precious Gift Of The Holy Ghost and try to live Holy the Best way you know how by God until he returns and you will receive your Gift of Eternal Life by Jesus Christ Our Lord and Savior the One and Only True God that Can Save Us All….In The Name Of Jesus🙏🙏🙏🙏 I Pray Amen….This Cry Goes Out to All Nations God Bless us all and may we all be ready when He Returns.
Read the Bible properly, not in the way religious zealots have shown you. Just read Genesis. Everything you need to discover the truth is within the first few pages of Genesis. Throw away what you have been taught about church religion. Then God said, “Let us make mankind in our image, in our likeness. The emphasise is on OUR. This God also seemed unable to trace Adam in the Garden and had to ask Eve as to Adam’s location. God is supposed to know all!. That god also warned them not to leave the garden as there were people out there that could harm them. There weren’t supposed to be any other people on Earth! Ezekiel spoke of Wheels Within Wheels with projections with the power of sight. I and millions of others have “projections” of that kind – cameras. Here’s an interesting article I came across on the Web. http://wiganufos.blogspot.com/2010/10/could-god-have-been-alien.html
God has nothing to do with religion. Religion is a man made device. Yes, God exists and is beyond your (and everyone elses) comprehension level.
Snap some shots with the James Webb telescope. Once we get it up there. Then design a app similar to Google Earth that enables us to navigate the exoplanets.
Lets hope whatever lives on it takes better care than we did with earth!!
I thought I was going to read something intelligent but ended up with reading crap about religion, can whom it may concern remove these nut jobs so some of us can actually have a intellectual conversation .
Well. If you can’t catch the bus to get there guess it’s all academic. Interesting though🌍
Just for the record. There probably isn’t a god look up irreducible complexity and considering there are more galaxies than there are grains of sand on every Beach on Earth come on and when I die if I had one question to ask God I will have to ask why would you allow a thousands upon thousands of children to die in that tsunami and remember who the Dead Sea Scrolls it says holy God we talked to Lucifer he would whisper in his ear so no one would know God’s true nature pretty
First we need to travel faster than the speed of light. Because at the speed of light, 3,000 years away is still impossible. Don’t get peoples hopes up.
How many generations would it take to get there?
Don’t think about space travel from a “speed” point of view. High speed is only related at the start of reaching out into space. The key is to warp space. A bit like breaking the sound barrier with jet aircraft. Reaching a certain speed along with mass will shrink distances in an instant. You see this shown in science fiction movies. As we already know…almost everything we consider as science fiction is now turning into science fact. When the time is right and when humans really find a need or want, they WILL do it. All knowledge is already stored within our brains waiting for that right time. For those who believe in God, consider this: If that god created us in his image, we obviously also have his knowledge. We are in the “image” of that god. That wouldn’t only mean that we look like him. It is common sense that whatever that god of the Bible was/is, he was an extraterrestrial and nothing to do with the brainwashing god created by those who want to control people by fear. Modern humans really do appear to have been created by genetic engineering via an advanced, sentient species from outer space..
The implication is, “Like our star” which we call “The Sun”
As things go I am not suppose to comment or reveal what we have known for many years.We as earth beings have already been studied and DNA transfers are already taking place. If you see people that act funny or look strange don’t panic,also the virus you call CORONOVIRUS was for population control,as was aids virus.
Dang you’re smarter than I look 🤣🤣🤣🤣🤣
Something interesting I observed last night. After almost a week of torrential downpours and no visibility due to cloud cover, I was thrilled to see the sky was starting to clear as the last remaining clouds were moving away. I watched the sporatic cloud formations move not in front of the moon, Venus and the few other visible stars, but BEHIND THEM.Trust me, I stood there watching for almost an hour. Waiting for the next group of clouds to pass, thinking this can’t be right. If the moon, planets and stars are thousands of light years away then why are these clouds, obviously in our atmosphere, Planes fly through them every day, floating BEHIND AND NOT IN FRONT ?? Needless to say but MIND BLOWN !! I love watching the night sky, and try locating the planets and constellations. In fact, about 2 months ago when Mercury, Jupiter and Mars were all visible in a row, I came out in the pre dawn hours to see them. As I am watching this amazing formation, suddenly I saw what looked like lightning between the two larger planets. It was a brilliant blue green flash way up there. And then I swear on this something flew out of the light and took off so fast I would have missed it if not for the light show before it, and it traveled on a slight upward incline until I lost sight of it behind another star. Dumbfounded. I couldn’t believe what I had just seen. I was fully awake both times and do not use drugs. What was it that I saw ? A doorway to another dimension ? Alternate galaxy ? Time travel ? And also, what was up with the clouds behind the moon ? Something doesn’t feel right
Apparently I have more time to waste than you, cause I actually read what you wrote. God bless you sir
UFO’s are in our skies all the time. Mostly “cloaked”, but from time to time they show themselves. I expect they’ll also need to appear under certain circumstances. Taking up water and other activities.
