Medicine News

Hospital Price Study Reveals ‘Mind-Boggling’ Variation Across USA

December 16, 2015

1 Comment

Hospital Prices Show Mind-Boggling Variation Across USA

A new study from Yale University economists reveals that the prices hospitals negotiate with health insurance companies vary enormously within and across geographic regions in the United States. For example, the study shows that in 2011 hospital prices for lower-limb MRIs were 12 times higher in the most expensive region of the United States (Bronx, […]

Continue reading...

Yale Study Shows Topical Ruxolitinib Grows Hair

December 9, 2015

4 Comments

Topical Ruxolitinib Helps Teen Grow Hair

A new study from Yale University reveals that a topical formulation of an oral medication used to treat bone marrow diseases can be used to grow hair. A young woman who had no scalp or eyebrow hair for years now enjoys a full mane after using a novel cream devised by researchers at Yale School […]

Continue reading...

Scientists Develop a New Way to Deliver MicroRNAs for Cancer Treatment

December 8, 2015

1 Comment

Researchers Develop a New Way to Deliver MicroRNAs

By twisting RNA strands into a triple helix and embedding them in a biocompatible gel, researchers from MIT have developed a new way to shrink tumors in mice with an aggressive form of breast cancer. Twenty years ago, scientists discovered that short strands of RNA known as microRNA help cells to fine-tune their gene expression. […]

Continue reading...

New Strategy to Better Protect Cancer Patients from the Flu

December 7, 2015

0 Comments

New Vaccine Better Protects Cancer Patients from Flu

Scientists from Yale University have developed a new vaccine strategy that reduces the risk of flu infections in cancer patients at highest risk for influenza. The findings were presented December 6 at the 57th annual meeting of the American Society of Hematology in Orlando, Florida. Patients with cancers of the immune system, like multiple myeloma, […]

Continue reading...

Experimental Alzheimer’s Drug J147 Shows Anti-Aging Effects

November 13, 2015

0 Comments

Experimental Alzheimer's Drug Shows Anti-Aging Effects

New research from the Salk Institute shows that the experimental Alzheimer’s drug J147 has a host of unexpected anti-aging effects in animals. The Salk team expanded upon their previous development of a drug candidate, called J147, which takes a different tack by targeting Alzheimer’s major risk factor–old age. In the new work, the team showed […]

Continue reading...

Study Shows Diabetes Drug Significantly Reduces Risk of Heart Failure

November 10, 2015

0 Comments

Diabetes Drug Reduces Risk of Heart Failure

A new clinical trial has shown that a type 2 diabetes drug significantly reduces hospitalizations and death from heart failure. The findings, from a large clinical trial known as EMPA-REG OUTCOME, were presented by Yale professor of medicine and clinical chief of endocrinology, Dr. Silvio E. Inzucchi, at the 2015 American Heart Association (AHA) Scientific […]

Continue reading...

New Chemical Compound Could Clear Up Cataracts

November 6, 2015

1 Comment

New Chemical Eye Drops Could Clear Up Cataracts

A team of scientists has identified a chemical that could potentially be used in eye drops to reverse cataracts. Identified as a “priority eye disease” by the World Health Organization, cataracts — caused when the lenses of the eyes lose their transparency — affect more than 20 million people worldwide. Although cataracts can be successfully […]

Continue reading...

A New Paradigm for Cancer Research, One That Focuses on Improving Efficacy and Value

November 5, 2015

0 Comments

A New Paradigm for Cancer Research

A newly published study from Yale University tackles the issue of value in cancer research, recommending a new paradigm for research that focuses on improving efficacy and value, as well as ensuring population health impact and generating new knowledge. The $100 billion federal government investment in the “War on Cancer,” has produced only relatively modest […]

Continue reading...

Yale Study Shows Nlrp6 Regulates Intestinal Antiviral Innate Immunity

October 26, 2015

0 Comments

Yale Researchers Reveal Pathway of Resistance to Viral Infections in the Gut

New research from Yale University shows that the protein known as Nlrp6 plays a key role in the overall immune response that provides immediate defense against infection. The gut is an important barrier for the body, protecting it from pathogens that might otherwise cause illness. While scientists have investigated the intestinal immune response to bacterial […]

Continue reading...

