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UC Researchers Make Magnetic Graphene

January 26, 2015

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Magnetic Graphene

Physicists from the University of California – Riverside have found a way to induce magnetism in graphene while also preserving graphene’s electronic properties. Riverside, California – Graphene, a one-atom thick sheet of carbon atoms arranged in a hexagonal lattice, has many desirable properties. Magnetism alas is not one of them. Magnetism can be induced in […]

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Small Helicopter Could Improve the Exploration of Mars

January 23, 2015

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Small Helicopter Could Scout for Future Mars Rovers

Engineers at NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory are working on a small helicopter that could ‘scout’ a trail for future Mars rovers. Getting around on Mars is tricky business. Each NASA rover has delivered a wealth of information about the history and composition of the Red Planet, but a rover’s vision is limited by the view […]

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Genomically Recoded Organisms Ensure GMOs Can Be Safely Confined in the Environment

January 22, 2015

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Synthetic Amino Acid Enables Safe Biotechnology Solutions

New research details the construction of a series of genomically recoded organisms (GROs) whose growth is restricted by the expression of multiple essential genes that depend on exogenously supplied synthetic amino acids. These GROs will ensure genetically modified organisms can be safely confined in the environment, overcoming a major obstacle to widespread use of GMOs […]

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New Technique Enlarges Tissue Samples, Making Them Easier to Image

January 16, 2015

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New Technique Enables Nanoscale-Resolution Microscopy

By physically enlarging the specimen itself, researchers from MIT have invented a new way to visualize the nanoscale structure of the brain and other tissues. Beginning with the invention of the first microscope in the late 1500s, scientists have been trying to peer into preserved cells and tissues with ever-greater magnification. The latest generation of […]

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Rice Engineers Design Flexible and Stackable Laser Induced Graphene Supercapacitors

January 14, 2015

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Rice Scientists Show Vertical Microsupercapacitors with Laser induced Graphene

New research from Rice University details the design and testing of three-dimensional supercapacitors made with laser-induced graphene. Rice University scientists advanced their recent development of laser-induced graphene (LIG) by producing and testing stacked, three-dimensional supercapacitors, energy-storage devices that are important for portable, flexible electronics. The Rice lab of chemist James Tour discovered last year that […]

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New Device Allows Scientists to Watch How Cells Interact

January 13, 2015

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New Tech Allows Scientists to Glimpse Communication between Immune Cells

MIT engineers have developed a new device that allows scientists to observe communication between immune cells. The immune system is a complex network of many different cells working together to defend against invaders. Successfully fighting off an infection depends on the interactions between these cells. A new device developed by MIT engineers offers a much […]

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Nanotech Pores Keep Bacteria from Sticking to Surfaces

January 12, 2015

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New Nanotech Pores Keep Bacteria from Sticking to Surfaces

A team of researchers used anodization to create nanoscale pores that change the electrical charge and surface energy of a metal surface, creating a nanoporous surface called alumina that prevents bacteria from attaching to the surface. Just as the invention of nonstick pans was a boon for chefs, a new type of nanoscale surface that […]

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New Algorithm Should Enable Household Robots to Better Identify Objects

January 12, 2015

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New Algorithm Could Enable Household Robots to Better Identify Objects

New research from MIT shows that a system using an off-the-shelf algorithm to aggregate different perspectives allows household robots to recognize four times as many objects as one that uses a single perspective, while reducing the number of misidentifications. For household robots ever to be practical, they’ll need to be able to recognize the objects […]

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New Photon Detectors – A Crucial Step Toward Quantum Chips

January 9, 2015

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MIT Researchers Take a Step Toward Quantum Chips

In a new study, researchers describe a micrometer-scale flip-chip process that enables scalable integration of superconducting nanowire single-photon detectors on a range of photonic circuits. A team of researchers has built an array of light detectors sensitive enough to register the arrival of individual light particles, or photons, and mounted them on a silicon optical […]

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“Machine Learning” Helps Astronomers Identify Basic Properties of Stars

January 9, 2015

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A Machine Learning Method to Learn About the Stars

A newly published study details how astronomers have turned to a method called “machine learning” to help them understand the properties of large numbers of stars. Astronomers are enlisting the help of machines to sort through thousands of stars in our galaxy and learn their sizes, compositions and other basic traits. The research is part […]

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New Drug Delivery Technique Uses Graphene to Deliver Anticancer Drugs

January 6, 2015

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Flying Carpet Technique Uses Graphene to Deliver Anticancer Drugs

Using graphene strips to deliver anticancer drugs sequentially to cancer cells, researchers are able to target the distinct part of the cell where the drug will be most effective. An international team of researchers has developed a drug delivery technique that utilizes graphene strips as “flying carpets” to deliver two anticancer drugs sequentially to cancer […]

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Thermal-Imaging Quickly Tracks Energy Leaks in Homes and Buildings

January 5, 2015

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Thermal-Imaging Cars Can Quickly Track Energy Leaks

New thermal-imaging cars from MIT spinout Essess can quickly track energy leaks in thousands of homes and buildings, helping owners curb energy loss. In 2007, Google unleashed a fleet of cars with roof-mounted cameras to provide street-level images of roads around the world. Now MIT spinout Essess is bringing similar “drive-by” innovations to energy efficiency […]

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Floating Nuclear Power Plants Could Enhance Safety

December 29, 2014

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Floating Nuclear Plants Could Enhance Safety

MIT researchers detail how a floating nuclear power plant design could provide enhanced safety – it would be unaffected by the motions of a tsunami and earthquakes would have no direct effect at all. Floating nuclear plants could withstand earthquakes and tsunamis. Video: Christopher Sherrill, courtesy of the Department of Nuclear Science and Engineering When […]

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New System Allows Individuals to Pick and Choose What Data to Share

December 24, 2014

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New System Would Allow Individuals to Pick and Choose What Data to Share

A new prototype system from MIT stores data from your digital devices in a single location that you specify, allowing you to pick and choose what data to share with websites and mobile apps. Cellphone metadata has been in the news quite a bit lately, but the National Security Agency isn’t the only organization that […]

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New Non-Invasive MRI Technology Detects Alzheimer’s Disease Early

December 23, 2014

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New Non-Invasive Method Can Detect Alzheimer’s Disease Early

A newly published study details how a new MRI probe that pairs a magnetic nanostructure with an antibody can detect Alzheimer’s disease early. Evanston, Illinois — No methods currently exist for the early detection of Alzheimer’s disease, which affects one out of nine people over the age of 65. Now, an interdisciplinary team of Northwestern […]

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New Breakthrough May Lead to Instant-Start Computers

December 19, 2014

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Instant Start Computers Made Possible

Using a room-temperature magnetoelectric memory device, engineers at Cornell University have made a breakthrough that may lead to instant-start computers. Ithaca, New York – To encode data, today’s computer memory technology uses electric currents – a major limiting factor for reliability and shrinkability, and the source of significant power consumption. If data could instead be […]

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A New Nanoparticle-Based Sensor System for Rapidly Screening Cancer Drugs

December 15, 2014

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New Nanoparticle Sensor System for Rapidly Screening Cancer Drugs

Chemists at Umass Amherst have developed a multi-channel signature-based approach to screening drugs using a gold nanoparticles with red, green and blue outputs provided by fluorescent proteins. Amherst, Massachusetts – Traditional genomic, proteomic and other screening methods currently used to characterize drug mechanisms are time-consuming and require special equipment, but now researchers led by chemist […]

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