I’m just here for the show to read all the comments the social media butterflies post like the they really have science backgrounds in this particular subject matter.
So you’re saying YOU control the cosmos or am I reading to far into it 🤗🤣🤣🤣
God only created 1, O-N-E, Gadda Da Vida!
Ain’t no more out there, stop guessin, stop messin with people’s minds. We R it…
Where is it written that God only created us? B I B L E Basic Instructions Before Leaving Earth
Right on Chico
Why do people think that things like this actually matter? This means that if we figure out how to travel at the speed of light, we can make it there in 3000 years. And this helps us how????
Whether we like it (or not) Earth’s resources are running out and populations are rising daily, if mankind lasts long enough, we will have to consider looking for a new world to colonise.
Heading there in the morning anybody need a lift?
We seed them, they’ve seeded us and so on and so on… the circle of life. Imagine we have petri dishes in route. Thousands of years is seconds in the large scheme of the universe. It’s how God meant us to be fruitful and multiply. Genesis 1:28
Fake news, humans can’t even predict the weather on our planet. Smh
Its not possible to travel at light speed, but galactic “tunnels” may well get us there. We are not far from discovery and mapping these galactic links. We nay soon have a drink with our universal friends.
In the book of Enoch he describes Heaven as being a planet about the size of the moon and it is directly on the other side of our sun. Is it possible you have just found our Heaven? Something to think about!
I spit my coffee out reading your post, LMFAO!
My thoughts exactly.
Nutcase verbage FTW!
Think on it, any alien life we might eventually meet, we will have ZERO IN COMMON WITH
our society built itself on our own thoughts and emotions.
There are no “aliens” that even closely resemble us, their thought processes will be so far distant from our own.
It’s lame I know, but read the book “Sphere” by Michael Crichton”
Not the lame movie, the book.
Yes it’s fiction, but the scientific principles are sound and logical.
That being said, it would be pretty nifty to get a view of the planet and see what the hell is going on there.
I’d be down for a cryogenic suicide mission to the planet.
Huh perhaps they’ve actually found the ceiling of the Dome
What will be the point of getting hyped about a planet that looks like earth which is 137 thousand years away from us. By the time we get there we will all be dead beside thos who make it to the exoplanet and hope that they don’t die! And carry on the human race.
Consider this. You are stood on a quayside that is several miles long and you want to get to the end of the quayside as quickly as you can, walking is too slow. A boat passes by travelling at 20 knots. You managed to jump on it, but it is still too slow and it can’t go any faster. Just then another boat moving much faster, say 35 knots overtakes the first boat, you manage to leap onto that one. Still, you need to go faster. Again, along comes another boat moving very quickly, it’s risky, but you decide to jump onto it. You make it and the third boat is doing 60 knots. This continues over and over until you finally leap on a boat travelling at 100 knots. Give that analogy some thought….
If we somehow can go faster than the speed of light someday…by warping the space-time continuum (think warp speed), we could arrive in 300 years…quite a few planets closer to checknout some day..
When you are in a true dark-sky area(recommended) look up at the stars at midnight and ponder what we can possibly achieve in another 150 years…
After all, 100 years ago, bleeding a person by incision was considered the best medical procedure mosy cases.
Spot on, Richard. As we haven’t built an object that can travel at the speed of light there is obviously no way of knowing what would happen. However, if we think back to mans attempts in trying to break the sound barrier, something that we didn’t even know existed at the time, a similar thing could occur at the “light-barrier” Aircraft hit bow waves that destroyed them. Then – by testing and testing – humans found a way to break that barrier. Could it be possible that once a spacecraft even nears the speed of light, physics (as we know them) will change and the craft will, not only pass through the barrier, but actually travel inter-dimensionally. Space can also be warped and it has already been proven via the weirdness of quantum mechanics (see BBC programmes on YouTube regarding this) objects can instantly even be in different places at the same time despite the distances. Quantum tells us that anything is possible. It also tells us that nothing is actually real. Or what we understand to be real. If that is the case, once we get to the stage where we need to travel vast distances in space (and time) virtually instantly, quantum will give us the means to do it. Let’s face it. if the universe WAS designed by a form of intelligence, there is no way that intelligence would create a system that couldn’t be practically traversed. Space travel would be totally pointless if everyone was dead when the traveller returned to his or her home planet. Given “time” humans will crack it. That is…if we don’t destroy ourselves before then and, at present, it isn’t looking good..