A Light-Reflecting Balloon Catheter Repairs the Heart without Surgery

October 14, 2015

0 Comments

New Technique Repairs Holes in the Heart Without Surgery

Using a catheter aided by UV light, researchers have developed a new technique to repair holes in the heart without surgery. Harvard-affiliated researchers have designed a specialized catheter for fixing holes in the heart by using a biodegradable adhesive and patch. The team reported in the journal Science Translational Medicine that the catheter has been […]

Continue reading...

New Epigenetic Algorithm Accurately Predicts Male Sexual Orientation

October 12, 2015

1 Comment

Epigenetic Algorithm Accurately Predicts Male Sexual Orientation

By using epigenetic information from just nine regions of the human genome, a new algorithm can predict the sexual orientation of males with up to 70 percent accuracy. “To our knowledge, this is the first example of a predictive model for sexual orientation based on molecular markers,” said Tuck C. Ngun, PhD, first author on […]

Continue reading...

New Drug Significantly Reduces Mortality Rate After Stroke

October 12, 2015

0 Comments

New Drug Significantly Cuts Mortality Rate After Stroke

New medical trials reveal that the intravenous drug Cirara significantly reduces brain swelling following a stroke. An existing drug administered intravenously reduces the chances of dying from major stroke by 60%, according to results of a phase II trial announced October 9 at the annual Neurocritical Care Society meeting in Scottsdale, Arizona. “We’ve never seen […]

Continue reading...

Nanoparticulate Carbon Black Found in the Lungs of Smokers

October 7, 2015

0 Comments

Nanoparticulate Carbon Black Particles Start Emphysema

Two new studies identify the black material found in the lungs of smokers who died of emphysema as mostly insoluble nanoparticulate carbon black. Physicians could only guess – until recently – at the composition of the black material found in the lungs of smokers who died of emphysema. But research by Baylor College of Medicine […]

Continue reading...

Yale Researchers Identify RNA That Controls Cholesterol

October 7, 2015

0 Comments

Researchers Identify Tiny RNA That Controls Cholesterol

A new study from Yale University reveals that miR-148a modifies LDL receptors in liver cells of both mice and humans and suppresses a gene that is critical for controlling levels of HDL cholesterol. High levels of LDL cholesterol — the “bad” cholesterol — increase the risk of heart disease, the leading cause of death in […]

Continue reading...

Machine-Learning Systems That Can Help Predict the Effects of Neurodegenerative Disease

October 6, 2015

0 Comments

Engineers Are Building Computer Systems to Predict Alzheimer’s and Changes in the Brain

By combining MRI and other data, engineers from MIT are developing a computer system that uses genetic, demographic, and clinical data to help predict the effects of disease on brain anatomy. In experiments, they trained a machine-learning system on MRI data from patients with neurodegenerative diseases and found that supplementing that training with other patient […]

Continue reading...

Breakthrough Research May Lead to “Exercise in a Bottle”

October 2, 2015

0 Comments

Exercise Blueprint Could Lead to New Drug Treatments That Mimic Exercise

New research from the University of Sydney reveals around 1000 molecular reactions to exercise, opening the door for drug treatments to mirror the health benefits of exercise. Drugs that mimic the benefits of exercise could soon become a reality thanks to breakthrough research from the University of Sydney’s Charles Perkins Center. Published in Cell Metabolism, […]

Continue reading...

Yale Researchers Reveal How HIV Spreads in Real Time

October 2, 2015

1 Comment

Scientists Reveal How HIV Spreads in Real Time

In a newly published study, scientists from Yale University directly visualize how HIV and related retroviruses disseminate in secondary lymphoid tissues of living mice. How retroviruses like HIV spread in their hosts had been unknown — until a Yale team devised a way to watch it actually happen in a living organism. The elaborate and […]

Continue reading...

New Research Reveals How Flu Viruses Gain the Ability to Spread

October 1, 2015

0 Comments

New Study Reveals How Flu Viruses Gain the Ability to Spread

In a new study, scientists reveal that the soft palate (the soft tissue at the back of the roof of the mouth) plays a key role in viruses’ ability to travel through the air from one person to another. The findings, described in the September 23 online edition of Nature, should help scientists better understand […]

Continue reading...