Preparing for Webb Launch: Testing Progress Continues for the Most Powerful Space Science Telescope Ever Built

James Webb Space Telescope Testing Teams

Testing teams can be seen carefully working a critical part of the observatory known as the deployable tower assembly that helps Webb maintain its sub-zero operating temperature by separating its cold optics from its warm spacecraft bus. Credit: NASA/Chris Gunn

Engineers have made considerable progress in checking off NASA’s James Webb Space Telescope’s final series of tests. Three big milestones have recently been completed, bringing the world’s most complex and powerful space science telescope ever built much closer to being fully prepared for its million-mile journey to orbit. These three testing milestones are outlined below:

James Webb Space Telescope Lens Cap Removal

Here, Ball Aerospace technician Larkin Carey can be seen carefully removing Webb’s “lens cap” from the Aft Optics Subsystem which has kept the observatory’s sensitive instruments clean, contaminant-free, and protected from stray light throughout the integration and test process. Credit: NASA/Chris Gunn

Deployable Tower Assembly Testing: Completed

This telescoping tower helps Webb maintain its necessary super cool operating temperatures by separating its mirrors and instruments from the comparatively warmer Sun-facing side and spacecraft bus. When fully deployed, the tower reaches ten feet in length, which also gives the observatory’s sunshield just enough room to unfold its complex mechanisms. Recently this tower was fully extended for the very last time in testing, just as it would once in space. Testing teams then lowered the tower and locked it into place to prepare for launch later this year. The next time this tower will deploy will be when Webb is in space.

AOS (Aft Optics Subsystem) Cover: Removed

Webb’s “lens cap” has been removed! A technician can be seen carefully removing what’s known as Webb’s aft optics subsystem cover. This important piece of protective equipment has kept the observatory’s instruments clean, contaminant-free, and safe from stray light while it was assembled and fully prepared for flight. Now that launch is so close, the cover has been removed to allow engineers freedom to continue packing up the rest of the observatory into its flight-like formation.

Unitized Pallet Structure: Stowed for Launch

Webb’s tennis court-sized sunshield folds up perfectly to rest on what is known as a unitized pallet structure. These long support structures are part of the observatory’s complex folding mechanism that allows it to just barely fit inside an Ariane 5 rocket for launch. Now that Webb’s lens cap has been removed, engineers were free to finish the process of folding the pallets upward into their final configuration for launch. In the accompanying picture, Webb’s pallet structures can be seen partially lifted, but they have since been fully raised and locked in place for launch later this year.

Folding James Webb Space Telescope

After the removal of the James Webb Space Telescope’s “lens cap” engineers were freed to fold up the long support structures that keep the observatory’s sunshield safe and secure during transport and deployment. Credit: Northrop Grumman

The testing was conducted in a clean room at Northrop Grumman in Redondo Beach, California.

The James Webb Space Telescope will be the world’s premier space science observatory when it launches in 2021. Webb will solve mysteries in our solar system, look beyond to distant worlds around other stars, and probe the mysterious structures and origins of our universe and our place in it. Webb is an international program led by NASA with its partners, ESA (European Space Agency) and the Canadian Space Agency.

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