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August 28, 2015

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LMT Reveals Gas and Dust Properties of Distant Galaxies

LMT Reveals Gas and Dust Properties of Luminous Galaxies

Using the Large Millimeter Telescope in its first stages of operation, astronomers study the gas and dust properties of luminous galaxies in the early stages of the universe. In the 1980’s, observations of nearby galaxies made with the Infrared Astronomical Satellite, along with observations of the far-infrared /submillimeter background with the Cosmic Background Explorer satellite, […]

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August 28, 2015

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Yale Study Shows One in Four Hepatitis C Patients Denied Initial Drug Therapy

Yale Study Shows One in Four Hepatitis C Patients Denied Initial Care

A new study from the Yale School of Medicine found that nearly one in four patients with chronic hepatitis C (HCV) are denied initial approval for a drug therapy that treats the most common strain of the infection. The finding, published August 27 in PLOS ONE, identifies a new barrier to caring for patients with […]

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August 28, 2015

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How Rain Droplets Attract Aerosols Out of the Atmosphere

New Study Helps Explain How Rain Droplets Clean the Atmosphere

Atmospheric chemists from MIT test how effective rain is at cleaning the atmosphere, revealing the most accurate values of coagulation to date. As a raindrop falls through the atmosphere, it can attract tens to hundreds of tiny aerosol particles to its surface before hitting the ground. The process by which droplets and aerosols attract is […]

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August 28, 2015

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NASA Continues to Research Greenland Ice Sheet Melt and Sea Level Rise

Scientists Measure Meltwater on the Surface of the Greenland Ice Sheet

Scientists gather field data on the Greenland Ice Sheet to help verify climate models that are used to estimate future sea level rise and to incorporate the measurements into computer models that will create a simulation of the melt water runoff processes operating on the ice sheet. On Greenland’s ice sheet, a vast icy landscape […]

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August 28, 2015

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Hubble Reveals That Markarian 231 is Powered by a Double Black Hole

Hubble RevealsThat Mrk 231 is Powered by a Double Black Hole

Using NASA’s Hubble Space Telescope, a team of astronomers discovered that Markarian 231 is powered by two central black holes furiously whirling about each other. Markarian 231 is the nearest galaxy to Earth that hosts a quasar, located 581 million light-years away. The finding suggests that quasars—the brilliant cores of active galaxies – may commonly […]

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August 27, 2015

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If Life Can Travel Between The Stars We Should Be Able To Detect It

Statistical Signatures of Panspermia in Exoplanet Surveys

A new study from the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics suggests that if life can travel between the stars (in a process called panspermia), it would spread in a characteristic pattern that we could potentially identify. Cambridge, Massachusetts – We only have one example of a planet with life: Earth. But within the next generation, it […]

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August 27, 2015

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Phytoplankton Are Extremely Sensitive to Changing Levels of Desert Dust

New Research Shows Phytoplankton Are Extremely Sensitive to Changing Levels of Desert Dust

A newly published study shows that phytoplankton are extremely sensitive to changing levels of desert dust, revealing that the intensity of desert storms may affect the whole ocean ecosystem. Each spring, powerful dust storms in the deserts of Mongolia and northern China send thick clouds of particles into the atmosphere. Eastward winds sweep these particles […]

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August 27, 2015

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Biologists Identify a New Approach to Cancer Immunotherapy

A New Approach to Cancer Immunotherapy

Scientists from Yale University have identified a new way to boost immune response by metabolically “rewiring” immune cells. Inside a tumor, immune cells and cancer cells battle for survival. The advantage may go to the cells that metabolize the most glucose, say Yale researchers who have identified a new way to boost immune response by […]

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August 27, 2015

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Yale Engineers Develop a Shape-Shifting Navigation Device for the Visually Impaired

Engineers Develop a Shape-Shifting Navigation Device for the Visually Impaired

Researchers from Yale University have developed a shape-shifting navigation device for both the sighted and visually impaired. Combine mechanical engineering, experimental theater, and an old dark church, and you’re bound to get some interesting results — a new navigation device, for instance. That’s what happened when Yale University engineer Adam Spiers, a postdoctoral associate in […]

