Super-Adhesive “Geckskin” Material Holds 700 Pounds

Gecko Feet

Gecko feet generate strong adhesive force.

Amazed by the gecko’s ability to produce adhesive force, a team of researchers at the University of Massachusetts Amherst developed “Geckskin,” an integrated adhesive with a soft pad woven into a stiff fabric. Initial tests have shown that a section of Geckskin roughly the size of an index card can hold 700 pounds (320 kilograms) while adhering to a flat surface and can be released with little effort, leaving no residue behind.

For years, biologists have been amazed by the power of gecko feet, which let these 5-ounce (140-gram) lizards produce an adhesive force roughly equivalent to carrying nine pounds (4 kilograms) up a wall without slipping. Now, a team of polymer scientists and a biologist at the University of Massachusetts Amherst (UMass Amherst) have discovered exactly how the gecko does it, leading them to invent “Geckskin,” a device that can hold 700 pounds on a smooth wall.

Doctoral candidate Michael Bartlett in Alfred Crosby’s polymer science and engineering lab at UMass Amherst is the lead author of their article describing the discovery in the current online issue of Advanced Materials. The group includes biologist Duncan Irschick, a functional morphologist who has studied the gecko’s climbing and clinging abilities for over 20 years. Geckos are equally at home on vertical, slanted, even backward-tilting surfaces.

Super-Adhesive Geckskin Material Holds 700 Pounds

Researchers invent “Geckskin,” a device that can hold 700 pounds on a smooth wall.

“Amazingly, gecko feet can be applied and disengaged with ease, and with no sticky residue remaining on the surface,” Irschick says. These properties, high-capacity, reversibility, and dry adhesion offer a tantalizing possibility for synthetic materials that can easily attach and detach heavy everyday objects such as televisions or computers to walls, as well as medical and industrial applications, among others, he and Crosby say.

This combination of properties at these scales has never been achieved before, the authors point out. Crosby says, “Our Geckskin device is about 16 inches (41 centimeters) square, about the size of an index card, and can hold a maximum force of about 700 pounds while adhering to a smooth surface such as glass.”

Geckskin can firmly attach very heavy objects

A palm-sized pad of Geckskin can firmly attach very heavy objects such as this 42-inch television weighing about 40 lbs. (18 kg) to a smooth vertical surface. Credit: UMass Amherst, Paul D. Stewart

Beyond its impressive sticking ability, the device can be released with negligible effort and reused many times with no loss of effectiveness. For example, it can be used to stick a 42-inch television to a wall, released with a gentle tug, and restuck to another surface as many times as needed, leaving no residue.

Previous efforts to synthesize the tremendous adhesive power of gecko feet and pads were based on the qualities of microscopic hairs on their toes called setae, but efforts to translate them to larger scales were unsuccessful, in part because the complexity of the entire gecko foot was not taken into account. As Irschick explains, a gecko’s foot has several interacting elements, including tendons, bones, and skin, that work together to produce easily reversible adhesion.

Now he, Bartlett, Crosby, and the rest of the UMass Amherst team have unlocked the simple yet elegant secret of how it’s done, to create a device that can handle excessively large weights. Geckskin and its supporting theory demonstrate that setae are not required for gecko-like performance, Crosby points out. “It’s a concept that has not been considered in other design strategies and one that may open up new research avenues in gecko-like adhesion in the future.”

The key innovation by Bartlett and colleagues was to create an integrated adhesive with a soft pad woven into a stiff fabric, which allows the pad to “drape” over a surface to maximize contact. Further, as in natural gecko feet, the skin is woven into a synthetic “tendon,” yielding a design that plays a key role in maintaining stiffness and rotational freedom, the researchers explain.

Importantly, the Geckskin’s adhesive pad uses simple everyday materials such as polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS), which holds promise for developing an inexpensive, strong, and durable dry adhesive.

The UMass Amherst researchers are continuing to improve their Geckskin design by drawing on lessons from the evolution of gecko feet, which show remarkable variation in anatomy. “Our design for Geckskin shows the true integrative power of evolution for inspiring synthetic design that can ultimately aid humans in many ways,” says Irschick.

The work was supported by the U.S. Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) through a subcontract to Draper Laboratories, plus UMass Amherst research funds.

6 Comments on "Super-Adhesive “Geckskin” Material Holds 700 Pounds"

  1. Carol Johnson | July 19, 2017 at 9:22 am | Reply

    I have been searching the Net for a retailer ho actually sells original Geckskin. To date, I’ve not been successful. Can you please tell me how/where to purchase this wonderful product? Thank you so much.

    • Ylva Bengtsson | March 6, 2019 at 6:14 am | Reply

      I am, almost two years after, also looking for Geckskin online.
      I wonder, have you succeeded? Do you know where we can buy this product?

  2. I also can’t find any Geckskin apart from the website that only sells small pieces of tape.

  3. nor can i

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