Star Formation News

Star formation is the process by which dense regions within molecular clouds in interstellar space, often referred to as “stellar nurseries” or “star-forming regions,” collapse under their own gravity to form stars. This process begins when a cloud of gas and dust, known as a nebula, becomes unstable due to gravitational forces. As the material within the nebula collapses, it heats up and forms a protostar at the core. Over time, the protostar continues to gather mass from its surroundings, increasing in temperature and pressure until nuclear fusion ignites in its core, marking the birth of a new star. Factors such as the cloud’s mass, temperature, and the presence of nearby massive stars can influence the rate and efficiency of star formation. The process of star formation also results in the creation of planetary systems, as the leftover material from the star’s birth forms a circumstellar disk that can coalesce into planets, moons, and other celestial bodies.