Metabolic Disorders News

Metabolic disorders encompass a broad group of conditions that occur due to abnormal chemical reactions in the body affecting the process of metabolism. These disorders are typically characterized by an imbalance in the production or processing of proteins, fats, or carbohydrates, which can lead to a surplus or deficiency of essential substances required for healthy body functioning. Common examples include diabetes mellitus, hyperthyroidism, and inherited conditions like phenylketonuria (PKU) and galactosemia. These disorders can be caused by genetic factors, which affect enzyme production or function, or acquired through lifestyle choices and environmental factors. Treatment usually involves dietary management, medications to compensate for the metabolic imbalance, and lifestyle modifications. Early diagnosis and management are crucial to prevent serious complications such as organ damage and severe developmental problems in children.