Isotopes News

Isotopes are variants of a particular chemical element that share the same number of protons but differ in the number of neutrons within their atomic nuclei. This variation in neutron count results in isotopes having different mass numbers, though they maintain the same chemical properties because they have the same number of electrons. Isotopes can be either stable or radioactive. Stable isotopes do not change over time, while radioactive isotopes decay into other elements and emit radiation, a process that can be utilized in various applications including medical imaging, cancer treatment, and archaeological dating. The study of isotopes plays a crucial role in fields such as chemistry, physics, biology, and environmental science, providing insights into the processes of Earth’s climate history, biological cycles, and nuclear reactions.