A team of researchers under the leadership of Prof. Meng Gang from the Hefei Institutes of Physical Science (HFIPS), Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), explored the use of polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) in developing high-performance, humidity-resistant hydrogen sulfide (H2S) sensors, providing a path towards the practical application of H2S chemiresistors in humid air environments.
The results were published in ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces and Chemical Communication, respectively.
H2S is a colorless, flammable, explosive, highly corrosive, and highly toxic gas, which widely exists in semi-closed and high-humidity locations. Some oxides including delafossite, ZnO, and CuO have a high response to H2S in dry air, but the humidity tends to interfere with the response of sensors. In addition, H2S is a highly corrosive gas, and its corrosiveness increases with the increase of humidity. This leads to rapid corrosion and degradation of sensors in high-humidity environments, which becomes an important challenge for the practical application of sensors.
In order to solve these problems, scientists evaporated a hydrophobic and semipermeable membrane of polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) on the Pt single-atom anchored CuCrO2 by the thermal evaporation method.
Zhang Ruofan, first author of the paper, described the biofunctional role of PDMS as “killing two birds with one stone.”
PDMS had hydrophobic nature. It could effectively isolate the intrusion of water vapor in the environment, weakened the influence of environmental humidity on the sensor, and significantly improved the long-term stability of the sensor in a humid environment.
On the other side, the micropores in the PDMS membrane could effectively block methyl mercaptan (CH3SH) molecules whose diameter was slightly larger than H2S. It acted as a “molecular sieve”, further improving the selectivity of the sensor for H2S.
The humidity-resistant H2S sensor based on PDMS-coated CuCrO2 had a low operating temperature (100 ℃), high response (up to 151 for 5 ppm H2S at 50% relative humidity), high selectivity, and good long-term stability, which laid an important foundation for the practical application of H2S sensor in petrochemical, natural gas, and other fields.
“Bifunctional role of PDMS membrane in designing humidity-tolerant H2S chemiresistors with high selectivity” by Ruofan Zhang, Zanhong Deng, Junqing Chang, Zhongyao Zhao, Shimao Wang and Gang Meng, 16 January 2023, Chemical Communications.
“Pt-Anchored CuCrO2 for Low-Temperature-Operating High-Performance H2S Chemiresistors” by Ruofan Zhang, Zanhong Deng, Lei Shi, Mahesh Kumar, Junqing Chang, Shimao Wang, Xiaodong Fang, Wei Tong and Gang Meng, 20 May 2022, ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces.