2021 BMC Ecology and Evolution Image Competition: See the Spectacular Winning Photographs

2021 BMC Overall Winner

Overall Winner and Best Image for ‘Conservation Biology.’ A school of jack fish in a spiral formation at Heron Island in the Great Barrier Reef. A visual metaphor for the spiraling crisis unfolding within our oceans and the need for concentrated efforts to protect marine ecosystems. Credit: Kristen Brown

From furry crustaceans to hunting wasps and escaping frogs, the 2021 BMC Ecology and Evolution Image Competition has produced an impressive collection of celebrated images that showcase the diversity of Earth’s animal and plant life. All images are open access and available for use under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 (CCBY) license.

The overall winning image by Kristen Brown from the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, USA depicts a school of jack fish in a spiral formation at Heron Island in the Great Barrier Reef, Australia.

2021 BMC Best Image Evolutionary Developmental Biology and Biodiversity

Runner Up and Best Image for ‘Evolutionary Developmental Biology and Biodiversity.’ Eulimnogammarus verrucosus, a species of crustacean endemic to the UNESCO World Heritage Site Lake Baikal, suffering from a parasitic ciliate infection. Credit: Kseniya Vereshchagina

Kristen Brown said: “This image represents both the beauty and bounty of our oceans as well as the spiraling crisis unfolding within the marine environment. Coral reefs with high coral cover and plentiful fish populations like this one at Heron Island on the Great Barrier Reef are sadly becoming rarer. Without a concentrated effort to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and improve water quality, coral reefs as we know them are at risk of disappearing within our lifetime.”

2021 BMC Best Image Behavioural Ecology

Best Image for ‘Behavioural Ecology.’ ‘The Hunter’ depicts a wasp and its spider prey in Tiputini, Ecuador. Credit: Roberto García-Roa

Section editor Josef Settele recommended the entry, saying: “Marine biodiversity sustains life and the health of our planet, but human activities are threatening the well-being of the world’s oceans. Kristen Brown’s striking image is a symbol for the need for concentrated efforts to manage biodiversity loss and set conservation priorities.”

In addition to the winning image, the judges also selected an overall runner-up, as well as winners in six categories: Conservation Biology; Evolutionary Developmental Biology and Biodiversity; Behavioural Ecology; Human Evolution and Ecology; Ecological Developmental Biology; Population Ecology; and the Editor’s Pick. The winning images celebrate Earth’s biodiversity and its evolutionary origins, from how species learn and develop, to conflict, collaboration, and parasitic relationships, both between and within species.

2021 BMC Best Image Population Ecology

Best Image for ‘Population Ecology.’ ‘Small Big Migration’ captures a moment in the life of a population of soldier termites as they migrate to ensure survivorship and reproduction of the colony. Credit: Roberto García-Roa

The Population Ecology category winner was captured by Roberto García-Roa from University of Valencia, Spain, who also submitted the winning images for the Behavioural Ecology and Human Evolution and Ecology categories. It shows soldier termites migrating along a length of abandoned rope in a Malaysian forest.

Roberto García-Roa said: “Thousands of soldier termites are able to migrate in a complex social environment where each individual has its own mission framed altogether in a global objective: the survivorship and reproduction of the colony. In this case, these termites used meters of an abandoned rope to move across the Malaysian forest. Once humans disappear, nature recovers its space and uses what is needed to survive.”

2021 BMC Best Image Human Evolution and Ecology

Best Image for ‘Human Evolution and Ecology.’ “Learning to Be Human” captures a researcher using a baboon to study the evolution of human locomotion. Credit: Roberto García-Roa

The Editor’s pick titled ‘Eerie Stalker’ by Dimitri Ouboter from the Institute for Neotropical Wildlife and Environmental Studies, Suriname captures a Giant Gladiator Frog seconds before escaping from an attempted snake attack. Giant Gladiator Frogs have been previously observed escaping from the jaws of snakes by emitting distress calls, jumping and inflating their lungs, making it harder for small snakes to hold on to them.

2021 BMC Best Image Ecological Developmental Biology

Best Image for ‘Ecological Developmental Biology.’ A zebrafish regrew its tail fin only two weeks after the appendage was clipped at the white horizontal dotted line. Credit: Chey Chapman

The BMC Ecology and Evolution Image Competition was created to give ecologists and evolutionary biologists the opportunity to use their creativity to highlight their work and celebrate the intersection between art and science. It follows on from the BMC Ecology competition, which ran for seven years until BMC Ecology merged with BMC Evolutionary Biology to form BMC Ecology and Evolution. The winning images are selected by the Editor of BMC Ecology and Evolution and senior members of the journal’s editorial board.

2021 BMC Editor’s Pick

Editor’s pick. “Eerie Stalker” depicts a giant gladiator frog’s escape from a snake. Credit: Dimitri Ouboter

Editor Jennifer Harman said: “We had a wonderful experience judging the fantastic images submitted to this year’s competition. Our section editors used their expertise to ensure the winning images were picked as much for the scientific stories behind them as for the technical quality and beauty of the images themselves. As such, the competition very much reflects BMC’s ethos of innovation, curiosity and integrity. We thank all those who took part in this year’s competition; we hope that our readers enjoy viewing these images and discovering the stories behind them.”

Reference: “Inaugural BMC Ecology and Evolution image competition: the winning images” by Jennifer L. Harman, Alison L. Cuff, Josef Settele, Luke M. Jacobus, David A. Liberles and Arne Traulsen, 12 August 2021, BMC Ecology and Evolution.
DOI: 10.1186/s12862-021-01886-7

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