Jellyfish News

Jellyfish are gelatinous marine animals belonging to the phylum Cnidaria, known for their umbrella-shaped bells and trailing tentacles. They are found in oceans worldwide, from shallow coastal waters to the deep sea. Jellyfish tentacles are equipped with specialized cells called cnidocytes, which contain nematocysts—tiny, spring-loaded mechanisms that can inject venom into their prey or predators. This venom can vary in potency, with effects ranging from a mild sting to severe, sometimes life-threatening reactions in humans. Jellyfish are important ecological components, serving as both predators and prey within marine food webs. They feed primarily on small fish, plankton, and other jellyfish, and their populations can sometimes explode in numbers, leading to blooms that may disrupt local marine ecosystems and human activities, such as fishing and tourism. Despite their simple anatomy, jellyfish have complex life cycles that often include both sexual and asexual phases.