Diabetes News

Diabetes is a chronic medical condition characterized by elevated levels of blood glucose (sugar), which can lead to serious damage to the heart, blood vessels, eyes, kidneys, and nerves over time. There are two main types of diabetes: Type 1, where the body’s immune system attacks and destroys the insulin-producing cells in the pancreas, and Type 2, which is more common and involves the body’s inability to use insulin effectively due to insulin resistance. Another related condition is gestational diabetes, which occurs during pregnancy and typically resolves after childbirth, though it increases the risk of developing Type 2 diabetes later in life. The management of diabetes involves monitoring and controlling blood glucose levels through diet, physical activity, medication, and insulin therapy. Early diagnosis and effective management are crucial to prevent or delay the complications associated with diabetes, which is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. As prevalence rates continue to climb, largely due to increasing obesity rates and aging populations, diabetes remains a significant public health challenge.