Power Unleashed: The Revolutionary 70 kW Vanadium Flow Battery Stack

70 kW Vanadium Flow Battery Stack

70 kW-level vanadium flow battery stack. Credit: DICP

A new 70 kW-level vanadium flow battery stack, developed by researchers, doubles energy storage capacity without increasing costs, marking a significant leap in battery technology.

Recently, a research team led by Prof. Xianfeng Li from the Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics (DICP) of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) developed a 70 kW-level high power density vanadium flow battery stack. Compared with the current 30kW-level stack, this stack has a volume power density of 130kW/m3, and the cost is reduced by 40%.

Cost-Effective Energy Storage Solution

Vanadium flow batteries are one of the preferred technologies for large-scale energy storage. At present, the initial investment of vanadium flow batteries is relatively high.

Stack is the core component of a vanadium flow battery. The power density determines the cost of the stack. The higher the power density is, the smaller the stack volume is, resulting in lower cost under the same power output conditions.

Innovations in Battery Design

Based on self-developed highly selective weldable porous composite membranes and weldable highly conductive bipolar plates, Prof. Li’s team developed a 70kW-level stack, using a short flow path, an ultra-thin battery structure, and low flow resistance and high distribution uniformity flow channels.

The energy efficiency of this stack is 81.0% under 70kW rated power charge and discharge conditions, and the energy efficiency is 82.1% under 60kW constant power charge and discharge conditions, In addition, the stack operates stably after more than 1,200 cycles, with only 1.7% energy efficiency decay.

Scaling Up Energy Storage Capacity

By using this stack, a 20-foot container energy storage unit module can be upgraded from 250kW to 500kW without greatly increasing the size of power units and the cost of system-supporting facilities.

“This 70kW-level stack can promote the commercialization of vanadium flow batteries. We believe that the development of this stack will improve the integration of power units in energy,” said Prof. Li.

2 Comments on "Power Unleashed: The Revolutionary 70 kW Vanadium Flow Battery Stack"

  1. Does the author of this article know the difference between kW and kWh?

  2. Ahmad Khowaiter | February 5, 2024 at 9:09 pm | Reply

    Dear Len,

    The author understands very well the difference between a flow battery and more traditional batteries. In a flow battery the stack does not store energy (measured in kWh), rather it only converts the chemical energy from the chemical energy potenial in the flowing electroloyte into electricity. Therfore the flow battery stacks are rated by their power conversion output in kW. The energy is stored in the form of a liquid electrolyte in a separate tank and therfore the tanks are rated by kWh based on the volume of liquid electrolyte they contain. That is the advantage of flow batteries – very low cost energy storage and a decoupkling of power and energy capcaity.

Leave a comment

Email address is optional. If provided, your email will not be published or shared.