Get this: either the universe has always existed, or it arose from nothing – not space, time or anything else; there are no other possibilities. Even if there is a god, the question then is, where does such a being come from?
There is no answer to this question….
God always existed, and always will. The universe is created by Him. And why do people assume God, the Son, and the Holy Spirit are diametrically opposed to science and vice versa. God created science and all knowledge. It’s part of the universe. Duh. He created scientific laws, Quarks, neutrinos, etc the laws that govern them and possibly particles that make up Quarks that have yet to be “discovered”. There are many scientists that believe in Jesus Christ and partly BECAUSE of science. And they are not nutjobs. I find many Christians to be highly educated. And there is absolutely nowhere in the bible that the Earth is flat. People take specific verses out of context. It gives believers a bad name. So stop with the flat Earth crap. The bible says the Earth hangs on nothing. Which is to say it is located in space-time, which is invisible to people who came before the 20 th century. And to those who laugh at the idea of God: He is laughing at ALL of us.
I think You just have the idea of your god mixed up , Billy. God isn’t an entity, as man made religion will try and brainwash you into believing. “He” is a kind of force. The universe itself is alive in its own sense. Has Richard pointed out, Dark matter and Quantum are the “controllers” Everything that lives is kick-started by Quantum. We would be zombies without the effects that quantum has on us and everything in the universe (and beyond) Pick up a cassette recorder and study how it creates sounds on a thin piece of plastic passing a tape head. Any kind of music or noise can be played on the machine. A full orchestra or just speech. How? No it isn’t just mechanics and clever electronic tech, it simply wouldn’t work without the extra influence known as the quantum effect. The difficulty is…some may say, “well that’s proof there’s a god” Whatever “it” is, it isn’t the god or gods that man made religions try to convince us of. That god was invented by humans just to control people. Quantum energy is the true “god” The question is, what is quantum? Obviously like the entity some called god, that is still a mystery. Or is it? Believe it or not humans are beginning to understand (On a very basic level) what it is, or what it isn’t. Quantum does prove that nothing we know is really true. NOTHING. Therefore the key is to sweep aside all the rhetoric and rubbish we’ve been taught and look at things differently. Like it or not, we have been led astray by the religious zealots and others who’s true intention is to control us.
athiests: oMg dOnt iMpOsE uR sTuPiD bElIfS oN uS
also athiest: sTuPiD reLiGiuS peRsOn
It could be a great discovery if we try to find out if life exists on the planet or not.
The Earth isn’t almost spherical, bulging slightly at the equator, and it isn’t flat either. Yep, it’s shaped like a giant burrito. “Bloom County” anyone…
These are the planets where our UFOs are coming from. However, Stephen Hawking’s warning about the aliens makes me want to re-think about how to get our STEM technologies from aliens to be able to travel through space as easily as they do. Hmmm…🤔
If we in fact live in a simulation we can get there within our lifetimes to confirm. We just need to find the right glitch, or all the religious hacks could pray REAL hard and have their god send us the cheat codes.
A habitable planet orbiting a red dwarf would possibly be further away than the star’s so called habitable zone. That’s because of tidal effects and volcanism, both of which can help heat up a surface. So surface heat = starlight + volcanism + tidal flexing + greenhouse effect.
Loved your work. Hopefully Spacex and Amazon will make us reach mars sooner.
John Lennon “predicted” this in one of his songs from the album “Mind Games”
He also mentions “UFO’s” in a song in the same album.
Among the more than 4,000 known exoplanets, KOI-456.04 is something special: less than twice the size of Earth, it orbits a Sun-like star. And it does so with a star-planet distance that could permit planetary surface temperatures conducive to life.https://scitechdaily.com/
The object was d
I think we need to send shift our all weapons (Putin, Bieden, Trump, ISIS) from earth to KOI-456.04 or we are ready for JoinTheGrave in future.
Funny all the above in past,, now ìts jan. 2022. Lots of input,not lots of intelligence 🙄 sadly the human race has left me laughing, funny. Amateurs. Share a thought of their own,yet searching for planets in the vast space,outer space. Like trying to find intelligence on earth. Riding with et.🚴♀️🚵♀️🚴♀️🗣thats right. So believe or not believe. Many try,class started with many,,,ended with 1?2?3?4?5?6?7?8?9?10? Honestly planet searching 🙄 🤪 not earth nilly silly 😜. No you may not enter. Fools are distractionssssss. Like above. All is possible. Which number is your brains,mind,boby,baby, soul, spirit in the classroom.? 😇🛸😎
They found our duplicate selfes and other panties mirror solar system and mirror earth a