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August 27, 2015

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Chandra Reveals the Birth of a “Radio Phoenix”

Chandra Discovers a Radio Phoenix Abell 1033

Using X-ray, radio, and optical data, a team of astronomers has discovered a “radio phoenix” in Abell 1033. This system contains the collision of two galaxy clusters located about 1.6 billion light years from Earth. Astronomers have found evidence for a faded electron cloud “coming back to life,” much like the mythical phoenix, after two […]

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August 26, 2015

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Hubble Explores the Wings of the Twin Jet Nebula

Hubble Space Telescope Views the Twin Jet Nebula

This newly released Hubble image shows the Twin Jet Nebula, which is a striking example of a bipolar planetary nebula. Astronomers have shown that the nebula’s size increases with time, and measurements of this rate of increase suggest that the stellar outburst that formed the lobes occurred just 1200 years ago. The shimmering colors visible […]

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August 26, 2015

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UJI Patents New Graphene-Based Catalysts

New Graphene-Based Catalysts

By combining graphene and organometallic compounds, researchers have developed graphene-based materials that can catalyze reactions for the conversion and storage of energy. Researchers at the Universitat Jaume I have developed materials based on graphene that can catalyze reactions for the conversion and storage of energy. The technology patented by the UJI combines graphene and organometallic […]

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August 26, 2015

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Ten Facts About Supernovae

Many of the Elements We’re Made of Come from Supernovae

Here are ten facts about supernovae that you may have not known. Somewhere in the cosmos, a star is reaching the end of its life. Maybe it’s a massive star, collapsing under its own gravity. Or maybe it’s a dense cinder of a star, greedily stealing matter from a companion star until it can’t handle […]

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August 26, 2015

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Berkeley Lab Uses Solar Energy and Renewable Hydrogen to Produce Methane

Researchers Use Solar Energy and Renewable Hydrogen to Produce Methane

A team of scientists has developed a hybrid artificial photosynthesis system that produces renewable molecular hydrogen and uses it to synthesize carbon dioxide into methane. A team of researchers at the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)’s Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) developing a bioinorganic hybrid approach to artificial photosynthesis have achieved another milestone. Having […]

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August 26, 2015

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Light from Phones or Tablets Suppresses Melatonin Production in Young Teens

Light from Phones or Tablets Disturbs the Sleep of Young Teens

A new study from Brown University examines the effect of light exposure at night on the biology of teen sleep, revealing that light from phones or tablets suppressed their production of the sleep-timing hormone melatonin significantly. Brown University — A new study has an important implication for tweens and young teens as they head back […]

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August 26, 2015

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NASA’s Oceans Melting Greenland Mission Maps Greenland’s Coastline

OMG Mission Maps Greenland's Coastline

NASA’s Oceans Melting Greenland mission is making the first high-resolution maps of the complete Greenland coast and continental shelf, helping scientists to better understand ice melt and its impact on the environment. This summer, a refitted fishing boat is mapping the seafloor around Greenland as the first step in a six-year research program to document […]

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August 25, 2015

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IceCube Collaboration Confirms Cosmic Neutrino Sighting

Evidence for Astrophysical Muon Neutrinos

Using data from the IceCube Neutrino Observatory, scientists have confirmed the existence of astrophysical neutrinos from our galaxy as well as cosmic neutrinos from sources outside the Milky Way. Researchers using the IceCube Neutrino Observatory have sorted through the billions of subatomic particles that zip through its frozen cubic-kilometer-sized detector each year to gather powerful […]

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August 25, 2015

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Harvard Researchers Explain the Reason for Genetic Obesity

Researchers Explain the Reason for Genetic Obesity

Researchers from Harvard Medical School and MIT reeval a genetic circuit that controls whether our bodies burn or store fat. Like many other conditions, obesity is caused by an interplay between genetic and environmental factors. While efforts to combat the obesity epidemic will need to include changes in diet and exercise, insights into the genes […]

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