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January 19, 2017

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Data Civilizer Finds and Links Related Data Scattered Across Digital Files

New System Finds and Links Related Data Scattered Across Digital Files

A new system called Data Civilizer automatically finds connections among many different data tables and allows users to perform database-style queries across all of them. The results of the queries can then be saved as new, orderly data sets that may draw information from dozens or even thousands of different tables. The age of big […]

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January 19, 2017

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Chandra Reveals Geometrical Explanation for Puzzling Differences in Behavior of Pulsars

Chandra Shows That Geometry Solves a Pulsar Puzzle

New X-ray images from Chandra have shown distinctly different shapes for the structures around two pulsars. By studying the shape and orientation of these structures, astronomers may be able to explain the presence or absence of radio and gamma-ray pulses from these systems. NASA’S Chandra X-ray Observatory has taken deep exposures of two nearby energetic […]

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January 19, 2017

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New Cassini Image of Small Moon Daphnis

New Cassini Image of Daphnis

This new Cassini image features one of Saturn’s small moons. The wavemaker moon, Daphnis, is featured in this view, taken as NASA’s Cassini spacecraft made one of its ring-grazing passes over the outer edges of Saturn’s rings on January 16, 2017. This is the closest view of the small moon obtained yet. Daphnis (5 miles […]

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January 18, 2017

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New Model Could Help Scientists Design Materials for Artificial Photosynthesis

How Photosynthetic Pigments Harvest Light

Researchers from MIT have developed a new model that could help scientists design materials for artificial photosynthesis. Plants and other photosynthetic organisms use a wide variety of pigments to absorb different wavelengths of light. MIT researchers have now developed a theoretical model to predict the spectrum of light absorbed by aggregates of these pigments, based […]

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January 18, 2017

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New Cassini Image – Peeking Over Saturn’s Shoulder

Cassini Peeks Over Saturn's Shoulder

This newly released Cassini image shows Saturn in a way no Earth-based telescope ever could. No Earth-based telescope could ever capture a view quite like this. Earth-based views can only show Saturn’s daylit side, from within about 25 degrees of Saturn’s equatorial plane. A spacecraft in orbit, like Cassini, can capture stunning scenes that would […]

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January 18, 2017

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NASA’s Mars Curiosity Rover Examines Possible Mud Cracks

Curiosity Rover Examines Possible Mud Cracks

NASA’s Curiosity Mars Rover has examined slabs of rock cross-hatched with shallow ridges that likely originated as cracks in drying mud. “Mud cracks are the most likely scenario here,” said Curiosity science team member Nathan Stein. He is a graduate student at Caltech in Pasadena, California, who led the investigation of a site called “Old […]

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January 18, 2017

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A Catalog of Kepler Habitable Zone Exoplanet Candidates

Catalog of Habitable Zone Exoplanets

A newly published study provides a list of habitable zone exoplanet candidates from the Kepler Data Release 24 Q1-Q17 data vetting process. In our solar system, the Earth is cozily situated in the middle of the habitable zone which, depending on the model, extends roughly from Venus to Mars. The Kepler mission has as one […]

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January 17, 2017

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New NASA Mission Will Visit Metal Asteroid 16 Psyche

New NASA Mission Will Visit a Metal Asteroid

NASA has announced a new mission that will send an unmanned spacecraft to a large asteroid in the primary asteroid belt between Mars and Jupiter. NASA recently announced a pair of new space missions to explore questions about the earliest stages of our solar system. One of the missions, Psyche, will send an unmanned spacecraft […]

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January 17, 2017

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VISTA Survey Reveals Hidden Secrets of Orion’s Clouds

VISTA Reveals Hidden Secrets of Orion’s Clouds

The VISTA infrared survey telescope reveals the most detailed view of Orion A molecular cloud in the near-infrared. The new image from the VISION survey (VIenna Survey In Orion) is a montage of images taken in the near-infrared part of the spectrum by the VISTA survey telescope at ESO’s Paranal Observatory in Chile. It covers […]

