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A New Nanoparticle-Based Sensor System for Rapidly Screening Cancer Drugs

December 15, 2014

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New Nanoparticle Sensor System for Rapidly Screening Cancer Drugs

Chemists at Umass Amherst have developed a multi-channel signature-based approach to screening drugs using a gold nanoparticles with red, green and blue outputs provided by fluorescent proteins. Amherst, Massachusetts – Traditional genomic, proteomic and other screening methods currently used to characterize drug mechanisms are time-consuming and require special equipment, but now researchers led by chemist […]

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Valleytronics Help Researchers Move Toward a New Kind of 2D Microchip

December 15, 2014

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A New Kind of 2D Microchip

Using an approach called valleytronics, a team of researchers has cleared hurdles toward a new kind of 2D microchip that uses different electron properties. New findings from a team at MIT and other institutions could provide a pathway toward a kind of two-dimensional microchip that would make use of a characteristic of electrons other than […]

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Colloidal Quantum Dots Allow Solar Cells to Be Sprayed on Products

December 10, 2014

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Researchers Develop New Technique for Spraying Solar Cells

Using miniscule light-sensitive materials known as colloidal quantum dots, scientists from the University of Toronto have developed new technique for spraying solar cells onto products. Pretty soon, powering your tablet could be as simple as wrapping it in cling wrap. That’s Illan Kramer’s hope. Kramer and colleagues have just invented a new way to spray […]

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New Wireless Sensor Detects Hazardous Chemicals or Food Spoilage

December 9, 2014

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New Sensor Detects Gases Wirelessly

Researchers from MIT have developed a new wireless sensor that can transmit information on hazardous chemicals or food spoilage to a smartphone. MIT chemists have devised a new way to wirelessly detect hazardous gases and environmental pollutants, using a simple sensor that can be read by a smartphone. These inexpensive sensors could be widely deployed, […]

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World Record in Solar Efficiency, Over 40% of Sunlight Converted into Electricity

December 8, 2014

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New World Record in Solar Energy Efficiency

Researchers from the University of New South Wales have set world record in solar energy efficiency, converting over 40% of the sunlight hitting a solar system into electricity. The world-beating efficiency was achieved in outdoor tests in Sydney, before being independently confirmed by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) at their outdoor test facility in […]

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MIT Startup LiquidPiston Develops a More Efficient Rotary Engine

December 5, 2014

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Rotary Engine More Efficient than Counterparts

A new rotary engine from MIT startup LiquidPiston is lighter, quieter, and more efficient than its counterparts. Noise, excessive vibration, and relative inefficiency are drawbacks of the piston-based internal combustion engines (ICE) that power today’s lawn and garden equipment, such as leaf blowers and lawn trimmers. But now MIT startup LiquidPiston has developed a rotary […]

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Green Light for European Extremely Large Telescope Construction

December 4, 2014

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Approval to Build European Extremely Large Telescope

The green light has been given for the construction of the European Extremely Large Telescope – a 39-meter aperture optical and infrared telescope sited on Cerro Armazones in the Chilean Atacama Desert. At a recent meeting ESO’s main governing body, the Council, gave the green light [1] for the construction of the European Extremely Large […]

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New Biotech Innovation Reduces Unpredictability in Biological Circuits

December 1, 2014

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New Biotech Device Could Make Large Biological Circuits Practical

A new biotech device from MIT reduces the unpredictability of biological components and could ultimately allow such circuits to behave nearly as predictably as their electronic counterparts. Researchers have made great progress in recent years in the design and creation of biological circuits — systems that, like electronic circuits, can take a number of different […]

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New 2D Materials Exhibit Exotic Quantum Properties

November 21, 2014

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2D Quantum Materials Exhibit Quantum Spin Hall Effect

A newly published study from MIT details a theoretical analysis showing that a family of two-dimensional materials exhibits exotic quantum properties that may enable a new type of nanoscale electronics. These materials are predicted to show a phenomenon called the quantum spin Hall (QSH) effect, and belong to a class of materials known as transition […]

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Quantum-Dot Technology Ready to Improve LCD TVs

November 19, 2014

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Quantum-Dot Technology Improves TV Color Gamut

New quantum-dot technology is set to make LCD TVs more colorful and energy-efficient, all while costing less than OLED displays and other color gamut boosting methods. If LCD TVs start getting much more colorful — and energy-efficient — in the next few years, it will probably be thanks to MIT spinout QD Vision, a pioneer […]

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New Nanoparticles Simultaneously Perform MRI and Fluorescent Imaging

November 18, 2014

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Nanoparticles That Enable Both MRI and Fluorescent Imaging

Scientists at MIT have developed new nanoparticles that simultaneously enable both MRI and fluorescent imaging in living animals, helping scientists to track specific molecules produced in the body, monitor a tumor’s environment, or determine whether drugs have successfully reached their targets. In a paper appearing in the November 18 issue of Nature Communications, the researchers […]

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Prosthetic Retina May Help Restore Vision

November 12, 2014

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Artificial Retina Could Help Restore Vision

New research shows that an artificial retina could someday help restore lost vision caused by retinal degeneration. The loss of eyesight, often caused by retinal degeneration, is a life-altering health issue for many people, especially as they age. But a new development toward a prosthetic retina could help counter conditions that result from problems with […]

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Graphene-Based Supercapacitors May Significantly Boost the Power of Electric Vehicles

November 7, 2014

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Nano-Infused Supercapacitors May Power Cars

Using a combination of exfoliated graphene and entangled multiwalled carbon nanotubes combined with plastic, paper and a gelled electrolyte, researchers have developed flexible, solid-state supercapacitors that could significantly boost the power of electric vehicles. Rice University scientist Matteo Pasquali and his team contributed to two new papers that suggest the nano-infused body of a car […]

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New On-Site Fabrication Process Makes Taller Wind Turbines More Feasible

November 7, 2014

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New Fabrication Process Makes Taller Wind Turbines More Feasible

MIT engineers have developed a new fabrication system that adapts a traditional pipe-making technology to make wind turbines on location, at wind farms, making taller towers more economically feasible. Wind turbines across the globe are being made taller to capture more energy from the stronger winds that blow at greater heights. But it’s not easy, […]

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New Graphene Sensors Could Provide Unprecedented Insights into Brain Structure

November 3, 2014

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Graphene Sensors Could Provide Unprecedented Insights into Brain Structure

New nanotechnology funded by DARPA’s RE-NET program and developed by researchers at the University of Wisconsin at Madison enables monitoring and stimulation of neurons using optical and electronic methods simultaneously. Understanding the anatomical structure and function of the brain is a longstanding goal in neuroscience and a top priority of President Obama’s brain initiative. Electrical […]

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