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January 17, 2017

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New ALMA Images Reveal Otherwise Invisible Details of Our Sun

ALMA-Starts-Observing-the-Sun

” ngg_triggers_display=”never” order_by=”sortorder” order_direction=”ASC” returns=”included” maximum_entity_count=”500″]New images taken with the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array have revealed otherwise invisible details of our Sun, including a new view of the dark, contorted center of a sunspot that is nearly twice the diameter of the Earth. The images are the first ever made of the Sun with a […]

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January 16, 2017

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MIT Engineers Program Yeast to Convert Plant Sugars Into Oils

MIT Engineers Program Yeast to Convert Plant Sugars Into Oils

By modifying the metabolic pathways of yeast, chemical engineers from MIT are able to convert plant sugars into oils. MIT engineers have genetically reprogrammed a strain of yeast so that it converts sugars to fats much more efficiently, an advance that could make possible the renewable production of high-energy fuels such as diesel. The researchers, […]

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January 16, 2017

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Prehistoric Extinctions Offer Insights for Today’s Endangered Species

Ice Age Skeletons Offers Insights for Today’s Endangered Species

New research from Yale University is using data from prehistoric extinctions to teach valuable, real-world lessons about what happens to an ecosystem when its most distinct species go extinct. Researcher Matt Davis tracked the history of some of the world’s largest mammals and the roles they played within their respective environments. The findings appear in […]

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January 16, 2017

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Juno Spacecraft Image Shows Crescent Jupiter with the Great Red Spot

Juno Image Shows Jupiter with the Great Red Spot

Using data from Juno’s JunoCam instrument, citizen scientist Roman Tkachenko created this image of a crescent Jupiter and the iconic Great Red Spot. The image also shows a series of storms shaped like white ovals, known informally as the ‘string of pearls.’ Below the Great Red Spot a reddish long-lived storm known as Oval BA […]

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January 16, 2017

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Hubble Telescope Views a Slice of Sagittarius

Hubble Views a Slice of Sagittarius

This Hubble image of the week shows part of the sky in the constellation of Sagittarius (The Archer). The region is rendered in exquisite detail — deep red and bright blue stars are scattered across the frame, set against a background of thousands of more distant stars and galaxies. Two features are particularly striking: the […]

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January 13, 2017

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Astronomers Discover a Cosmic Particle Accelerator in Abell 3411 and 3412

Astronomers Discover Powerful Cosmic Double Whammy

Using data from NASA’s Chandra X-ray Observatory and several other telescopes, a team of astronomers has discovered a cosmic one-two punch unlike any ever seen before. The phenomena occurred in a pair of colliding galaxy clusters called Abell 3411 and Abell 3412. This result shows that an eruption from a supermassive black hole combined with […]

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January 13, 2017

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Video Shows Images of Titan’s Surface from Huygens Probe

Cassini Finds Monstrous Ice Cloud in Titan’s South Polar Region

On January 14, 2005, ESA’s Huygens probe made its descent to the surface of Saturn’s hazy moon, Titan. Carried to Saturn by NASA’s Cassini spacecraft, Huygens made the most distant landing ever on another world, and the only landing on a body in the outer solar system. This video uses actual images taken by the […]

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January 12, 2017

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Astronomers Discover Giant Halos Around Early Galaxies

Photons Struggle to Escape Distant Galaxies

Using the Isaac Newton Telescope, a team of astronomers has discovered giant halos of photons around early Milky Way type galaxies. In order to understand how our own Milky Way galaxy formed and evolved, astronomers rely on observing distant galaxies. As their light takes billions of years to reach us, telescopes can be used as […]

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January 12, 2017

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New Electromagnetic Wave Router Offers Unlimited Bandwidth

Electromagnetic Wave Router Offers Unlimited Bandwidth

Engineers from UCLA are developing a new electromagnetic wave router that offers unlimited bandwidth. Mobile phones and computers use electromagnetic waves to send and receive information — they’re what enable our devices to upload photos and download apps. But there is only a limited amount of bandwidth available on the electromagnetic spectrum. Engineers have envisioned […]

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